The Smart Way Warthogs Keep Insects at Bay

The Smart Way Warthogs Keep Insects at Bay


NARRATOR: Meet the warthog. They love to roll
around in the mud. Known as wallowing,
it keeps their skin free from ticks and parasites. A mud bath might look messy. But pigs are actually
meticulously clean animals. The wallow also helps them cool
off in the heat of the day. But in the very hottest
months on the savanna, these warthogs face a dilemma. The intense African sun
dries out all the mud, leaving them exposed
to swarms of insects. It’s insufferable, even
with their tough hide. But a handful of smart warthogs
have figured out a solution. They enlist a helping hand– banded mongooses. They’re voracious insect eaters,
spending most of their day on the hunt for food. They patrol the savanna in
gangs of over 20 strong. And with so many mouths
to feed, mongooses need to find a lot of insects. As an insect magnet,
perhaps a warthog could provide a decent snack. Only, its long legs make this
dining table a little too high for a mongoose. So some clever warthogs
have learned to lie down when the gang is around. It sends a very clear message– the mongoose spa is
open for business. Now in range, the mongooses
clean the ticks and lice from all those hard-to-reach places. Pure bliss. It’s the perfect partnership. The warthogs are kept healthy. The mongooses get a
meal, eating their fill without nipping their patrons. Mutually beneficial
relationships like theirs are almost
unheard of between mammals. It’s a brilliant solution
for a nagging problem, one that hints pigs might well
be smarter than we realize.

RETROSPECTIVA 2018 (feat. Epidemic Sound) | VLOG – Vale a pena criar um canal YouTube em 2019?

RETROSPECTIVA 2018 (feat. Epidemic Sound) | VLOG – Vale a pena criar um canal YouTube em 2019?


Ok, I just need to put the camera on the tripod… Nevermind, let’s change location! Hi guys, welcome to my last video of 2018 This video you just saw was a video I produced for a contest that Epidemic Sound is hosting basically the winner gets a DJI Ronin-S. They will evaluate the quality and originality of the video But they will also take in consideration the engagement (on Instagram) of the post. So I would like to ask you a favor Go to my Instagram account @pauloancarvalho and leave a comment in the video. 🙏 Winning a contest like this is very difficult because there’s always someone better than us so I’m not expecting to win the contest at all, but what matters is that I produced this video to share with you, and it was fun doing it. A week ago Epidemic Sound posted this contest and I thought to myself: of course I have to enter! I’ve been working on this video for a few days now since Epidemic Sound announced it because it has to be original I had to think of an idea first. Only 3 days ago I had my final idea and started filming and editing the video. I must admit that when I started editing the video I wasn’t very confidant but now that I finished it I’m really excited to share it with you right now I’m recording this vlog and I can’t wait to share it with you on YouTube. Honestly to me it doesn’t matter if I win or not talking with you here on YouTube and on Instagram is what matters the most, more than winning the contest. Now on the second topic, is it worth it creating a YouTube channel in 2019? Hm… I think it is! But let’s change location to talk about about this topic. Guys we are back! This video was supposed to be published on christmas day but you know how it goes, shopping on the last day… It’s true, christmas day became very busy… So here we are, filming the second part of the video here in our city Take a look at… The sunset behind us, and over there… Guys, earlier today in the morning we woke up at… 7:20am right? At 7:20am to film the sunrise with the drone. What do you think of showing them the footage? Or maybe, edit a small video of the footage we got? Guys the footage was incredible right? The only problemis that… too much cold! By the end of the first battery flying the drone, I didn’t feel my hands anymore. So let’s talk about the second topic, which is, is it worth it creating a YouTube channel in 2019? Yes, it’s worth it, however you should think before creating it why would you want to create a YouTube channel in 2019. In our case we started making these videos to share them with our friends and family, right? And create memories worth watching later. When did we film the first video? February of… 2017? On which day? 19! It was on February 19th, Carina’s birthday’s on 18th And we went to Pena Aventura Park on the 19th I only had a GoPro back then To film some stuff we do And that’s when everything started, we started sharing these kind of videos on YouTube and we thought to ourselves: “this is fun”, and since I’ve always worked on a creative area, I’m a Web Designer naturally I started enjoying producing and editing video. We are also dancers, and dancing is a form of art as well, So everything related to arts, is something that we somehow enjoy. So, if you’re thinking about creating a YouTube channel do it because you want to do it for yourservelves. Don’t do it thinking you’re going to become famous or that you’re going to make lots of money because actually we don’t make any money at all with our channel (from ad revenue) Or thinking that you’re going to live on a YouTuber’s masion… Basically a YouTuber is someone who makes a living our of YouTube, it’s their job. We do make a living of video prodution/editing, but that’s not the only thing we do professionally, We also develop websites Carina has her job as well, and we are also dance instructors on a school dance my mother runs, she is a dancer teacher, but Carina and I teach dance classes as well, so we have multiple money income sources this way. I had to switch with Carina to use my other arm to vlog because having only one arm available mas it more difficult to rest the other. So, start creating videos now, create your YouTube channel NOW, because if you think it’s late already, it’s going to be always later tomorrow than it is today. YouTube is becoming saturated with creators and viewers, but that’s actually a good thing, because YouTube is a community And having more viewers is important for creators like us, more viewers means a bigger audience, it’s because of you that creators like us are able to exist. So guys, without further a do, I see you in 2019, this was our last video this year Don’t forget to leave us a comment on the video (Instagram @pauloancarvalho) we submitted for the DJI Ronin-S contest. If we win this contest, which will be very difficult because like I said, there’s always better than us we make a review of the DJI Ronin-S for you and all our videos will improve in cinematic quality. At least they won’t be as shaky as they are now, see? So guys, I hope you had an amazing christmas, we’re at the end of the park, so, happy new year! Always looking for sunflares See you next time! Vlogger life guys!

WORST BUGS EVER!!!  | Spike Volleyball Friendly Multiplayer Episode 1

WORST BUGS EVER!!! | Spike Volleyball Friendly Multiplayer Episode 1


Spike Volleyball Gameplay PS4 Xbox One PC Steam Yes Guy Gaming Professional Volleyball Game you’ve gotta be kidding me this is some
of the worst bugs I’ve ever seen in my life hello and welcome back to chess guy came
in we’re back playing spike volleyball having a blast playing through this game
except things are a little bit different this episode I am no longer on PC I
switched over to ps4 because I want to play on the ranked modes online here and
see if I can get some matches against other people hopefully this works
hopefully we can have some fun hopefully I don’t suck anyways let’s get to
alright my team sucks it’s the same as my other team though because I had an
editing added any guys to that other team no one everybody was the same why I
changed of the Libero this team’s pretty much the same though so we’ll see
we’re looking for an opponent please work please don’t be what it was before you guys how long is appropriate to wait
for this this is bullshit man like I’ve been waiting for 3 minutes 4
minutes now like does this work I’ve heard from people that they can
play this isn’t work I hope so nice tour lets me return this freakin game brütal
ok the ranked match doesn’t work I’m officially saying it I’ve tried it on
two versions now now I’m gonna try the friendly match to see if this works
oh I can Oh interesting so I can pick which team to be s yeah ok this is fun
what’s Canada ranked 86 overall nice I will take that who’s that guy alright
please work I can pick the Canadian team we can play as international squads
please find somebody like it’s 9:30 on a Thursday night you’re telling me that
there’s nobody playing this game right now
like that’s this is just frickin ridiculous let’s go wait wait what happened I wasn’t paying
attention is this working sorry it’s been 10
minutes I was just sitting here on my phone fooling around is something
happening I played a game right now are you serious
this actually works I’m playing a game it’s a joke
what are you kidding me oh my god what a scarf
hi buddy have you seen the seeker whoa we founded that okay okay now we’re
talking all right I’m not that good I guess
oh that’s bullshit that’s frickin bullshit I got a net slipper the whole
time can I not do this like what the heck is going on pass up guys what the hell is going on I can’t do
shit this is really weird oh my god this is jumpy as hell this is
so bad right now you guys this is awful oh my god let’s try to do something with
it but this is terrible like oh my god this is really bad so buggy wear that what the hell what
the hell is going on did you say are you seeing this this is a joke I know I’m
getting my ass kicked all right just serve it tough at him see
how he can handle it all right yeah like this is a joke you’ve gotta be kidding me
these are some of the worst bugs I’ve ever seen in my life it’s a joke what
the hell is going on who’s hitting it what the hell is going on like this is
such a mess such a mess I score that out what this
is just terrible are you guys seeing this it’s a buggy
mess I mean this guy’s obviously pretty good but like is this my connection what
the hell is going on Wow I’m in shock I’m in shock I’ll try to make something of it I guess
but like geez this is really really bad what they looked in what the hell is
going on here he paused it why why are you pausing like what are you doing yeah
great what what the hell’s going on guys
are you seeing this this is bullshit the balls bounce around all of a sudden it’s
getting hit I can’t do anything about this where are my guys what oh my god okay I just got to keep it in I guess
that it’s just tough to pass period net flipper what there’s a dig pad on that
buddy all right yay am i coming back I’m gonna come back successful lock yes nice this is so
trash I’m serving the same guy every time see ball there’s a date set that
guy back he’s gonna pound in absolutely every time what did he block it what
vault how what that’s out what the fuck you guys if
this video works what you probably won’t this is disgusting alright I’m gonna try to I’m gonna try
to actually win he’s like you just gotta get it in because it’s a buggy mess and
hope that like something works out in your favor
maybe aim deep he dug that yeah just got to keep it in Jenna fault yes
wait what you got that how nice okay bounce it like I would we got a successful block okay great now
I’m folding up completely try it again gosh and a dig but I scored what all
right let’s go I can’t even day I don’t even have a chance today like I just got
to mash the button and hope something happens what this is bullshit okay that
happened what the is going on this is a mess you
guys this is a bullshit mess it’s not because I’m losing like I’m I’m losing
I’m not losing fairly though for sure ray yay okay I’m gonna win this I’m
gonna figure out figure this out and win this in spite of this bullshit there’s a
dig these guys aren’t ready to go at all what happened what come on it’s bullshit
in the offline mode the guys get off no problem there’s a yeah do the line
bounce backwards yes come on found that buddy do something with it
where’d it go there’s a dig is that the C ball guy hit a deep that’s not
effective at all do something with it middle guy yeah somehow I don’t know
what’s going on yeah this guy’s ready for it you can handle it okay what yes
what the hell is going on like nothing is happening and everything is happening
like what success vlog go come like you don’t know when they’re gonna be hitting
it so how are you gonna stack up your block now you get a time anything but
the serve you can’t because you don’t know off the tape what this is the
national team the other guys didn’t hit it off the tape whoa what huge break come on now please go in yes ace there’s a lucky break
geez this is terrible there’s a dig he’s ready for it found that scene buddy
gosh man they’re digging everything I can’t make a single dig dig
I can’t make a single in digging this guy’s digging everything this is this is
ridiculous this is honestly ridiculous yeah set the
highball that guy come on what the hell is this you guys what the
hell is this this is a joke is what it is off the tape really out yes what the
hell is going on I can’t tell who’s hitting it I can’t tell what’s going on
at all just hit it hit it like you do off the
tape that’s great what how is he digging these okay okay like things are happening there’s a dig come on come on what the
hell this is just a joke what I do the same thing every time how did I score
that please tell me how I scored that that makes no sense
oh my god successful block or not what what the hell’s going on yeah a successful walk come on tied the
game up what I can’t sir is this a glitch like I can’t serve
right now let me serve let me do something this is
bullshit I can’t do anything nothing to do with all the time and wine
down great really great I tie it up and then you let you don’t let me sir so
lucky let’s go now I can serve come on now get it get the lead here okay this is the buggiest piece of shit
I’ve ever seen NASA all right guys so that’s gonna do it for
this episode that was the buggiest piece of shit I’ve
ever seen that has really really changed my opinion about this game anyways thank
you guys so much for watching and we hope to see you next time on yes guy
gaming Spike Volleyball Gameplay PS4 Xbox One PC Steam Yes Guy Gaming Professional Volleyball Game

How to film insects on the cheap

How to film insects on the cheap


today I’m going to show you how to film
insects and other small things on the cheap. the first thing you will need is a toy
microscope so I have one here and what you want to do is basically smash it up
with a hammer and you want the lens. hopefully the lens will be plastic if
it’s a toy microscope because if its glass, you’ll have smashed it up. so you take the
plastic lens from here. here’s one I made earlier. you can see it’s actually quite
powerful. and then the next thing you need– blu-tack. you make a ring of it
around the edge like that, and actually as long as you don’t
obstruct the optical axis, it doesn’t matter too much if you get a bit of it
in the…on the actual lens itself rather than just round the edge. now next
take your phone, stick it on like so and then go onto your camera like so. I can now magnify anything and
you basically just move your phone back and forth as if it’s a magnifying glass
because that’s exactly what it is: a magnifying glass. and as you can see, I can now do that. that the next thing you want to do is either turn on your flash or your
torch like that. get something to magnify for example, this Metacanthina
trilobite, and look at that. you just… so that’s all there is to it. all you do:
take a toy microscope, smash it up, take out the lens, stick it on your phone with
some blue tack, and away you go!

Insect Exoskeleton: Structure and Molting

Insect Exoskeleton: Structure and Molting


In most insects, the integument forms a rigid
exoskeleton that surrounds the outer surface of the animal. The exoskeleton serves a variety of functions. It gives the insect structure,
prevents chemical and mechanical damage, protects against invasion by parasites and
infection by microorganisms, inhibits water loss
and serves as the attachment point of muscles for locomotion. It is also forms the trachea of the respiratory
system, forms a lining for the foregut and hindgut regions of the digestive system and forms
the wings in adult insects. This cut-away view shows that the integument
consists of a series of layers. The integument is separated from the hemolymph
by the basement membrane – a connective tissue layer comprised of glycoaminoglycans
and proteins similar to collagen. The epidermal cells are the living part of
the integument. Epidermal cells form a monolayer below the
cuticle, and they secrete the overlying structural layers, with the exception of the cement layer
which is a product of the dermal glands. Above the epidermal cells is the procuticle,
a layer of protein intermixed with chitin. Chitin is a complex polysaccharide comprised
of mainly N-acetylglucosamine subunits mixed with some glucosamine, and linked in chemically
resistant beta-1,4 bonds similar to the inert beta- glucose of cellulose. Chitin gives the cuticle strength and stability
and aids in water retention. The insoluble chitin chains pack closely together
to form microfibers of 15-30 chains lying parallel to each other and surrounded by protein. The chitin-protein chains are deposited in
the endocuticle as layers throughout the intermolt period. Pore canals are minute tubular channels that
extend from the epidermal cells through the procuticle and end below the epicuticle. The pore canals may be formed by cytoplasmic
extensions of the epidermal cells as the procuticle is formed following a molt. Pore canals may provide an avenue for the
transport of chemicals through the cuticle and probably play a role in transporting the
chemicals that comprise the structural parts of the cuticle. The chemicals may diffuse laterally from the
canal to form the procuticle at the time of molting. After the cuticle forms, the cytoplasmic extensions
retract and the remaining channel becomes the pore canal. After the molt, the procuticle differentiates
into the endocuticle and the exocuticle. The thick, inner portion of the cuticle is
termed the endocuticle. It is usually the thickest layer of the cuticle
and is soft and flexible. Endocuticle is deposited throughout the time
between molts. Above the endocuticle is the exocuticle. The exocuticle is the layer that gives the
cuticle its hardness and rigidity. Exocuticle becomes hard and rigid because
it undergoes sclerotization or tanning. Sclerotization is the cross-linking of proteins
by quinones derived from polyphenols. Sclerotization makes the exocuticle hard,
strong and insoluble so it is resistant to chemicals and mechanical damage and has low
water permeability. Sclerotization differentiates the original
procuticle into the endo- and exocuticles. Above the exocuticle is the epicuticle. The epicuticle is thin and consists of four
layers: Cuticulin is the innermost epicuticle layer,
and is composed of sclerotized proteins and lipids. Some layers of the cuticle may be absent in
regions of the body of some insect species, but the cuticulin layer is always present. A polyphenol layer is sometimes present above
the cuticulin layer that may serve as a source for the phenols used in tanning,
A wax layer protects the insect from water loss
Pore canals may transport wax to the epicuticle, and wax channels at the ends of the
pore canals deposit the wax onto the inner epicuticle. The wax consists of an inner monolayer of
organized wax molecules and an outer “bloom” layer of randomly mixed fatty acids and fatty
alcohols. Because insects are small animals, they have
a large surface area relative to their volume which means they have a potential for serious
water loss through the cuticle, and the wax serves to suppress cuticle transpiration. The outermost cement layer is a product of
the dermal glands and is comprised of lipids and tanned proteins. The cement layer is thought to protect the
wax layer from abrasion, but it is variable and may not always be present. The insect exoskeleton is an effective integument,
but, like a suit of armor, it restricts the size that insects can attain, and its rigidity
prevents growth except by replacing the existing exoskeleton with a new, larger one by molting. Let us see how an insect is able to molt to
remove an exoskeleton that has become too small, and replace it with a new one that
allows for growth. The molting process begins when cuticular
epidermal cells are stimulated by exposure to 20-hydroxyecdysone – the insect molting
hormone. The hormone enters the epidermal cells where
it stimulates genes related to molting and the formation of new cuticle. The activated epidermal cells undergo mitosis
or grow by cellular enlargement. This is the period of growth to form a new, larger
cuticle for the next instar. The existing structural cuticle separates
from the epidermal cells. This is termed apolysis. The ecdysial space between the endocuticle
and the epidermal cells is filled with a gel that contains inactive chitinase and protease
enzymes. A new outer epicuticle layer of cuticulin
is secreted. This new cuticulin layer protects the epidermal
cells and newly forming cuticle from digestion by the enzymes in the molting gel, which is
then activated and becomes fluid. The chitinase and protease enzymes of the
molting fluid begin to digest the old endocuticle As much as 90% of the chitin and protein breakdown products from the old endocuticle are re-used by the epidermal cells to form
a new procuticle. Digestion of the endocuticle continues until
it reaches the old exocuticle The old exocuticle layer is resistant to enzyme
action since it is sclerotized. The remaining molting fluid is re-absorbed. The wax layer and polyphenol layer of the
new cuticle are deposited by the epidermal cells. Just before the molt the cement layer is released
by the dermal glands Note that the section of old cuticle is smaller
than the present region from which it came. This is the result of the epidermal cell growth
in the region from which the old cuticle was derived. Molting, which is properly called ecdysis,
occurs when the old exocuticle and epicuticle are sloughed off. The shed cuticle is called the exuvium. A hormone called bursicon is released that
stimulates the new procuticle layer that was present at the time of the molt to undertake
sclerotization by polyphenols and be converted to the new exocuticle. Once sclerotization is completed, no further
sclerotization occurs during the remainder of the instar. During the time between the molts, new endocuticle
is deposited continuously. And the cycle starts over at the next molt.

Rooster Teeth Animated Adventures – Godzilla vs the Human Bugs


BURNIE: We were talking about like Godzilla, like – people are scared shitless of bugs, so what if Godzilla was like exactly like a person, and when it saw humans it was like: “WUHHHUHUHULLUHHH!”
[laughter] GUS: He’s like knocking down buildings – “Get it off, get it off!” BURNIE: “Where’d it go, where’d it go?” JACK: Godzilla has like an aerosol can – he like shakes and sprays all the people on the ground… GAVIN: He finally smashes a human and then looks at it, and he’s just like, “Glughh!”
[laughter] BURNIE: Fucking tank – the tank rolls up, and Godzilla takes it and puts a cup over it…
[laughter] GUS: …and he’s like “I’ll deal with that later.”
[laughter] BURNIE: I would pay great money if that was the first scene in the new Godzilla. He comes out of the ocean, and a fucking jet flies by him and he goes: “EEEEEEEEEEEEEEE!”.
[laughter] He goes up to other giant monsters –
“Is it on me? Is it on me?” [laughter]