Bushbaby Snacks on Insects

Bushbaby Snacks on Insects


(hooting of nocturnal animals) – [Narrator] But the flood
also creates problems. As it arrives, it isolates one
kind of small primitive ape on whatever termite island
they happen to be on. These temporary prisoners
rely almost entirely on the insects that the flood
forces to the high ground, and they do that with special adaptations. They have huge eyes that
are locked in position, so big, in fact, that to move its eyes, it has to move its entire head. (slurping, smacking) It’s effective, they can see and leap around a very complex
world in the high trees, and to help, they urinate on their hands for that extra stickiness. (chirping of nocturnal animals) Their tools work well for them as they navigate their
isolated tree-top realm. (very light eerie music)

More reports of bed bugs at Wisconsin Dells hotel

More reports of bed bugs at Wisconsin Dells hotel


WHO SUFFERED MULTIPLE BED BUG BITES AFTER STAYING AT CHULA VISTA. TONIGHT AS 12 NEWS TERRY SATER REPORTS THERE ARE MORE , COMPLAINTS AND NEW PICTURES. THEY HAD EITHER BEG BEDBUGS OR REMNANTS OF THEM. THEY RESEARCHED HOW TO DETECT BEDBUGS. THEY KNEW WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN THEY ARRIVED AT CHULA VISTA. WE TOLD MANAGEMENT. WE HAD ONE LIVE BUG RUNNING AROUND THE BED. THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT SAYS THE CHULA VISTA STAFF CONFIRMED WORKERS FOUND A ROOM WITH BEDBUGS AND CALLED IN PEST CONTROL. A HEALTH DEPARTMENT INSPECTION ON THURSDAY TURNED UP NO EVIDENCE OF AN INFESTATION. THIS MATTRESS HAS BLOOD REMNANTS — THAT’S WHAT THEY DO. THEY FELL UP WITH BLOOD AND LEAVE BLOOD SPOTS. SHE IS NOT ALONE. THESE ARE PHOTOGRAPHS OF BEDBUG LIGHTS SENT TO US BY EMILY FISHER AFTER SHE SAYS HER FAMILY STAYED AT CHULA VISTA RESORT LAST WEEK. EMILY SAYS HER 14-YEAR-OLD NEPHEW WAS TAKEN TO URGENT CARE, AND HER ONE YOUR DAUGHTER WAS ALSO BITTEN. THE FAMILY CUP THURSDAY SHORT AND LEFT. SHE DEMANDED THAT THE CHEERLEADERS BE MOVED. THE MANAGER KEPT — OF COURSE THEY WERE GOING TO DENY IT WE GAVE YOU $20,000. .

The First Home Buyers Show Episode 2 THE SPEEDY RECAP – House with termites?

The First Home Buyers Show Episode 2 THE SPEEDY RECAP – House with termites?


– So, let’s do a speedy recap. Oh my gosh,
we have covered so much today. It’s The First Home Buyers Show, where first home buyers
go to watch their wealth grow. And here’s your host, Jane Slack-Smith. So, first and
foremost, we had a chat if you don’t remember, with Emma. Now Emma was a first time buyer
and Emma has recently bought her first home at the ripe old age of 51, because she had
given up with the fact that she would ever be able to buy a property. Now, due to a certain
windfall and bank of mom and dad coming in to assist, they were given the opportunity
within the last couple of years to consider buying a property. And they looked everywhere
around Sydney. And then they started to get laser focused, which is what you do when you
have a Vision . Get laser focused of what you want to achieve in the next year or three
years. Because you need to remember, this house is not forever. They got laser focused,
and they looked at what they wanted to achieve. Next, they moved on to setting a criteria.z
So once they knew what they wanted to achieve, they then had, with laser focus, a criteria.
Now, it took a little while to get that criteria, a lot of frustrations around what they could
afford and where they needed to look, but they got rid of the areas they couldn’t afford,
they decided on buying a house, and then they decided with three bedrooms. So being crystal
clear on that and on their price point got them to the area of the Central Coast. Once
they got to that area, they then looked at, you know, their money management and what
they needed to do to be able to afford a property going forward. Then they looked at sourcing
the property, so this is all inspections. Now, inspections are always fun when you start,
but it can get really demoralising. A can of ‘V’, always helped me on my property inspections
but the reality is that, you know, if you’re constantly looking day in and day out, and
you’re finding things that you can’t afford or there’s not much on the market, it can
be demoralising. And this is where people begin to settle. And to Emma and Ian’s credit,
they stopped, they regrouped and realised that their price point was a bit too high
in the suburbs they were looking, and they changed their areas. So this is sometimes
what you have to do, and there’s a little bit of a grieving period that comes with it.
There is so much mindset that’s actually associated with buying this first property or any property.
So once they then had sourced that property, they moved on and they had done their inspections,
and they got to the point where they had almost negotiated the deal, they got the price agreed,
everything seemed fine. I stepped in at that stage and insisted on a pest and building
inspection, and thank goodness, as they found live active termites! And these termites were
active, it was in two points of the property. So this is where it really involved understanding
whether it’s a walk away, or a leveraging situation where they could actually look at
the cost of dealing with these termites and have that taken off the price of the property.
They persisted, they looked at what needed to be done, they spoke to the owner and then
they negotiated. And the negotiation at that time became really, really painful as well.
Now this is where a lot of people would just give up. But the tenacity and the drive of
Emma and Ian kept them going, and they finally settled their property and they’re about to
enjoy their four-week anniversary of being in the property. So this is the speedy recap
of The First Home Buyers Show and the interview with Emma, and it just goes to show you, you
know, the journey of going from, “Hey, I’d like to buy a house” to actually settling
on the property. It’s one that’s fraught with a number of decisions, can be fraught with
a lot of frustrations, but if you follow the process, understand what to do every segment
of the way, and that’s what we’re here to help you with, then you will absolutely Slam
this!! and you will have a potential investment property in the future that renters want to
rent and buyers wanna buy when it comes time for you sell. So that’s it, that is The First
Home Buyers Show for this week. And that’s it for this week’s First Home Buyers Show,
and Jane will be back next time with more tips, tricks resources and interviews. – [Jane] See you then!

Lisa Margonelli: 2019 National Book Festival

Lisa Margonelli: 2019 National Book Festival


>>Lisa Margonelli:
Thank you very much. It’s a huge pleasure to be here
at The Library of Congress. I can’t tell you how
many libraries I used. I use them all the
time when I’m writing. And a tremendous pleasure
to be at this book festival. Thanks to all the staff
for making this all happen. It’s quite a production. I am here to tell you a little
bit about what I learned about termites and how I became
obsessed enough about termites with termites to spend ten years
following them to write a book. I think what most people know
about termites is that — in relationship to libraries
— is that they eat books. They eat lots of books, in fact. It’s a big concern
for libraries. But I’m going to just
tell you a little bit about how I came
to write this book. And how I came to fall
in love with termites. This is a kind of an
unimpressive dry, deserty place that I went to in 2008. It was the summer of 2008. I was invited by a bunch
of scientists to come on what they called
a termite safari. Now, why would a person
drop all their work and go on a termite safari? Well, 2008 I was
actually a fairly — at the end of my
rope, basically. I had worked in the early 2000s, I had spent about five years
writing a book about oil. And then I had become kind
of an oil expert, sort of. Or, I had to write
about oil all the time. I had to think about
oil constantly. Oil was always on my mind. And oil was always
kind of a problem, and one that was very
difficult for us to solve. And so sometime in there I ran
into this group of scientists who were working at the
Joint Genome Institute in Walnut Creek, California,
to find genes in the guts of termites that were
capable of dissolving wood. Now, termites are one of the
few creatures on the earth, besides shipworms
and some others, who can actually eat wood and
digest it and turn it into fuel. So, the idea behind this
Department of Energy project was that we would go
to the termites, find out what genes the termites
used for dissolving wood and kind of upload that into
our own captive microorganisms and produce biofuels. So, this was one way of
solving the oil problem. So, I went out on the
termite safari in the hopes of seeing how you chase termites
and how you find the genes to reinvent the economy. And what I actually
found was the termites. And so, one of the
things that happened — I guess through this
time I realized that termites a little
guide to really big ideas. They tell us lots
about the environment. They tell us lots
about the possibilities of applying nature
to technology. And they also give us all sorts
of new ideas about how we look at ourselves and how
we look at the world. And I think one of the things
that really came home to me was that termites showed me
how the world worked. They showed me a different way. You know, when you spend a lot
of time thinking about oil, you feel like the world
works mostly on people. It works on substances
and the economy. It works on money. It works on also, of course, environmental destruction
and climate change. These sorts of things. But termites work
something that was kind of humming along
beneath the surface. But the other thing
that termites brought me to understand was how
we know what we know. And I think that’s a
really interesting topic that in science books we often
look at science as finding out what the truth is. But, there are truths
that we all believe. But we don’t know
how we know them. And following termites kind
of brought me into that world. And I have t say that when
I landed in this weird, desolate country looking
for termites, you know, you run around through the
desert trying to find termites. I wasn’t that impressed by
what the landscape looked like. I just thought it was kind
of weird and forbidding. And I wanted to find
the termites. I came to see that
land really differently through this ten-year process. So, now I just want to tell you
a little bit about termites. So, termites — until 2007, we thought termites were
their own kind of bug. Well, we didn’t really
think that. Since the 1920s we’ve had some
different ideas about termites. But it was only in 2007 that they officially
stopped being their own bug and became a social cockroach. A highly evolved cockroach. So, I’m going to
give you a little bit of the story behind how the
cockroaches became termites. So some time about 150 million
years ago the cockroaches were solitary bugs. And they were running around
underneath the dinosaurs. And eating fruit. And when they had some eggs
they would sort of shoot them out their backsides at
a high rate of speed. And then they’d run
away from the eggs. And the eggs would just
develop themselves. So, what happened was there
was a lot of wood around. And they started eating — we don’t know exactly what
the order of the things was. But they ate some
microbes who were capable of digesting that wood. Which made the termites
capable of digesting that wood. But the problem is is that if
you’re a cockroach you molt your intestines. So, somehow they all
started hanging out and not running away
from each other. But hanging out together. And eating what we
politely call wood shake from each other’s butts. They were eating the microbial
solution from each other. So they started pooling
their digestion. And this started changing
who these cockroaches were. And they started changing
and shifting into termites. So they pooled their digestion. And then they began to live kind of all together as
a super organism. That’s a very unscientific term. But they become —
there were soldiers, and there were workers. And there’s a queen. And there’s a king, usually. And they divided the
responsibilities for the success of the whole colony
amongst themselves. So, the queen began to do
all of the reproduction. And the soldiers who have — soldier termites
are really fabulous. There’s many different heads,
head designs, that they have. Some are a wedge. And they just jam their wedgy
head into holes in the mound. And nobody can come through. And some of them have
mandibles that snap like this. And some have asymmetrical
mandibles that snap like that. And they just — they
just launch themselves out at the outside
world that’s attacking and snap them with
their mandibles. And some, like in this
picture, have a little sort of a nozzle on their head. And they shoot chemicals
called terpenes out their head to stop invaders. So there’s all of these
different fabulous termite soldier designs. And then the workers do the
food and they do the child care. And they kind of run around. One of the things that’s
interesting about termites is that they are a neoteny. The queen develops
into an adult. And the king develops
into adult. But all the other ones are kids. They are kids forever. Stuck there all together. And sometimes they live
for 20 years or so. We don’t know exactly
how long they live. But as they live
together, they also — began to live together —
they also gave up things. Like they lost their eyes. And the workers and the
solders lost their wings. Only the reproductive
queens and kings have wings. This relationship that they
have with their microbes and with each other, because
they’re all symbiotic. The termites have a complex
relationship with each other. And then the microbes
also have a relationship with the termite
and with each other. It creates this kind of
layers of complexity. And when I was first
talking with the scientists, one of them said, “Well,
you think the termite’s in charge of the microbes. But actually, maybe the microbes
are in charge of the termite.” And this is really
interesting because — we were drinking coffee. And he said, “I mean, how do we
know that we’re drinking coffee because we want it and not
because of the microbes that are in our guts have told us
‘drink coffee or eat salt’ or something like that?” And as I continued to
pursue this question with other microbiologists
they said things like, “Well, free will just a
rounding error.” Anyway — [laughs]. So, within about six months of this I was making
termite puppets. I still didn’t think that
I was capture by termites. Bu I was making termite puppets and amusing my friends
with them. And I just kind of kept going. So, this is — the other
thing that kind of sucked me in was the scientists
themselves. This is the Joint
Genome Institute, a couple of different
people in it. There’s Phil Hugenholtz, who
was a principle investigator. There’s Anna Egelbeckstrin
[assumed spelling] who was a tech in the lab. I mean, you have to have
a master’s to have tech in that lab, to be tech there. And Shaomei Hu, who
was a post-doc student. And these teams worked together
in a very symbiotic way. I mean, Phil was — in
some sciences there’s a strong hierarchy. But here, there wasn’t. Anna could yell and Phil. She could boss him around. They would have wild
fights in the car and I would have
tell them to stop. And they also, when they
worked together, sometimes — when you take genetic
information, it’s actually just a database. And so they would sit in
dark rooms, like nine people in a dark room with
three or four databases, running the databases
back and forth. And sometimes talking almost
like they were one person. But they were four people
running the databases and two people would be
talking and narrating. And it was like — it was
like I had been invited into this secret sort of world that you couldn’t see unless
you had a post-graduate degree. You really had to be deep
into this world to see it. And they just very genuinely
and sweetly let me in. And it was lovely. But I also got to see how
oddly symbiotic they were. The way that we got
the termites up — I just need you to know this — we got them up by sucking
them up with aspirators. And these aspirators are
made — they’re home-made. They’re made with some
tubing and a test tube and little tiny auto
filter — air filter. And you go [vocalizes] and
the termite comes up and turns at the air filter and heads
down into the test tube so that you can get them and
you don’t have a mouthful of cow paddy or something
like that. That’s how we would
suck them up. And then they would bring
them off for analysis. We’d freeze them
later that night. This is what’s inside
termite guts. So, up until the 2000s or
so this was the only way to see what was in
a termite gut. You could look at it
with a microscope. So, the little tiny things
that are rods are bacteria. And most of the stuff in the
termite’s gut is bacteria. The big thing is a protist
called Trichonympha. And Trichonympha looks
like a very big bacteria. But actually a protist
is not a bacteria. And it’s not an animal. And it’s not a vegetable. It is actually a very
complicated symbiotic animal. But it has hairs on
it that you can see. They’re not actually hairs. They help it move. But they’re actually
spirochetes. So they move because they have
symbiotic spirochetes attached to them. It’s as if I had squid legs. It is that weird. But they actually have four
or five genomes in one. They’re all living together. And symbiosis so weird,
it’s extremely strange. They lose their own
characteristics. They swap things. They swap genes amongst
each other. It’s truly fabulous. It also brings up the
question of who’s in charge. Which just comes up again
and again and again. So let me just get this
straight before we go on to the next thing. Termites are a society. And then inside them they
have a society of microbes. And then inside those microbes,
some of them are a society of five things cooperating
as one. And we haven’t even gotten to how the termites
themselves cooperate. The other thing that
I learned hanging out with the scientists is
just how amazing their sort of data display is. This is a phylogenetic tree. It takes a while to
learn how to read them. But once you read them,
you realize that they are like Shakespearean stories. They’re very elaborate. They have all kinds of
amazing information in them. This one shows that not
all termites are the same. So, one kind of termite grabbed
its microorganisms way back long time ago, maybe in
the dinosaur time. And they’ve all been
evolving together. And the other type of termite
on this sort of vertical axis, actually just had some that
have been evolving forever. And then has some that
they have been just running around and grabbing. Like maybe they ate
something in elephant poo and they got that in there. So, they’ve got a mix of current
things that live outside, and their own sort of
bespoke proprietary microbes. So, by this time
was pretty hooked. And also, a weird
thing happened. I was living in Berkeley,
California, and it turned out that termites
were eating my house. Not my house. I was just renting. But they were eating
the wall behind my bed. And I wasn’t actually
that upset. In fact, I was kind
of delighted. And I was like “Ooh! I want to see them.” I wanted to see them when
they pulled the wall off. And so, that was when I realized
I had kind of changed sides. [ Laughter ] So, I continued doing
more travelling further. This, I went to Namibia where these huge
Macrotermes mounds are. And this is a researcher
named Jeffrey Scott Turner, who’s a fabulous writer. This gets into the question
of how we know what we know. He began studying these termite
mounds about 30 years ago. The lore was that these
mounds worked like chimneys. That they exhausted hot air
out the top like a chimney. And so he was — he wasn’t
going to study termite mounds. It was just a random
thing he was doing because he was doing some
work in southern Africa. And he put some propane
in a mound. And he realized it didn’t
rise like a chimney. It didn’t act anything
like a chimney. It sloshed around. Sometimes it was a
little chimney like — it was one thing
and another thing. And so he basically got hooked. And there he was for
three more decades. And what he realized was that
in some ways the mound works like a lung. It brings gasses in. it sticks up like a
vane into the winds. And it captures those winds
and uses them to sort of pump or puff the used gasses
inside the mound out. But the question then becomes,
“How do the termites know how to build this crazy thing?” One of the things he did
was he would pour plaster of Paris inside these mounds. And so you end up with kind
of the inverse of the mound. You end up seeing all of these
tunnels that the termites build within the mound and how
they stack up the dirt. They’re really ghostly,
weird-looking things. Kind of fabulous. They also show that the
mound functions a little bit like a brain. Scott believes that
they work a little bit like a cognitive system. That the termites
are all in there. They know exactly how
their world should be. And if an aardvark comes
crashing through the side and opens up a hole, they
immediately have sort of systems of understanding
that that’s happened. They understand when
fresh air is coming in that there’s a problem. And then some of the
termites run deep into the mound and
set off alarms. They make this rattling
noise or clicking noise, that sends all the other
termites running towards that hole in the mound. They smell the fresh air
and they run towards it. And they have balls of
dirt in their mouths. And they drop them
at the border. And also the soldiers
run out there and just blindly launch
themselves off the hole. It’s pretty amazing. So, what are we looking at? Well, inside, the termites
have this weird aesthetic. They don’t see, so
they’re feeling along with their little antennae. And when they feel something
sticking out, they bite it off. And so they end up
with something that looks tremendously like — I think it’s the Pan
Am terminal at JFK. That old — the one that’s
in “Catch Me if You Can.” I mean, they end up with these
smooth weird organic shapes. How do they do this? How do they build? Well, one of the theories is that they use something
called stigmergy, which is that one termite has
a ball of mud in its mouth. And it pops that mud down. And then the mud has
some kind of smell on it like saliva or something. So then the next
termite smells that smell and pops its ball
on top of that. And you can see these balls kind
of stacking up in the picture. And then that smell
gets stronger the more and more termites are
stacking up the balls. That smell. And it attracts more
and more termites. So it becomes sort of
like Twitter, basically. But for mud balls. And then they have some sense
of the way this should all work. But this all kind of
remains a big mystery. So one of the things — well, I’ll get back to the
mystery in just a second. This is what the
queen looks like. And the queen is — so the queen
originally was about this tall. And then she swells up
to the size of a finger after she crawls into the — after she crawls below
ground with the king. They’re kind of amazing. They exude pheromones. They control the
growth and the behavior of the other termites
around them. She is enormous. And she will produce an
egg every three seconds, sometimes for 20 years. We don’t know. Maybe for 50 years. It seems interminable. And the other little
termites will come — the worker termites come in. And they clean the
eggs away from her. And they lick her. And they feed her food. And when you look
at her, she has fats under her skin that
are swirling. It’s really like kind of a — people freak out when they
look at it, basically. But I think it kind of
also raises a question of, you know, who’s in charge? We think the queen’s in charge
because we’ve given it her name, the queen, which is based
on colonial concepts. But, what’s right underneath
the queen is the fungus. And these Macrotermes have
this fungus that they build that digests wood
and grass for them. They actually go out. They gather grass. They make it into little balls. And they stack that up
in this elaborate cone like you see in the
fungus there. And it even has —
they have tiny feet on the bottom of the fungus. And what they do is that
fungus dissolves the grasses. And they go running towards it. And it dissolves the grasses. So, they run around on it. And they find the fungus where
it’s sort of fruiting there. And where the dissolved
sugars are. And they suck them off. And then the termites
actually switch those around between each other. So this was — Scott fed
some dye to the termites to watch how they switch things. But termites are constantly
sort of having a party. They’re constantly switching
fluids between each other. They’re rubbing each
other with their antennae. And they’re — yeah,
they’re rubbing each other with their antennae. They’re begging for
drops of poo. They’re totally nuts. But what are they
actually doing? So, Scott actually talked
to a group from Harvard, from the Wyss Institute. This is Radhika Nagpal’s group. And they are building
these amazing robots that are modeled
somewhat on termites. This is just a little
bit of them building. The robots are coordinating
between — they don’t coordinate —
they’re not coordinated by a higher coordinator. They only coordinate
themselves by signals on the ground and
from each other. So, I’m going to see if I
can make that play again. Oh, no. There we go. Anyway, they look
like toddlers playing, but not quite paying
attention to each other. And they’re quite
extraordinary as robots. So, what happened was
the roboticists wanted to actually track
what the termites did. But the roboticists
kind of had an idea that termites were like robots. And actually, everybody
has an idea that termites are like robots. This is an idea that kind
of goes back to Descartes, the idea that animals are
robots, soulless automata. And so, they started taking
video of the termites. And the idea, if a
termite is like a robot, then every termite is
doing the same job. And they’re all kind of
involved in the same project. And they’re all really working
towards the safety of the — the security of the whole group. And many people had actually
posited that this was the case. But what happened when they
actually built a tracker for the termites. This is quite a sophisticated
tracker. But they actually were able to track each individual
termite for the first time. And they discovered they’re not
doing the same thing at all. They are actually — most
of them are screwing around. They’re just running around. So, in one dish, five
are doing the work. And 20 are just running around. In another dish 19
were running around, two were doing the
work leading others, and four were helping
the others — four were helping the
two who were leading. So, they were individuals. They’re not all on task. Some of them are
charismatic [Laughs]. This is some crazy stuff. This is, “how do we
know what we know?” you know? This is — you know, termites are a really
good example of how little we understand about what we think
we understand. And the other thing
that they’ve realized is that maybe termites
are not building because they’re stacking balls. Maybe they build
because they dig holes. So it’s almost like they
turned that whole theory of stigmergy upside down. Although that’s still being
fought out in the papers and still being discovered. Ultimately there’s just
a tremendous amount to find out about termites. I think — something
to think about, about this what we don’t
know about termites and what they keep revealing
about themselves to us and what they keep
revealing to different groups of scientists is that there’s
just a tremendous amount about the world that
we don’t know. And we’re entering a time of
building technology that’s based on things like termites. So, we’re looking to build
sort of symbiotic consortiums with organisms to make synthetic
biofuels and to make hamburger. To make everything. We’re trying to figure out how to capture these symbiotic
consortiums, knowledge, and use it to our own —
put it to our own use. And we’re also trying
to build things like self-coordinating
drones and robots. And we don’t really
understand how these deeply, deeply complex systems work. I mean, we have sort of
metaphors about robots. That the termites are robots. And then it turns out the
termites are individuals. As we go into this sort of
new technology, we almost need to go back and build
ourselves a new Descartes to help us find the language for communicating how
these things work. I want to show you
the last thing. Because termites kind of — I think I ended up
writing the book partly because termites
rescued me a little bit. I was quite depressed in 2008. And I came to learn
things from the termites that made me feel better
about the world, I guess. So, one of the things is
that termite mounds are sort of a center of fertility
in the landscape. So, when you fly over
an area that has a lot of termite mounds, you see
this sort of pebbled texture. This is actually kind of some
heat or some Lidar photography that shows those
mounds very clearly. But, what you’ll see is that
the mounds in southern Africa or the mounds in
Australia have a lot of vegetation on top of them. The termites reorganize
the soil. And they mix it up with their
feces and nitrogen and all sorts of other stuff to make
it very fertile there. So you have these puffs of vegetation growing
off the top of the mound. And that’s been known
for some time. There have been some studies
done in southern Africa and in western Africa — in Kenya, also, showing that where you have termite
mounds you have more spiders. You have more geckos. You have more birds. You have more elephants,
that’s in Kenya. And you have more giraffes. Because the giraffes are eating
the tasty leaves at the top. And the question is,
you know, was that part of some bigger system? Or was that just sort
of a fluke of, you know, termite mounds make
things nice and that’s it? So two — an ecologist
named Rob Pringle, and a mathematician named Corina
Tarnita [assumed spelling] joined forces. And Rob had been studying
termite mounds for a long time. And Corina had been studying
mathematical patterns in nature for a long time. And there’s a question of
when you look at the patterns on the ground, were you looking
at something more sophisticated than the polka dots
of the mounds? Or were you looking
at something else? So one day Rob and Corina went
out to a termite mound field. And Corina stood in
the back of the truck. And she said, “I think
I see another pattern.” So, what you’re looking
at here on this slide at the top is mathematical
models. And the first slide is
of the polka dot pattern of the mounds and
the vegetation. And the second slide across
the top is a close up of one of those mounds and the
kind of intense vegetation. And then the third
picture is how they modeled that there might be kind of spotty weird patterned
vegetation not at the mounds, but
in the middle. If you look down at the
next row of pictures, those are those same
things in real life. And what she was able to
see, standing in the back of this pickup truck, having
kind of an intuitive blast that she was seeing
two types of patterns. One is the polka dot. One is these weird
spotty patterns. And they were actually
able to then model that on computers,
as one does now. And then they were able to
match it up with photographs. And they found a couple of
sort of astonishing things. One thing is that termites seem
to be affecting huge amounts of land around the world,
especially the driest parts. And separately, they’re also in the wet rain forest
parts as well. But in these very, very dry
places they are exerting patterns over huge areas. There’s a place in Brazil where the termites have
patterned the landscape, a landscape the size of England. And then you have that
all across Africa. You have it all across
Australia. You have it in many
places in Asia. We probably have it in the US. And the other thing
that they realized is that these landscapes are much,
much more resilient to drought. So, it’s much easier — if
this landscape, with this kind of patterning and the
termite mounds gets a drought, instead of collapsing into kind
of infertility, there’s many, many, many steps with
the termite mounds. They seem to keep the
land kind of fertile in really tough times. And I found that actually to
be kind of inspiring, I guess. I mean, that was like
a bit of good news is that the termites are toiling. But it also kind of sent me
back to that very first time that I was searching for
termites on the termite safari. Because what had
I been looking at? I mean, when you look at
this landscape you kind of see a pattern there. And it’s the spotty pattern. And you know, it’s possible
that the termites are kind of running the world
right beneath our feet and we don’t even see it. And for me, I think that was
one of the big inspirations for writing this book was to
understand how that worked and to kind of put
it into perspective. So, I think we have
time for questions — about 10 or 12 minutes. Yes?>>First off, let me just
say one of the great things about the book festival
is coming into the presentation you
didn’t know about in advance. So this was great. So –>>Lisa Margonelli: So, I’ve
converted you to termites?>>It could be. So, you described
the termite mounds. Is that same sort of structure
going on in the termites that were eating your
wall in your bedroom? I mean, is there a queen
and the different layers? Or is it a completely
different social structure?>>Lisa Margonelli:
Well, they all — they tend to all have queens. Some of them have really weird
— some of them have only queens and no kings because they
reproduce parthenogenetically. And some — there’s
apparently one where there’s two
kings and no queen. I don’t know how that works. That’s a paper I haven’t read. But the termites in my
walls did not have a fungus. They were just — they just
had the microbes in their guts. There’s many different
ways of being a termite. There’s about 3,000
different kinds. And some have the protists,
the big hairy things. And some have just a simple
complement of bacteria. And then some of them have
that whole fungus business. So it’s all different. And some make the mounds. Sometimes when you take
the mound-building termites from one place to another, they learn to build a
different kind of mound. And that’s very weird. They can build little
mounds that look like an ice cream scoop. And they build tall mounds
that look like cathedrals. And it’s really weird. They are something else.>>Hello. I’m thinking
you’re giving us hope that when destroy the earth,
termites will be there to start vegetation going again.>>Lisa Margonelli: If you
call that hope, I’m with you. [ Laughter ] Yes?>>So, I guess it may be a
little bit strange question, but I just thought
when you said — I guess I didn’t know about
this process of animal that can digest like
stuff like — because it’s basically
digesting cellulose. I guess they can eat trees. Did anybody think about
maybe the future of humanity when we run of everything else,
maybe we can get those microbes to like, you know, have
in our digestive system. And then we can like,
you know –>>Lisa Margonelli:
We can eat wood.>>Yeah! Is it something
that anybody considers? Like, maybe even eat some
more terrible things. Because there are
apparently microbes than can digest anything. So, as long as we
can adapt them.>>Lisa Margonelli: Yes. Okay, so this is a
complicated question. So, do humans want to
digest wood themselves? Well, actually, I
leave that to you to decide whether you
want to digest the wood. Yes, in terms of survival. You know, wood doesn’t
have a whole lot in it. So the termites also
have to fix the nitrogen. And they have a lot of sort of microbial tricks
in their stomach. But there are people who have
fed termites terrible things like bituminous coal. And then over many generations
the termites’ microbes learn how to break that down. So actually, termite
microbes have been used in environmental
remediation projects that are fairly sophisticated. So, there’s — evolution
is enormous. And there are many
things that we can do. I’m not ready to eat
wood, yet, personally.>>So, what is the effect of
the pesticides that we use to prevent termites from
coming into our house? What do they do to
termite colonies?>>Lisa Margonelli: You know,
there are about 3,000 kinds of named termites in the world. And there are probably
another 2,000 or 3,000 that we don’t have names for. And of those, all of those, 27
of them are the pest termites. So, there has been a
tremendous amount of effort put into killing those
pest termites. What’s interesting is that the
pest termites really spread because of humans. They spread during war
time when munitions in wooden boxes are being
shipped around the world. Or railroad ties. They really have been
a human-spread thing. And they also are
encouraged by human sort of environmental upheaval. Those — generally
it’s extremely hard to kill a termite. They don’t get sick
because they spend a lot of time grooming each other. And if somebody’s sick they
seem to kind of wall them off. Some academics think that
termites vaccinate each other, which is kind of mind blowing. But, so generally they try
to do something that will — generally the poisons involved
no longer involve heavy duty spraying. And we don’t us the
really strong kinds of pesticides in the US anymore. Generally it’s baits
that they then carry that material back to the nest. And it hopefully shuts
off the queen’s fertility. Or does something
along those lines. However, one thing that we do
know is that there are lots of beneficial kinds of termites. And that those termites do seem to be affected by
human development. By upheaval. Possibly by some
of the other sorts of pesticides that we spray. And so in some places where they’ve actually studied
what termites are there, they found that the beneficial
termites seem to be lesser as people live or
farm more intensively. Yes.>>Two questions. Are there certain types of wood that termites don’t
find palatable? And the soil type. Are there special soil types that termites tend not
to want to live in?>>Lisa Margonelli:
Are you looking to build a utopian community?>>I’ve heard — it’s
mentioned that purple heart and maybe green heart are
sort of resistant to termites.>>Lisa Margonelli: Right. Yeah, I think there
are different ways of treating the wood with
pressure and other things to make it unpalatable
to termites. They don’t eat some
aromatic woods like cedar. And the soil types — termites
are really good with soil. I can’t tell you. You should talk to an
exterminator, I think. They’re more likely to know. But the other thing
about termites is that over the past 20 years or
so, half of the papers written about termites have been
about how to kill them. Are there any other questions? Yes.>>Yeah, very interesting talk. I’m wondering why you want them
to have individual behavior versus being automaton? I mean, is it bad if they just
have a simple set of scripts? And some of them, like in that
petri dish or whatever it was, simply were in a different
part of that subroutine. You know, the folks that make
robots can make a very simple set of instructions and
they vary individual or seemingly different behaviors
because of their environment and what they bump into. Humans are probably — can
be arguably about the same. But is there some reason
beyond that why you want to promote the individualism
of termites and it somehow gets the
science further along?>>Lisa Margonelli: That’s a
really interesting question. And I’m not sure I have
time to unpack it all here. But, I think the words about
individuality actually came from the roboticists themselves. Because they actually knew that
their robots were individuals. Because every robot has a
different set of chief sensors. And each robot has sort
of a different knowledge and different way of
reacting to the environment. And so, what shocked the
roboticist, Kirsten Peterson, who actually did the work —
she said, “I should have known. I spend all my time building
these robots where each, you know, the red one has
a different personality than the blue one. And I should have known
that they were individuals.” So there’s that. The other issue that came up
is that they have memories. So, they were not
— sarcastic — they were not just always
reacting at the moment. They actually had memories. And we don’t know if some
termites have bigger memories than other termites. And this business of
some seeming to model or lead the others was
also kind of extraordinary. So that was basically
their language. Now, you raised the
interesting question of whether humans are
actually some sort of robot. I think is what you were saying. Like we might all
just be running sort of slightly different
scripts and reacting. Well, this is a big question. And I guess it actually just — you know, this idea that
termites are kind of a guide, a very tiny guide to like huge
ideas is — that is proved. Are there any more questions? Well, thank you very much. [ Applause ] Thank you very much.

Bull Ants | The Giants of the Undergrowth

Bull Ants | The Giants of the Undergrowth


Hi, this is Jordan. In this video we’re going to be looking
at one of the largest and most aggressive ants out there, they’re known as Bull Ants. Bull Ants fall under the genus, Myrmecia,
and have around 90 different species, almost all of which are endemic to Australia. They’re one of the most primitive group
of ants on earth, and they function quite differently from most other ant species. Typically, when an ant wants to communicate
with its fellow colony members, it lays down pheromones, which the others can smell using
their antennae, and be guided towards, some food for example. Forming a sight, you’ll probably be familiar
with, a long trail of ants leading to a source of food. But, Bull Ants are different. Instead of laying down pheromone trails and
relying largely on their sense of smell to direct themselves, they navigate through a
different sense. Through their sense of sight. While most ants have relatively poor eyesight,
Bull Ants have exceptional vision. Just look at those massive eyes. They often travel long distances from their
nest in search of food. And as they go, they use their enhanced vision
to scan, and even memorise their environment. Relying on landmarks, like the surrounding
trees and logs, in order to navigate their way back to their nest. Bull Ants’ acute sense of vision, also makes
them incredibly effective at tracking down and stalking prey. The workers prefer to feed on sweet substances,
like nectar and tree sap, and fruit, like this apple core, if they get the chance. But the colonies’ larvae demand protein
rich foods, like other arthropods. Once they get within striking distance, they
use their powerful mandibles to grip onto, and then, quickly subdue their prey by delivering
a deadly sting, which they, like their wasp ancestors, can inject multiple times. Bull Ants occasionally prey upon other ants
too. Usually seen targeting Carpenter Ants, which
often live alongside them. A successful kill comes with great reward. Not only do the ants provide great nourishment
for their colony, but it also reduces the numbers, and subsequently the strength of
their neighboring colonies. Increasing the Bull Ants’ odds in finding
food within the area. This can be a little dangerous, however, as
these Carpenter Ants will raise alarm pheromones when felt threatened, causing their fellow
colony members to rush in against their attacker, sometimes even resulting in the predator becoming
the prey. So instead of constantly hunting these foreigners,
in order to compete for territory and resources, Bull Ants have developed a safer alternative. They do so through sabotage. The Bull Ants pay a visit to their neighbors,
and start dropping debris, like rocks and twigs, into their nest entrances. By shutting in the rival colony, it forces
them spend time and energy in order to clear these blockages, effectively, limiting their
foraging capabilities. Bull Ants are even known to multitask too. Here they’re cleaning out their nest, carrying
out scraps, like the exoskeletons of past prey, which they no longer have any use for. So they move it out of their nest and straight
into their, not so fortunate neighbors’. One of the most abundant and commonly found
Bull Ants across Australia, are Myrmecia pilosula, commonly known as Jumping Jack Ants. As their name suggests, they actually have
the ability to jump, and they utilize this unique trait for a number of different circumstances. When they’re agitated, particularly around
their nest, they perform a hoping like action, perhaps to warn intruders to stay clear by
showcasing their agility and ferocity. And when they really feel threatened, they
can use it as a defensive mechanism. Leaping into the air, several times their
own body length, in hope of escape. And paired with their great vision, they occasionally
use it whilst foraging, jumping from place to place relatively accurately, much like
a jumping spider would. Here’s a look inside the nest of a captive
colony of Jumping Jacks. This colony is only just in its early stages,
with a single queen and a few worker ants present. These workers eclosed from the queen’s very
first batch of eggs, and so, are known as nanitics. The first generation or two, tend to be smaller
in size than the preceding generations, as the colony simply has less workers around,
foraging for food and making sure that the brood and queen is well nurtured. Apart from the obvious size difference, Bull
ant queens look quite similar to regular workers. Most queens you’ll see, like this Carpenter
Ant queen here, tend to have a disproportionally large thorax and gaster section. After these queens dig themselves out an egg
laying chamber, known as a claustral cell, here they’ll remain, living off their fat
reserves and waiting patiently for their workers to arrive. These types of queens are known as fully-claustral
queens. Unlike fully-claustral queens however, Bull
Ant queens just don’t have the sufficient fat reserves to fast through this long period. And so, found their colonies in a semi-claustral
manner. Meaning, they leave their claustral cell to
search for food, so as to nourish both themselves and their hungry larvae. Bull Ants can be some of the largest ants
you’ll see. With some species, reaching up to 2.5cm in
length, and the queens measuring even larger. Here you can see the difference against an
averaged sized ant. As you can see, Bull Ants are like giants
by comparison. Generally, however, the larger the species,
the longer it takes for the brood to develop and for workers to emerge. Because these ants are so large, the life
cycle of the ant, from egg to adult, can take several months. It’s worth the wait though, as Bull Ant
workers exhibit greater longevity in comparison to other ants, having a life expectancy of
over a year in age. Whereas, the more common, smaller species,
tend to live for only just a few months. These Bull Ant workers also possess a unique
ability, in that they can actually reproduce with male ants and lay fertile eggs. Becoming what’s known as, gamergates. In most other species of ants, it’s only
the queen of the colony which is able to do this, and all the workers are completely sterile. This trait is particularly useful if the original
queen of the colony were to die. As a gamergate or two, would then be able
to take over the role of egg laying and extend the lifespan of colony. All these unique characteristics makes Bull
Ants a true favourite of mine. Despite this, I’ve never actually raised
up a colony of them until now. I was always a bit apprehensive, as they can
be quite aggressive and do have the ability to sting. Because of their great sense of sight, they’re
immediately drawn to any movements. So it’s really hard to do basic things around
their nest, like adding in and removing foods, without causing any alarm. I’ve never been stung by a Bull Ant before,
or ant for that matter. But apparently they deliver quite a potent
and painful sting. With some species of Bull Ants being considered
the most toxic within the entire insect world. So if you do come across these guys, I’d
recommend keeping a good distance and definitely wouldn’t recommend trying to raise them
if you’re a beginning ant keeper or prone to allergies. Currently, I’ve got this colony housed within
a test tube setup which is placed within a plastic container, acting as their foraging
area. Which is the kind of setup I’d recommend for
young colonies like this one. They really don’t require too much food
at this point. I’ve just been feeding them little slices
of fruit, like apple and mango, and occasionally some sugar water, every few days. They’re not so interested in insects right
now. This is due to colony not having any larvae
present. Unlike the omnivorous adults, Bull ant larvae
are known to be carnivorous, so once the eggs do hatch into larvae, I’ll be sure to offer
them insects more regularly. So far the colony looks to be doing well and
has quite a large pile eggs going, which I’ve noticed the queen likes to constantly stand
guard over. I didn’t actually catch this queen myself,
I obtained it through Brendon, who has only recently got into ant keeping. Within that time, however, he’s been engrossed
into the hobby, and has caught and raised dozens of different species, and has even
founded a website all about ant keeping, at gamergate.com.au. Here, they showcase intuitive formicarium
designs from ant keepers all over the world, and post some really amazing,
original photographs of all sorts of different ant species. They also offer queen ants and colonies for
sale. Which is great if you’re interested in getting
into the hobby, but struggling to find a queen, or just acquiring one of those rare, difficult
to find species, which in my case, would be these Jumping Jacks here. After observing Bull Ants in the wild and
filming all the footage for this video, and as well as raising a colony of these ants,
I’ve developed a real fondness for them. Discovering they aren’t as ruthless and aggressive
as they look, and as people make them out to be, but are actually rather timid and quirky
in behavior. If you keep still and don’t make any sudden
movements, they don’t really seem to take much notice of you and continue on going about
their business. When they do spot you, they become fixated
on your movements and usually will just cautiously back up. As long as they don’t see you as a threat
to them and their colony, they’re really quite harmless. And personally, I think they look adorable. Just look how curious this little worker is. So that’s it for this video. I really hope you’ve enjoyed. I put a lot of time and effort into making
these, so if you did like it, share it with your friends, it really helps me out. In my next video, I’ll be showcasing the infamous
Argentine Ants, and looking at a young colony of which I’ve recently started raising. So look forward to that and thanks for watching.

Is a Palmetto Bug Really Just a Cockroach?

Is a Palmetto Bug Really Just a Cockroach?


♪ The cockroach that most
commonly is gonna be called the Palmetto Bug is gonna be your
American cockroach and the Smoky Brown Cockroaches are
very similar one of the larger cockroaches we have in the
southeastern United States. So basically it is a polite way
of calling a cockroach another name. Hey it’s kind of a south
eastern colloquial name because Palmettos we have those in
our state and one of the common habitats for those roaches is
palmetto trees. Especially those old brown palmetto leaves fall
down to the ground. That’s a favorite hiding place for those.
So when people are cleaning up debris in their yard from those.
Trees they often see those and so that’s kind of one of the
reasons they get their name. So these are Madagascar hissing
cockroaches. So there were quite a bit
different from what you’re gonna find around here.
These are adults and you can see they do not have wings. Like
the American cockroaches and Smokie Browns that you’ll find
around here. As adults do have wings. So that’s one of the
major differences. The main benefit is that their
food source for other animals. So birds will eat them some
native lizard will also eat them so they are a food source
but obviously you do not want them into your house. People can
be allergic to roaches. So they can cause allergic reactions and asthma and things like that so that’s why people do not want roaches inisde thier houses.

Avengers 5 Ant Man 3 Announcement and Avengers Quantum Realm Scene Theory Breakdown

Avengers 5 Ant Man 3 Announcement and Avengers Quantum Realm Scene Theory Breakdown


there’s so much we didn’t know about
this place Henry world upon world entire civilizations far more than we ever
theorized it’s okay passing through we stake now claim there
I thought I was gone but that energy from your hands how did you do that I’m not the same woman I was 30 years
ago Henry this place it changes you an adaptation is part of it but some of
it is evolution they good it’s ready to ascend let’s go see our daughter welcome back everyone it’s Charlie you
probably just saw that Marvel confirmed ant-man and the wasp 3 is happening
there are a lot of big plot threads after Avengers endgame with the quantum realm quantum energy and ant-man and the wasp with the way they used quantum
energy that they still have to address as that scene implies Janet Van Dyne is
now an involved being like you would think of a mutant or an x-men character
in the MCU there’s also a lot of young Avengers time-travel stuff that they’re
setting up through avengers endgame I’m still doing the Avengers infinity saga a
giant box set giveaway all you have to do to enter that is be a subscriber and
leave your best theory about how they’ll use the quantum realm and quantum energy in future movies so we just break this down top-5 style careful for spoilers if
you haven’t seen Avengers endgame or ant-man the wasp but I feel like most of
you have probably seen those movies by now number 5 as I said they confirmed
that they’re doing ant-man 3 they haven’t confirmed what the title is a
lot of us are just calling it ant-man the wasp in stature because Cassie Lange is still a teenager right now as of the end of Avengers endgame but Peyton Reed is coming back to direct again making him one of the first Marvel directors to
do an entire trilogy of movies himself next to James Gunn
but guardians of the galaxy 3 won’t happen till 2023 I will explain the
release dates for everything in a second too but a lot of people after the Marvel
phase for comic-con panel asked if they would do another ant-man movie because
they have so much new IP because of Fantastic Four Deadpool the main x-men
films in terms of box office ant-man has always been one of their smaller
franchises just post all your size puns in the comments both of the ant-man
movies have been great but just in terms of actual box office profits they don’t
make quite as much money as some of their other IP and it just seems like a
new x-men movie new Fantastic Four a new Deadpool might earn way more money than
an ant-man movie so Paul Rudd was making all kinds of jokes after they announced
their phase 4 slate about them not doing ant-man 3 I think just to get people
worked up so they will start yelling at Marvel to make a third film but number
four the reason why they need to do ant-man 3 is because there are too many
cliffhangers involving the quantum realm and quantum energy that they have to
answer as of the end of Avengers endgame we know they perfected time-travel using
it and also as part of endgame time-travel we learned that they can
also use it to travel between dimensions realities or universes in
multiverse technically all those things aren’t the same thing but you get the
idea they can use it to phase across the multiverse and because of Janet Van Dyne ‘he’s evolved body we know that quantum energy has a lot of biological
properties you could even call them mutant like abilities that they haven’t
totally explained yet because they made that movie before the Fox Disney deal
closed ant-man and the wasp so that’s why she talked about it as being evolved
she couldn’t say the word mutant Janet Van Dyne just lays her hands on the
ghost stabilizes her quantum states so she stops phasing between universes
uncontrollably but that’s it they didn’t explain how that works or what was
happening exactly they’re just leaving that for the third movie so this is one
of the reasons why they’re doing ant-man 3 before they announced their marvel
x-men reboot they keep saying that that’s a little ways off because there
are a couple big concepts that they have to explain and as the name implies
Doctor Strange – and the multiverse of madness you also get the teaser at
Avengers in game in the first Doctor Strange movie of the concept of multiple
realities ant-man 3 and Doctor Strange – we’ll just explain those ideas in much
greater detail and use them as much bigger story devices although obviously
Doctor Strange – is going to lean more heavily on the multiverse side of things
in ant-man 3 we’ll just focus more on the actual quantum realm of it all that
includes number three the very noticeable quantum city in the
background is Hank Pym and Janet Van Dyne are leaving during the ant-man the
wasp I love how they don’t even mention it like Hank Pym couldn’t be bothered
because he’s seeing his wife for the first time in over 20 years Janet Van
Dyne just thinking about seeing her daughter hope again but the real reason
why nobody mentions the quantum city in the movie is because they were just
leaving it for the third film to explain oh yeah there’s a whole city full of
beings down there they’re all highly evolved just like me Marvel has made
some changes to the quantum realm from the comics in the comics it was actually
called the Microverse and it was populated by a race of beings called the
micronauts they have their own wars their own Society they look kind of like
transformers but the reason why Marvel can’t use the name Microverse or
micronauts is because that’s owned by Hasbro Marvel just license them when
they made the original comic book so many years ago all with interchangeable
parts so your child can create dozens of different
and when micronauts start a child’s imagination working he can create just
about anything toys that climb toys that spin toys that float toys that stimulate
yon mind but the basic concept is still there you have a race of humanoid
quantum beings living in the quantum city and maybe other comic book
characters that have the technology in the science to enter the quantum realm
there’s no way that hank pam is the first person in the history of the
multiverse who’s been smart enough to figure out the quantum realm he’s just
one of the only people on our version of Earth in the multiverse that’s figured
it out the whole concept of the quantum realm is that it’s a sub layer of
reality connecting all the different universes of the multiverse there are
infinite universes in the multiverse but there’s only one quantum realm
connecting them all that’s why the Avengers can use it to travel between
realities like Captain America hopping back to our reality after living out his
life with this version of Peggy Carter and it’s the reason why Ghost phase is
uncontrollably between universes until Janet Van Dyne gives her a dose of
quantum energy to stabilize her at least part of the movie is going to be
dedicated to explaining who those people are down there and whether or not their
friend or foe there’s also the people that sonny birch talks about that he
works for people that don’t take no for an answer there’s all kinds of
speculation about how Marvel could tie that to Norman Osborn in Oscorp there
aren’t that many people on planet earth with the amount of money that Sonny
Birch’s talking about in organizations that powerful but we’ve already talked
about setting up the concept of x-men in the MCU number two this is where you
also start to get into Young Avengers Cassie Lang stature King the conquer and
more overt time-travel stories Marvel and Kevin Feige have only said that
they’re working on a young avengers project they didn’t say if it be a movie
or another Disney Plus series but they have Cassie Lang stature already Cherie
the Miss Marvel she-hulk and Kate Bishop Hawkeye characters coming soon you can kind of include Morgan Stark when she’s a little bit older if Young Avengers is
going to be a time-travel franchise it’s easier to explain that an older version
of her from the future could join the team at some point and if you want to
get technical you can’t include spider-man on that team because it’s
still so young an age but really I counted more as a full-blown regular
Avengers team member because of the events of Avengers infinity war where
Ironman made it official kid Avengers spider-man
appearing in a Young Avengers project would also depend on Marvel and Sony
renewing their sharing deal again after the next two Spider Man appearances they will but they’re probably not going to talk about that publicly until they
absolutely have to which is minimum three to four years but number one
really important details release date and characters so right now Marvel has
three movies dated for 2022 there’s an untitled Marvel movie dated February
18th they’ve already confirmed Black Panther 2 is May 6th and then the third
film is another untitled Marvel movie dated July 29th Michael Douglas just
confirmed that they start filming ant-man 3 February 2021
meaning that ant-man 3 is probably going to take that February 2022 date but get
hyped up about this the current leading rumor is that Fantastic Four is going to
be that July 2022 movie meaning that they would have to announce it and start
casting it and start filming it by summer 2021 I’ll do more videos about
what’s going on with Marvel phase 4 when we get more details but leave all your
video requests in the comments below there’s also a bunch of stuff starting
in the next couple of weeks as long as you have alerts enabled for my channel
you should see the videos when I post them everybody click here for my new
spider-man into the spider verse 2 teaser trailer and click here for that
New Avengers 5 announcement thank you so much for watching everybody stay awesome. I’ll see you guys tonight!

Can you solve the killer robo-ants riddle? – Dan Finkel

Can you solve the killer robo-ants riddle? – Dan Finkel


The good news is that your experimental robo-ants are a success! The bad news is that you accidentally just gave them the ability to shoot deadly lasers …and you can’t turn it off. You have five minutes to stop them before the lasers go online. Until then, all of your robo-ants will walk inside their habitat at a speed of exactly 1 meter per minute. If they bump into each other or hit a dead end, they’ll instantly turn around and walk back the way they came. When five minutes are up, they’ll turn on their lasers, break free, and stream out into the world, carving a path of destruction as they go. Your one chance to stop them is to insert the two emergency vacuum nozzles into the habitat and suck the ants up before they break free. The nozzles can press into any one location in the habitat through a membrane covering its front side, and any ants that walk past will be sucked up and deactivated. You can’t move the nozzles once they’re placed without leaving a hole that the robo-ants would pour out of, so choosing the right spots will be key. The habitat is made out of meter-long tubes. When the robots reach an intersection, they will pick randomly whether to go left, right, or forward. They only go backward if they hit hit another robo-ant or a dead end. Unfortunately, there are hundreds of them inside the habitat, and if even one escapes, it’ll do a lot of damage. With just less than five minutes remaining, where should you place the 2 vacuum nozzles to suck up all the robo-ants? Pause the video now if
you want to figure it out for yourself. Answer in: 3 Answer in: 2 Answer in: 1 With robo-ants ricocheting all over the habitat, it might seem impossible to stop them before they break free. But this situation is simpler than it seems. Here’s why. Imagine just two robo-ants crawling toward each other. When they collide, they immediately reverse directions. And what would that sequence of events look like if they crawled past each other instead? It would look exactly the same before and after their collision, but with their positions swapped. This is true every time a pair of robo-ants meet. Because the identities of individual ants don’t matter, you just need to figure out where you should put the nozzles to capture any single ant walking without interruption for less than 5 minutes, starting from any point in the habitat. That’s much easier to conceptualize and solve. Placing the nozzles at intersections where three or four tubes meet seems like your best bet since that’s where the robo-ants might otherwise change directions and miss your nozzles. There are only four intersections… which two should you pick? The top right intersection has to be one of them. If it isn’t, an ant crawling down from this intersection toward the dead end would crawl for four minutes to get back to the intersection, and then go in any of three directions, walking for at least another minute. Once you’ve placed a nozzle in the top right, the only other choice that has a chance to work is the bottom left. To see that this works, imagine an ant anywhere else in the habitat. Worst case scenario, the ant would start right next to the vacuum nozzle, marching away from it. But in all those worst cases, the ant would march for at most 4 meters before being sucked up into the vacuum. No other choice of two intersection points is guaranteed to get all the robo-ants within five minutes. Having vacuumed them all up, you’ve averted a major crisis. Before you mess with robo-ants again, you’ll want to have a robo-anteater ready. And wouldn’t it be cool if it could fly and breathe fire? There’s no way that could go wrong!

Man Uses Bed Bugs In Revenge Plot Against City Hall

Man Uses Bed Bugs In Revenge Plot Against City Hall


AN ANGRY MAN IN MAINE DECIDED TO
RETALIATE AGAINST CITY HALL BY RELEASING A CUP OF BEDBUGS IN
THE BUILDING. THIS IS THE MOST CREEPY STORY
THAT I THINK I HAVE COVERED IN A VERY LONG TIME, ESPECIALLY
BECAUSE I HAVE PTSD IN REGARD TO BEDBUGS BUT THIS
HAPPENED AT THE AUGUSTINE CITY CENTER IN MAINE, AND THE
MAN IS UNIDENTIFIED. WE DON’T KNOW HIS NAME BUT THAT
IS IRRELEVANT. THE BACK STORY TO THIS IS
THAT HE WAS LIVING IN AN APARTMENT THAT WAS INFESTED WITH
BEDBUGS. HE HAD ASKED HIS LANDLORD TO DO
SOMETHING ABOUT IT BUT THE LANDLORD ACCORDING TO HIM
REFUSED. AS A RESULT, HE WENT TO THE CITY
CENTER OR CITY HALL AND LET THEM KNOW HEY, THIS IS WHAT IS
HAPPENING. MY LANDLORD IS TO DO SOMETHING
ABOUT IT. CITY HALL DID GET INVOLVED TO
THEIR CREDIT, BUT BY THE TIME THEY GOT INVOLVED, HE HAD
MOVED OUT AND MOVED INTO A DIFFERENT APARTMENT. THIS IS WHERE THINGS GET TO GET
START GET SHADY. HE MOVES INTO A NEW PLACE,
THOUGH LANDLORD AGREES TO DEAL WITH THE INFESTATION
WHICH BY THE WAY, HE OR SHE SHOULD HAVE HANDLED IT FROM THE
GET-GO BECAUSE BEDBUGS ARE INSANELY SMART AND THEY SPREAD
INSANELY QUICKLY SO I COULD GO FROM ONE UNIT TO EVERY UNIT
IN THE BUILDING. HE WILL DESTROY YOUR LIFE. BUT THIS GUY NOW MOVES INTO A
NEW UNIT AND CITY HALL CONTACTS HIS NEW LANDLORD AND LET’S THAT
LANDLORD KNOW HEY, HE MIGHT END UP SPREADING THE BEDBUGS TO THIS
NEW APARTMENTS. JUST BE AWARE. WHEN THAT HAPPENS, THE LANDLORD
KICKED HIM OUT AND HE WAS NOT PLEASED. SO HE GOES TO CITY HALL AND HE
IS LIKE I’M GOING TO BE HOMELESS, CAN YOU GUYS PLEASE
HELP ME OUT? I CAN’T AFFORD A NEW PLACE
AND SO THEY LOOKED INTO POSSIBLY PROVIDING HIM SOME
PUBLIC ASSISTANCE THAT WE CAN FIND A NEW PLACE TO LIVE AND
THEN THEY FOUND OUT THAT HE DOESN’T QUALIFY. AT THAT POINT, HE GOES TO CITY
HALL WITH A CUP, HE HAD A CUP FULL OF BEDBUGS AND HE
RELEASED IT ONTO SOMEONE’S DESK. IF YOU HAVE PTSD IN REGARD TO
BEDBUGS, DON’T LOOK AT THIS NEXT PICTURE BUT IF YOU DON’T, HERE
IS WHAT THE SCENE LOOKED LIKE. OH MY GOD. YEAH, THAT IS INSANE. AT THAT POINT, THEY HAD TO SHUT
DOWN CITY HALL FOR A COUPLE OF DAYS TO MAKE SURE THAT THE
BUILDING WOULDN’T BE INFESTED WITH BEDBUGS AND THEN
THEY REOPENED IT. AS FAR AS WE KNOW, NO CRIMINAL
CHARGES HAVE BEEN FILED AGAINST THE MAN WHO RETALIATED IN A VERY
UNIQUE WAY, BUT THIS STORY IS JUST INSANE SEMI BECAUSE YOU
GUYS UNDERSTAND. BEDBUGS, FIRST OF ALL, RIGHT
NOW THEY HAVE EVOLVED TO A POINT WERE THEY ARE RESISTANT TO
MOST INSECTICIDES SO THEY ARE VERY HARD TO GET RID OF AND
THEN THEY ARE VERY EASY TO GET. I’VE PERSONALLY TALKED ABOUT
THIS ON THE POST GAME FOR OUR MEMBERS, ONE TIME I WENT ON
A BUSINESS TRIP IN NEW YORK AND I DIDN’T REALIZE THAT THE
HOTEL THAT THEY HAD RENTED FOR ME, IT WASN’T TYT, IT WAS
ANOTHER MEDIA ORGANIZATION WAS INFESTED WITH BEDBUGS AND I
MADE THE GRAVE MISTAKE OF PUTTING MY LUGGAGE DOWN ON THE
FLOOR WHICH YOU SHOULD NOT DO. DO NOT PUT YOUR LUGGAGE DOWN THE
FLOOR OR ANY TYPE OF FABRIC. YOU SHOULD PUT IT ON A HARD
SERVICE LIKE A DESK JUST TO BE SAFE. APPARENTLY THEY CRAWLED UNDER MY
LUGGAGE, FOLLOWED ME HOME, AND A COUPLE OF WEEKS LATER,
CHRISTIAN WOKE UP WITH A BUNCH OF BITES AND I WAS LIKE
WHAT IS THAT? HE WENT TO THE DERMATOLOGIST. THE DERMATOLOGIST TELLS AND
THOSE ARE BEDBUGS. I LAUGH BECAUSE I HAVE OCD
DIRECTLY NONSTOP AND I WAS LIKE THERE’S NO WAY WE HAVE
BEDBUGS THAT GOES TO A SECOND DERMATOLOGIST AND BY THE
SAME THING. YOU HAVE ANY BITES? THE REASON WHY, I’VE DONE A
LOT OF RESEARCH. THE REASON WHY PEOPLE GET THE
ITCHY RED BUMPS IS BECAUSE BEDBUGS, WHEN THEY FIRST BITE
YOU, THEY INJECT YOU WITH AN ANESTHETIC SO YOU DON’T FEEL
THEM AS THEY ARE FEEDING ON YOU FOR UP TO 10 MINUTES. SEDO SWEPT THEM AWAY AND SOME
PEOPLE ARE ALLERGIC TO THE ANESTHETIC, OTHER PEOPLE ARE NOT
TIME GUESSING HE WAS ALLERGIC AND THAT IS WHY HE HAD THOSE RED
BUMPS AND I DIDN’T BUT EITHER WAY, IT WAS THE WORST NIGHTMARE. IT WAS ONE OF THE WORST THINGS I’VE EVER EXPERIENCED IN MY
LIFE AND I AM NOT A PUNITIVE PERSON, BUT IF I WAS PART OF
THIS SITUATION, I WOULD WANT CRIMINAL CHARGES AGAINST
HIM BECAUSE IT IS TERRIBLE. YOU ALSO FORGOT TO MENTION
ONE OF MY FAVORITE PARTS OF THE STORY WHICH IS AS HE
RELEASED THE BEDBUGS HE SAID QUOTES THEY ARE YOUR
PROBLEM NOW. THEY ARE PROBLEM. IT’S ALMOST LIKE A LINE FROM
A MOVIE. THEY ARE YOUR PROBLEM NOW AND
THEN THEY DISPERSE. HOW DID HE COLLECT A COUPLE
OF BEDBUGS AND BY THE WAY, THE CITY OFFICIALS WERE RIGHT IN
NOTIFYING THE LANDLORD. THE NEW LANDLORD BECAUSE
APPARENTLY, HE HAD ACCESS TO A CUP OF BEDBUGS. YEAH. I’VE NEVER EXPERIENCED BEDBUGS. IS THE WORST THING IN THE
WORLD. I’M GATHERING BECAUSE I AM
TRULY, I’M NOT TOTALLY NAUSEOUS, I’M GETTING THERE
THOUGH. IT’S SO BAD. I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY
LOOKED LIKE BEFORE THIS STORY. THEY WERE IN YOUR HOUSE AND? YEAH, AND BY THE WAY, THE WAY
THAT YOU DEAL WITH IT IS YOU CAN OF COURSE BRING IN SOMEONE TO
FUMIGATE THE PLACE. PEST-CONTROL THAT YOU COULD
TOTALLY DO THAT WHICH BY THE WAY IS VERY EXPENSIVE. IN LA IT RUNS ABOUT $500 EACH
TIME THEY COME. IS THAT WERE THERE TO PUT THE
TENT OVER YOUR HOUSE? THAT’S FOR TERMITES. IT’S $500 EACH TIME THEY, AND
USUALLY THEY HAVE TO COME MULTIPLE TIMES BUT IT DOESN’T
STOP THERE. WHAT I DID WAS I JUST GOT RID OF
MY BED AND MATTRESS COMPLETELY. I WAS LIKE YOU ARE GONE. AND EVEN WANT TO LOOK AT YOU
AGAIN. YOU HAVE TO WASH WITH HOT WATER
EVERY PIECE OF FABRIC IN YOUR PLACE AND JUST ENSURE THAT YOU
DON’T LEAVE ANY BEHIND. COUCH COVERS EVERYTHING WAS CLEANED AND
WASHED AND FUMIGATED AND BOMBED. IT WAS HARD DIED IT WAS ONE THE
HARDEST THINGS THAT I’VE GONE THROUGH AND IT’S NOT JUST
GETTING RID OF THEM. IT’S ALSO THE PHANTOM AGES THAT
YOU HAVE. THAT’S IT I’M THINKING OF. I HAVE DEALT WITH SOME MINDLESS
AND RODENT STUFF IN MY DAY AND I AM ALWAYS TERRIFIED OF OPOSSUM
UNDER MY BED OR A MOUSE OR RAT UNDERNEATH MY BED JUST
CARRYING OUT AND GETTING ON ME. EVEN THOUGH I KNOW THAT IS NOT
GOING TO HAPPEN I JUST THINK OF THEM AND THEN GOING FOR
IT. THE GREAT IMPRESSIVE BY THE WAY
OF OPOSSUM. THAT’S WHAT THEY DO. I THINK I WOULD BE MORE
COMFORTABLE WITH OPOSSUM IN MY PLACE. YEAH, BECAUSE THEY CAN BE
TAMED. MY FRIEND HAD OPOSSUM. WHAT? MAYBE THAT’S A POST GAME STORY,
BUT MY FRIEND ACTUALLY OWNED ATTAINED OPOSSUM, I’M SAYING
FRIEND, SHE WORKED AT MY GYM. BUT I WAS FRIENDLY WITH HER. I WOULD CONSIDER, WE HAVEN’T
SPOKEN IN YEARS NOW THAT I AM LOOKING BACK, BUT I WISH HER
WELL. HER IN THE POSSUM. OKAY. SO THAT HAPPENED. ALL RIGHT. LOVE, I JUST FEEL BAD FOR
EVERYONE INVOLVED IN THE STORY. I FEEL BAD FOR THE GUY WHO LOST
HIS NEW PLACE. I FEEL BAD FOR THE CITY HALL
WORKERS WHO WERE VICTIMIZED BY THESE BEDBUGS. HOPEFULLY EVERYONE IS OKAY AND
THERE WILL BE A SOLUTION TO THIS INCIDENT, BUT DON’T, THIS IS
LIKE INSECT WARFARE. DON’T DO IT. IT’S SUCH A TERRIBLE WAY EVER
TALLYING AGAINST ANYONE. LORD OF THE FLIES. HAD YOU HAVE A CUP FULL OF
THEM? HOW TRAUMATIZING.

Demon Possessed Celebrities and Flakka Zombies! A New Global Epidemic! 2018


shall we play it’s time to help uniike hide the soul
and guess what you’re it what’s your name
people can have psychotic episodes screaming at demons only they see then
we’ll make this shit up Vegas oh yeah the killing in Stenstrom is late
the fuck out Vinnie look my Mary hey look please fight with the cops can stand up straight but has no wine
the black and look he framed the police it’s too crazy oh shit look this nigga
leaning on a bed these are not normal for the human body really violent
extremely difficult to control have superhuman strength when Clarissa vidrio
got into her Carter Anaheim apartment complex around 11:30 Saturday night she
never saw this coming and then all of a sudden on the rid of
the mirror of my vehicle I see this naked guy just running towards my
neighbor’s car which was parked right next to me
police say security tape shows 21 year-old Garrett Smith throwing himself
once he fell back I was scared I was shocked I didn’t know what else to do so
I backed up the suspect charged and that’s when he jumped on my vehicle the
whole body in the front of my windchill terrified vidrio stepped on the gun and
I saw the guy flying off the car the only way she knew the shape she called
9-1-1 and the suspect took off running I was good I knit and died that day you the idea of the devil evil incarnate has
irresistible symbolic force and the character of Lucifer inhabits our
greatest literature from Paradise Lost to Faust but what about the devil not as
a symbol but as an actual willful being a fallen angel and Christian belief that
can not only affect human events but enter human bodies that you can name in
the same breakfast a crazy boy lives in me he says the things that I don’t want
to say he was born of you know just a few nights ago I think he was born out
of Rage he wants to be blamed I don’t want to blame him I asked him to leave
but he can’t he’s here for a reason people have bought him out people
conjured him up now he won’t leave also I want to find out about this situation
with you have many many different alter egos right oh yeah Roman is one and the
new home is one Barbie’s won she’s like the little
innocent girl I had Martha was woman’s mother she’s like a crazy lady from
London and actually actually she’s gonna date she’s gonna make her debut in the
video that I just shot with drink it’s porcelain moment for life so we just
shot that video and Martha like you’ll actually see Martha in the video kind of
weird great I can’t wait to see her it was way better than I expected and Sasha
was in full effect Sasha is my alter ego and when people see me sometimes I think
that when they meet me and they speak with me they’re expecting Sasha and I’m
really kind of shy it’s not really sharp I’m more reserved and nothing like Sasha but I guess I wouldn’t be very
entertaining on the stage so Sasha comes out and she’s fearless know she can she
can do things that I cannot do when I’m in rehearsal I mean I can try but then
it just doesn’t happen I can sing notes and sing strong and do
all these things that when I’m just by myself
I can’t do it and I remember right before I performed I raised my hands up
and it was kind of the first time I felt something else come in to me and I knew
that was gonna be my coming-out night for the BD Awards people being demon-possessed happened to
all throughout history especially biblically speaking all the way from the
beginning all the way until the end there are people that were
demon-possessed the Bible talks about even in the book of Revelation talking
about unclean spirits and devils so if there’s unclean spirits and devils in
the end times they were there when the disciples went around in the book of
Acts there were there when Jesus Christ was walking on earth and even see people
that were demon-possessed and Devils back in the Old Testament then obviously
you would have to be have your head in the sand or be naive to think that
people are walking around in 2017 and they are not demon-possessed now let me
ask you this is it really rational to believe that no one today is possessed
with Devils when we see all throughout the New Testament people are possessed
with Devils did the devils go anywhere at the end of the New Testament I mean
are they just gone now or do they still exist at the end of the New Testament I
mean are they just gone now or do they still exact sexy code to London um yeah it’s kind of weird ah near Paula’s
um oh my goodness hello and strong ratings yeah it was a
weird come in I’m sorry is this I’m talking to
you yes sorry sorry about that so I just
worry hello Courtney of you have we lost it alright it looks like Courtney doesn’t
really want to go there so I just was wondering ages luncheon suggest how the right ad Gio Benitez it
on the storage then this morning amanda bynes denies it
all saying she never toss and human beings and we’re all together on
this exciting mysterious life that is being
alive now as we act in the continuing narrative of stranger things we 1983
Midwesterners will repel boys who courted affair transmissions from the
Bush Clinton presidential election campaign in the 1990s we can see that
Bill Clinton was nothing more than a puppet to the puppet masters which
placed him in the White House Bill Clinton’s demeanor seems to be similar
to a person who is under a hypnotic trance in the first half he ran off the
court and hugged Jason Terry in snow many people in our world are actually
possessed with demons because they follow the ways of the devil
rather than God’s holy and clean and righteous spirit rather than follow the
Word of God they’ve been led astray by the wiles of
the devil they’ve been distracted and deceived by
the pleasures of sin so much so that it takes their mind on down a road that
some people there’s no coming back UFOs duck shion’s people involved in it
and a lot of the people that are involved in UFOs and plant awards
they’ve had UFO encounters have been messing around with the occult before it
happened the occult is associated with UFOs make no mistake about that
the evidence is overwhelming the evidence is overwhelming that UFOs exist
but they are not what people think they are they are real but they are not what
people normally think they are but here’s what’s important people haven’t
encountered the UFO they have an abduction they have this land so far
that happens to them and then afterward they are haunted they are driven to
insanity by spirits coming into their house coming after them over and over
and over again that are associated with UFOs do you know how great if they spin
you know how they get ezel to make them from coming against them in the name of
Jesus we plead the blood of Christ against you and that thing leaves that
ought to tell you something only is a spiritual deception I also will choose their delusions and
will bring their fears upon them God’s actually saying those things that you
fear I’m gonna bring them on you you’re gonna become delusional he says because
when I called none did answer when I spake they did
not hear but they did evil before mine eyes and chose that in which i delighted
not the reason that we have such a delusional world that’s just vexed by
these unclean spirits is because they’ve rejected the ways of God and there’s a
substitute in their mind and I believe it comes from a lot of the programming
in the world the advertising in the world the the TV shows and the movies
and but God’s Word can protect us from every attack of the devil through God’s
Word and seeking after the Lord and obeying his Commandments he can protect
us from the influence of the devil through God’s Word in seeking after the
Lord and obeying his Commandments he can protect us from the influence of the
devil we’re not kidding the people’s war
it is our war we are the fighters I get them fight it with all that is in it
may God defend the right