When Executioner Wasps Attack

When Executioner Wasps Attack


From their feeding habits to their tissue-damaging
venom, here are 8 stinging facts about the executioner wasp Number 8 It’s native to South and Central
America The executioner wasp is a large, yellow, and
brown insect that can be found in countries ranging from Mexico to northern Argentina. These insects belong to the order hymenoptera,
which also includes other species of wasps, bees, ants and sawflies. They tend to prefer coastal and humid locations
and are prevalent in tropical forests. This species doesn’t seem to be particularly
territorial, as their hives have often been found near other nests housing Polybia and
Mischocyttarus wasps. Since they prefer tropical weather, the females
hibernate during the winter. They become plumper and fuller during autumn,
in order to withstand this period of stillness. The executioner wasp feeds mainly on caterpillars
and nectar, but will prey on other small insects as well. Today’s video was requested by goated2kplayer9990. If you have any other topics you’d like to
learn about subscribe and let us know in the comments section below. Number 7 It can sting more than once Unlike bees, the executioner wasp and all
other similar species, have no fixed limit of times they might sting their prey and perceived
enemies. Bees must carefully choose when to use their
prime defense mechanism as they end up losing both their stingers and a great portion of
their digestive tract. This leads to the bee perishing soon after
the attack. The wasp, however, merely runs out of venom,
and must simply wait for it to be replenished. They’re capable of portioning the venom
they release in each sting, and their poison gland is in charge of renewing it. There’s nothing that prevents them from
continuing to sting once the venom is drained, though. This makes them far more likely to attack
on demand, and makes them especially dangerous, as they can continue to assault their victims
until they no longer feel threatened or annoyed. The executioner wasp is not a particularly
territorial insect, but it won’t hesitate to attack when it believes its hive’s integrity
is in danger. Before we continue with our list, answer this
question. How many queens are usually found in an executioner
wasp’s nest? Is it: a. More than 10
b. Five
c. One
d. None Let us know what you think in the comments
section below and stay tuned to find out the right answer. Number 6 Their nests are often small and underpopulated Though most wasp nests usually house up to
6000 individuals during the peak of summer, executioner wasps prefer to keep their groups
small and tight-knit. These hives tend to be around 3.5 inches in
diameter and accept groups of 4 to 13 individuals. This particular type of wasp is sociable by
nature, and their nests usually include several horizontal cells where their offspring are
kept apart from the rest of the group. The young are also protected from possible
predators and dangers. In urban areas the executioner wasp’s hive
hangs from the edges of roofs in cities and towns, where they can find protection from
the wind and the rain, while also remaining hidden. In the wild, they’ll choose low branches
of spiky trees instead, with a preference for areas close to swamps. Their hives may be small but executioners
are actually the largest among the neotropical wasp species. Even though it owns an incredibly painful
sting, this insect is surprisingly nonaggressive. That is, of course, unless it’s provoked. Number 5 Only female wasps have stingers There are many differences between male and
female wasps. Not only are the males of the species usually
smaller and thinner, but they actually have no stinger at all! If you’re stung by an executioner wasp,
there’s no doubt that a female was the culprit. These significant differences occur because
the female’s anatomy has evolved in accordance to the extra weight and space required to
carry the eggs, making their abdomen larger and more prominent. The reason they carry a stinger while males
don’t, is related to their reproductive system. The ovipositor allows them to deposit the
eggs to be fertilized and in turn, grants them their greatest defense mechanism. Even though a male wasp can’t actually sting
you, sometimes they’ll mimic this act while defending themselves purely out of instinct. Number 4 It has spiky mandibles The executioner wasp has short yet wide jaws
outside their actual mouths, which they rely on for practical use during their daily chores. Working as tongs, these mandibles allow the
wasp to cut pieces of vegetation, grab small objects or even dig sections of their hives
while constructing them. It also works as a terrifying way of seizing
a tiny insect and killing it, usually by decapitation, in order to get a quick meal. In addition to these appendixes, the executioner
wasp also owns large teeth, with the third one usually being considerably larger than
those of other species, making it a terrifying predator for bugs living near their nests. They are notorious for their long lifespans,
managing to survive for 6 to 18 months, which is far more than other wasp species. Number 3 The pain of being stung by one can
last over 24 hours! In 2015, a YouTube personality known as Coyote
Peterson decided to conduct an experiment to test the physical effects that being stung
by different venomous insects had on the human body. He uploaded several videos to his channel,
comparing different stings and the pain they produced. During the fall of 2018, Peterson decided
to get stung by the Executioner wasp, which he claimed would be the last video he uploaded
from this series. Apparently, not only was the sting incredibly
painful, but the discomfort didn’t subside for almost 36 hours! Not only that but he claimed that the residual
effects, though far milder, lasted for another whole week. The YouTuber stated that this particular sting
had been far more severe than the Japanese giant hornet’s and the bullet ant’s attacks,
which are described as two of the most painful stings in the world. He thus dubbed the executioner as the “king
of the sting”. Number 2 Its sting doesn’t appear in the
Schmidt sting pain index Justin Schmidt was an entomologist born in
the late 1940s, who won a Nobel Prize for physiology back in 2015. He created a sting pain index, in which the
distress caused by hymenopteran attacks was analyzed and classified into four distinct
classes. Schmidt claims to have been stung by the majority
of Hymenoptera insects. Pain level one is the mildest and includes
insects like the southern fire ant and most normal beetles. Level four, on the other side of the index,
is reserved for the most critical levels of pain, only for the worst possible stings. The bullet ant and warrior wasp can be found
at this level. In fact, the bullet ant was the only insect
to be given a rating of 4+. At the time Schmidt created his classification,
the executioner wasp hadn’t been discovered yet, and thus it doesn’t have a real position
in the index. Peterson, who we’ve previously mentioned
on this list, claims it was, without a doubt, the worst sting he’d experienced during
his experiments. So, how many queens can usually be found in
an executioner wasp’s nest? The right
answer was c, just one queen per hive! The worker wasps will not tolerate more than
a single monarch, and if several queen wasps are born in a certain colony, the original
one will murder the would-be-usurpers. This is meant to avoid creating confusion
within the hive. Number 1 Its venom can cause tissue necrosis Not only can the executioner’s sting be
excruciatingly painful for those suffering from their attack, but it can also leave behind
permanent scars. Since it’s a relatively small insect, the
effect its venom has on an adult human being won’t be long-lasting, but the marks it
leaves behind may very well be. Not only will it cause inflammation in the
affected area, which can last up to a few days, but it can also tear the tissue surrounding
it, creating small indentations or holes in the skin. This can produce a permanent scar in an adult. If it can inflict this level of damage on
mammalian skin just imagine the harm its venom would cause a small insect! Thanks for watching! Would you rather try to outrun a group of
bees and risk getting caught by all of them, or allow a single executioner wasp to sting
youw on the nose? Let us know in the comments section below!

Meet Ant-Man & The Wasp! | Marvel Super Hero Adventures | BONUS CLIP

Meet Ant-Man & The Wasp! | Marvel Super Hero Adventures | BONUS CLIP


♪♪♪ Hey there. Hi. It’s me, Spider-Man. To your left. ♪♪♪ Near the jungle gym. That’s it. Closer. Closer. Lower. Little lower. More lower. Here I am. Funny story. I was hanging out with my
friends Ant-Man and Wasp. And when they left
to get us ice cream, I accidentally stepped on one
of Ant-Man’s shrink discs. And well, now I’m shrunk. [chuckle] Funny the things you can do
when you’re a little guy. For instance, Ant-Man may be
tiny, but when he’s small, he’s super strong. And Wasp, she’s strong too. And so much more. And with their abilities
to shrink and grow… Ant-Man and Wasp
make a great team. That’s because both
Ant-Man and Wasp are outfitted with
super cool tech. Ant-Man has shrink
discs and grow discs. [meow] Wasp has ultra-strong
and light wings, and super cool stingers that she
can use to blast the bad guys. And when you put them together,
they make an incredible team. Look! I like being tiny and
mighty, but I prefer being [grunts] regular size Spidey. And now for that ice cream!

STUNG by a VELVET ANT!

STUNG by a VELVET ANT!


– I’m Coyote Peterson. Now you’ve seen me
stung by harvester ants, fire ants, and scorpions. But today, I’m moving a rung up on the insect sting pain index and I’m going to be
stung by the cow killer. I have a feeling that
this one is going to hurt. Oh boy. (dramatic music) (yelling) (dramatic music) There’s no question about it, the Wild West is
rough and rugged. And whether you’re talking
about the rocky terrain laced with spine-covered plants, or its animals, most of which are armed with
fags and stingers, Arizona Sonoran Desert is an
adventure-lover’s playground. Sure, we all have our
fears of being bitten by a rattlesnake when
venturing off trail, or in my case, having a
giant desert centipede run up my pant leg. But in actuality the good news is that each and every
one of these creatures does its best to avoid
human interaction. However, sometimes you
have an accidental run-in, and when you do, a bite or
sting can be incredibly painful. Yeah, he got me, he bit me? – [Mark] Are you sure? – [Coyote] Yeah, he
definitely bit me. When it comes to my line of work the goal is to
have an interaction so that I can show you the
effects of these encounters. This way we can all
learn why it’s important to be in tune with
our surroundings and
why it’s always best to admire animals
from a safe distance. Velvet ant, velvet ant! – [Mark] Got one? – Yeah, yeah, he’s right there on the other side of that log. I get my pack off. Yes! Hold on, no, he’s
underneath the log. I just started to tip
it, I saw he ran back, hold on a second. – [Mark] I saw him. – [Coyote] Did you see it? – [Mark] He ducked — again. (dramatic music) – [Coyote] There
it is, there it is. – [Mark] Get ‘im, get
‘im, don’t lose ‘im. – Ah! Yes, yes, look at that! – [Mark] Whoo! (laughing) – Oh, he almost got into
the crevice of that log. Wow, that is a
good sized one too. Ah, but we got our
velvet ant, there it is. Okay, cool, well
tomorrow morning I’m gonna get stung by
that little ornery bugger. Cool. The velvet ant, which
is actually a species of ground wasp and
not an ant at all, claims a famous
nickname, the cow killer. Ranked on the insect
sting pain index as being the fourth most painful
sting in the insect kingdom. Rumor has it that the pain is
so intense it can kill a cow. You may be looking at
this thinking to yourself, “Coyote, are you
gonna get stung?” Yeah, I am, I’m gonna
get stung by this today. Now the insect sting
pain index says that the intense pain will
last for about 30 minutes, and the reason that
I’m doing it is to work my way up
to the bullet ant. You wanna see me
stung by the bullet? Kinda feel like I
have to get stung by everything else
leading up to that. I am not looking
forward to 30 minutes of pain that’s gonna
come from this insect. I know, right? Here we go again. Coyote is about to
enter the strike zone. But this one’s a
little different. When it comes to alligator
bites, crab pinches, or blood-sucking leaches,
I’m fine with that. When it comes to
stingers and venom, that’s where even I get nervous. Now, the females
do not have wings, the males do have wings, but what’s interesting is that the males do not have stingers. Guess who does have a stinger. That’s right, the females, and
that who we have here today. Now one of the most impressive
things about this insect is the size of its stinger. In fact, it’s about as long as the entire length
of the abdomen. What I wanna do now is use
these little entomology forceps to pick the velvet ant
up and show you guys just how big that stinger is. You ready for this? – [Mark] Yeah,
are they delicate? – They are not. The velvet ant actually has a very, very
durable exoskeleton, one of the toughest exoskeletons
in the insect kingdom so me picking her
up with the forceps is not going to cause her
any sort of pain or damage. Come ‘ere. Oh. – [Mark] Gettin’
away, gettin’ away. – [Coyote] I got it, I got it. – [Mark] Got it? – [Coyote] Got it. – [Mark] Got it, awesome. – Now they can be
found in the grass so if you’re out there
walking around barefoot and you step on one of these
you’re not gonna squish it. What’s gonna happen is
it’s gonna spin around, and then it’s gonna
tuck its abdomen under, and boom, you’re gonna get
nailed with that giant stinger. Well, I think at this juncture it is time to for me to
actually take a sting. Are you guys getting nervous? I’ll tell ya what, I sure was. Now they say that this sting is painful enough to kill a cow, however there are no
reported cases of cows, or humans for that matter, ever dying from a
velvet ant sting. This makes me feel a bit better but you never know how your
body will react to venom so we always have an
Epinephrine Pen on location, just in case I have an
allergic reaction to the sting. Alright, Mark signaling me
that it is time, here we go. I’m about to be stung by
the velvet ant, here we go. – [Mark] Alright, Coyote,
well it’s about that time. – Yeah. – [Mark] How are we
gonna pull this off? I see we have, camera-wise,
we have a GoPro, small camera right next to me. Oh hey, there’s Chance. Chance over there. What’s the game
plan for this sting? What’s the idea? – Well, this is gonna
go down one of two ways. What I’m gonna try
first is to actually take this little glass,
flip it upside down, get the ant to this end, and then place it
down on top of my arm. This will isolate
the ant on my skin and I’m hoping that, as
it tries to get away, it’s just going to sting me. Now, if that doesn’t work, I also have my pair
of entomology forceps and I’m actually going
to pick up, hold the ant, place it on my arm,
and let it sting me. One way or another,
I am definitely going to be stung
by the velvet ant. Here we go, okay. Now the first thing
I’m gonna do is get the ant up into
that part of the glass, and then I’m going to spin
this over on my forearm, and with any luck the
ant is going to sting me. Here we go, ready? – [Mark] Let’s do
it, here comes the– – I’m Coyote Peterson, and I’m
about to enter the sting zone with the velvet ant. One, two, here we go, three. Oh boy. Oh, my heart’s racing right now. Oh boy, I can its
abdomen kinda pumpin’. My heart is going now. – [Mark] Any second
it could happen. – Yeah, any second
it could sting me. (heavy breathing) Ooh, ooh, ohh, ow, ow, ow, ow, ow, it’s biting at my skin! It’s biting at the edge of the
container trying to get out. And that stinger’s gonna be like a little hypodermic
needle going into my skin. (heavy breathing) This is intense. The glass was actually
starting to get a little foggy from
the heat of my skin so at this point I think we
are going to move to plan B, which is holding the velvet ant
with the entomology forceps. I don’t think it’s going
to sting me at this point, it’s been in there
for about two minutes and so far no sting, it’s
just trying to get out. So I’m gonna flip
my arm upside down and get the ant
back under control. Okay, here we go, ready? – [Mark] Okay. – One, two, three. Okay. – [Mark] Whoo. – Ahhh. – [Mark] How do you feel? – Ahh, extremely nervous
and my heart is racing. I actually think I do
have to take a second just to get my heart
rate to calm back down. Okay, cutting GoPro. Okay, alright, the
only way to actually move forward with this is for me to hold the ant with
the entomology forceps up against my skin
and let it sting me. – [Mark] It seems this
is gonna do it, isn’t it? – Yeah. Hold on, I need a second. My heart’s like, oh, getting
dizzy, yeah, getting dizzy. In the world of
entomology when it comes to milking the venom of
insects and arachnids, holding them with forceps is a guaranteed way
to induce a sting. So I think we all know
what’s going to happen next. This is crazy,
guys, this is crazy. My nerves are going this
much for the velvet ant, I can’t imagine what
the tarantula hawk and the bullet ant
are gonna be like. – [Mark] I can’t believe
you’re about to do this, that stinger is enormous. – Yeah, yeah, okay, you can do
this, you can do this, okay. – [Mark] So that
stinger is gonna go all the way under your skin? – Yeah, it’s gonna go
right into my skin. – [Mark] Yeah, I’m ready. (dramatic music) Oh boy. (dramatic music) Alright, here we go. – You ready? Alright, let’s do this again one more time for good measure. I’m Coyote Peterson and I’m
about to enter the sting zone with the cow killer. Are you ready? – [Mark] Are you ready? – No, I’m never ready. One, two, three. You good? Get your shot, I’m gonna
place it right down on my arm. – [Mark] Got it. – Here we go, with my arm shakin’. And, go. (dramatic music) Ow! (grunting) Okay, let me get back here. – [Mark] You alright? What’re you feelin’? – Oh wow, oh wow, okay. (heavy breathing) Give me a second. Oh my gosh! – [Mark] You alright? – Oh yeah. – [Mark] What are you feeling,
what does it feel like? – Give me a second,
give me a second. (heavy breathing) Oh my gosh, guys,
this is super bad. Move this out of the way. (yelling) (heavy breathing) Hold on, I gotta try to
control my heart rate. Try to get a tight shot of it right there where
the stinger went it, you need to see there’s blood. Okay, try to get a shot
’cause I can get up and like walk
around for a second. Right there. – [Mark] Right there
is where it stung you? – Right where it stung me. I could feel it, it was like you could feel it go all
the way under the skin, all the way in. I could feel it
insert into my arm. (grunting) – [Mark] You gonna be alright? – Okay, now they say that
the sting of the velvet ant will last for about 30 minutes and I can tell
you guys right now this is the worst
sting I’ve ever taken, there’s no question about it. It’s worse than a harvester ant, it is worse than a fire ant. It feels like I’m getting
stung over and over again. You could see the welt
starting to form on my arm. – [Mark] Oh man, yeah,
there’s a welt, big time. Describe the pain, is it
like a pulsating pain, a stabbing pain? – The pain, it’s
radiating, it is radiating. It feels like, you
know if you get a charlie horse in your
muscle and it like seizes up, and then it’s like– Oh, that is powerful. I can see why they
call ’em cow killers. Oh, that is some intense
pain right there. How long has it been, about? – [Mark] About seven minutes. – Seven minutes? Now they say the pain from
this lasts for about 30, I have about 23 minutes to
go, guys, 23 minutes to go. (yelling) Now aside from working my
way up to the bullet ant, the reason I was willing to
take a sting from this insect was so that we could all see
the effects of the venom. 25 minutes has gone by,
my arm is still on fire, and what’s crazy is that
look at all the red blotching that’s formed around the sting. There’s the stinger
insertion point right there and it is swollen,
and it is very tender, and you could see how red the
entire radius is of the sting. And I’m sweating. My goal was to do
the best I could to describe the
pain I was feeling. And it still hurts, it
definitely still hurts, but not as bad as the initial
impact of the stinger. But what’s interesting is that all around the sting is tingling like these little, tiny
pin cushion needles going– And as you can see there’s all
these little red dots forming and I’m assuming that is where the venom is
spreading into my arm. Oh wow, well I
would say that this was definitely one
very intense sting. The cow killer has earned
its reputation as being one of the most powerful
stings in the insect kingdom. (yelling and grunting) And while it may
be ranked as a four on the insect sting pain index, for me at this point, it’s
definitely number one. I’d say I’m one step closer to being stung by the
bullet ant, but first, I’m gonna have to go up
against the tarantula hawk. I have a feeling that that
one is going to be bad. I’m Coyote Peterson. Be brave, stay wild. We’ll see you on
the next adventure. Whoo, let’s get
out of the desert. Velvet ants are
nomadic ground dwellers that feed primarily on nectar so there’s absolutely no reason
you should ever fear them. If you live or are hiking
in velvet ant territory you’ll want to avoid
a possible sting. Keep your boots on your feet
and you’ll be just fine. If you missed the painfully
entertaining conclusion to my climb up the
insect sting pain index make sure to go back and watch, Stung by an Executioner Wasp. And don’t forget, subscribe
and click the notification bell so you can join me and the crew
on our next wild adventure. (coyote howling)

The Billion Ant Mega Colony and the Biggest War on Earth

The Billion Ant Mega Colony and the Biggest War on Earth


In nearly every corner of the earth, ants wage war against each other. Their weapons are what nature gave them. Some have strong armor, deathly stingers, or sharp mandibles. And then there’s this
tiny and not very impressive ant, but it rules the biggest empire any ant has ever built. A colony spanning continents and fighting wars that leave millions of casualties. Let’s take a look at this unlikely warrioress, “Linepithema humile”
the Argentine ant. ♫ Kurzgesagt intro music ♫ This story begins in the floodplains
around the Paraná River, in South America, It’s a crowded ant megalopolis where dozens of ant species fight for dominance, including fire ants, army ants and the rather unimpressive Argentine ant. It measures only 2 to 3 millimeters in length and with its small mandibles, it’s surprising that it survived among its buff competitors. Their homes are equally unremarkable. Their colonies range from fairly small to very large
and could be found anywhere: Under logs, in loose leaf litter
or the former colonies of other ants. Here, Argentine ants prepare their most
effective weapon against their competitors: bodies. Most ant species have
only one queen to produce ants, while Argentine ants went all-in on numbers. For every 120 workers there’s one queen, laying up to 60 eggs a day. So their colonies grow fast and have millions or billions of individuals. Teams of queens and workers frequently branch out and found new colonies. But this strategy has a downside:
As colonies grow and produce a lot of offspring, mutations occur and new colonies adapt to new environments. Their DNA slowly changes from generation to generation and differences accumulate. So after a while the ants that left the colony will become more like distant cousins and start to compete with their mother colony. In their native South American range, this is how Argentine ants behave. Within their colonies they are very cooperative
and well-organized, but they fight vicious wars against other Argentine ant colonies and other ant species With equally strong opponents on every side, the Argentine ant became extremely
aggressive, fighting for every inch of ground. But it could never dominate its neighbours…
until humans showed up. We did what humans do and transported things around the world by ship. On one of them, a few Argentine ant queens hitched a ride as stowaways from South America to Madeira and New Orleans. The Argentine ants suddenly found themselves in a strange world. Instead of being surrounded by deadly enemies, they found only victims ⁠—
nobody could fight them effectively. Because only a few Argentine ant queens
were introduced to the outside world, the resulting colonies had very low genetic diversity. On top of that, the introduced Argentine ants kill up to 90% of their queens every year. Fewer queens, less genetic variation. So, as these colonies spread across the landscape, ants that left the colony were no longer
considered distant cousins. As a result, the new colonies form not opposing but cooperating parties called “supercolonies”. This is a very uncommon
strategy in the ant kingdom, only a few of the 16,000 ant species have evolved supercolonies. A supercolony was established on the
West coast of the USA and became a base for the tiny ants’ global conquest. Today, the Argentine ant inhabits the Mediterranean zones of six continents and many islands. This one supercolony was especially successful, establishing sister locations in California, Europe, Japan, New Zealand and Australia, forming one massive intercontinental megacolony of Argentine ants. This makes them the largest society on Earth,
more numerous than even the human one. But their success has changed the ecosystems they invaded. California is a perfect example of this. In their greed for more territory, the invading Argentine ants have overrun and replaced 90% of the native ant species, including several species of Californian carpenter ants. Although carpenter ant workers are giants, their colonies have only between 3,000 and 6,000 individuals and stand no chance against an expanding supercolony of billions of Argentine ants. Argentine ant workers attack by wiping toxic chemicals on their victims which irritates the enemy and marks them as a target for other Argentine ants. When they attack, the Argentine ants wash over their victims, clinging on to their opponents in groups
and pulling apart their limbs. It doesn’t matter how many of them die ⁠—
there are always more. Once the colony is overrun and exterminated, the Argentine ants feed on their victims brood and take over their home and territory. The Argentine ants’ numbers allow them to hunt down and devour such an excessive mass of different insects that over time some species disappear
from the ants’ territory completely. Argentine ants don’t care about working
with the local flora and fauna, they consume them and move on. And, if their next stop happens to be human property, they will rudely make themselves at home there too. They forage in dumpsters, bowls of pet food and sneak into kitchens to claim leftovers. Not just our homes: our gardens and
fields are also impacted by Argentine ants, since they tend to hordes of aphids as their cattle. The aphids feed from plants and produce a sweet honeydew, which they trade with the ants for protection. Since the ants have no major enemy to fear in their new homes, the aphids thrive and ultimately kill the plants they live on. So, on top of being a major disruption
for the ecosystems they invade, they are also a huge pest for agriculture. But the rule of the Argentine ant is being challenged. Parts of the super colonies have broken off and become their own empires. A merciless civil war has broken out. For example, the Lake Hodges Supercolony has been fighting against the Very Large Colony for years in San Diego County. A massive war is going on over a dynamic front line stretching over kilometers, an estimated 30 million ants die here each
year. On other fronts, an old acquaintance from the Parana River has risen from the shadows Red imported fire ants, which were accidentally introduced from their
old home to the coast of Alabama, Not only are the red fire ants fierce fighters
and more than able to deal with the Argentine ant, they are also able to form
super colonies themselves. Now the old wars from their distant home have been
taken to a foreign battleground. In the southeastern US the super colonies
clashed fiercely. The Argentine ants found themselves outgunned by the fire ants. The fire ants major workers are more than twice the size of the
Argentine ants and wield venom-injecting stingers, even though the Argentine ants
fought fiercely, the fire ants were too much for them. After countless lost
battles the red imported fire ant exterminated the Argentine ants super
colony from much of the southeastern US. This is one territory lost but the
Argentine ants will fight on. This amazing network of cooperating super
colonies is the biggest success in their history. And they’ll not give it up because of a small defeat. They will stand their
ground against any enemy that might arise. No matter if it’s on the Paraná River or on one of the large battlefields across the world. ♫ Background music winds up ♫ These videos were developed with the support of ‘Curiosity Stream’, a subscription
streaming service with thousands of documentaries and non-fiction titles. Kurzgesagt viewers can visit curiositystream.com/kurzgesagt to get a free 31-day trial to watch films like “Big World in a Small Garden”, a
documentary that takes a close look at the world of insects around us or other
documentaries by the likes of Stephen Hawking, David Attenborough, and many more, all available for offline viewing. Once your trial is over, the subscription
is only 2 dollars 99 a month. Curiosity Stream was founded by the same people
who started the Discovery Channel, with documentaries, spanning science, nature,
history, technology and lifestyle. It’s a great way to binge watch fun videos while accidentally learning things. Thank you so much to our friends at Curiosity Stream for supporting our ant’s obsession and making ant-bitious projects like this
possible, stay tuned for part three and visit curiositystream.com/kurzgesagt for your free trial. *Kurtzgesagt duck quacks while floating through space*
♫ Outro music ♫

STUNG by a COW KILLER!

STUNG by a COW KILLER!


– I’m Coyote Peterson. Now you’ve seen me
stung by harvester ants, fire ants, and scorpions. But today, I’m moving a rung up on the insect sting pain index, and I’m going to be
stung by the cow killer. I have a feeling that
this one is going to hurt. Oh boy. (scream) (intense percussion music) There’s no question about it. The wild west is
rough and rugged. And whether you’re talking
about the rocky terrain, laced with spine covered
plants, or its animals, most of which are armed
with fangs and stingers, Arizona’s Sonoran Desert is an
adventure lover’s playground. Sure we all have our
fears of being bitten by a rattlesnake when
venturing off trail. Or in my case, having a
giant desert centipede run on my pant leg. But in actuality, the
good news is that each and every one of these creatures does its best to avoid
human interaction. However, sometimes you
have an accidental run-in. And when you do,
a bite or a sting can be incredibly painful. (gasping) Yeah, he got me. He bit me. – [Mark] You sure? – [Coyote] Yeah, he
definitely bit me. When it comes to
my line of work, the goal is to have
an interaction, so that I can show you the
effects of these encounters. This way we can all
learn why it’s important to be in tune with
our surroundings, and why it’s always
best to admire animals from a safe distance. Velvet ant, velvet ant! (mumbling) I can pick off, yes, hold on, he’s underneath the
log, I just started to tip and so I ran
back, hold on a second. – [Mark] I saw him. – [Coyote] Did you see it? – [Mark] He ducked out
and ducked back in. – [Coyote] There
it is, there it is. – [Mark] Get him,
get him to go in it. – Aagh! Yes, yes! Look at that. Whoo! Oh, you almost got me with
the crevice of that log. Wow, that is a
good sized one too. Ah, but we got our velvet ant. There it is. Okay, cool, well,
tomorrow morning, I’m gonna get stung. By that little ornery bugger. Cool. The velvet ant, which
is actually a species
of ground wasp, and not an ant at all,
claims a famous nickname. The cow killer. Ranked on the insect
sting pain index as being the fourth
most painful sting in the insect
kingdom, rumor has it that the pain is so
intense it can kill a cow. You may be looking at
this, thinking to yourself “Coyote, are you
gonna get stung?” Yeah, I am, I’m gonna
get stung by this today. Now the insect sting
pain index says that the intense pain will
last for about 30 minutes. And the reason that
I’m doing it is to work my way up
to the bullet ant. You wanna see me stung
by the bullet ant? Kind of feel like I have to
get stung by everything else leading up to that. I am not looking forward
to 30 minutes of pain that’s gonna come
from this insect. I know, right? Here we go again. Coyote is about to
enter the strike zone. But this one’s a
little different. When it comes to
alligator bites, crab pinches, or
blood sucking leeches, I’m fine with that. When it comes to
stingers and venom, that’s where even I get nervous. Now, the females
do not have wings. The males do have wings,
but what’s interesting is that the males do
not have stingers. Guess who does have a stinger? That’s right, the females. And that’s what we
have here today. Now one of the most
impressive things about this insect is
the size of its stinger. In fact, it’s about
as long as the entire length of the abdomen. What I want to do now
is use these little entomology forceps to
pick the velvet ant up, and show you guys just
how big that stinger is. You ready for this? – [Mark] Are they delicate? – Um, they are not. The velvet ant
actually has a very, very durable exoskeleton,
one of the toughest exoskeletons in
the insect kingdom. So me picking her
up with the forceps is not going to cause her
any sort of pain or danger. Oh! – [Mark] Oh, getting
away, getting away. – [Coyote] I got it, I got it. – [Mark] You got it? – [Coyote] Got it. – [Mark] Got it, awesome. – Now they can be
found in the grass, so if you’re out there
walking around barefoot, and you step on one of these,
you’re not gonna squish it. What’s gonna happen is
it’s gonna spin around, and then it’s gonna
tuck its abdomen under and boom, you’re gonna get
nailed with that giant stinger. Well, I think at this juncture, it is time for me to
actually take a sting. Are you guys getting nervous? I’ll tell you what, I sure was. Now they say that this
sting is painful enough to kill a cow. However, there are no
reported cases of cows, or humans for that
matter, ever dying from a velvet ant sting. This makes me feel a bit better, but you never know how your
body will react to venom, so we always have an
Epidendrum pen on location, just in case I have an
allergic reaction to the sting. All right, Mark’s signaling me that it is time, here we go. I am about to be stung
by the velvet ant. Hoo, here we go. Hoo. – [Mark] All right Coyote,
well, it’s about that time. – Yeah. – [Mark] How are we
gonna pull this off? I see we have a, you
know, camera wise we have a GoPro, a small
camera right next to me, oh hey, there’s Chance. Chance over there. What’s the gameplan
for the sting in here? What’s the idea? – Well, this is gonna
go down one of two ways. What I’m gonna try
first is to actually take this little glass,
flip it upside down, get the ant to this end,
and then place it down on top of my arm. This will isolate
the ant on my skin, and I’m hoping that as
it tries to get away, it’s just going to sting me. Now if that doesn’t
work, I also have my pair of entomology forceps,
and I’m actually going to pick, hold the
ant, place it on my arm, and let it sting me. One way or another, I am
definitely going to be stung by the velvet ant. Haaah, here we go. Okay, now the first
thing I’m gonna do is get the ant up into
that part of the glass, and then I’m going
to spin this over onto my forearm
and with any luck, the ant is going to sting me. Here we go, ready? – [Mark] Let’s do it,
here comes number four. – I’m Coyote Peterson,
and I’m about to enter the sting zone
with the velvet ant. One, two, here we go, three. Oh boy. Oh, my heart’s racing right now. Aah boy, I can see its
abdomen kind of pumping. My heart is going now. – [Mark] Any second
it could happen. – Yeah, any second
it could sting me. Oh boy, ooh ooh ooh, ow ow ow, ow, it’s biting at my skin, it’s biting at the edge of the
container trying to get out. Ooh. Oh, and that stinger is gonna be like a little hypodermic
needle going into my skin. This is intense. The glass is actually
starting to get a little foggy from the heat of my
skin, so at this point I think we are going
to move to plan B, which is holding the velvet ant with the entomology forceps. I don’t think it’s going
to sting me at this point. It’s been in there
for about two minutes, and so far no sting. It’s just trying to get out. So I’m gonna flip
my arm upside down, and get the ant
back under control. Okay, here we go, ready? – [Mark] Okay. – One, two, three. Okay, whoo. Ahhhh. – [Mark] How do you feel? – Aahh, extremely nervous,
and my heart is racing. I actually think I do
have to take a second just to get my heart
rate to calm back down. Okay, cut and GoPro. Okay. All right, the only
way to actually move forward with this
is for me to hold the ant with the entomology forceps. Up against my skin,
and let it sting me. – [Mark] This seems, this
gonna do it, isn’t it? – Yeah, hold on, I need
a second, heart’s like, – [Mark] You all right? – Ooh, getting dizzy,
yeah, getting dizzy. In the world of
entomology, when it comes to milking the venom of
insects and arachnids, holding them with forceps
is a guaranteed way to induce a sting. So I think we all know
what’s going to happen next. This is crazy,
guys, this is crazy. My nerves are going this
much for the velvet ant, I can’t imagine what
the tarantula hawk and the bullet ant
are gonna be like. Okay. – [Mark] I can’t believe
you’re about to do this. That stinger is enormous. – Yeah, yeah, okay, you can
do this, you can do this. – [Mark] So is that stinger gonna go all the
way under you skin? – Yeah, it’s gonna go
right into my skin. – [Mark] Okay, I’m ready. Oh boy. All right, here we go. – Here we go, ready? All right, let’s do this again one more time for good measure. I’m Coyote Peterson,
and I’m about to enter the sting zone with
the cow killer. Are you ready? – [Mark] Are you ready? – No, I’m never ready. One, two, three. You good? – [Mark] Yeah. – Get your shot,
I’m gonna place it right down on my arm. Here we go. With my arm shaking. And go. Ahh! (pained gasps) Okay, I’m gonna get back here. – [Mark] You all right? What are you feeling? – Gaah! Oh, wow. Oh wow, okay. (heavy breathing) Give me a second. Oh my gosh. – [Mark] You all right? – Oh yeah. – [Mark] What are you feeling,
what does it feel like? – Give me a sec, give me a sec. (rapid panting) Oh my gosh guys,
this is super bad. Move this out of the way. Gah! Gah! Oh my gosh, I gotta try
to control my heart rate. Try to get a tight
shot of it right there with the stinger, we need to
see to see if there’s blood. Okay, try to get a shot,
because if I can get it we’ll like walk
around for a second. Right there. – [Mark] Right there
is where it stung you? – Right where it stung me. I could feel it, it was like, you could feel it go all
the way under the skin. All the way in. I can feel it
insert into my arm. (grunting) – [Mark] You gonna be all right? – Okay. Now they say that the
sting of the velvet ant, will last for about 30 minutes. And I can tell you
guys right now, this is the worst
sting I’ve ever taken. There’s no question about it. It is worse than
a harvester ant, it is worse than a fire ant. It feels like I’m getting
stung over and over again. You can see the welts
starting to form on my arm. – [Mark] Oh man, yeah,
those are welts, big time. Describe the pain, is it
like a pulsating pain, a stabbing pain? – If it pain, it’s
radiating, it is radiating. It feels like, you know
if you get a charlie horse in your muscle, and
it like seizes up, and it’s like doomph, doomph. Ah, that is powerful. Ah, I can see why they
call them cow killers. (chuckle) That is some intense
pain right there. How long has it been? – [Mark] About seven minutes. – About seven minutes? Well they say the pain from
this lasts for about 30. I have about 23
minutes to go, guys. 23 minutes to go. Aah! Now aside from working my
way up to the bullet ant, the reason I was
willing to take a sting from this insect
was so that we could all see the effects
of the venom. 25 minutes has gone by. My arm is still on fire. And what’s crazy is that,
look at all the red blotching that’s formed around the sting. There is the stinger
insertion point right there, and it is swollen,
and it is very tender, and you can see how red
the entire radius is, of the sting. I’m sweating. My goal was to do
the best I could to describe the
pain I was feeling. And it still hurts, it
definitely still hurts, but not as bad as the initial
impact of the stinger. But what’s interesting is
that all around the sting is tingling, like these little
tiny pin cushion needles going tsk tsk tsk. And as you can see there’s
all these little red dots forming, and I’m assuming
that is where the venom is spreading into my arm. Oh wow, well I would say
that this was definitely one very intense sting. The cow killer has
earned its reputation as being one of the
most powerful stings in the insect kingdom Gaaggh! Arrrgghh! Ergh! And while it may
be ranked as a four on the insect sting pain index, for me, at this point,
it’s definitely number one. I’d say I’m one step closer to being stung by
the bullet ant, but first, I’m gonna
have to go up against the tarantula hawk. I have a feeling that that
one is going to be bad. I’m Coyote Peterson. Be brave, stay wild, we’ll
see you on the next adventure. Whoo, let’s get
out of the desert. Velvet ants are nomadic
ground dwellers, that feed primarily on nectar. So there is absolutely no reason you should ever fear them. If you live or are hiking
in velvet ant territory, you’ll want to avoid
a possible sting. Keep your boots on your feet,
and you will be just fine. If you thought that
sting was intense, make sure to check
out the compilation of all my worst bites,
pinches, and stings, as we work our way up to
the bullet ant challenge. And don’t forget, subscribe, so you can join me and the crew on this season of
Breaking Trail. (animal howl)

Spidey, Ant-Man & Wasp Face Cat-a-clysm! | Marvel Super Hero Adventures – Evil Mittens  | SHORT

Spidey, Ant-Man & Wasp Face Cat-a-clysm! | Marvel Super Hero Adventures – Evil Mittens | SHORT


♪♪ [kids laughing] [ratchet sound] Ahhh! Gotcha, you
wayward wheel-eo! Let’s try again, but this
time, relax and be patient. It’s a beautiful
day for boarding. It’s not working! Stay calm and
take your time. That’s something
I learned on one of my super
hero adventures with my pals
Ant-Man and Wasp. Meow! Poor Mittens! Got
yourself stuck. Meow! OK, kitty, let’s
head for the trunk and we’ll have you
down in a jiffy. Meow! Uh, Mittens, you
missed your exit. Let’s try coaxing
the kitten. Here kitty, kitty, kitty. Wait. If I stick a Blue
Shrink Disc to the tree, it will shrink it down
and Mittens can just step off the branch
onto the ground. No, Ant-Man, you got
the Red Grow Disc! That makes things
get … bigger. Meow! Whoa! That’s a tall tail. Wasp: Mittens thinks
we’re cat toys! If one of those
claws hits us, we’re gonna be
squeaky-toys! [grunts] Hey! Who let the
cat out of the bag? Run under my web and Mittens
will get caught in it! Thanks, Spidey. Meow! Or not. Catch that cat! [crashing] Look out, Spidey! Thanks for
the save! It’s my fault. I
gotta fix this. [grunt] No, I got it! [shouts] Ah, boy did I get it!
Sorry, I was in your way. It was me; I was rushing. Let’s all relax and we’ll
figure out how to get him. I can fix this
with a grow disc. The car got through OK. Come on Mittens is at
the traffic tunnel. Now, let’s take a
minute and think while Mittens is
busy with the tunnel. I got this! [clanging] [whoosh] [yowl] [sigh] We need to slow down
and think before we act. I think this is
getting frustrating! I know, Spidey. Mittens is a big problem,
but we’ll figure it out. Sorry, Wasp. I
didn’t think. You know, Mittens
may be big, but he’s still
just a kitten. That’s it! If we keep
him busy playing, you can shrink
him back to normal with one of your discs. I’ve got an idea. Wasp. Do you think you could
turn down the power on your stinger so it
works as a laser pointer? No problem, Spidey. Ready for you, Wasp. Be patient… patient…
patient. Now! Bulls-eye! Meow! Or maybe, “cats-eye”!
Huh? Huh? Anything? Ah! Nothing like having
to catch a giant kitty to teach you that staying
calm and taking your time helps get the job done! Ahh. Like that! [laughter] Woo, thanks Spider-Man. You’re welcome. Spidey out!

Ant-Man 3 Movie CONFIRMED – Beyond The Trailer

Ant-Man 3 Movie CONFIRMED – Beyond The Trailer


Why make ant-man 3 look I love ant-man particularly played by Paul Rudd I love Evangeline Lilly as the wasp as well, but Hollywood’s gonna ask these questions both business-wise and Creative wise I wish Peyton Reed would ask himself these questions As you’ll see this conversation we’re about to have would be very helpful to the 3rd fountain. All right So anyway ant-man 3 why make it legit question Especially when you consider that ant-man 1 & 2 are two of the lowest grossing movies in the MCU Which means that things didn’t improve with the sequel even though ant-man and the wasp came right after? Infinity war and helped to set up endgame people didn’t care They said I’ll just read about it online or just skip right to endgame they a lot of people chose You know, they made the choice and that’s very important not to see ant-man and the wasp that’s bad Especially because Paul Rudd so lovable but his box office numbers have never been strong Anyway and gran Julian Lily doesn’t really make any other movies. But anyway you know, it usually levels the characters movies up in the MCU a Director change but no Kevin Feige just signed Peyton Reed to return for round 3 Making Reed the only director in the MCU because John Watson’s MCU adjacent to make a complete solo trilogy, but you know what? But that might be nice for Reed and his management team, but we’re not in the Peyton Reed business and neither is Kevin Feige Kevin Feige is in the MCU business and I don’t think Peyton Reed is a good choice here but as many of you pointed out at least this means that Reed won’t direct the Fantastic Four movie that he’s been angling to direct or wall T because Reed is friends with James Gunn and Explicably got this gig this, you know Third did he’s got he’s getting around three even though he’s had he’s failed twice now The Fantastic Four movie is clearly a ways off so he could always do it after another ant-man movie and his name is Reed I wonder if Payton has used that. He’s like I’ll use anything to Fantastic Four. Please don’t give it to him But anyway back to ant-man three, there’s going to be quite the waiting list for release dates in the MCU So I give what’s coming quickly a coveted spot a coveted rare spot to a set of movies that are clearly Operating at a smaller level. Hmm As I said, it’s a legit question, but here are some legit answers Alright, so number one Paul Rudd crushed it in endgame. He was hilarious He punched a Leviathan in the face He was Marvel movie magic one of the best characters in that movie and he stole a lot of his scenes in Civil War right? I mean he really does a great job when he’s in any movie that Peyton Reed isn’t directing I’m just saying alright, so as you can see, I’m not saying they shouldn’t make another ant-man movie I’m just saying they shouldn’t make one with Peyton Reed, but you know what? Maybe Reed will finally get it right because his ant-man movies have been Surprisingly low on action sequences despite having two characters with amazing powers that really Suit themselves to not only action sequences but unique ones now and then and the wasp is I’m sure some of you are already typing Did have some cool action sequences but not only were they short but pretty much all of them I think all of them actually were teased and for the most part fully shown in the trailers So when you go to the multiplex you were like, so there is nothing else what alright so number two reason number two So, yeah, but still Paul Rudd I want to see more of him as ant-man and I want to see more Evangeline Lilly as the wasp But not answer number two theme parks because ant-man is such a cool character Of course, he and the wasp are popping up in the theme parks Disney has a diverse portfolio Hong Kong Disneyland’s Buzz Lightyear ride got ant-man and the wasp makeover just this year featuring Paul Rudd and Evangeline Lilly Oh, I want to ride that so bad. It looks amazing I do love Buzz Lightyear as a ride So I don’t love it when they reskin rides like they reskin Tower of Terror for guardians of the galaxy Love Tower of Terror, but do love guardians of the galaxy if you know the new version of the ride So I don’t know is it time for Buzz? Lightyear to go the way of ant-man and the wasp I have any of you by the way It looks like an amazing ride and I love the Paul Rudd and Evangeline Lilly filmed stuff for the attraction, you know Just show us how awesome they are and they deserve better movies. Alright, so Plus there’s the pen test kitchen coming to Avengers campus in 2020 these attractions need a movie to back them up who wants to ride the ride or eat at the restaurant of the duo that’s Third movie got canceled less people that want to eat it the one that’s going forward Although I’m yeah, I’m just gonna put a pall over it I mean, I’m still riding that ride meeting at that restaurant But it would be less cool now on that note number three It seems everybody gets a trilogy if you get started you get a trilogy in the MCU or maybe even more as Thor says Cuz I think his first two movies didn’t really count particularly that middle one Because again, it would be embarrassing for ant-man and the wasps to not complete their own trilogy Which is very good news for Doctor Strange who also was low gross in comparative. He did very well overseas But Doctor Strange and of course Black Panther and Captain Marvel To complete their trilogies blood wonder though being dead is a bit of a question mark and one has to wonder if Florence Pugh Will inherit ScarJo second two movies, I’d be down for that Then reason answer number for Disney Plus I put a question mark here because some of you guessed when I was tweeting about this on Friday That a third ant-man movie because of their smaller scale both Creatively and at the box office would maybe be a better fit at Disney Plus, which of course Disney is very aggressively populating with not just content but Marvel content, but while it’s well It’s does seem like a good fit to me and I wouldn’t rule it out again I think the demotion would be bad for the theme parks in the MCU brand overall Ant-man is such a valuable character in the in the team-up movies. I don’t think they want to do that to him I think that the second-tier characters who will never get a movie like, you know Although, you know Wanda’s leveling up to the Doctor Strange sequel, but still she’s never gonna get our own set of movies, right? Sorry I wanted a fan switch is getting it looks like an amazing TV series, but I think that’s the distinction so I don’t know if Disney Plus actually would work out then 5 another Avenger because not every manager does Their own set of movies and thor ragnarok prove that team-ups are a very good idea Doctor Strange is casting a team-up spell for his own sequel with Wanda and their a lot and I think he’s gonna have a ton Of adventures in that old be it basically be like another Civil War where it’s the de-facto Avengers movie but anyway there are a lot of Characters who could show up in an ant an other ant-man and the wasp movie first and foremost professor Hulk who’s now done some some Work in their field and that would be fantastic. And of course, well Hulk could be showing up in the she-hulk show He’s fabulous in the movies He can’t have his own movie because that universal deal still in place and then they get to release any Hulk move So all the hulk movies themselves, so I think he’d be great in ant-man and wasp movie and they could certainly use the assist ant-man Giant man, you know ant-man giant man and Hulk’s fighting side-by-side. I love it All right fine, and I think there’s a lot of good stuff there finally breeze on answer number six LaChance Ur number six is Secret Invasion as I’ve pointed out before in my Secret Invasion Coverage in the comics both Hank Pym and Janet Van Dyne were a big part of that story Hank was replaced by a Skrull as a sleeper agent and went undiscovered for quite some time He did a lot of damage and some of that was turning Janet Van Dyne into a living bomb who detonated when the scrolls needed her to at a pivotal point in the battle It’s a big part of Janet Van Dyne book history. In fact and Hank I don’t know if it’ll happen to Michael Douglas and Michelle Pfeiffer I don’t know if they’ll you know play around the storyline and have it happen to Scott and hope we’ll see Because you know, it is rumored that Secret Invasion could be the captain the second Captain Marvel movie Although we all want an A Force movie damn it. Maybe that’ll be Captain Marvel 3, which is so far away. I Don’t think Secret Invasion should involve an all-female team. But anyway, a third ant-man and the wasp movie could help set up Secret Invasion No matter where it takes place. I still think so You can envision, you know Cuz I think they were I think they want Captain Marvel to to be an a force movie quite frankly. Brie Larson herself So so pushing for that. I think Secret Invasion should be the next Avengers movie Avengers Secret Invasion. It’ll be amazing I love it. So I’m again ant-man the wasp could help set that up, but it’s pretty far down the line So we’ll be getting time to have an Avengers movie at that point as well So I hope will you see Edmund in the wasp 3 if it sets up Secret Invasion or you just be like I’ll catch up Alright, so cuz you know again, I guess it only really set up And game in the end credits sequence. Maybe they have to make that the whole movie Alright, so those are the legit reasons to make ant-man 3 But I still have very little faith in Peyton Reed but fingers crossed because these reasons are also good So I really think they should make ant-man 3, but it just boggles the mind they would Repaint and read I just I mean he had two chances I mean, it’s not like, oh he had to learn, you know, like Bryan Singer the difference between X x-men and x2, right? Christopher Nolan difference when Batman Begins and the Dark Knight blood Peyton’s had his two movies and he didn’t level up at all Alright, so share your thoughts down below subscribe today. And of course as always you can check out some more videos right now

Marvel Studios’ Ant-Man and the Wasp – Official Trailer

Marvel Studios’ Ant-Man and the Wasp – Official Trailer


I just have one question when Cap needed help
I had asked you would you have come I guess we will never know but if you had you would
have never had been caught I do some dumb things the people I love the most pay the
price thanks to you we had to run were still running lets go maybe you need someone watching
your back like a partner hold on you gave her wings and blasters so I take it you didn’t
have that tech available for me no I did Thanks guys for watching Subscribe to my Youtube
channel be on the lookout for more videos on the secrets of Walt Disney World have a
Disney day