5 things ants can teach us about management | BBC Ideas


Ants and human societies
are similar in many ways. They live in communities numbering
from just a few individuals up to many millions. They can build vast empires
that span the world. They conduct diplomacy
with neighbouring settlements. And they can even go
to war with each other. All the ants have just one single
intent on their mind, and that’s the reproductive
success of the colony. Everything that they do is directed
towards that one aim. Most ant colonies consist of just
one reproductive individual – the queen –
and many non-reproductive workers. And the workers
are actually all female. So they’re a vast sisterhood
who does all the work. Now the title ‘queen’ seems to imply
some kind of political authority – that the queen is telling the workers
what to do at any one moment in time, but in fact it’s completely
self-organised. In a colony of ants,
there are no fixed managers. There are no CEOs or presidents. Everyone is working towards
the common goal. If one ant finds a trace of food, that ant will become,
in that moment, a leader, and get everyone else
to come into that food source. But the modern organisation
is obsessed with hierarchy. Obsessed with managers
and where you are up on the scale, which number or paygrade you are. And what happens is
lots of people lower down spend all their time trying to guess
what their manager wants, or their manager’s manager wants, rather than what’s going to work
for the organisation and the people they serve. When an ant encounters a food source,
for example, what it can do
on the way back to the colony is lay a trail using pheromones – and these are just chemicals
that they can lay on the ground so that when others ants come
along and encounter that trail, they know to follow it
all the way to the food. So this simple process
of positive feedback is surprisingly effective
at finding the shortest path. The idea,
borrowing from the ant world, of actually getting the data, making sure you’re capturing it from the very people
who are on the coalface, so to speak, makes tons of sense, because they’re the ones
with the rich qualitative data to be able to feed that back
into the decision-making. We have to be self-organised. We have to allow people to have
their own intelligence and wisdom and organize around a problem
or a project themselves, rather than always waiting for
someone else to tell them what to do, or for a three-year business
planning cycle to take effect. Just as ants respond immediately
to changes in their environment, say the diminishing
of a foraging patch, and adapt really quickly
to that change, organisations must be able
to do the same. If, by looking at ants for instance, it stimulates our thinking about how we might
try to do things differently, then that’s worth it
in and of itself. I just think you probably
want to start experimenting in a quite small and bounded way –
but yeah, why not? Thanks for watching. Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell to receive notifications for new videos. See you again soon!

Rot In Hell, Harvey | Full Frontal on TBS

Rot In Hell, Harvey | Full Frontal on TBS


Since you’re probably working from home, which means watching videos on YouTube, I wanted to give you a little piece of good news. This just in to CNN. 23 years. 23 years in prison. That is the sentence that has been handed down for Harvey Weinstein. God, I wish I could high-five someone right now, but we’re out
of hand sanitizer. After all the months of victim-blaming by his crack legal team of women who hate women and his entourage of old timey strongmen, one rapist down, too many more to go. Rot in hell, Harvey.

How do we know it rains IRON on WASP-76b?

How do we know it rains IRON on WASP-76b?


I’m sure we’ve all heard of exoplanets
where some pretty bizarre stuff goes on, like evaporating exoplanets, whose orbits have
taken them too close to their parent star. Or a planet orbiting a pulsar, likely to be
composed of crystalline carbon, which would be similar, but denser than diamond. However, a newly discovered exoplanet called
WASP-76b, discovered using ESO’s VLT, has been found to have a very special characteristic:
on this planet, temperatures are so hot that instead of water rain, it rains molten iron. How can this be? And how can researchers know this from an
object 640 light years away? Exoplanets are pretty difficult to detect. Most exoplanets are only observed when the
planet’s orbit is aligned just right so that it transits in front of its parent star
from our perspective. Any whose orbits don’t align with our perspective
are exceptionally hard to discover, so chances are that there’s a lot more out there in
our relatively near vicinity that we don’t know about. Exoplanets that are very close to their stars,
with very small orbits, are the easiest to discover, because we can see a very clear
pattern on the star’s light curve over a short period of time. WASP-76b is one such planet. Plus, it is huge, way bigger than Jupiter,
and combine this with the fact that it only takes 1.8 Earth days to make one orbit, it
made it comparatively easy to detect. But detecting the presence of an exoplanet
is one thing, how do astronomers know anything about its physical characteristics? Interestingly, the first thing astronomers
do is find out the physical characteristics of the parent star, WASP-76. The distance to the star is first determined,
and then the star is classified based on its brightness and colour. Knowing the distance helps us determine how
bright it is, and we measure its colour simply by observing it, which helps us determine
how hot it is. If the star is on the main sequence, then
this chart also helps us know the radius and mass of the star, as they all tend to follow
a pattern. Once we have that information, we can determine
the characteristics of the orbiting planet itself. Knowing the mass and radius of the star means
we can measure the mass of the orbiting planet using some clever equations, based on the
Law of Universal Gravitation. As it happens, WASP-76b is a super-Jupiter,
way bigger than our Jupiter. That means that although it is massive, this
mass is spread out across a large volume, likely making it a gas giant. Orbiting this close to the star means the
planet is probably tidally locked, only one side faces the star at any given time. Also, due to the proximity of the planet,
it orbits within the star’s atmosphere, the physics of which we really don’t understand
yet. However, the star facing side will be extremely
hot, estimated to be around 2,400°c, easily hot enough to vaporise metals. Models go on to suggest the night side is
about 1500°c, still blisteringly hot, but much cooler. To really find out what WASP-76b is made of
though, we need to go back to the light curve of the transit. Scientists look for differences in the light
when the planet passes in front of the star, as light from the star will shine through
the planet’s atmosphere. Certain atoms block certain wavelengths of
light, so any reduced wavelengths help us know what is in the atmosphere. This is known as spectroscopy. For WASP-76b, the biggest surprise that scientists
detected was an abundance of iron in the atmosphere! Based on what we know about the planet so
far, it seems like iron exposed to the day side of the planet is vaporised, where it
is transported through strong wind processes to the terminator line between the day and
the night side of the planet. Here, the temperature is low enough for the
iron the cool and condense, producing iron raindrops which fall deeper into the atmosphere. By the time the wind has reached the “morning”
side of the planet, iron can no longer be detected. This remarkable measurement, taken by the
ESPRESSO instrument on ESO’s VLT, is the first time variations have been spotted like
this on an ultra-hot gas giant. Although it probably won’t be the last time! So, there we have it. How it can rain iron on WASP-76b. I have no doubt we’ll be hearing about more
astonishing exoplanet discoveries in the future, there are a lot of missions that have either
launched or will be launched in the not too distant future, helping us get a better understanding
of the universe around us. So, if you enjoyed this video and want to
learn about new discoveries as they come, subscribe so you don’t miss out! Also, a big thanks to my patrons and members
who help support the channel, if you would like the support too and also join the Astrum
Answer polls, check out the links in the description. All the best and see you next time!

Coronavirus is Not an Excuse to Be Racist | Full Frontal on TBS

Coronavirus is Not an Excuse to Be Racist | Full Frontal on TBS


Tonight, we are going on a weird, wild journey
together, because due to the increasing threat of the coronavirus, we wanted to do the responsible
thing and not have an audience. Okay, we have some people, but they work for
us, and they’re sitting six feet apart as recommended by the CDC. And also because they hate each other. We considered using a laugh track tonight,
but unfortunately the only sound cues we had on hand were the woos from Saved By the Bell
when Zach Morris kissed Kelly Kapowski. We won’t have audience laughter, but we might have my laughter because my writers have added some jokes that I haven’t seen before. Starting now.
I’m Samantha Bee and I am responsible for twenty unsolved murders along the Florida
panhandle— Goddamnit, guys.
I told you that in confidence. Okay fine, the world is ending,
but let’s pretend we’re still gonna have an actual election in November. Who [BLEEP] knows!
Last night, six states voted in the Democratic primary. It was a big night for Joe Biden,
and a weird night for CNN. Bernie Sanders…
Not not not happening right now. Joe Biden Joe Biden is the winner of the Mississippi
primary. Joe Biden carries Mississippi. There we have it right. Ah. Right there. You can
see it. Maybe you can’t see it. Just [BLEEP] make a decision, Deep State! Looks like the crew from CNN is already working
from home. And I don’t blame them. With more than 100,000 cases of coronavirus
worldwide, many leaders are taking extreme but necessary
precautions. Schools in China have been closed for over
a month, Italy is on lockdown, and the governor of New York has ordered a containment zone
in Westchester county, where the state national guard is being deployed
to clean schools and deliver food. It sounds scary, but also like the opening
scene of a very topical porn. It’s where I get all my news. Meanwhile, our president is bravely… denying
anything is wrong. No, I’m not concerned at all. No, I’m not.
We’ve done a great job with it. We’re prepared and we’re doing a great job
with it. It will go away. Just stay calm, it will go
away. Be calm. It’s really working out and a lot
of good things are gonna happen. Anybody that needs a test gets a test. They’re
there. They have the tests. And the tests are beautiful. Rest assured, America: these tests are so
hot, you’ll wanna get them pregnant. That’s not true.
I wish I could knock up a test right now. But there aren’t any.
To date, the U.S. has tested fewer than 5,000 people for COVID-19, which is far behind other
developed countries. The White House is completely mishandling
this very real, very scary pandemic. Last week, the White House overturned the
CDC’s recommendation for seniors to avoid taking flights—a recommendation that would
have benefited a lot of senior citizens, except for my dad, who was this close to making it
into the mile high club. You’ll get there one day, Pops. You’re my hero.
But at least conservatives are… Oh my god. My dad’s gonna die. But at least conservatives are following the president’s terrifying spread of misinformation. And it is this virus which is caused by the Chinese, this Wuhan virus.
The Chinese coronavirus really is Chinese. China did this to the world.
The most encouraging thing is happening out of China who started this whole thing.
Yeah, exactly. The whole thing’s to show that their measures
at containing it have actually worked. Even though they started it and have yet to
apologize. China, we know it’s not your bad, but could
you please send Brian Kilmeade an Edible Arrangement so he’ll shut the [BLEEP] up? Tying coronavirus to China and Chinese people isn’t just a racist dog whistle.
It’s a whole racist orchestra. It’s a mighty mighty racist bosstone.
Which brings me to this important point: the coronavirus is not an excuse to be racist!
I know, I know. Racism is like America’s weighted blanket.
When everything is stressful, nothing makes us feel more secure than treating other people
like trash. At Columbia University, some dillhole wrote
on a blackboard that the library was a “Wuhan virus isolation area.” In Utah, the Shen Yun dance troupe was the victim of a rumor claiming they were carrying
the virus. That’s obviously not true. But if they were, they would carry it beautifully. Good woo! And at a Washington Costco, a worker handing out free samples told an eight-year-old boy
wearing a mask to get away from her because she thought he’d give her the coronavirus.
Are you kidding me? That tray of room-temperature ham samples
probably already has every other disease imaginable after sitting there getting groped by customers
all day. If anything, a little coronavirus might kill
the listeria. Oh right, we also have the sound cue from
growing pains when Boner’s parents kicked him out of the house. Guys, that sucks. Boner died. Sorry. I’m not even laughing. Across the country, fear of the disease is
taking a toll on Asian American-owned businesses. How has coronavirus impacted your business?
Tremendous. Lam says he’s lost 1.5 million dollars and
business is down around 50%. What do you think the reason is? The coronavirus, which is a scare to get infected by Chinese people. Holy shit. That is so stupid. Avoiding Chinese restaurants because you think
every Chinese person has coronavirus? That’s like not going to Ikea because you
think all Swedish people want to burn you alive in a bear suit. Which they do. The media’s use of stereotype-enforcing images can be just as damaging.
Major news outlets have repeatedly misused photos of Asian faces in masks to illustrate
stories about coronavirus, regardless of who or what the story is about.
That’s lazy. Especially because if they dug a little deeper
they’d see that there are dozens of photos of me on Getty wearing face masks that they
could be using. I don’t wear them because they’re effective.
I wear them because I like to try on new chins. Across the country, Asian Americans have been
the victims of racist attacks. In Los Angeles county, a sixteen-year-old
boy was beaten up so badly at school, he had to go to the hospital. In New York, a subway rider verbally harassed and sprayed Febreze on a man he believed to
be Asian. What the [BLEEP]?
The only person you should be afraid of in that situation is the guy who keeps Febreze
on him at all times. Whatever that Febreze is usually for, it is very bad. Businesses are also using fears of coronavirus
to deny service to Asian customers. This week in Plymouth, Indiana, this person
at this Super 8 denied a room to the two Hmong men filming this video. If you’re from China, I need to know. Because of the coronavirus going around. And
anyone from China, I am told, has to be picked up and quarantined for two weeks.
Wyndham hotels, who franchises Super 8, said they’re deeply troubled, and there’s no corporate
policy denying rooms to guests who are Chinese. No one should feel scared to stay there because
they’re Asian. They should feel scared to stay there because
they will probably be eaten out the ass by bed bugs. These aren’t rare, isolated incidents. They’re ubiquitous, dangerous, and so pervasive,
they’ve prompted a CDC official to warn that being Asian is not a risk factor for coronavirus.
Unfortunately, the CDC then had to declare that being Asian is a risk factor for getting
assaulted by racists. COVID-19 is scary, and it’s made even scarier
because our government is mishandling this crisis and conservative media is using Asian
people as scapegoats. The Trump administration is not going to save us. We have to take care of each other. It’s not okay to mistreat people out of fear and panic.
Especially when we’re doing so many other stupid things out of fear and panic. I have spent the last week stockpiling beans and making my own hand sanitizer out of bleach
and lube. Asterisk asterisk. Do not do that.

Crochet Asymmetrical Cardigan | Pattern & Tutorial DIY

Crochet Asymmetrical Cardigan | Pattern & Tutorial DIY


for this project any category four yarn
will work but I used 3/4 of a skein of Lion brands pound of love in aquamarine
and a quarter skein of elephant grey as for tools of 4 and a 6 millimeter hook
scissors stitch markers and a tape measure there’s a written pattern down
below use offer code TCDDIY for a discount watch to the end of the video
to learn how to enter this week’s giveaway we’re using three stitches for
this project and it will be as follows chain single crochet half double crochet
and herringbone stitch this tutorial is for a size small but you can adjust it
for your size and we explain how to in the video so let’s get started getting
started on this cardigan we’re first gonna grab our category for yarn make a
slipknot grab our six millimeter hook and start
off by making a chain that goes from our shoulder down to where we want this
first panel to be and so I’m going to make a chain of 70 where that comes out
to 21 inches or 53 centimeters now that we have our chain what we’re gonna do
from here is block off that last chain do a chain up of two that counts as a
half double we’re gonna prepare for a half double and then insert our hook
into that loop that we blocked off or this third loop from our hook with a
half double and from here we’re just gonna go all the way down our chain
putting one half double into every loop so I’ve just made it all the way down
with our first row and now what we’re gonna do from here is start doing our
decreases so how we do that we’re gonna do a chain up of two that counts as a
half double crochet we’re gonna flip our work we’re gonna prepare for a half
double crochet and then into these first two back loops we’re going to be doing
our decrease so into this first back loop we’re gonna insert our hook yarn
over pull through into the next back loop insert yarn over pull through we
should have four loops on our hook from here we’re gonna yarn over pull through
all four and that is how we decrease that is our first back loop decrease of
two and once when we have that we’re going to be going all the way down just
putting one back loop half double crochet all the way down once we make it
down to this end we are going to be keeping this end blunt so what we’re
gonna do is do a chain up of two by work and then work back down with
back loop half double crochets and then once we get back down to this decrease n
we’re gonna leave the last three loops because we’re going to be doing a
decrease in to the third and second to last and then a regular half double into
that last I’ll meet you guys back once we make our way back down to this end
and we are back we have just made our way all the way down with our third row
leaving the last three loops and we’re going to be doing our decreases together
it’s just the lighting a little bit once when we get here into the third and
second-to-last we’re gonna be doing our decrease of two back loop double
crochets so yarn over insert into that third to last yarn over pull through
into that second-to-last yarn over pull through we should have four loops not
three four loops on our hook we’re gonna yarn over pull through all four once
when we have that prepare for a half double crochet and then put one half
double crochet into that last loop and then the way that I’m doing it is
optional you guys can put your back loop double crochet decreases just in the
last two loops but with the detail that we’re gonna go in with we’re going to
have to go in with single crochets and what I actually don’t like it when
single crochets try to grab on to this decrease because then it ends up pulling
it and then there leaves a gap so this part is completely up to you guys
whatever is easier or whatever you guys are used to but other than that it’s
pretty much the same thing we’re just gonna do a chain above to flip our work
prepare for a half double crochet go into that first back loop insert pull
through next loop insert pull through yarn over pull through all four we are
going to be doing decreases only on this side putting back loop half double
crochets all the way down once we get down to this blunt and keep it blunt so
don’t do any decreases do a chain up of two flipper work and do back loop half
double crochets back down and we’re gonna keep going back and forth like
this until we have a size that can fit from where the front of our cardigan is
going to be to mid underarm so I’m actually gonna keep going until I have
about 16 rows or six-and-a-half inches or 17 centimeters then I’ll meet you
guys back in the next clip to show you guys what it looks like
now that we are all finished up with one of our front panels we’re actually going
to make a second that is exactly the same and then once when we have our
second panel now I can start working on the back which is going to be fairly
simple for the first two rows we’re only going to be doing a decrease and the
rest of that is going to be solid back loop half double crochets but how we
start that off is by counting out the short side of our front panel because
this is where our back is going to be counting out the same amount of loops
that we have and then making a chain of that same number count so I have 55
loops for that shorter side of our front panel so I’m going to start off by
making a chain of 55 now that we have our chain we’re gonna block off that
last chain do a chain up of two that counts as a half double we’re gonna
prepare for a half double then insert our hook into that loop that we blocked
off or the third chain from our hook with a regular half double and from here
we’re going to keep doing half doubles all the way down until we have just
three loops left because we are going to be doing a decrease into the third and
second to last and then from there we’re going to be doing another row of
decrease and then we’ll move on from there we’ve made out all the way down
our chain and we have left the last three chains because we’re going to be
doing a decrease into the third and second to last so how we’re going to
start this off is prepare for a half double and insert our hook into that
third to last loop yarn over pull through into that second-to-last here
and over pull through yarn over pull through all four that is our decrease
and then from here you just have one regular half double crochet into that
last loop and that is our decrease for this portion we’re going to be doing one
more row of decreasing so let’s see that together we’re gonna do a chain up of to
flip our work prepare for a half double crochet and then into that first back
loop we’re gonna insert pull through second back loop insert pulls through
yarn over pull through all four and then from here we’re just gonna keep doing
back loop half double crochets going all the way down our chain and then also
making sure that this portion that we have goes across our back as well and
then I’ll meet you guys back once when we are ready to just add in our last two
rows for this portion because we’re gonna have to add the two rows of
increases so that it matches these decreases that we have around here so
that it can match our front panel so go ahead and do that in the next clip I’ll
let you guys know how many I have so we have made our way back
around and we have finished going in with the main portion of our back and
what we’re gonna do from here is just do two rows of increases to match these two
rows of decreases that we have on the side you guys it just want to want to
make sure that your decreases and your increases are on the same side because
it’s pretty subtle but what you guys want to do from here depending on where
you ended you’re either going to start off with doing an increase of two back
loop half double crochet or if you’re like me you’re gonna go all the way back
down with back loop half double crochet leaving the last loop so that we can do
an increase together but either way I will be working my way down and then
I’ll meet you guys back in the next clip to show you guys how to do an increase
of two back loop half double crochets so I’ve made it all the way down to my last
back loop that we have right here and all we’re gonna do is to an increase of
two back loop half double crochets so this is pretty simple
all we’re gonna do is go into that last loop with one half double and then two
half double and once when I have my increase of two into this row what we’re
gonna do is do one more row of increases unless if you guys have more decreases
on the other side then you guys are going to want to make sure that that is
even but once when we get here we have our chain above two we’re gonna prepare
for a half double crochet and then go into this first back loop with two back
loop half double crochets and that is our increase for this row and from here
we’re just gonna go all the way down with back loop half double crochets once
when I reach my end I’m gonna do a chain up of one and cut and then I can attach
the front panels onto this back so we just finished up going in with our back
piece and the next thing we’re gonna do is attached our front panels and the
first thing I’m going to want to do before we get to actually attaching them
is making sure that the blunt sides are on the top together and also making sure
that this shorter end that we have is along the outside so that it matches
where we started doing our increases or decreases depending on what side you’re
going into for your back portion but other than that the first thing we’re
going to do is just go across with single crochet across our shoulder
portion first so what we’re gonna do is grab our same six millimeter hook insert
that into this corner loop and then also into the corner loop for the back panel
we’re going to make a slipknot insert that onto our hook and then we’re gonna
pull through a chain up one to secure once when we have that we’re going to be
putting just one single crochet into each of these side half double crochets
making sure that we’re going in through the front and the back panel at the same
time so let’s just do the first few together this is the first side half
double crochet that we have so we’re going to insert it into this front panel
and then find this next side single crochet into the back panel and then
find this next side half double crochet and then insert that and then from here
single crochet once when we have that we have our first section all pinned up so
let’s do just one more together into this next side half double crochet
insert and in through the back piece next side half double crochet insert and
then single crochet we’re just gonna keep doing this all the way across until
we don’t have any more of these loops left to go into and then we’re gonna do
the same thing on the other side alrighty so we have just finished up
seaming up this little shoulders chunk that we have right here shoulder chunk
shoulder chunk that we have right here and then now we’re going to try this on
and figure out where we want our arm holes to be I want my sleeves to be a
little bit thinner so I did insert my stitch marker into the 21st loop or that
is about 7 inches or 18 centimeters from the top and that is a fairly thin and
skinny sleeve but you guys can make it longer or shorter whatever you guys want
or if you guys are coming in from the bottom
I have 35 single crochets marked off but once when we have this all we’re gonna
do is the same thing that we did up here we’re gonna take our same six millimeter
hook insert our hook into that corner and then insert our hook into the back
panels quarter insert our yarn onto our hook pull through once when we have that
we’re just going to single crochet going all the way up until we hit our stitch
marker do a chain up of one and cut then do the same thing on the other side okay
so we are all back with a very cute vest we could leave it like this if you
wanted but we are not going to for tutorials sake what we’re gonna do now
is start working on the bottom detail but the first thing we’re gonna have to
do is go into the row of single crochet just to clean up the bottom a little bit
so that once we go on with our secondary color that is also
just as clean so what we’re going to do is insert our hook into any one of the
bottom corners doesn’t quite matter which one insert our yarn onto our hook
pull through to a chain up of one to secure and then once we have this we are
going to go all the way around the front panel to the back all the way around to
this front panel but this is all going to be with a row of single crochets and
we’re going to be alternating between one single crochet two two one two and
so let’s just get that first sequence started together let’s insert our hook
into that first side half double and go in with just one single crochet once we
have that we’re gonna go into this next side half double with two single
crochets let’s do that together there’s one there is two once when we have that
our next side half double is one single crochet the one after that is two single
crochet there is one there is two and then just keep alternating just like
that going all the way across down our back down our back across our back and
then down to this front panel and then I’ll meet you guys back so I’ve just
finished up going in with our single crochets along the entirety of our
bottom that we have and the next thing we’re gonna have to do is a little
unconventional but stick with me for a second go ahead and try this on and then
you’re going to measure out from the bottom of our best that’s what we’re
gonna call it for now from the bottom of our vest down to
where we want the bottom of the lapel to be because that’s gonna be the chain
length up we’re gonna need to make with our secondary color right now I have
went ahead and already measured my now I’m gonna go ahead and start off by
making a chain of 15 or that comes out to about 4 inches or 10 centimeters now
once when we have our chain we’re going to be inserting it into one of these
corner loops it doesn’t matter which one because we’re gonna go around the entire
thing anyways so we’re going to insert go into yarn over pull through
everything and then from here we’re gonna go all the way across just putting
one single crochet into every single crochet that we already have making our
way down to this end once we make our way down to this and we’re going to be
making another chain of however many chains we started off with on this side
because we do need our lapels to be the same length so I’m gonna go all the way
around all the way down to here and that I’ll
meet you guys back so I can do my chain out of 15 so I just made it all the way
around with our little lapel link that we have this little 15 inch chain that
we have on both sides and then once when we have this we can go in with our
bottom herringbone border so all that is is well so all that is is just doing
hearing bones but once when we get to this little corner that we have right
here we’re going to be doing a decrease of three herringbone stitches right here
but other than that we’re gonna go all the way around with herringbone another
decrease right here and herringbone down so let’s get that started together we’re
gonna lock off that last chain do a chain up – that counts as a half double
crochet we’re going to prepare for a herringbone stitch and then insert our
hook into that loop that we just blocked off or the third loop from our hook
we’re gonna insert our hook into there we should have three loops on our hook
we’re gonna yarn over pull through one once we get here we should have three
loops on our hook we’re gonna pull that first strand underneath our second
strand but if it’s a little tough like that
you are more than welcome to grab that middle strand and then just pull that
over that first strand that’s right next to the hook once and we have that we’re
going to yarn over pull through one yarn over pull through two let’s do this
again together prepare for a herringbone stitch which
is just a yarn over go into that next loop yarn over pull through that loop we
should have two loops on our hook we’re going to pull that first strand let’s
try that again we’re gonna pull that first ring
underneath our second strand yarn over pull through one yarn over pull through
two we’re gonna keep doing this all the way down until we get to the loop that
is right before this first loop that we have that’s connected into the body and
we’re going to be doing a decrease of one two and three herringbone stitches
so I meet you guys back in just a little bit so we’ve just done our herringbone
stitches going up our chain we left the last loop we now have the first loop
that we have that’s going into the body and then the second loop right here so
what we’re gonna do is yearn over insert into that last loop that we have into
our chain yarn over pull through you may have to twist our work a little bit but
then we’re going to go into that next available loop that we have which is the
first loop that’s going in to the body insert pull through and then into that
next loop as well insert pull through once we have this we should have one two
three four five loops on our hook we’re gonna take that first loop and then pull
it underneath those next three so we’re gonna pull through 1 2 3 2 loops on our
hook yarn over pull through one yarn over pull through 2 and then from there
we’re just gonna go all the way down doing herringbone stitches until we get
to the same spot on the other side down here so another decrease of 3 into 1 2 3
and then continue doing your herringbones down and I’ll meet you guys
back once we get to the end of this row once we made our way all the way down
with our first row of herringbone stitches where we did decreases of 3
into each of these corners every other row is going to have a decrease of 3 so
since we’re working into the next row of herringbone stitches and the previous
one had a decrease of 3 this one will not so all we’re going to do is do a
chain up of 2 that counts as a half double we’re going to prepare for a
herringbone go into that first stitch yarn over pull through pull that first
loop underneath our second loop yarn over pull through one yarn over pull
through two and then keep doing regular herringbone stitches going all the way
down no decrease into the second row and keep going all the way around once we
reach this end once when we get over here we’re going to do a chain up of two
flip-out work and then since we’re working our way back we will be doing a
decrease of 3 into this section and then keep going back and forth just like that
until we get the link that we want for this little bottom herringbone band and
I’m gonna keep going for a total of six rows or two and a half inches or 6
centimeters so we are back and we have just finished up going in with our
bottom hearing band row and just to let you guys know I went in with a total of
6 rows not including the first single crochet row just 6 herringbone rows and
then the height of that is a total of two and a half inches or 6 centimeters
and now we can start working on the sleeve and I got a little excited and
did one sweep on my own so now we’re gonna get started on the other one and
with this one it’s actually gonna be a little bit different than we do our
regular sleeves so let’s hang out together for just a little bit once when
we have all this done go ahead and try this on and then figure out the length
of the sleeve that you guys want just let you guys know I want my sleeve to be
about 18 inches or 46 centimeters so I’m gonna start off by making a chain
60 so I’m going to take my same six millimeter hook that we’ve been using
I’m first going to insert that into this last loop that we have into our scene
and this is going to be where we start off our chain so I’m going to make a
chain of 60 now that we have our chain up of 60 what we’re going to do is block
off that last chain do a chain up of two that counts as a half double crochet
we’re going to prepare for a half double and insert our hook into that loop that
we blocked off or the third loop from our hook and then from there we’re just
going to be putting one half double crochet into every chain that we have
going back down leaving the last chain because we’re going to be doing an
increase of two into there together we’ve just made it all the way down with
our first row of half double crochets and we left that last loop for ourselves
so that we can do an increase of two together so what we’re gonna do from
here is prepare for a half double insert our hook into that last loop or we’re
gonna be putting one half double then we’re gonna go it with just more into
that same loop and then that is our increase once when we have that we’re
going to be taking a look at one side of our armhole we’re gonna count up one
available loop two and then slip stitch into that second to close off this row
once when we have that we’re going to slip stitch up the next to available
loops to work our way up to the next row flip our work and do back loop half
double crochets while maintaining an increase into that first loop that’s
right next to our armhole slit so let’s do that together we’re gonna prepare for
a half double insert pull through pull through three that’s our first one and
then into that same back loop one more half double and that is our increase
that’s right next to our slit and then what we’re gonna do from here is do one
back loop half double into every loop once we make it down to the end we’re
gonna do a chain above to flip and then work our way back up but when we’re
working our way back up towards our work for every other row we’re going to be
slip stitching into the next available loop and then just slip stitch into the
next and we’re doing that because this is a half double whereas it’s right in
between a double crochet and a single crochet so we want to combat either
stretching it too much by only going into every other slip stitch or making
it way too big by only going into every single loop that we have so we’ll make
our way down come back up and then I’ll show you guys what to do from there so
you just made our way back down to our third row of our back loop half double
crochets and now we’re going to be slip stitching just into the next available
loop to close off this row so how we’re going to do that is prepare for a half
double into that last back loop we’re going to be going in with an increase of
two back loop half double and those are our two half doubles once when we have
that since we’re into our third row we’re going to slip stitch into that
next available loop so we have something in this one we’re going to go up to the
next one and close off that row whereas before we
were counting up two loops and then slip stitching into the second and now that
we’re here we’re gonna do the same thing for the next row just slip stitch up one
loop flip our work and then we’re just going to keep alternating like that
between counting up two loops and slip stitching into the second verses what we
just did which is just slip stitching into the next loop and then slip
stitching up just one loop to start off the next row but once when we have that
we’re just gonna keep working all the way down like that alternating between
one loops to two where we slip stitch we’re gonna keep doing that all the way
up until we hit this shoulder seam that we have and then we can do the same
thing that we are doing here but in Reverse so instead of doing increases
we’re going to be doing decreases so I’ll meet you guys back once when we
work our way all the way up to here and then we can get started on the next part
together so I’ve just made our way all the way up to our shoulder seam and then
what we’re going to do from here is do the same thing that we’re doing here but
instead of increases we’re going to be doing decreases and we’re gonna maintain
doing the whole slip stitch into the second loop and then for the next row
slip stitch into this loop after that so I’m going to leave you guys to that but
just let you guys know once when we’re going over our shoulder seam we’re are
going to be inserting our hook into through the last loop into our shoulder
seam just to eliminate that gap so once when we’re here this loop is actually
attached to the shoulder seam so we’re not going to be working into here all
we’re gonna do is slip stitch into that next loop that we have that is in our
shoulder seam and then from there whatever sequence we have next I am
doing the slip stitching into the second loop so I’ve skipped one loop and then
from here I’m gonna slip stitch into the next two loops flip my work and then for
this first row when we’re going to be doing our decrease we actually aren’t
going to be doing any decreases just so that we can maintain this same amount of
loops we have right here and then into the
loop and then into the row after this we are going to be doing our decreases so
from here I’m just gonna be putting one back loop half double crochet going all
the way down and then I’m gonna work my way back and then I’ll show you guys how
to do a decrease just once and then from there we can move on from there so we’ve
made our way back with our first decrease row and we left our last two
loops so that we can do a back loop half double crochet decrease of two together
so let’s get that started we’re gonna prepare for a half double crochet insert
our hook into that second-to-last loop in this row yarn over pull through then
into that last loop into this row yarn over pull through we should have four
loops on our hook we’re gonna yarn over pull through all four once when we have
that since we started off doing our increases with counting up two loops and
then slip stitching into that second we’re going to start off our decrease
row with the same way so we’re gonna count up one two slip stitch into that
second to close off this row and then slip stitch up the next two to start up
the next row flip my work and since we’re here I guess we might as well do
another decrease together we’re going to prepare for a half double crochet insert
our hook into that first back loop insert pull through once we have that
we’re gonna go into that next back loop yarn over pull through we should have
four loops on our hook we’re gonna yarn over pull through all four and then from
here I do back loop half double crochets once we make it to the end do a chain up
of two flip our work and then do back loop half double crochets until we just
have the last two loops into the previous row do a decrease into those
and then since we’re working our way back when we just previously did a slip
stitch into the second row where we just it a slip stitch into the second loop
since we’re doing that the next one that we’re gonna do is slip stitch just into
that next available loop to close off that row and then slip stitch up just
one to start off the next row and just keep alternating like that while I’m
maintaining doing the decreases when we’re right next to the base going all
the way down until we don’t have any more loops left and then we’ll meet each
other back so that we can seam up the bottom of the sleeve together we just
mean all the way around with our sleeve and we don’t have any more loops left to
go into into our arm hole that we have right here so now all we’re gonna do is
single crochet the entirety of the bottom of our sleeve together so it’s
gonna be the exact same way that we have seemed up our sides and ours
portion as well and the first thing we’re going to want to do is just make
sure that all of our seams are facing the same direction so this is my side
seam based out and this is my shoulder seam based out so let’s do this together
into the bottom of our sleeve what we’re gonna do is insert our hook in through
the first available loop in the front panel and also into the next available
loop into the back panel and then single crochet we’re gonna do this just one
more time into the next available loop into the front next available loop into
the back and then single crochet and then from here we’re just gonna keep
working our way all the way down until we don’t have any more loops left to go
into once we make our way down here don’t cut and tie because we’re gonna
need to go all the way around at the row of single crochet in with our primary
color first but if you guys are actually working up the other way go ahead and
cut and tie and then reattach your yarn into the base portion of our cuff and
then we’ll do this single crochet row together so now that we’ve seamed up our
entire sleeve we are now at the base of where our cuff is going to be so all
we’re gonna need to do is just do a little prep row with our primary color
and then we can go on with another single crochet row with our secondary
color so all we’re gonna do is just put one single crochet into each side half
double crochet going all the way around because we need this to cinch in just a
little bit so all we’re gonna do is do a chain up of one and then into this first
side half double single crochet next side half double sing ooh single crochet
there we go we’re gonna keep doing this all the way
around and so we make it all the way around we’re going to slip stitch into
that first single crochet that we made and then we’re gonna do a chain up of
one and cut and then we’re gonna grab our secondary color and then we’re gonna
go in with our cuff now that we’ve gone over the first row of single crochet now
we can go in with our secondary color and also for our cuff so the first thing
we’re gonna do is just insert our hook into any one of these loops that we just
made of this single crochet row insert our secondary color onto here pull
through do a chain up of one to secure and then from here just put one single
crochet into every loop that we have going all the way around once we meet
back with our first single crochet slip stitch into there and then from there
we’re going to work on the cuff lengths now that we made it all the way around
with our row of secondary color with single crochets now we’re gonna start
working with the length of our cuff but we will be introducing a smaller size
hook just so we can get a little gradual cuff going on because as you guys can
see this is a little bit bigger and then it tapers in towards the bottom and this
is the look that we want so what we’re gonna do from here is first figured out
the length of the cuff that we want so I have already measured my now and I have
a total of three and a half inches or nine centimeters so I’m gonna go in with
a total of fourteen chains to start this off but the first four of my chains is
going to be with my six millimeter and then the last ten is going to be with my
five millimeter hook so let’s get that started together for me I’m gonna go in
with four chains with my six so here’s one two three four I’m gonna take this
out switch out for my five millimeter hook
and then I’m gonna go in with another ten chains one two three four five six
seven eight nine and then ten and then this is what I want once when I have
this we are going to block off that last chain do a chain up of one and then from
here we’re going to insert our hook into that loop that we blocked off or a
second chain from our hook with a slip stitch so we’re gonna insert yarn over
pull through everything and then since we went in with a chain of ten with our
five millimeter hook we’re going to be going in with ten slip stitches with our
five so here is two three four five six seven eight nine and then ten
once when we have reached our tenth slip stitch I’m gonna pull a little bit of
slack switch back out for our six millimeter hook and then I should have
one two three four chains left with our six so let’s go in with four slip
stitches with our six so there’s one two three and then four once when we have
that we are now at the base we’re going to slip stitch into the next available
loop to close off this row with our six and then from here we’re going to slip
stitch into that next available loop to start up our next row and then from here
we’re going to go in with four back loops slip stitches with our six so into
that first back loop with our six millimeter hook there is one two three
and then four now that I have my four I’m switching out to my five millimeter
hook and then going in with ten back loop slip stitches once when you reach
the end we’re gonna do a chain up of wonderful apart work then do ten back
loops slip stitches coming back down switch out for our six millimeter hook
and then go in with four back loops slip stitches to close this off we’re just
gonna keep going back and forth like that all the way around and so we don’t
have any more loops left and then we’ll meet each other back so that we can seam
it all up together so I just mean all the way around with our cuff and we
don’t have any more loops left to go into so now we’re just going to seam
this all up together so all we’re gonna do is the same way that we’ve seamed up
everything so far we’re just going to insert our hook into that first of a
little bit to the front panel next available loop into the back panel and
then single crochet and keep doing this all the way down once you guys get to
the end do a chain up of one in cut and then do the entire sleeve sequence plus
the cuff on the other side and then once when we have both sleeves we can get
started on the lapel since we’re done with the sleeve the first thing we have
to do for the lapel is make sure that everything is slip to right side out
meaning all of our seams are facing the inside once we have that we’re gonna
take a look at the right side first because we’re gonna have to be going in
through one of the loops and one of the loops
that we’re going to be going into is the back loops so now this is the right side
so once when we have that all we’re going to do is go in with our first row
of back loop single crochets going all the way around but into this little
corner that we have right here right in between our herringbone and our body
portion we’re just going to be doing a really small increase right here just so
we can combat this little tiny curve that we have and then we’re going to
work our way back up with more back loop single crochets so what we’re gonna do
is take whatever color we want our lapel to be and mine is my secondary color
we’re going to pull through to a chain up of one to secure and then going into
this first back loop we’re going to insert our hook into that next back loop
and single crochet and we’re gonna keep doing back loop single crochets until we
get just one loop away from this corner that we have right here so we’re going
to stop at this loop and then I’ll meet you guys back because we’re going to be
doing a half double crochet increase and then half double crochet into the body
as well alrighty so now that we’ve made it all the way over to this corner we
left the first available loop that’s right into this corner right here and
then we’re also going to be going into that last one so all we’re gonna do is
prepare for a half double crochet and then go into that last back loop that we
have for this bottom herringbone section so we can insert pull through you’re an
over pull through all three and then this increase is actually going to be
within these kind of loops that we have we should have about two that we can go
into so you guys are gonna have to just pick one it doesn’t matter which one you
guys go into we’re just gonna be going in with an increase of three half double
crochets so I’m just gonna insert my hook into this one and then we’re gonna
go in with one two three once when we have that we’re gonna prepare for
another half double go into the first body loop making sure we’re going into
that back loop with a half double and pull it tight so that there’s no gaps
just like that and from here go in with back loop singles going all the way down
and then once when we make our way up to this body portion we are gonna have a
handful of side half double crochets to go into and all we’re gonna do there is
go into the first side half double crochet with two single crochets next
side half double crochet with one single crochet and then keep alternating just
like that until we hit our other side of our front panel over here
and then continue doing the same thing down here so back loop single crochets
and then making sure we maintain this half double crochet increase of three
half double crochet and then back loop single crochets all the way down to this
corner and then I’ll meet you guys back once we made it all the way around with
our row of single crochet while having our tiny little half double increases at
this little corner that we have right here now we’re just going to be going in
with rows of herringbone stitches for the lapel but for this first row only
we’re just going to be going in through the front loops and we’re only doing it
that way so that the lapel can fold this way opening towards our body really
nicely a lot easier than if we were just going in through both loops and for this
first row as well since we’re going in through the front loops with herringbone
stitches we’re gonna go all the way up until we get to the corner where our
front panel meets our back and then we’re going to be doing an increase of
three just to get a little curve just for this first row same thing over here
in this corner and then going all the way down with more front loop
herringbone stitches and then from there we’re just going to keep going back and
forth with herringbone stitches from there so let’s just do this first little
bit together so what we’re going to do is do a chain up of two this is usual
we’re gonna prepare for a herringbone stitch and then we’re gonna be going in
through just the loop that’s closest to us or the front loop we’re gonna insert
our hook in through this one right here yarn over pull through pull that first
strand underneath our second you’re an over pull through one yarn over pull
through two we’re gonna keep doing this just putting one into every loop going
all the way down until we meet this corner and then we’ll be doing an
increase of three so I’ve just made our way all the way up doing front loop only
herringbone stitches and now that we are near this corner what we’re gonna do is
do a really quick increase of three into this next loop so all that is gonna be
is just three front loop herringbone stitches into this next loop so let’s do
that together here is our first this might be a little tricky so if you guys
need to pull your second strand over your first feel free there is one into
that same loop too and then one more three once when we have that we’re gonna
go back across this back portion that we have with front loop earring
when we get to this corner do another increase of three front loop herringbone
and do front loop herringbone going all the way down until we get down to this
corner and then from here I promise it’ll get it a lot easier we’re just
going to do a chain up of to flip our work and do regular herringbones for as
thick as we want this front lapel to be so I’ll meet you guys back once we get
to the end of this row and then we’ll move on from there
now that we’ve just made our way down with front loop herringbone stitches
where we did little increases into these corners where our front panel met our
back now it’s going to be the fun part where it’s just regular herringbone
stitches so let’s just start that off together and then we’re just gonna keep
going back and forth until we have these sides that we want for our front panel
so let’s just start this next row off together really quickly we’re gonna do a
chain up of two flip our work and just to do the first one together we’re gonna
prepare for a herringbone stitch insert your an over pull through pull that
first strand underneath our second strand you’re an over pull through one
yarn over pull through two and once we have that keep doing that all the way
down across the back down the other side once we make it to the end do a chain up
of two flip our work and then work our way back and then keep going back and
forth just like that until we have the size of the front lapel that we want so
this is what I have once when I have finished going in with my lapel and
these are just our regular herringbone stitches not counting our first single
crochet row I have a total of one two three four five six herringbone stitch
rows and just let you guys know that comes out to a total of three inches or
eight centimeters and now that we have this done we are actually all finished
with our piece the last thing that we need to do is just weave in all of our
ends we’ve woven in our ends and this is our finished cardigan this one took
quite a few tries but a few days later we pulled through and I couldn’t be
happier with the outcome there’s a written pattern down below use offer
code TCDDIY for a discount enter this week’s pattern giveaway by telling us
what you guys liked more tutorials or written patterns and why good luck to
everyone who enters also give this video a thumbs up and let us know what you
liked about it but if you didn’t give it a thumbs down but let me know how we can
improve if you love it be sure to hit that Bell see know and there’s new
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and Facebook links down below if you want to buy this piece or any
other piece on the channel links to Poshmark depop and etsy are down there –
along with the tools used and as always guys thank you so much for watching and
I’ll see you on the next one

2020 Big Bend Regional Spelling Bee | WFSU Public Media | March 7, 2020

2020 Big Bend Regional Spelling Bee | WFSU Public Media | March 7, 2020


♪ ♪ [APPLAUSE] [APPLAUSE]>>GOOD MORNING, EVERYONE. I’M GINA JORDAN, HOST OF “MORNING EDITION” ON WFSU PUBLIC MEDIA, AND IT’S MY PLEASURE TO WELCOME COW TO THE BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BEE SPONSORED BY ENVISION CREDIT UNION SHOWCASING THE TALENTS OF THE BRIGHTEST STUDENTS FROM ALL OVER THE BIG BEND AREA OF FLORIDA VYING FOR THE TITLE OF REGIONAL SPELLING BEE CHAMPION AND THE HONOR OF COMPETING AT THE 2020 SCRIPPS NATIONAL SPELLING BEE IN NATIONAL HARBOR, MARYLAND. THE COMPETITION WILL BEGIN IN A FEW MOMENTS. AT THIS TIME, ALL COMPETITORS SHOULD BE IN POSITION FOR THE START OF THE COMPETITION. BEFORE WE BEGIN, I’D LIKE TO INTRODUCE THE OFFICIALS WHO WILL PRESIDE OVER THIS MORNING’S COMPETITION. FIRST, I’M PLEASED TO INTRODUCE OUR PRONOUNCER, JESSICA McGREW, OF McGREW LAW FIRM. [APPLAUSE] OUR HEAD JUDGE, LAURIE LEE. SHE IS THE IMPROVING LITERACY RESEARCH ALLIANCE MANAGER WITH REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL LABORATORY SOUTHEAST. ALSO LAURA ROGERS, SHE IS TALLAHASSEE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE PROGRAM DIRECTOR, AND DR. GLENNEN SUNDERMAN — GRETCHEN SUNDAYERMAN IN THE DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS AT FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY. THANK YOU, OFFICIAL, FOR BEING WITH US TODAY. AT THIS TIME, I’D LIKE TO WELCOME THE VICE PRESIDENT OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT WITH ENVISION CREDIT UNION, KELLY WALTER, TO COME TO THE STAGE TO SAY A FEW WORDS. [APPLAUSE]>>GOOD MORNING. WELCOME, EVER. CONGRATULATIONS, GUYS, FOR MAKING IT TO THE BIG BEND REGIONAL. HOW Y’ALL FEELING? [LAUGHTER] OKAY? KIND OF NERVOUS? IT’S GOING TO BE GREAT. YOU’RE GOING TO BE FINE, THAT’S RIGHT. WELCOME. ENVISION CREDIT UNION IS SUPER PROUD TO SPONSOR THE BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BEE THIS YEAR. IF YOU DIDN’T KNOW, ENVISION CREDIT UNION WAS STARTED BY TEN HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS, SO EDUCATION AND SPORTING EDUCATIONAL — SUPPORTING EDUCATIONAL INITIATIVES IS AT THE HEART AND CORE OF WHAT WE DO. SO WE ARE SUPER PROUD AND HONORED. AND THANK YOU, PARENTS, GRANDPARENTS AND FRIENDS THAT ARE HERE TO SUPPORT YOUR STUDENTS TODAY. IT JUST MEANS A LOT, I’M SURE, TO THESE STUDENTS TODAY. WE’RE REALLY EXCITED ABOUT THIS. THANK YOU, WFSU FOR HOSTING AND FOR GINA FOR BEING A GREAT EMCEE. AND WE’RE JUST SUPER EXCITED AND VERY PROUD OF YOU, AND WE ARE HONORED TO SPONSOR THIS EVENT THIS OR YEAR. WE’RE EXCITED TO SEE WHO THE BIG WINNER IS, WHO WILL GO ON TO THE NEXT ROUND. SO I APPLAUD YOU GUYS, LET’S GIVE THEM A ROUND OF APPLAUSE FOR MAKING IT HERE TODAY. [APPLAUSE] AND I WISH YOU ALL THE VERY BEST. THANK YOU, JUDGES, THANK YOU, JESSICA. I’M REALLY EXCITED. GOOD LUCK.>>THANK YOU, MS. WALTER. TODAY YOU WILL WITNESS A GREAT AMERICAN TRADITION. THIS FINAL LOCAL SPELLING BEE IS A BRIDGE BETWEEN THE DISTRICT SPELLING BEE LEVEL AND THE SCRIPPS NATIONAL SPELLING BEE. SUCCESS IN SCHOOL-LEVEL SPELLING BEES IS USUALLY TIED TO MEMORIZATION OF A LIST OF SEVERAL HUNDRED WORDS. SUCCESS AT THE NATIONAL BEE IS ALL ABOUT APPLICATION OF LANGUAGE, CONCEPTS AND PATTERNS TO CORRECTLY SPELL ANY OF THE MORE THAN 470,000 WORDS IN THE BEE’S OFFICIAL REFERENCE. NOT ONE NATIONAL SPELLING BEE CHAMPION HAS EVER CLAIMED TO HAVE MEMORIZED EVERY WORD IN NEVER YAM WEBSTER UNABRIDGED. MANY NATIONAL CHAMPS, HOW MUCH, HAVE LAID CLAIMS TO MASTERING THOSE CONCEPTS AND PATTERNS. SO SUCCESS IN TODAY’S SPELLING BEE IS, IN THE BEGINNING, ALL ABOUT WHAT YOU’VE MEMORIZED. BUT IN THE END IT’LL LIKELY BE ALL ABOUT WORDS THAT YOU PROBABLY IS NOT STUDIED. WHEN YOUR MOMENT ARRIVES, SLOW DOWN, ASK QUESTIONS, THINK POSITIVELY, AND YOU’LL BE READY TO MEET THE CHALLENGE. THE FORMAT FOR TODAY’S COMPETITION WILL BE A TRADITIONAL SPELLDOWN. THAT IS, EACH OF THE SPELLERS YOU SEE HERE WILL RECEIVE ONE WORD PER ROUND. WHEN AT THE MICROPHONE, SPELLERS SHOULD SAY THE WORD, SPELL IT, THEN SAY THE WORD AGAIN. THOSE WHO SPELL THEIR GIVEN WORD CORRECTLY WILL ADVANCE TO ANOTHER ROUND WHILE THOSE WHO DO NOT WILL EXIT THE COMPETITION AT THE END OF THE ROUND. ALL THE SPELLERS HAVE RECEIVED A COPY OF THE OFFICIAL RULES FOR THIS BEE, BUT THERE ARE A FEW ONES WE’D LIKE TO HIGHLIGHT FOR THEM, THE AUDIENCE AND THE FOLKS AT HOME. ♪ ♪>>RULES. ONE, IN COMPETITION AFTER THE PROANNOUNCER GIVES THE SPELLER A WORLD, THE SPELLER SHOULD PRONOUNCE THE WORD BEFORE AND AFTER SPELLING IT. TWO, THE SPELLER MAY ASK THE PRONOUNCER TO SAY THE WORD AGAIN, DEFINE IT, USE IT IN A SENTENCE, PROVIDE THE PART OF SPEECH, PROVIDE THE LANGUAGE OF ORIGIN AND PROVIDE AN ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATION OR PRONUNCIATIONS AS LISTED ON THE TO ANNOUNCER’S COMPETITION WORD LIST PRODUCED BY THE SCRIPPS NATIONAL SPELLING BEE. THREE, EACH SPELLER WILL RECEIVE THEIR OWN WORD TO SPELL AND WILL NOT BE ASKED TO SPELL THE PREVIOUS WORD. FOUR, UPON PROVIDING AN INCORRECT SPELLING OF A WORD, THE SPELLER IMMEDIATELY DROPS OUT OF THE COMPETITION UNLESS ALL THE SPELLERS IN THE ROUND MISSPELL THEIR WORD. FIVE, IF NONE OF THE SPELLERS IN A SINGLE ROUND ARE ELIMINATED, ALL SHALL REMAIN IN THE COMPETITION. SIX, ALL SPELLERS ELIMINATED IN THE SAME ROUND ARE TIED FOR THE SAME PLACE. SEVEN, IF ONLY ONE SPELLER IN A ROUND SPELLS CORRECTLY, A NEW ONE-WORD SPELLING ROUND BEGINS. IF THE SPELLER SUCCEEDS IN CORRECTLY SPELLING THAT WORD, THE SPELLER IS DECLARED THE CHAMPION. EIGHT, IF THE SPELLER MISSPELLS THE ANTICIPATED CHAMPIONSHIP WORLD, A NEW SPELLING ROUND BEGINS WITH ALL THE SPELLERS WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE PREVIOUS ROUND. ALL WORDS USED IN THIS REGIONAL SPELLING BEE ARE ENTRIES IN MERRIAM-WEBSTER UNABRIDGED, THE OFFICIAL DICTIONARY OF THE SCRIPPS NATIONAL SPELLING BEE. IT’S THE PRIMARY SOURCE FOR TO NONESSUATIONSINGS — PRONUNCIATIONS, DEFINITIONS AND LANGUAGE ORIGINS PROVIDED TO THE PRONOUNCER AND JUDGES, AND IT WILL BE USED AS THE FINAL AUTHORITY CONSULTED BY SPELLING BEE OFFICIALS IF QUESTIONS ARISE. BEFORE WE BEGIN, I’D LIKE TO SPEND A MOMENT ADDRESSING THE SPELLERS. SPELLERS, WHEN IT’S YOUR TURN TO APPROACH THE MICROPHONE, WE ENCOURAGE YOU TO FACE THE PRONOUNCER TO WATCH AS SHE PRONOUNCES THE WORD. AGAIN, YOU MAY ASK THE PRONOUNCER FOR THE WORD’S DEFINITION, SENTENCE, PART OF SPEECH, LANGUAGE OF ORIGIN AND ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATION. BEFORE YOU BEGIN TO SPELL, FACE THE JUDGES AND SAY THE WORLD YOU’RE GIVEN INTO THE MICROPHONE FOR THEM. THIS WILL GIVE THE JUDGES AN OPPORTUNITY TO CONFIRM THAT YOU UNDERSTAND THE WORD. WHEN YOU’RE READY TO BEGIN SPELLING YOUR WORD, REMEMBER TO TAKE A DEEP BREATH, ENUNCIATE EACH LET REAR CAREFULLY AND SPEAK — LETTER CAREFULLY AND SPEAK DIRECTLY INTO THE MICROPHONE. ADDITIONALLY, PLEASE BE CAREFUL RETRACING THE SPELLING OF A WORD IF YOU’RE ALREADY IN THE PROCESS OF SPELLING IT. IF YOU RETRACE ANY OF YOUR SPELLING, YOU MUST START FROM THE VERY BEGINNING OF THE WORD SO AS TO BE CLEAR THAT YOU’RE RESTARTING THE WORD, NOT JUST ADDING UNNECESSARY LETTERS. ALSO IF YOU RETRACE YOUR SPELLING, YOU MUST NOT ALTER THE LETTERS OR SEQUENCE OF LETTERS FROM THOSE FIRST UTTER ORED. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU WOULD BE DISQUALIFIED IF YOUR WORD WAS SPELL IS AND YOU SAID S-E, THEN STARTED OVER AND SAID S-P-E-L-L. ON BEHALF OF ENVISION CREDIT UNION AND WFSU PUBLIC MEDIA, THANK YOU FOR JOINING US. LET’S BEGIN.>>WE’RE NOW READY TO BEGIN ROUND ONE OF THE BIG BEND REGIONAL PELLING BEE — SPELLING BEE SPONSORED BY ENVISION CREDIT UNION. FOR THIS ROUND ONLY, PLEASE APPROACH THE MICROPHONE AND INTRODUCE YOURSELF TO THE INDIVIDUALS AND THE AUDIENCE BY SHARING YOUR NAME AND WHAT SCHOOL YOU ATTEND. SPELLERS, I WOULD LIKE TO REMIND YOU OF WHAT WILL HAPPEN IN THE EVENT THAT YOU MISSPELL DURING THIS ROUND. ONE OF THE JUDGES WILL SAY CORRECT OR INCORRECT. THEN THE HEAD JUDGE WILL PROVIDE THE CORRECT SPELLING, ASK YOU WILL GO BACK TO YOUR SEAT UNTIL THE ROUND IS OVER. ONCE THE ROUND IS OVER, ELIMINATED STUDENTS SHOULD FIND A SEAT IN THE AUDIENCE WITH YOUR PARENTS AND STAY FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE COMPETITION. AT THIS TIME I WOULD LIKE TO REMIND EVERYONE TO SILENCE THEIR CELL PHONES. JUDGES, ARE YOU READY? SPELLER NUMBER ONE, PLEASE COME TO THE MICROPHONE.>>MY NAME IS BRADEN PIGOTT, AND I’M REPRESENTING MEDART ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.>>YOU CAN STAY IS AND WE’LL GIVE YOU YOUR FIRST WORD. [LAUGHTER] AND THE FIRST WORD IS, THIS WORD HAS A NEAR HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS SIMMER, IT IS A VERB MEANING TO STEW GENTLY WITH A BUBBLING SOUND BELOW OR JUST AT THE BOILING POINT. SIMMER.>>SIMMER. S-I-M-M-E-ARE R, SIMMER.>>SPELLER TWO?>>MY NAME IS CHARITY MONIX, AND I’M REPRESENTING CRAWFORD ACADEMY CHARTER SCHOOL.>>YOUR WORD IS INFANT.>>MAY YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>MAC IF FELT AWKWARD WITH HIS BABY BROTHER UNTIL HIS MOM SHOWED HIM HOW TO PROPERLY HOLD AN INFANT.>>IMFANT?>>INFANT.>>INFANT. I-N-F H. A — N-T. I-N-F H. A — N-T.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME GLENN CUNNINGHAM, AND I’M REPRESENTING WRIGHT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL.>>YOUR WORD IS PROBLEM.>>PROBLEM. P-R-O-B-L-E-M. PROBLEM.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>I’M JULIA MITCHELL, IS AND I’M REPRESENTING — FLOWER MIDDLE SCHOOL.>>YOUR WORD IS SNORE.>>SNORE?>>SNORE.>>OKAY. S-N-O-R-E, SNORE.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS S-N-O-R-E.>>THAT’S WHAT I SAID. THAT’S WHAT I SAID.>>OH, I’M SORRY. THAT IS CORRECT. THAT’S WHY WE HAVE THREE JUDGEMENTINGS.>>MY NAME LANENY CRUISE.>>YOUR WORD IS PIGSTY.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>YES. WITH SNACK WRAPPERS, DIRTY DISHES AND PILES OF LAUNDRY EVERYWHERE, EVEN MARLENE HAD TO ADMIT THAT ROOM WAS A PIGSTY.>>CAN I GET A DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>YES. PIGSTY, A DIRTY DWELLING OR ROOM THOUGHT TO RESEMBLE AN ENCLOSE YOUR WITH COVERED SHED OR AREA FOR SWINE.>>PIGSTY. P-I-G-S-T-Y-E.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS P-I-G-S-T-Y.>>MY NAME IS LOGAN ALLEN , AND I’LL BE REPRESENTING TRENTON MIDDLE/HIGH SCHOOL.>>THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORLD IS ERASE. IT IS A VERB MEANING TO RUB OR SCRAPE OUT AS METERS OR FIGURES ONE — LETTERS OR FIGURES WRITTEN OR PAINTED.>>ERASE. E-R-A-S-E. ERASE.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME IS MEGAN SMITH, AND I AM REPRESENTING CREATIVE LEARNING ACADEMY.>>THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS AROUND. IT IS AN ADVERB MEANING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF, APPROXIMATELY, ABOUT. AROUND. A-R-O-U-N-D. AROUND.>>THAT IS CORRECT. COULD YOU INTRODUCE — MY NAME IS MINA, AND I’M REPRESENTING BRONSON MIDDLE SCHOOL.>>YOUR WORD IS TIMIDLY.>>CAN I GET THAT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>YES. AFTER HITTING A BASEBALL INTO HER MOM’S CAR, LISA CREPT TIMIDLY INTO THE HOUSE TO TELL HER PARENTS.>>TIMIDLY. T-I-M-I-D-L-Y. TIMIDLY.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME IS OWEN JUNE KNOW, AND I’LL BE REPRESENTING APALACHICOLA BAY CHARTER SCHOOL.>>YOUR WORD IS BRILLIANT.>>BRILLIANT. B-R-I-L-L-I-A-N-T. BRILLIANT.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME IS SARA FOLSOM, AND I’M REPRESENTING MA LOPE HIGH SCHOOL.>>YOUR WORD IS SWALLOW.>>S-W-A-L-L-O-W. SWALLOW.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>HUH, MY NAME SIDNEY GRAHAM FROM UNIVERSITY ACADEMY.>>DO YOU WANT TO TILT THE MICROPHONE A LITTLE, THEN WE CAN — THERE YOU GO. JUST WANT TO MAKE SURE THEY HEAR YOU.>>YOUR WORD IS TROPE.>>TROPE. CAN I ARE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>YES. THE USE OF A WORD OR EXPRESSION IN A DIFFERENT SENSE FROM THAT WHICH PROPERLY BELONGS TO IT FOR GIVING LIFE OR EMPHASIS TO ANED IDEA.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>THE PHRASE “LOVE IS A ROSE” IS A COMMON EXAMPLE OF A TROPE.>>TROPE. T-R-O-P-E.>>TROPE.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME IS VENKAT MADDIPOTI, AND I’LL BE REPRESENTING MACLAY MIDDLE SCHOOL.>>THIS WORD HAS A HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS PEERLESS. IT IS AN ADJECTIVE MEANING MATCHLESS OR INCOMPARABLE.>>PEERLESS. CAN YOU USE IT IN A DEFINITION — OR CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>YES. RANDY WONDERED HOW HE COULD COMPETE AGAINST THE PEERLESS DEFENDING CHAMPION.>>PEERLESS. P-E-E-R-L-E-S-S. PEER REST.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME IS WILLIAM NELSON, AND I’M HERE TO REPRESENT WOODLAWN BEACH MUDDLE SCHOOL.>>AND YOUR WORD IS HANKERING.>>HANKERING. H-A-N-K-E-R-I-N-G. HANKERING.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>MY NAME ZACHARY YA A HAD.>>YOUR WORD IS CAMPUS.>>CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>YES. THE GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS OF A UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE OR SCHOOL.>>CAMPUS. C-A-M-P-U-S. CAMPUS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS CONCLUDES ROUND ONE OF THE REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. ALL THOSE SPELLERS WHO ARE NO LONGER CONTINUING, YOU CAN EXIT THE STAGE NOW.>>AND WE WILL BEGIN ROUND TWO WITH SPELLER ONE. YOUR WORD IS MIRACULOUS.>>MIRACULOUS. M-I-R-A-C-U-L-O-U-S. MIRACULOUS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CIVICS.>>MAW YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>YES. ADVANCED STUDENTS IN TIM’S SCHOOL USUALLY SELECT THE COURSE IN CIVICS TO FULFILL THE NINTH GRADE HISTORY REQUIREMENT.>>CIVICS. C-I-V-I-C-S. CIVICS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD YETI.>>YET THE CITY. MAY I IS HAVE THE — YETI. MAY I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>YES. A MYSTERIOUS CREATURE WITH HUMAN OR APE-LIKE CHARACTERISTICS REPORTED TO EXIST IN THE HIGH HIMALAYAS.>>YETI. Y-E-T-I. YETI.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>YOUR WORD IS ELDERLY.>>ELDERLY. E-L-D-E-R-L-Y, ELDERLY?>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS DOMINO.>>DOMINO. D-O-M-I-N-O. DOMINO.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD HAS A HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS BIAS. IT IS A NOUN MEANING AN INCLINATION OF TEMPERAMENT OR OUTLOOK, PREJUDICE.>>CAN YOU PLEASE USE WITH IT IN A SENTENCE?>>STUART’S BIAS AGAINST CERTAIN P GROUPS MAKES HIM UNFIT TO SERVE ON THE COMMUNITY ADVISORY BOARD.>>BIAS. B-I-A-S. BIAS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS KNUCKLE.>>CAN I HAVE IT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>MOTHER WONDERS IF GOUT IS THE CAUSE OF INFLAMMATION IN THE KNUCKLE OF HER RIGHT INDEX FINGER.>>KNUCKLE. K-N-U-C-K-L-E. SNUCK IFING.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SNIPPET.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>YES. LISA CUT A SNIPPET FROM THE NEWS ARTICLE TO INCLUDE IN HER SCRAPBOOK.>>SNIPPET. S-N-I-P-I-T-T. SNIPPET?>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS S-N-I-P-P-E-T. YOUR WORD IS FRAGILE.>>FRAGILE. F-R-A-G-I-L-E. FRAGILE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS EAVESDROP.>>EAVESDROP. CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>TO SECRETLY LISTEN TO A PRIVATE CONVERSATION.>>THANK YOU. EAVESDROP. E-A-V-E-S-D-R-O-P. EAVESDROP.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS VACATION.>>VACATION. CAN I IS ARE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>A PERIOD SPENT AWAY FROM HOME OR BUSINESS IN TRAVEL OR RECREATION.>>SAY — VACATION. V-A-C-A-T-I-O-N. VACATION.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS VELCRO.>>VELCRO. V-E-L-C-R-O. VELCRO.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS ASTONISH.>>CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>TO STRIKE WITH A SUDDEN SENSE OF SURPRISE OR WONDER, ESPECIALLY THROUGH SOMETHING UNEXPECTED OR DIFFICULT TO ACCEPT AS TRUE OR REASONABLE, SURPRISE GREATLY, AMAZE.>>ASTONISH. A-S-T-O-N-I-S-H. ASTONISH.>>THAT IS CORRECT. AND THIS CONCLUDES ROUND TWO OF THE REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. THOSE SPELLERS WHO ARE CONTINUING ON CAN REMAIN ON THE STAGE. AND, JUDGES, I’M GOING TO MOVE AHEAD TO NUMBER 50 ON PAGE 18. WE WILL NOW BEGIN ROUND THREE. YOUR WORD IS MANUFACTURE.>>MANUFACTURE. M-A-N-A-F-A-C-T-U-R-E.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS M M-A-N-U-FAX-A-C-T-U-R-E. YOUR WORD IS VETERAN.>>VETERAN. V-E-T-E-R-A-N. VETERAN.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS GYMNASTICS.>>GYMNASTICS. CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>YES. SIMONE TOOK UP BOTH GYMNASTICS AND CHEERLEADING WHEN SHE WAS 8 YEARS OLD.>>GYMNASTICS. J-Y-M — GYMNASTICS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS KUDOS.>>DEFINITION, PLEASE.>>PRAISE GIVEN FOR A ACHIEVEMENT.>>KUDOS. C-U-D-O-O-S.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS K-U-D-O-S. YOUR WORD IS VALIANT.>>VALIANT. V-A-L-I-A-N-T. VALIANT.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS MISCONCEPTION.>>MISCONCEPTION. CAN YOU PLEASE SAY THE DEFINITION?>>A WRONG OR INACCURATE THOUGHT, IDEA OR NOTION.>>MISCONCEPTION. M-I-S-C-O-N-C-E-P-T-I-O-N. MISCONCEPTION.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS MAXIMUM.>>MAXIMUM. M-A-X-I-M-U-M. MAXIMUM.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS EXCURSION.>>EXCURSION. E-X-C-U-R-I-S-I-O-N.>>I’M SORRY, THAT IS INCORRECT. YOU SHOULD HAVE STARTED SPELLING FROM THE BEGINNING. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS E-X-C-U-R-S-I-O-N. YOUR WORD IS CULINARY.>>CULINARY. C-U-L-I-N-A-R-Y. CULL FLOWER.>>THAT IS CORRECT — CULINARY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS LENIENCY.>>LENIENCY. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>THE QUALITY OR TATE OF BEING — OR STATE OF BEING INDULGENT OR MERCIFUL.>>LENIENCY. L-E-N-I-E-N-C-Y. LENIENCY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS PHONICS.>>COULD YOU PLEASE USE IT IN A DEAF — COULD YOU PLEASE USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>MR. LEVI USED PHONICS TO HELP HIS STUDENTS CONNECT LETTERS WITH SOUNDS.>>PHONICS. P-H-O-N-I-X. UPON THE NIXES.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS P-H-O-N-I-C-S. YOUR WORD IS INTERLOPER.>>CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>ONE THAT INTRUDES, INTERMEDDLES OR INTERFERES.>>INTERLOPER. I-N-T-E-R-L-O-P-E-R. INTERLOPER.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THAT CONCLUDES ROUND THREE OF THE BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. THOSE WHO ARE CONTINUING ON TO THE NEXT ROUND CAN REMAIN ON THE STAGE. AND WE WILL NOW GIVEN ROUND FOUR. SPELLER TWO, YOU CAN APPROACH THE MICROPHONE. YOUR WORD IS RASPBERRY.>>RASPBERRY. R-A-S-B-E-R-R-Y. [INAUDIBLE CONVERSATIONS]>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS R-A-S-P-B-E-R-R-Y. RASPBERRY. YOUR WORD IS ELEVATOR.>>ELEVATOR. CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>SURE. THE HOTEL’S ARCHITECTURAL SHOW PIECE IS ITS GLASS ELEVATOR WHICH MANY TOURISTS MAKE A POINT TO RIDE.>>ELEVATOR. E-L-E-V-A-T-O-R. ELEVATOR.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CASHIER.>>CASHIER. C-A-S-H-I-E-R. CASHIER.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS BASE RISK. VAS RISK.>>B-A-S-I-L-I-S-K.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS LEGITIMATELY.>>COULD I GET DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>ACCORDING TO LAW OR RULES, LEGALLY, PROPERLY.>>COULD I GET A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>MABEL OWNED HER CAR LEGITIMATELY, EVEN THOUGH SHE COULDN’T FIND HER TITLE OR REGISTRATION.>>LEGITIMATELY. L-E-G-I-T-A-M-A-T-E-L-Y. LEGITIMATELY.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS L-E-G-I-T-I-M-A-T-E-L->>. Y. THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH — [INAUDIBLE] [LAUGHTER] SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS UNABATED. IT IS AN ADJECTIVE MEANING AT FULL STRENGTH OR FORCE.>>UNABATED. U-N-A-B-A-T-E-D. UNABATED.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CONTRITE.>>CONTRITE. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>REMORSEFUL, HUMBLY AND THOROUGHLY PENITENT.>>CONTRITE. C-O-N-TR-I-T-E. CON CONTRITE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS UTILITARIAN.>>CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>YES. CHARACTERIZED BY OR AIMING AT USEFULNESS AS DISTINGUISHED FROM BEAUTY OR ORNAMENT.>>UTILITARIAN. U-T-I-L-I-T-A-R-I-A-N. UTILITARIAN.>>THAT IS CORRECT. AND THIS CONCLUDES ROUND FOUR OF THE BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. THOSE SPECIALS WHO ARE CONTINUING ON CAN REMAIN ON THE STAGE. OKAY. WE WILL NOW BEGIN ROUND FIVE. YOUR WORD IS LEISURE.>>LEISURE. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>TIME AT ONE’S COMMAND THAT IS FREE OF ENGAGEMENTS OR RESPONSIBILITIES.>>CAN I HAVE THE LANGUAGE OF ORIGIN?>>THIS WORD WENT FROM LATIN TO FRENCH TO ENGLISH.>>I HAVE THE PART OF SPEECH?>>IT IS A NOUN.>>LEISURE. L-E-I-S-U-R-E. LEISURE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS IRRITABILITY.>>IRRITABILITY. I-R-R-I-T-A-B-I-L-I-T-Y. IRRITABILITY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS BEAUTICIAN.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>ONE WHO GIVES BEAUTY EXTREMES AS TO SKIN AND HAIR — TREATMENTS, A COSMETOLOGIST.>>BEAUTICIAN. B-E-A-U-T-I-C-I-A-N. BEAUTICIAN.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS VERSATILE.>>VERSATILE. IS THERE ANY ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>YES. VERSATILE.>>OKAY. VERSATILE. V-E-R-S-A-T-I-L-E. VERSATILE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD TEMPESTUOUS.>>TEMPESTUOUS. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>OF, INVOLVING OR RESEMBLING A FURIOUS STORM.>>TEMPESTUOUS. T-E-M-P-E-S-T-U U-O-U-S. TEMPESTUOUS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SEMESTER.>>SEMESTER. S-E-M-E-S-T-E-R. SEMESTER.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS CONCLUDES ROUND FIVE OF THE REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. ALL OF THE SPELLERS ARE REMAINING. [LAUGHTER] WE WILL BEGIN ROUND SIX WITH SPELLER THREE. YOUR WORD IS THAT THE VERSE. TRAVERSE.>>TRAVERSE. CAN YOU REPREET — REPEAT THE WORD?>>TRAVERSE.>>TRAVERSE, CAN YOU GIVE ME THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>TO GO OVER, ACROSS OR OVER.>>TRAVERSE, RIGHT?>>TRAVERSE. T-R-U-V-E-R-S-E.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS T-R-A-V-E-R-S-E.>>OKAY, THANK YOU. YOUR WORD SR. CELEBRATORY.>>CELEBRATORY. C-E-L-E-B-R-A-T-O-R-Y. CELEBRATORY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CHEMISTRY.>>CHEMISTRY. C-H-E-M-I-S-T-R-Y. CHEMISTRY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS ATOMIC.>>ATOMIC. A-T-O-M-I-C. ATOMIC.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS PORTRAIT.>>PORTRAIT. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>A PAINTING, DRAWING OR OTHER PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION OF A PERSON, USUALLY SHOWING THE FACE.>>PORTRAIT. P-O-R-T-R-A-I-T. PORTRAIT.>>THAT IS CORRECT. FINISH THIS WORD HAS A HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS POPULACE. IT IS A NOUN MEANING THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE OR INHAS BEEN TATES — INHABITANTS. IT IS A NOUN MEANING THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE OR INHAS BEEN TAXES.>>CAN I HAVE A SENTENCE?>>WHEN THE STATE TRIED TO CHANGE THE MOTTO ON THEIR LICENSE PLATE, THE POPULACE ERUPTED IN PROTEST.>>POPULACE. P-O-P-U-L-A-S. POPULACE.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS P-O-B-U — POPULACE.>>THANK YOU. AND THIS CONCLUDES ROUND SIX OF THE REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. THOSE SPELLERS WHO ARE CONTINUING ON CAN REMAIN ON THE STAGE. AND WE WILL BEGIN ROUND SEVEN, AND SPELLER SEVEN, YOU CAN COME TO THE MICROPHONE. YOUR WORD IS GLOVE YOU — GLOBULAR.>>G-L-O-B-U-L-A-R. GLOBULAR.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS ILLUSTRIOUS.>>CAN I IS HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>NOTABLY OUTSTANDING BECAUSE OF DIGNITY, ACHIEVEMENT OR QUALITY.>>ILLUSTRIOUS.>>I-L-L-U-S-T-R-I-O-U-S, ILLUSTRIOUS?>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS TESTIMONY.>>TESTIMONY. T-E-S-T-I-M-O-N-Y. TESTIMONY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS ON OPTIMUM.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD, PLEASE?>>OPTIMUM.>>OPTIMUM. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>MOST FAVORABLE OR MOST CONDUCIVE TO A GIVEN END, ESPECIALLY UNDER FIXED CONDITIONS.>>OPTIMUM. O-P-T-I-M-U-M. OPTIMUM.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS CONCLUDES ROUND SEVEN OF THE BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BEE. THERE ARE FOUR SPELLERS REMAINING, AND WE’LL GO RIGHT INTO ROUND EIGHT. SPELLER SEVEN. YOUR WORD IS FLUENCY.>>FLUENCY. F-L-U-E-N-C-Y. FLUENCY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CONTRADICTORY.>>CAN YOU PLEASE SAY THE DEFINITION?>>TENDING TO DENY THE TRUTH OF.>>CONTRADICTORY. C-O-N-T-R-A-D-I-C-T-O-R-Y. CONTRADICTORY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD SO BEAD CENT,.>>O-B-E-D-I-E-N-T-I-A-L OBEDIENTIAL.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORE COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS REVULSIONIVE. — REVULSIONIVE MEANING CAUSING IS OFFENSE OR MOOD OF UTTER DISTASTE OR REPUGNANCE.>>COULD YOU REPEAT THE WORD PLEASE?>>REVULSIONOFF.>>R-E-V-U-L-S-I-V-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. WE WILL MOVE AHEAD TO WORD 100 ON PAGE 25. AND, SPELLER SEVEN, YOU CAN COME TO THE MICROPHONE. YOUR WORD IS TOM FOOLERY.>>TOM FOOLERY.>>T-O-M-F-O-O-L-E-R-Y. TOMFOOLERY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS CLARINET. IT IS A NOUN MEANING A SINGLE-REELED WOODWIND INSTRUMENT USED IN ORCHESTRAS AND BANDS THAT HAS A CYLINDRICAL TUBE WITH MODERATELY FLARING END AND A STRONG, FLEXIBLE TONE.>>CLARINET. C-L-A-R-I-N-E-T. CLARINET.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS STAMPEDE.>>STAMPEDE. S-T-A-M-P-E-D-E. STAMPEDE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS VERITABLE.>>VERITABLING. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>NOT FALSE, UNREAL, IMAGINARY OR METAPHORICAL.>>VERITABLE. V-E-R-I-T-A-B-L-E. VERITABLE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. AND THIS CONCLUDES ROUND NINE OF THE SPELLING BEE. WE HAVE STILL THE FOUR SPELLERS REMAINING. WE WILL GO RIGHT INTO ROUND TEN WITH SPELLER SEVEN. YOUR WORD IS BRAVADO.>>BRAVADO. B-R-A-V-A-D-O. BRAVADO.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS ANEMIC.>>ANEMIC. A-N-E-M-I-C. ANEMIC.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS CURFEW. IT IS A NOUN MEANING THE STATED HOUR, USUALLY OF THE EVENING, AT WHICH PERSONS — AS JUVENILES, MILITARY PERSONNEL OR OTHER SPECIFIED CLASSES — MUST BE OFF THE STREETS OR AT WHICH BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENTS OR PLACES OF ASSEMBLY MUST BE CLOSED.>>CAN I HEAR THE WORD AGAIN?>>CURFEW.>>CURFEW. C-U-R-F-E-W. CURFEW.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SOLSTICE.>>SOLSTICE. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>ONE OF THE TWO POINTS ON THE ELLIPTIC AT WHICH ITS DISTANCE FROM THE CELESTIAL EQUATOR IS GREATEST AND WHICH IS REACHED BY THE SUN EACH YEAR ABOUT JUNE 22ND AND DECEMBER 23RD.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD, PLEASE?>>SOLSTICE.>>SOLSTICE. S-O-L-S-T-I-C-E. SOLSTICE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. AND THAT CONCLUDES ROUND TEN. JUDGES, WE WILL MOVE AHEAD TO WORD OR 125. AND WE’LL BEGIN ROUND 11. YOUR WORD IS TRANSPERFORMANCE.>>TRANSFERENCE. T-R-A-N-IS S-F-E-R-R-E-N-C-E.>>THAT IS INERECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS TRANSFERENCE. YOUR WORD IS PREPOSTEROUS.>>CAN YOU PLEASE SAY THE DEFINITION?>>CONTRARY TO NATURE, REASON OR COMMON SENSE. ABSURD, NONSENSICAL.>>PREPOSTEROUS. P-R-E-P-O-S-T-E-R-O-U-S. PREPOSTEROUS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS THOROUGHBRED.>>THOROUGHBRED. T-H-O-R-O-Y-G-H-B-R-E-D. AUTHOR THE ROW BRED.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THOROUGHBRED. YOUR WORD IS IMPEDIMENT.>>IMPEDIMENT. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>SOMETHING THAT GETS IN THE WAY OFORWARD PROGRESS, HINDRANCE, BLOCK.>>IMPEDIMENT. I-M-P-E-D-I-M-E-N-T. IMPEDIMENT.>>THIS CONCLUDES ROUND 1. THOSE SPELLERS REMAINING CAN CONTINUE ON STAGE. WE HAVE THREE SPELLERS FOR THIS ROUND 12. SPELLER EIGHT, YOU CAN COME TO THE MICROPHONE. THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS TARANTULA, CHIEFLY TROPICAL HAIRY E SPIDERS WITH FOUR SPIN RELATES AND EIGHT EYES IN A COMPACT GROUP THAT ARE CAPABLE OF BITING BUT ARE NOT SIGNIFICANTLY POISONOUS TO HUMANS.>>TARANTULA. T-A-R-A-N-T-U-L-A. TARANTULA.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD HAS A HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS CARPAL. IT IS AN ADJECTIVE MEANING RELATING TO THE WRIST.>>CARPAL. C-A-R-P-A-L. CARPAL.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS UNGET AT BL.>>UNGET AT BL. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>HARD TO REACH, INACCESSIBLE.>>UN– CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD, PLEASE?>>UP GET AT BL.>>U-N-G-E-T-A-B-L-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS CONCLUDES ROUND 12. AND WE’LL GO RIGHT INTO ROUND 13. YOUR WORD IS IS CERAMICS.>>CAN YOU PLEASE SAY THE DEFINITION?>>THE ART OR PROCESS OF MAKING USEFUL OR ORNAMENTAL ARTICLES FROM CLAY BY SHAPING AND THEN FIRING AT A HIGH TEMPERATURE.>>IS CERAMICS. C-E-ARE R-A-M-I-C-S, CERAMICS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS STRIDENCY.>>STRIDENCY. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>THE QUALITY OR STATE OR LOUDLY OR OBTRUSIVELY COMMANDING NOTICE OR RECOGNITION.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE, PLEASE?>>THE POLITICIAN’S STRIDENCY ON THE CONTROVERSIAL ISSUE INCITED ANGER IN SOME VOTERS.>>STRIDENCY. S-T-R-I-D-E-N-C-Y. STRIDENCY.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS LEGISLATURE. IT IS A NOUN MEANING AN ORGANIZED BODY OF PERSONS HAVING THE AUTHORITY TO MAKE LAWS FOR A POLITICAL UNIT AND OFTEN EXERCISING OTHER FUNCTIONS.>>LEGISLATURE. L-E-G-I-S-L-A-T-U-R-E. LEGISLATURE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. AND THIS CONCLUDES ROUND 13. AND FOR ROUND 14 WE’LL SKIP AHEAD TO WORD 160. THAT IS ON PAGE 35. THIS WORD COULD BE CONFUSED WITH A SIMILAR WORD. YOUR WORD IS GASTRONOME. IT IS A NOUN MEANING AN ENTHUSIAST OVER AND EXPERT JUDGE OF EXCELLENCE IN FOOD AND DRINK.>>GASTRONOME. G-A-IS S-T-R-O-N-O-M-E. GASTRONOME?>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS INCLEMENT.>>UP CLINT. — INCLEMENT. CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION, PLEASE?>>OF THE WEATHER, PHYSICALLY SEVERE, HARD OR, ROUGH, SYSTEMMY.>>INCLEMENT. I-N-C-L-E-M-E-N-T.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS MUNICIPAL.>>MUNICIPAL. CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION PLEASE?>>OF OR RELATING TO A PRIMARILY URBAN POLITICAL UNIT AS A TOWN OR CITY HAVING CORPORATE STATUS AND USUALLY POWERS OF SELF-GOVERNMENT.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>PROPERTY TAXES IN MOST US STATES ARE SET BY MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS.>>MUNICIPAL. -MU-N-I-C-I-P-A-L-. MUNICIPAL.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THAT CONCLUDES ROUND 14. WE WILL GO INTO ROUND 15 WITH SPELLER 8. YOUR WORD IS NASCENT.>>CAN YOU PLEASE SAY THE DEFINITION?>>UNDERGOING THE PROCESS OF BEING BORN, BEGINNING TO EXIST.>>ARE THERE ANY ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>YES, NASCENT.>>NASCENT. N-A-I-S-S-E-N-T.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS JURASSIC.>>JURASSIC. CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION?>>YES. CONSTITUTING OR RELATING TO THE PERIOD OF THE MESOZOIC ERA PRECEDING THE CRETACEOUS AND SUCCEEDING THE TRY ASSET.>>JURASSIC. J-U-R-A-S-S-I-C. JURASSIC.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS UNIVOCAL.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>HAVING ONE MEANING ONLY, SUBJECT TO A SINGLE INTERPRETATION.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD PLEASE?>>UNIVOCAL.>>-YU-N-I-C-O-V-A-L >>THAT IS CORRECT. AND THAT CONCLUDES OUR ROUND, WE WILL CONTINUE ON TO ROUND 16 AND PICK IT UP AT NUMBER 181 ON PAGE 38. YOUR WORD IS DERELICT.>>CAN YOU PLEASE SAY THE DEFINITION?>>ABANDONED, ESPECIALLY BY THE OWNER. FORGOTTEN, RUN DOWN.>>ARE THERE ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>NOW THERE ARE NOT.>>CAN YOU PLEASE REPEAT THE WORD?>>DERELICT.>>DERELICT. D-E-R-I-L-E-C-T.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLING IS DERELICT. THIS WORD HAS A NEAR HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS MERIDIAN. IT IS A NOUN MEANING A GREAT CIRCLE OF THE CELESTIAL SPHERE PASSING THROUGH ITS POLES AT THE ZENITH OF A GIVEN PLACE.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD?>>MERIDIAN. M-E-R-I-D-I-A-N. MERIDIAN.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS TABERNACLE.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION PLEASE?>>A BUILDING OR SHELTER USED THE DOMINANTLY FOR EVANGELISTIC SERVICES.>>TABERNACLE. T-A-B-E-R-C-I-N-E. TABERNACLE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THAT CONCLUDES ROUND 16. WE HAVE TWO S REMAINING. WE WILL BEGIN ROUND 17. I WILL MIND THE AUDIENCE THAT IF EITHER SPELLER MISSES THE WORD AND THE OTHER SPELLER GETS THE WORD CORRECT WE HAVE TO DO ANOTHER ROUND FOLLOWING THAT SO EVERYONE WILL REMAIN ON STAGE UNTIL THAT IS CONCLUDED, AS MANY ROUNDS AS THAT MAY TAKE. THIS BEGINS ROUND 17. YOUR WORD IS FASCINATED ARE.>>F-A-S-C-I-N-A-T-O-R.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS STALWART.>>CAN YOU BE THE WORD?>>STALWART. CANNOT HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>BRAVE, VALIANT, RESOLUTE.>>STALWART. S-T-A-W-L-A-R-T.>>THAT IS CORRECT. WE WILL GO TO ROUND 18. YOUR WORD IS MULTIFARIOUS.>>MULTIFARIOUS. M-U-L-T-I-F-A-R-I-O-U-S. MULTIFARIOUS.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CRYPT IS OUR.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>THE ANIMALS THAT LIVE A CONCEALED LIFE AMONG THE ORGANIC DEBRIS OF THE FOREST FLOOR.>>C-R-Y-P-T-O-Z-O-A.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS CONCLUDES ROUND 18. WE WILL BEGIN ROUND 19 AND STARTED WORD 201 ON PAGE 41. THIS WORD – MAKE SURE — THIS WORD HAS A HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS SORREL. IT IS A NOUN MEANING A HORSE OF A BRIGHT CHESNA COLOR OFTEN WITH A WHITE MANE AND TAIL.>>S-O-R-R-E-L.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS GESTICULATING.>>, HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>TO MAKE MOTIONS OF THE BODY OR LIMBS ESPECIALLY WHEN SPEAKING. G-E-S-T-I-C-U-L-A-T-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS CONCLUDES ROUND 19. WE WILL GO TO ROUND 20. YOUR WORD IS ON MARSH — HOMAGE.>>ARE THERE ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>THERE ARE. HOMAGE AND HOMAGE.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>A REVERENTIAL REGARD, RESPECT, DIFFERENCE.>>WHAT WAS THE WORD AGAIN?>>HOMAGE.>>H-O-M-A-G-E >>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD HAS A NEAR HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS ETHANOL, A NOUN MEANING A COLORLESS, VOLATILE, FLAMMABLE LIQUID C2H5OH FORMS BY FERMENTATION.>>REPEAT THE WORD PLEASE.>>ETHANOL.>>ETHANOL.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS BEGINS ROUND 21. YOUR WORD IS CONGLOMERATE.>>CONGLOMERATE. C-O-N-G-L-O-M-E-R-A-T-E. CONGLOMERATE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS OBELISK.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION PLEASE?>>AND UPRIGHT, FORESIGHTED MONOLITHIC PILLAR GRADUALLY TAPERS AS IT RISES AND TERMINATES IN A..>>OBELISK.>>THAT IS CORRECT. AND JUDGES, I AM GOING TO PICK UP AT THE TOP OF PAGE 47, WORD NUMBER 233. YOUR WORD IS OMNISCIENT.>>OMNISCIENT. O-M-N-I-S-C-I-E-N-T. OMNISCIENT.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD HAS A COMMON THEM. YOUR WORD IS TOPAZ, A PLURAL NOUN MEANING FOODS SERVED OR CONSUMED INFORMALLY USUALLY IN SMALL AMOUNTS AND TYPICALLY UNDER OTHER CIRCUMSTANCES AND AS A REGULAR MEAL.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD PLEASE?>>TOP IS. T-O-P-A-S.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS IS ROUND 23. YOUR WORD IS MADEMOISELLE.>>M-A-D-E-M-O-I-S-E-L-L-E. MADEMOISELLE.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SMORGASBORD.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION PLEASE?>>A LUNCHEON OR SUPPER BUT THEY OFFERING A VARIETY OF FOODS AND DISHES.>>S-M-O-R-GH-SA-S-B-O-R-D >>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SCOOTER.>>S-C-H-N-O-O-N-E-R.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS FIRM ASIDE.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>AN AGENT THAT DESTROYS WORMS ESPECIALLY THOSE THAT ARE INTESTINAL HE PARASITIC.>>V-ER-M-A-C-I-D-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THAT CONCLUDES ROUND 24 AND WE WILL GO INTO 25. YOUR WORD IS PSORIATIC’S.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD PLEASE?>>BARIATRICS.>>ARE THERE ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>THERE ARE NOT.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>THE SCIENCE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>JOANNA BEWILDERED HER FRIENDS WHEN SHE SAID HER FATHER IS A SPECIALIST IN THERIATRICS.>>CAN YOU PLEASE THE WORD PLEASE?>>THERIATRICS.>>T-H-E-R-I-A-T-R-I-C-S.>>THAT IS CORRECT.>>YOUR WORD IS STROGANOFF.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION PLEASE?>>SLICED, THIN, COOKED IN A SAUCE OF MEAT STOCK, SOUR CREAM, MUSTARD, ONION AND CONDIMENTS.>>S-T-R-O-HG-A-N-O-F-F.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THAT CONCLUDES ROUND 25. WE ARE GOING TO JUMP AHEAD TO WORD 251 ON THE NEXT PAGE, PAGE 49. YOUR WORD IS TERRIFY ALL.>>ARE THERE ANY ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>YES. SIERRA FILE.>>T-U-R-O-P-H-I-L-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS BERGAMOT.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION PLEASE?>>THE OIL EXPRESSED FROM THE RIND OF A PEAR-SHAPED CITRUS FRUIT AND USED CHIEFLY AS A PERFUME.>>B-E-R-G-A-M-O-T >>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS K RITA –QUERIDA.>>ARE THERE ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>YES. QUERIDA.>>DEFINITION PLEASE?>>A FEMALE SWEETHEART.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE PLEASE?>>S1 TOLD HIS PARITY PLAN TO MARRY LOUISA AS SHE WAS HISQ HISQUERIDA.>>Q-U-E-R-I-D-A.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS REMBRANDT.>>THAT I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>A DARK GREY-BROWN THAT IS LESS STRONG THAN AVERAGE CHOCOLATE BROWN.>>REMBRANDT.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SUBTERRANEAN.>>SUBTERRANEAN. S-U-B-T-E-R-R-A-N-E-A-N-.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS SOUND ARM.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>A CONTINENTAL EUROPEAN POLICE OFFICER ESPECIALLY A FRENCH POLICE OFFICER.>>G-E-N-D-A-R-M-E >>THAT IS CORRECT. THAT CONCLUDES ROUND 28. WE WILL MOVE AHEAD TO WORD 275 ON PAGE 53. THIS WORD HAS A NEAR HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS TEMPLER. IT IS A NOUN MEANING A SHAKING OR TRIPLING OF THE EARTH THAT IS VOLCANIC OR TECTONIC IN ORIGIN, EARTHQUAKE>>CAN YOU BE THE WORD?>>TEMBLOR.>>ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>TEMBLOR.>>T-E-M-B-L-O-R.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD HAS A NEAR HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS DENGUE, AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY HAD A, RACKING JOINT PAIN AND THE RASH CAUSED BY A VIRUS TRANSMITTED BY MOSQUITOES CHIEFLY IN TROPICAL AND SEMI TROPICAL REGIONS.>>D-E-N-G-U-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS BEGINS ROUND 30. YOUR WORD IS POMPADOUR.>>-PO-M-P-A-D-O-U-R.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS CARTERSVILLE.>>CAN I HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>A LEGAL INSTRUMENT MADE TYPICALLY TO A WELL AND MODIFYING IT IN SOME RESPECTS.>>CODISIL.>>THAT IS CORRECT. THIS WORD HAS A NEAR HOMONYM. YOUR WORD IS COTERIE. IS A NOUN MEANING AND IT WAS, NONEXCLUSIVE GROUP OF PERSONS HAVING A BINDING COMMON INTEREST OR PURPOSE, A CLICK.>>C-O-T-E-R-I-E.>>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS NICK TO TATE.>>THE HAVE THE DEFINITION?>>TO WINK.>>N-I-C-T-I-T-A-T-E >>THAT IS CORRECT. YOUR WORD IS AMARYLLIS.>>IN YOUR PEOPLE WORD?>>AMARYLLIS.>>ANY ALTERNATE PRONUNCIATIONS?>>THERE ARE NOT.>>CAN I HAVE A DEFINITION?>>A PLANT OF THE GENUS OF BULBOUS SOUTHERN AFRICAN PLANTS HAVING A MILLET FLOWERS WITH A CORONA OF SCALES BETWEEN THE FILAMENTS.>>CAN YOU USE IT IN A SENTENCE?>>DEBORAH’S AMARYLLIS BLOOMED JUST IN TIME FOR THE DECEMBER HOLIDAYS.>>CAN YOU REPEAT THE WORD?>>AMARYLLIS.>>A-M-A-R-I-L-L-U-S.>>THAT IS INCORRECT. THE CORRECT SPELLINGA-M-A-R- SPELLINGA-M-A-R-Y-L-L-I-S IS.>>THE OTHER 13 WILL NEED TO SPELL THIS WORD CORRECTLY AND AN ADDITIONAL WORD IN ORDER TO BE THE CHAMPION. YOUR WORD IS SOLIPSISM.>>S-O-L-I-S-I-S-M.>>THAT IS CORRECT. FOR THE CHAMPIONSHIP WORD, BLE.>>B-I-A-L-Y-I.>>THAT IS CORRECT. CONGRATULATIONS. [APPLAUSE] >>YOUR THE 2020 BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BE CHAMPION AND YOU WILL REPRESENT AT THE 2020 SCRIPPS NATIONAL SPELLING BE. GREAT WORK BOTH OF YOU. [APPLAUSE] >>YOUR NAME, YOUR SCHOOL, YOUR GRADE, WHERE ARE YOU FROM?>>I AM FROM CLAY SCHOOL AND I’M IN EIGHTH GRADE.>>CONGRATULATIONS. HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN SPELLING?>>SNCE SIXTH GRADE REALLY.>>WHAT DO YOU DO TO PREPARE?>>I JUST LOOK AT THE WORDS AND IT HELPS TO KNOW THE DEFINITIONS AND THAT SORT OF THING.>>DO YOU HAVE FAMILY HERE?>>FAMILY WANTS TO COME UP AND HANG OUT WITH OUR CHAMPION HERE? WHAT ARE YOU MOST EXCITED ABOUT? YOU HAVE A BIG TRIP AHEAD.>>GO DOWN AND SEE HOW THE NATIONAL SPELLING BE WORKS WILL BE PRETTY COOL.>>WHO DO WE HAVE HERE?>>THIS IS MY MOM AND MY DAD.>>CONGRATULATIONS. LET’S TALK ABOUT SOME PRIZES. WE HAVE SOME COOL PRIZES. YOU WILL HAVE A ONE YEAR’S INSCRIPTION TO MERRIAM-WEBSTER UNABRIDGED AND ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, ONE YEAR NUMBERS OF TO ONLINE PREMIUM, SAMUEL LEWIS SUGARMAN AWARD, 2020 MEANT SET DONATED BY MISTER J SUGARMAN, LAST BUT NOT LEAST A 6 DAY TRIP TO THE SCRIPPS NATIONAL SPELLING THE OFFICIAL HOTEL IN NATIONAL HARBOR, MARYLAND, FOR YOU AND ONLY ONE PARENT. MAY 20 FOURTH THROUGH THE THIRTIETH, YOU COMPETE WITH HUNDREDS OF OTHERS AROUND THE COUNTRY AND PARTS OF THE WORLD, READY FOR IT? CONGRATULATIONS. WE WANT TO CONGRATULATE YOU AND SAY WE ARE PROUD TO SUPPORT YOU AND SPONSOR YOU ON YOUR SPELLING JOURNEY. DO WE WANT TO SHOW THE GIANT PRIZE? WE WANT TO CELEBRATE ALL THE SPELLERS WHO COMPETED TODAY? IT RECOGNIZES YOUR ACCOMPLISHMENTS, GREAT JOB EVERYBODY, YOUR STANDING IS A SCHOOL CHAMPION AND THOSE IN SEVENTH OR EIGHTH GRADE MAKES YOU ELIGIBLE TO APPLY FOR THE RSB, THE INVITATION FOR SCHOOL SPELLING BE CHAMPIONS, YOU AND YOUR PARENTS CAN CHECK OUT SPELLINGBE.COM TO GET MORE INFORMATION AND APPLY FOR AN INVITATION TO COMPETE TO THE NATIONAL FINALS, UP TO 18 FINANCIAL AID PACKAGES FOR THOSE WHO QUALIFY FOR THE PROGRAM AND THE DEADLINE TO APPLY IS MARCH 20 NINTH. THAT CONCLUDES THE BIG BEND REGIONAL SPELLING BE, CONGRATULATIONS TO OUR CHAMPION SPELLER AND ALL OUR CHAMPIONS. ON BEHALF OF WFSU PUBLIC MEDIA THANK YOU FOR JOINING US. DRIVE SAFELY, EVERYONE, THANK YOU. [APPLAUSE] ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪

Venom 2 Teaser – Carnage and Marvel Spider-Man News Breakdown


I need you to stay quiet this is a me
thing it is not a we thing you got that fine but make it quick open on five one of I think our great
hopes for future films is other articulations of venom symbiote
as fans the comics will know Carnage is the bond between Cletus Kasady
and the red symbiote and so this movie will introduce Cletus Kasady hi
Eddie carnage is the promise of the venom
character taken to the next level so you know going into venom you were hoping
that there’d be carnage and they delivered in a very delightful way that
made you go alright I’ll give you more of my money if you do this again welcome back everyone it’s Charlie we
have a whole bunch of new venom carnage and spider-man stuff to talk about
they’re currently filming venom 2 right now Tom Hardy’s been posting some previews from behind the scenes so we’ll break it all down there’s also news
about what’s going on with spider-man if you’re new to the channel be sure to
subscribe to get all the videos there’s going to be a lot of spider-man stuff
happening next year and we’re doing a Marvel giveaway all you have to do to
enter is be a subscriber and leave your best spider-man venom theory on the
video I’ll name a new winner at the end of this so obviously in that clip
they’re just talking about setting up the carnage character at the end of the
venom movie just teasing a big venom versus carnage fight it started out as a
pretty simple concept but now it’s become a much bigger thing because of
all the Marvel and Sony stuff that happened this past summer so for a
little while we all saw spider-man left the MCU Tom Holland says that he got
really drunk at a pub got on the phone with Bob Iger Disney CEO and cried about
bringing spider-man back to the MCU and doing right by the fans Bob Iger gets on
the phone with a Sony president and they fix everything
spider-man is back in the MCU with a brand new sharing deal I’ll play that
clip of Tom Holland talking about getting drunk on the phone with Bob Iger
in a second hands down best way to bring spider-man back into the MCU just get
rip-roaring drunk while you’re talking to one of the most powerful people in
the entertainment industry but the thing that everybody had really been hoping
for this entire time is to finally see spider-man show up in a movie with venom see them cross over even if he’s not going to wear the symbiote right away just to see them together on screen would be amazing before all the drama
it didn’t seem like that was going to be realistic but now because of their new
sharing deal between Marvel and Sony it actually seems like they are planning on
doing that way faster than we ever saw so right now the venom 2 movie has been
shooting scenes that will be set in around New York City the movie itself is
filming in London but they’re making some scenes that they’re filming right
now look like they’re being shot in New York City there’s a couple big Easter
eggs and the stuff that they’re doing I’ll explain that in a second but this
is that funny clip of Tom Holland talking about getting drunk to save
spider-man I don’t know we had a really good plan with what we were going to do
with Sony the future of spider-man was still very bright
but it would have been a shame to take him out the MCU you know where he
belongs and we’ve built such a strong character in that world and it would
have been a shame to lose that but I’m just really glad that we…I’m really
glad you got drunk and got on the phone with Bob and then my family and I went
to the pub quiz and I get a phone call from an unknown number and I’m have a
feeling, I think this is Bob Iger but I’m drunk and then he said there is
a world in where we can make this work and then there was a bunch of phone
calls back and forth from Tom Rothman he was really instrumental in the
process and and and it was really interesting for me to have these two
studio heads ask, what do you think well Bob’s I think… Bob said you cried on
the phone is that true? you did you really I didn’t we I did you
did a little bit one of spider-man’s finest saves
although I would not recommend getting drunk on the phone with people that hold
the power over your contract so the really cool stuff that’s happening right
now on the venom set is that they’re filming scenes at the same Estes home
for boys most of you longtime spider-man comic
book fans and carnage fans will recognize that that is the orphanage
where Cletus Kasady was raised as a boy so presumably there’s either going to be a
flashback there or they’ll have an action scene there said in present day
and they’re setting things in and around New York City they’re slowly moving the
venom character into the periphery of where spider-man is remember what he
said during that venom carnage post-credit scene when I get out of here
there’s going to be carnage so in the comics after Cletus Kasady got the
carnage symbiote one of the first things he did when he went on his rampage was
destroy that orphanage if you haven’t heard anything about the Morbius movie
this sony is doing – it’s sort of a venom spin-off movie with Jared Leto
playing the Morbius character from the comics that movie is also supposed to
take place in and around New York City so you could see that Sony was already
sort of intending on setting their venom verse in and around
city it only made sense that eventually you would start to see spider-man show
up in those films tonight we had a really good plan with what we were going to do with Sony the future of spider-man was still very bright whatever their
long-term plan was before the Sony Marvel drama originally people assumed
that we wouldn’t see spider-man show up with venom in one of those movies like
maximum carnage eventually for a long long time but that might be happening
way faster now because of the terms of their new sharing deal between Marvel
and Sony spider-man has two more MCU movies now including spider-man 3
that’ll be inside the MCU and then there’ll be a crossover movie during
Marvel phase 4 that they haven’t announced yet just mystery movie
speculate all you want about what that’s going to be but right after the
powers-that-be confirmed this spider-man was back in the MCU a little while ago
Tom Hardy separately posted this picture of himself to his Instagram wearing a
spider-man iron spider costume so one is kind of funny to see him do that but –
this was also happening while they were ramping up to hire Andy Serkis and start
shooting the venom sequel so you have all this spider-man and venom stuff
happening behind the scenes and suddenly venom himself Tom Hardy is running
around inside an MCU costume earlier this year while Kevin Feige was doing
press for spider-man far from home before all the drama started he was
asked point-blank if Sony was going to use Tom Hollands spider-man in their venom
movies and he said yes probably but that would be their deal and he wouldn’t have
much involvement in it at the time most of us just assumed that that meant he
was trying to say that venom would not be part of the MCU so any spider-man
venom crossover would be sort of a separate thing and they wouldn’t
consider a cannon to the Marvel movies he later changed his comments after the
spider-man drama when they signed that new sharing deal his direct quote now
and this was published in deadline read spider-man is now the only character who
can travel between cinematic universes which is a joke about the Marvel MCU
multiverse and the way they intend on handling spider-man jumping back and
forth between venom movies and MCU movies and if that doesn’t get you more
excited he was at Brazil Comic Con just a couple weeks ago talking about Marvel
phase four he said that the multiverse would be the future of the MCU
over the next several years their next big story device that they’re using the
way that all the Hollywood news trades were explaining Marvel and Sony’s
crossover plan for spider-man and venom they called it a call and answer system
where spider would appear with venom in a venom movie
at some point Sony is allowed to reference the events of the MCU
spider-man movies as much as they want like Mysterio the vulture Avengers
endgame the snap him dying coming back to life big things like that then after
that venom crossover movie this Sony does when spider-man comes back into
another MCU movie again Marvel is allowed to reference the stuff
that happened to him in that venom crossover but from what they’re saying
Tom Hardy himself won’t jump back and forth between MC movies and Sony venom movies it’ll just be Tom Holland jumping back and forth between universes and
they’ll treat it like a multiverse story like the venom movies are happening in
an alternate universe Tom Holland already confirmed that there was a plan
for something like this in spider-man into the spider burst he was going to
record scenes as if it was his version of MCU spider-man appearing in a
crossover in that film they went up scrapping that plan at the last minute
but it just lets you know that that’s already how they were intending on
handling crossover oh it’s all part of this giant multiverse right now as far
as what the Sony people in the Marvel people have said venom 2 is just them
doing the carnage origin story and venom versus carnage with a couple lesser side
characters thrown in like they added the shriek character as Cletus Kasady’s
girlfriend before he becomes carnage but if Tom Hardy himself is teasing a little
bit of MCU spider-man just having some fun with the fans in some of venom 2
will take place in and around New York City early prediction they start
referencing actual Tom Hollands spider-man at some point during that
film either in a post-credits scene or in the background of one of the scenes
in New York like on a newspaper the other really cool rumor that’s going
around too is that Sony intends on using J jonah Jameson the new version that
appeared at the end of spider-man far from home is this sort of thread through
the Sony in the Marvel films I’ll do more venom and spider-man videos as we start to learn more about what’s going on with the next movie but leave your
requests in the comments below congratulations David Patriots you’re
the giveaway winner for my last big Marvel video please email me on the
about page of my channel so I can get your details everyone click here for
that spider-man into the spider verse 2 teaser trailer and click here for my new
Mandalorian episode 6 video thank you so much for watching everybody stay awesome I’ll see you guys tonight!

Crochet Asymmetrical Cardigan | Pattern & Tutorial DIY


for this project any category four yarn
will work but I used 3/4 of a skein of Lion brands pound of love in aquamarine
and a quarter skein of elephant grey as for tools of 4 and a 6 millimeter hook
scissors stitch markers and a tape measure there’s a written pattern down
below use offer code TCDDIY for a discount watch to the end of the video
to learn how to enter this week’s giveaway we’re using three stitches for
this project and it will be as follows chain single crochet half double crochet
and herringbone stitch this tutorial is for a size small but you can adjust it
for your size and we explain how to in the video so let’s get started getting
started on this cardigan we’re first gonna grab our category for yarn make a
slipknot grab our six millimeter hook and start
off by making a chain that goes from our shoulder down to where we want this
first panel to be and so I’m going to make a chain of 70 where that comes out
to 21 inches or 53 centimeters now that we have our chain what we’re gonna do
from here is block off that last chain do a chain up of two that counts as a
half double we’re gonna prepare for a half double and then insert our hook
into that loop that we blocked off or this third loop from our hook with a
half double and from here we’re just gonna go all the way down our chain
putting one half double into every loop so I’ve just made it all the way down
with our first row and now what we’re gonna do from here is start doing our
decreases so how we do that we’re gonna do a chain up of two that counts as a
half double crochet we’re gonna flip our work we’re gonna prepare for a half
double crochet and then into these first two back loops we’re going to be doing
our decrease so into this first back loop we’re gonna insert our hook yarn
over pull through into the next back loop insert yarn over pull through we
should have four loops on our hook from here we’re gonna yarn over pull through
all four and that is how we decrease that is our first back loop decrease of
two and once when we have that we’re going to be going all the way down just
putting one back loop half double crochet all the way down once we make it
down to this end we are going to be keeping this end blunt so what we’re
gonna do is do a chain up of two by work and then work back down with
back loop half double crochets and then once we get back down to this decrease n
we’re gonna leave the last three loops because we’re going to be doing a
decrease in to the third and second to last and then a regular half double into
that last I’ll meet you guys back once we make our way back down to this end
and we are back we have just made our way all the way down with our third row
leaving the last three loops and we’re going to be doing our decreases together
it’s just the lighting a little bit once when we get here into the third and
second-to-last we’re gonna be doing our decrease of two back loop double
crochets so yarn over insert into that third to last yarn over pull through
into that second-to-last yarn over pull through we should have four loops not
three four loops on our hook we’re gonna yarn over pull through all four once
when we have that prepare for a half double crochet and then put one half
double crochet into that last loop and then the way that I’m doing it is
optional you guys can put your back loop double crochet decreases just in the
last two loops but with the detail that we’re gonna go in with we’re going to
have to go in with single crochets and what I actually don’t like it when
single crochets try to grab on to this decrease because then it ends up pulling
it and then there leaves a gap so this part is completely up to you guys
whatever is easier or whatever you guys are used to but other than that it’s
pretty much the same thing we’re just gonna do a chain above to flip our work
prepare for a half double crochet go into that first back loop insert pull
through next loop insert pull through yarn over pull through all four we are
going to be doing decreases only on this side putting back loop half double
crochets all the way down once we get down to this blunt and keep it blunt so
don’t do any decreases do a chain up of two flipper work and do back loop half
double crochets back down and we’re gonna keep going back and forth like
this until we have a size that can fit from where the front of our cardigan is
going to be to mid underarm so I’m actually gonna keep going until I have
about 16 rows or six-and-a-half inches or 17 centimeters then I’ll meet you
guys back in the next clip to show you guys what it looks like
now that we are all finished up with one of our front panels we’re actually going
to make a second that is exactly the same and then once when we have our
second panel now I can start working on the back which is going to be fairly
simple for the first two rows we’re only going to be doing a decrease and the
rest of that is going to be solid back loop half double crochets but how we
start that off is by counting out the short side of our front panel because
this is where our back is going to be counting out the same amount of loops
that we have and then making a chain of that same number count so I have 55
loops for that shorter side of our front panel so I’m going to start off by
making a chain of 55 now that we have our chain we’re gonna block off that
last chain do a chain up of two that counts as a half double we’re gonna
prepare for a half double then insert our hook into that loop that we blocked
off or the third chain from our hook with a regular half double and from here
we’re going to keep doing half doubles all the way down until we have just
three loops left because we are going to be doing a decrease into the third and
second to last and then from there we’re going to be doing another row of
decrease and then we’ll move on from there we’ve made out all the way down
our chain and we have left the last three chains because we’re going to be
doing a decrease into the third and second to last so how we’re going to
start this off is prepare for a half double and insert our hook into that
third to last loop yarn over pull through into that second-to-last here
and over pull through yarn over pull through all four that is our decrease
and then from here you just have one regular half double crochet into that
last loop and that is our decrease for this portion we’re going to be doing one
more row of decreasing so let’s see that together we’re gonna do a chain up of to
flip our work prepare for a half double crochet and then into that first back
loop we’re gonna insert pull through second back loop insert pulls through
yarn over pull through all four and then from here we’re just gonna keep doing
back loop half double crochets going all the way down our chain and then also
making sure that this portion that we have goes across our back as well and
then I’ll meet you guys back once when we are ready to just add in our last two
rows for this portion because we’re gonna have to add the two rows of
increases so that it matches these decreases that we have around here so
that it can match our front panel so go ahead and do that in the next clip I’ll
let you guys know how many I have so we have made our way back
around and we have finished going in with the main portion of our back and
what we’re gonna do from here is just do two rows of increases to match these two
rows of decreases that we have on the side you guys it just want to want to
make sure that your decreases and your increases are on the same side because
it’s pretty subtle but what you guys want to do from here depending on where
you ended you’re either going to start off with doing an increase of two back
loop half double crochet or if you’re like me you’re gonna go all the way back
down with back loop half double crochet leaving the last loop so that we can do
an increase together but either way I will be working my way down and then
I’ll meet you guys back in the next clip to show you guys how to do an increase
of two back loop half double crochets so I’ve made it all the way down to my last
back loop that we have right here and all we’re gonna do is to an increase of
two back loop half double crochets so this is pretty simple
all we’re gonna do is go into that last loop with one half double and then two
half double and once when I have my increase of two into this row what we’re
gonna do is do one more row of increases unless if you guys have more decreases
on the other side then you guys are going to want to make sure that that is
even but once when we get here we have our chain above two we’re gonna prepare
for a half double crochet and then go into this first back loop with two back
loop half double crochets and that is our increase for this row and from here
we’re just gonna go all the way down with back loop half double crochets once
when I reach my end I’m gonna do a chain up of one and cut and then I can attach
the front panels onto this back so we just finished up going in with our back
piece and the next thing we’re gonna do is attached our front panels and the
first thing I’m going to want to do before we get to actually attaching them
is making sure that the blunt sides are on the top together and also making sure
that this shorter end that we have is along the outside so that it matches
where we started doing our increases or decreases depending on what side you’re
going into for your back portion but other than that the first thing we’re
going to do is just go across with single crochet across our shoulder
portion first so what we’re gonna do is grab our same six millimeter hook insert
that into this corner loop and then also into the corner loop for the back panel
we’re going to make a slipknot insert that onto our hook and then we’re gonna
pull through a chain up one to secure once when we have that we’re going to be
putting just one single crochet into each of these side half double crochets
making sure that we’re going in through the front and the back panel at the same
time so let’s just do the first few together this is the first side half
double crochet that we have so we’re going to insert it into this front panel
and then find this next side single crochet into the back panel and then
find this next side half double crochet and then insert that and then from here
single crochet once when we have that we have our first section all pinned up so
let’s do just one more together into this next side half double crochet
insert and in through the back piece next side half double crochet insert and
then single crochet we’re just gonna keep doing this all the way across until
we don’t have any more of these loops left to go into and then we’re gonna do
the same thing on the other side alrighty so we have just finished up
seaming up this little shoulders chunk that we have right here shoulder chunk
shoulder chunk that we have right here and then now we’re going to try this on
and figure out where we want our arm holes to be I want my sleeves to be a
little bit thinner so I did insert my stitch marker into the 21st loop or that
is about 7 inches or 18 centimeters from the top and that is a fairly thin and
skinny sleeve but you guys can make it longer or shorter whatever you guys want
or if you guys are coming in from the bottom
I have 35 single crochets marked off but once when we have this all we’re gonna
do is the same thing that we did up here we’re gonna take our same six millimeter
hook insert our hook into that corner and then insert our hook into the back
panels quarter insert our yarn onto our hook pull through once when we have that
we’re just going to single crochet going all the way up until we hit our stitch
marker do a chain up of one and cut then do the same thing on the other side okay
so we are all back with a very cute vest we could leave it like this if you
wanted but we are not going to for tutorials sake what we’re gonna do now
is start working on the bottom detail but the first thing we’re gonna have to
do is go into the row of single crochet just to clean up the bottom a little bit
so that once we go on with our secondary color that is also
just as clean so what we’re going to do is insert our hook into any one of the
bottom corners doesn’t quite matter which one insert our yarn onto our hook
pull through to a chain up of one to secure and then once we have this we are
going to go all the way around the front panel to the back all the way around to
this front panel but this is all going to be with a row of single crochets and
we’re going to be alternating between one single crochet two two one two and
so let’s just get that first sequence started together let’s insert our hook
into that first side half double and go in with just one single crochet once we
have that we’re gonna go into this next side half double with two single
crochets let’s do that together there’s one there is two once when we have that
our next side half double is one single crochet the one after that is two single
crochet there is one there is two and then just keep alternating just like
that going all the way across down our back down our back across our back and
then down to this front panel and then I’ll meet you guys back so I’ve just
finished up going in with our single crochets along the entirety of our
bottom that we have and the next thing we’re gonna have to do is a little
unconventional but stick with me for a second go ahead and try this on and then
you’re going to measure out from the bottom of our best that’s what we’re
gonna call it for now from the bottom of our vest down to
where we want the bottom of the lapel to be because that’s gonna be the chain
length up we’re gonna need to make with our secondary color right now I have
went ahead and already measured my now I’m gonna go ahead and start off by
making a chain of 15 or that comes out to about 4 inches or 10 centimeters now
once when we have our chain we’re going to be inserting it into one of these
corner loops it doesn’t matter which one because we’re gonna go around the entire
thing anyways so we’re going to insert go into yarn over pull through
everything and then from here we’re gonna go all the way across just putting
one single crochet into every single crochet that we already have making our
way down to this end once we make our way down to this and we’re going to be
making another chain of however many chains we started off with on this side
because we do need our lapels to be the same length so I’m gonna go all the way
around all the way down to here and that I’ll
meet you guys back so I can do my chain out of 15 so I just made it all the way
around with our little lapel link that we have this little 15 inch chain that
we have on both sides and then once when we have this we can go in with our
bottom herringbone border so all that is is well so all that is is just doing
hearing bones but once when we get to this little corner that we have right
here we’re going to be doing a decrease of three herringbone stitches right here
but other than that we’re gonna go all the way around with herringbone another
decrease right here and herringbone down so let’s get that started together we’re
gonna lock off that last chain do a chain up – that counts as a half double
crochet we’re going to prepare for a herringbone stitch and then insert our
hook into that loop that we just blocked off or the third loop from our hook
we’re gonna insert our hook into there we should have three loops on our hook
we’re gonna yarn over pull through one once we get here we should have three
loops on our hook we’re gonna pull that first strand underneath our second
strand but if it’s a little tough like that
you are more than welcome to grab that middle strand and then just pull that
over that first strand that’s right next to the hook once and we have that we’re
going to yarn over pull through one yarn over pull through two let’s do this
again together prepare for a herringbone stitch which
is just a yarn over go into that next loop yarn over pull through that loop we
should have two loops on our hook we’re going to pull that first strand let’s
try that again we’re gonna pull that first ring
underneath our second strand yarn over pull through one yarn over pull through
two we’re gonna keep doing this all the way down until we get to the loop that
is right before this first loop that we have that’s connected into the body and
we’re going to be doing a decrease of one two and three herringbone stitches
so I meet you guys back in just a little bit so we’ve just done our herringbone
stitches going up our chain we left the last loop we now have the first loop
that we have that’s going into the body and then the second loop right here so
what we’re gonna do is yearn over insert into that last loop that we have into
our chain yarn over pull through you may have to twist our work a little bit but
then we’re going to go into that next available loop that we have which is the
first loop that’s going in to the body insert pull through and then into that
next loop as well insert pull through once we have this we should have one two
three four five loops on our hook we’re gonna take that first loop and then pull
it underneath those next three so we’re gonna pull through 1 2 3 2 loops on our
hook yarn over pull through one yarn over pull through 2 and then from there
we’re just gonna go all the way down doing herringbone stitches until we get
to the same spot on the other side down here so another decrease of 3 into 1 2 3
and then continue doing your herringbones down and I’ll meet you guys
back once we get to the end of this row once we made our way all the way down
with our first row of herringbone stitches where we did decreases of 3
into each of these corners every other row is going to have a decrease of 3 so
since we’re working into the next row of herringbone stitches and the previous
one had a decrease of 3 this one will not so all we’re going to do is do a
chain up of 2 that counts as a half double we’re going to prepare for a
herringbone go into that first stitch yarn over pull through pull that first
loop underneath our second loop yarn over pull through one yarn over pull
through two and then keep doing regular herringbone stitches going all the way
down no decrease into the second row and keep going all the way around once we
reach this end once when we get over here we’re going to do a chain up of two
flip-out work and then since we’re working our way back we will be doing a
decrease of 3 into this section and then keep going back and forth just like that
until we get the link that we want for this little bottom herringbone band and
I’m gonna keep going for a total of six rows or two and a half inches or 6
centimeters so we are back and we have just finished up going in with our
bottom hearing band row and just to let you guys know I went in with a total of
6 rows not including the first single crochet row just 6 herringbone rows and
then the height of that is a total of two and a half inches or 6 centimeters
and now we can start working on the sleeve and I got a little excited and
did one sweep on my own so now we’re gonna get started on the other one and
with this one it’s actually gonna be a little bit different than we do our
regular sleeves so let’s hang out together for just a little bit once when
we have all this done go ahead and try this on and then figure out the length
of the sleeve that you guys want just let you guys know I want my sleeve to be
about 18 inches or 46 centimeters so I’m gonna start off by making a chain
60 so I’m going to take my same six millimeter hook that we’ve been using
I’m first going to insert that into this last loop that we have into our scene
and this is going to be where we start off our chain so I’m going to make a
chain of 60 now that we have our chain up of 60 what we’re going to do is block
off that last chain do a chain up of two that counts as a half double crochet
we’re going to prepare for a half double and insert our hook into that loop that
we blocked off or the third loop from our hook and then from there we’re just
going to be putting one half double crochet into every chain that we have
going back down leaving the last chain because we’re going to be doing an
increase of two into there together we’ve just made it all the way down with
our first row of half double crochets and we left that last loop for ourselves
so that we can do an increase of two together so what we’re gonna do from
here is prepare for a half double insert our hook into that last loop or we’re
gonna be putting one half double then we’re gonna go it with just more into
that same loop and then that is our increase once when we have that we’re
going to be taking a look at one side of our armhole we’re gonna count up one
available loop two and then slip stitch into that second to close off this row
once when we have that we’re going to slip stitch up the next to available
loops to work our way up to the next row flip our work and do back loop half
double crochets while maintaining an increase into that first loop that’s
right next to our armhole slit so let’s do that together we’re gonna prepare for
a half double insert pull through pull through three that’s our first one and
then into that same back loop one more half double and that is our increase
that’s right next to our slit and then what we’re gonna do from here is do one
back loop half double into every loop once we make it down to the end we’re
gonna do a chain above to flip and then work our way back up but when we’re
working our way back up towards our work for every other row we’re going to be
slip stitching into the next available loop and then just slip stitch into the
next and we’re doing that because this is a half double whereas it’s right in
between a double crochet and a single crochet so we want to combat either
stretching it too much by only going into every other slip stitch or making
it way too big by only going into every single loop that we have so we’ll make
our way down come back up and then I’ll show you guys what to do from there so
you just made our way back down to our third row of our back loop half double
crochets and now we’re going to be slip stitching just into the next available
loop to close off this row so how we’re going to do that is prepare for a half
double into that last back loop we’re going to be going in with an increase of
two back loop half double and those are our two half doubles once when we have
that since we’re into our third row we’re going to slip stitch into that
next available loop so we have something in this one we’re going to go up to the
next one and close off that row whereas before we
were counting up two loops and then slip stitching into the second and now that
we’re here we’re gonna do the same thing for the next row just slip stitch up one
loop flip our work and then we’re just going to keep alternating like that
between counting up two loops and slip stitching into the second verses what we
just did which is just slip stitching into the next loop and then slip
stitching up just one loop to start off the next row but once when we have that
we’re just gonna keep working all the way down like that alternating between
one loops to two where we slip stitch we’re gonna keep doing that all the way
up until we hit this shoulder seam that we have and then we can do the same
thing that we are doing here but in Reverse so instead of doing increases
we’re going to be doing decreases so I’ll meet you guys back once when we
work our way all the way up to here and then we can get started on the next part
together so I’ve just made our way all the way up to our shoulder seam and then
what we’re going to do from here is do the same thing that we’re doing here but
instead of increases we’re going to be doing decreases and we’re gonna maintain
doing the whole slip stitch into the second loop and then for the next row
slip stitch into this loop after that so I’m going to leave you guys to that but
just let you guys know once when we’re going over our shoulder seam we’re are
going to be inserting our hook into through the last loop into our shoulder
seam just to eliminate that gap so once when we’re here this loop is actually
attached to the shoulder seam so we’re not going to be working into here all
we’re gonna do is slip stitch into that next loop that we have that is in our
shoulder seam and then from there whatever sequence we have next I am
doing the slip stitching into the second loop so I’ve skipped one loop and then
from here I’m gonna slip stitch into the next two loops flip my work and then for
this first row when we’re going to be doing our decrease we actually aren’t
going to be doing any decreases just so that we can maintain this same amount of
loops we have right here and then into the
loop and then into the row after this we are going to be doing our decreases so
from here I’m just gonna be putting one back loop half double crochet going all
the way down and then I’m gonna work my way back and then I’ll show you guys how
to do a decrease just once and then from there we can move on from there so we’ve
made our way back with our first decrease row and we left our last two
loops so that we can do a back loop half double crochet decrease of two together
so let’s get that started we’re gonna prepare for a half double crochet insert
our hook into that second-to-last loop in this row yarn over pull through then
into that last loop into this row yarn over pull through we should have four
loops on our hook we’re gonna yarn over pull through all four once when we have
that since we started off doing our increases with counting up two loops and
then slip stitching into that second we’re going to start off our decrease
row with the same way so we’re gonna count up one two slip stitch into that
second to close off this row and then slip stitch up the next two to start up
the next row flip my work and since we’re here I guess we might as well do
another decrease together we’re going to prepare for a half double crochet insert
our hook into that first back loop insert pull through once we have that
we’re gonna go into that next back loop yarn over pull through we should have
four loops on our hook we’re gonna yarn over pull through all four and then from
here I do back loop half double crochets once we make it to the end do a chain up
of two flip our work and then do back loop half double crochets until we just
have the last two loops into the previous row do a decrease into those
and then since we’re working our way back when we just previously did a slip
stitch into the second row where we just it a slip stitch into the second loop
since we’re doing that the next one that we’re gonna do is slip stitch just into
that next available loop to close off that row and then slip stitch up just
one to start off the next row and just keep alternating like that while I’m
maintaining doing the decreases when we’re right next to the base going all
the way down until we don’t have any more loops left and then we’ll meet each
other back so that we can seam up the bottom of the sleeve together we just
mean all the way around with our sleeve and we don’t have any more loops left to
go into into our arm hole that we have right here so now all we’re gonna do is
single crochet the entirety of the bottom of our sleeve together so it’s
gonna be the exact same way that we have seemed up our sides and ours
portion as well and the first thing we’re going to want to do is just make
sure that all of our seams are facing the same direction so this is my side
seam based out and this is my shoulder seam based out so let’s do this together
into the bottom of our sleeve what we’re gonna do is insert our hook in through
the first available loop in the front panel and also into the next available
loop into the back panel and then single crochet we’re gonna do this just one
more time into the next available loop into the front next available loop into
the back and then single crochet and then from here we’re just gonna keep
working our way all the way down until we don’t have any more loops left to go
into once we make our way down here don’t cut and tie because we’re gonna
need to go all the way around at the row of single crochet in with our primary
color first but if you guys are actually working up the other way go ahead and
cut and tie and then reattach your yarn into the base portion of our cuff and
then we’ll do this single crochet row together so now that we’ve seamed up our
entire sleeve we are now at the base of where our cuff is going to be so all
we’re gonna need to do is just do a little prep row with our primary color
and then we can go on with another single crochet row with our secondary
color so all we’re gonna do is just put one single crochet into each side half
double crochet going all the way around because we need this to cinch in just a
little bit so all we’re gonna do is do a chain up of one and then into this first
side half double single crochet next side half double sing ooh single crochet
there we go we’re gonna keep doing this all the way
around and so we make it all the way around we’re going to slip stitch into
that first single crochet that we made and then we’re gonna do a chain up of
one and cut and then we’re gonna grab our secondary color and then we’re gonna
go in with our cuff now that we’ve gone over the first row of single crochet now
we can go in with our secondary color and also for our cuff so the first thing
we’re gonna do is just insert our hook into any one of these loops that we just
made of this single crochet row insert our secondary color onto here pull
through do a chain up of one to secure and then from here just put one single
crochet into every loop that we have going all the way around once we meet
back with our first single crochet slip stitch into there and then from there
we’re going to work on the cuff lengths now that we made it all the way around
with our row of secondary color with single crochets now we’re gonna start
working with the length of our cuff but we will be introducing a smaller size
hook just so we can get a little gradual cuff going on because as you guys can
see this is a little bit bigger and then it tapers in towards the bottom and this
is the look that we want so what we’re gonna do from here is first figured out
the length of the cuff that we want so I have already measured my now and I have
a total of three and a half inches or nine centimeters so I’m gonna go in with
a total of fourteen chains to start this off but the first four of my chains is
going to be with my six millimeter and then the last ten is going to be with my
five millimeter hook so let’s get that started together for me I’m gonna go in
with four chains with my six so here’s one two three four I’m gonna take this
out switch out for my five millimeter hook
and then I’m gonna go in with another ten chains one two three four five six
seven eight nine and then ten and then this is what I want once when I have
this we are going to block off that last chain do a chain up of one and then from
here we’re going to insert our hook into that loop that we blocked off or a
second chain from our hook with a slip stitch so we’re gonna insert yarn over
pull through everything and then since we went in with a chain of ten with our
five millimeter hook we’re going to be going in with ten slip stitches with our
five so here is two three four five six seven eight nine and then ten
once when we have reached our tenth slip stitch I’m gonna pull a little bit of
slack switch back out for our six millimeter hook and then I should have
one two three four chains left with our six so let’s go in with four slip
stitches with our six so there’s one two three and then four once when we have
that we are now at the base we’re going to slip stitch into the next available
loop to close off this row with our six and then from here we’re going to slip
stitch into that next available loop to start up our next row and then from here
we’re going to go in with four back loops slip stitches with our six so into
that first back loop with our six millimeter hook there is one two three
and then four now that I have my four I’m switching out to my five millimeter
hook and then going in with ten back loop slip stitches once when you reach
the end we’re gonna do a chain up of wonderful apart work then do ten back
loops slip stitches coming back down switch out for our six millimeter hook
and then go in with four back loops slip stitches to close this off we’re just
gonna keep going back and forth like that all the way around and so we don’t
have any more loops left and then we’ll meet each other back so that we can seam
it all up together so I just mean all the way around with our cuff and we
don’t have any more loops left to go into so now we’re just going to seam
this all up together so all we’re gonna do is the same way that we’ve seamed up
everything so far we’re just going to insert our hook into that first of a
little bit to the front panel next available loop into the back panel and
then single crochet and keep doing this all the way down once you guys get to
the end do a chain up of one in cut and then do the entire sleeve sequence plus
the cuff on the other side and then once when we have both sleeves we can get
started on the lapel since we’re done with the sleeve the first thing we have
to do for the lapel is make sure that everything is slip to right side out
meaning all of our seams are facing the inside once we have that we’re gonna
take a look at the right side first because we’re gonna have to be going in
through one of the loops and one of the loops
that we’re going to be going into is the back loops so now this is the right side
so once when we have that all we’re going to do is go in with our first row
of back loop single crochets going all the way around but into this little
corner that we have right here right in between our herringbone and our body
portion we’re just going to be doing a really small increase right here just so
we can combat this little tiny curve that we have and then we’re going to
work our way back up with more back loop single crochets so what we’re gonna do
is take whatever color we want our lapel to be and mine is my secondary color
we’re going to pull through to a chain up of one to secure and then going into
this first back loop we’re going to insert our hook into that next back loop
and single crochet and we’re gonna keep doing back loop single crochets until we
get just one loop away from this corner that we have right here so we’re going
to stop at this loop and then I’ll meet you guys back because we’re going to be
doing a half double crochet increase and then half double crochet into the body
as well alrighty so now that we’ve made it all the way over to this corner we
left the first available loop that’s right into this corner right here and
then we’re also going to be going into that last one so all we’re gonna do is
prepare for a half double crochet and then go into that last back loop that we
have for this bottom herringbone section so we can insert pull through you’re an
over pull through all three and then this increase is actually going to be
within these kind of loops that we have we should have about two that we can go
into so you guys are gonna have to just pick one it doesn’t matter which one you
guys go into we’re just gonna be going in with an increase of three half double
crochets so I’m just gonna insert my hook into this one and then we’re gonna
go in with one two three once when we have that we’re gonna prepare for
another half double go into the first body loop making sure we’re going into
that back loop with a half double and pull it tight so that there’s no gaps
just like that and from here go in with back loop singles going all the way down
and then once when we make our way up to this body portion we are gonna have a
handful of side half double crochets to go into and all we’re gonna do there is
go into the first side half double crochet with two single crochets next
side half double crochet with one single crochet and then keep alternating just
like that until we hit our other side of our front panel over here
and then continue doing the same thing down here so back loop single crochets
and then making sure we maintain this half double crochet increase of three
half double crochet and then back loop single crochets all the way down to this
corner and then I’ll meet you guys back once we made it all the way around with
our row of single crochet while having our tiny little half double increases at
this little corner that we have right here now we’re just going to be going in
with rows of herringbone stitches for the lapel but for this first row only
we’re just going to be going in through the front loops and we’re only doing it
that way so that the lapel can fold this way opening towards our body really
nicely a lot easier than if we were just going in through both loops and for this
first row as well since we’re going in through the front loops with herringbone
stitches we’re gonna go all the way up until we get to the corner where our
front panel meets our back and then we’re going to be doing an increase of
three just to get a little curve just for this first row same thing over here
in this corner and then going all the way down with more front loop
herringbone stitches and then from there we’re just going to keep going back and
forth with herringbone stitches from there so let’s just do this first little
bit together so what we’re going to do is do a chain up of two this is usual
we’re gonna prepare for a herringbone stitch and then we’re gonna be going in
through just the loop that’s closest to us or the front loop we’re gonna insert
our hook in through this one right here yarn over pull through pull that first
strand underneath our second you’re an over pull through one yarn over pull
through two we’re gonna keep doing this just putting one into every loop going
all the way down until we meet this corner and then we’ll be doing an
increase of three so I’ve just made our way all the way up doing front loop only
herringbone stitches and now that we are near this corner what we’re gonna do is
do a really quick increase of three into this next loop so all that is gonna be
is just three front loop herringbone stitches into this next loop so let’s do
that together here is our first this might be a little tricky so if you guys
need to pull your second strand over your first feel free there is one into
that same loop too and then one more three once when we have that we’re gonna
go back across this back portion that we have with front loop earring
when we get to this corner do another increase of three front loop herringbone
and do front loop herringbone going all the way down until we get down to this
corner and then from here I promise it’ll get it a lot easier we’re just
going to do a chain up of to flip our work and do regular herringbones for as
thick as we want this front lapel to be so I’ll meet you guys back once we get
to the end of this row and then we’ll move on from there
now that we’ve just made our way down with front loop herringbone stitches
where we did little increases into these corners where our front panel met our
back now it’s going to be the fun part where it’s just regular herringbone
stitches so let’s just start that off together and then we’re just gonna keep
going back and forth until we have these sides that we want for our front panel
so let’s just start this next row off together really quickly we’re gonna do a
chain up of two flip our work and just to do the first one together we’re gonna
prepare for a herringbone stitch insert your an over pull through pull that
first strand underneath our second strand you’re an over pull through one
yarn over pull through two and once we have that keep doing that all the way
down across the back down the other side once we make it to the end do a chain up
of two flip our work and then work our way back and then keep going back and
forth just like that until we have the size of the front lapel that we want so
this is what I have once when I have finished going in with my lapel and
these are just our regular herringbone stitches not counting our first single
crochet row I have a total of one two three four five six herringbone stitch
rows and just let you guys know that comes out to a total of three inches or
eight centimeters and now that we have this done we are actually all finished
with our piece the last thing that we need to do is just weave in all of our
ends we’ve woven in our ends and this is our finished cardigan this one took
quite a few tries but a few days later we pulled through and I couldn’t be
happier with the outcome there’s a written pattern down below use offer
code TCDDIY for a discount enter this week’s pattern giveaway by telling us
what you guys liked more tutorials or written patterns and why good luck to
everyone who enters also give this video a thumbs up and let us know what you
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and Facebook links down below if you want to buy this piece or any
other piece on the channel links to Poshmark depop and etsy are down there –
along with the tools used and as always guys thank you so much for watching and
I’ll see you on the next one

Harvesting Honeycomb Frames – The Bush Bee Man

Harvesting Honeycomb Frames – The Bush Bee Man


– The things I do for
the show I just got stung in the blummin’ eyeball
trying to get this organized that’s blummin’ it. Anyway, we’re just down
here at the beehives, We’ve had a request from a
guy that’s down in the city with he’s got you know, sort
of organized, having this cool honeycomb on his recipe,
on his recipe, on his menu not his recipe, it’s in the
recipe but it’s on the menu for his restaurant. Anyway so we gotta harvest him
a few actual just bee frames and we thought well what
the heck, we’ll show you the whole gettin’ the whole bee frame out and getting it ready for a sale. (bees buzzing) So I was just talking to my mentor, Lez, who’s teaching me about beekeeping in a bit of a wild format. And I asked him, what’s the most important
thing with beekeeping? And he said don’t forget your smoker lad. So I thought that was interesting, of all the equipment that
you’re going to have, the smoker is still the most
important thing you need. So, we better get that
out of the back of the Ute Before I get another sting, that’ll teach me to do the
intro without me smoke. (mumbles) I’m too short. (laughs) Oh, come on. Bloody hell. Get some longer legs. Did you bring any hessian
Larry, you reckon? No? Oy, I’ve got some in here. Have I got any in this thing? We’ve got some starter hessian. Wonder if I brought any scissors. At least we brought a knife. One day we might sit down and
just cut some hessian bags into proper filler upper bits and, perhaps even wrap some string around it. That’d be a good idea, wouldn’t it? Not plastic string though. Have to be what’s the name string. I’m too big a coward to
do it without me suit. Did you get the bloody
lighter you smart individual. Goodness me. ♪ Home on the Range ♪ ♪ Where the deer and the antelope play ♪ Not that we have any deer or antelope, we’d have to sing our own song. ♪ Home on the range, where the kangaroos ♪ ♪ And the opossums play ♪ it’s not even on a range actually, is it? Oh god, hang on, we have
to get out of the wind. (coughs) What would we call it if it’s not a range? Oh where’s the scissors
when you want them. Honestly. Watch out, cut myself in the personals. That would be interesting wouldn’t it? Well at least I’ve already
had kids so you know. Oh shit. That’s the bit we want. Ow! All else fails i’ll get a
job on the Puffing Billy couldn’t I? Now if you’re wondering
what the Puffing Billy is, it’s actually a steam
engine train that runs down, And sometimes the steam
engine can’t get used because it’s summertime, so
they have to use a diesel engine And I figured they might
actually be able to hire me to sit at the front and
go smoke, smoke, smoke. I could do they could just pretend. Might need a bit bigger
smoker than that too. Eh anyway, i’m just thinking of ideas. Probably should bring a hive
tool, that’d be helpful. That’s The second most important thing. (humming) What’s going on cheeky babes. Let’s see what we’ve got here
in the weight department. Oh, well that’s pretty heavy. Oh my goodness, I think
there might be some honey just here, we don’t need too
much more than those three. Hello baby girls, what’s going on? Let’s have a look at
what’s under the hood. Do this one the same if I can
get me silly chord around. Oh come on girls, what are we doing. Oh they’re busy in there. (laughs) I got a little newt box over
here that’s got some frames in it, so I figured we’ll take
the frames with some honey out of here, and put
them in the little box that we can take home, So Mrs.
Bush Bee Man can wrap them up nice for a young fella down in town. I’ll be back. Righty oh, I think this will do the job. Hey, look at that I’ve got a pine cone. This is the silliest project ever in the history of agriculture. These are supposed to be
pine nut trees in there, I don’t know how old they are now. But look at that, I thought
I might have all the boys. No wonder pine nuts
are so jolly expensive. Have a look at how little that is. How the heck are we gonna
get the nuts out of it? No, I don’t know, we’ll
have to have a look now we’ve got a cone. I’ve got one cone! Yeah, I’ve actually got
one pine cone, woo hoo! And me dad’s not even alive to see it, ’cause he wanted to cut
them down years ago. There you go, well maybe
he’s shining down from heaven and just sent me a cone to say, there’s no other ones in
here, but, well maybe anyway, I don’t know, we might
have to have a proper look. Sorry I digress, we we’re
meant to getting honeycomb. Oh I got a pine cone. Oh my goodness me. Oh, it’s so much fun isn’t
it, hanging around with me. What’s going on chicks. Oh they look good. We might put a marker on this one, it’s definitely gonna be
a spot for some splitting. What have we got ladies? Have we got any food that
dad can have a borrow of? Let’s have a look here, see
if we can get near excited. It’s amazing you can feel
the warmth coming off them. Oh, not quite to the bottom. Pretty good though. They’ll have nibbled a
bit down at the bottom. Now where are we gonna go, over there would be further
away from the brood nest. (humming) we’re gonna do a split off this box ’cause they look really good. Oh they’ve been nibbling on the bottom. Oh heck. So close, what’s that outside one doing. It’s not quite ready either. Oh, thought it might be fun. Maybe we’ll have to go back and steal out of mom’s backyard yet. You girls are a little
bit tight, aren’t you? Dammit. Close. That ones pretty close. Its the wrong time of year to
be sort of harvesting honey. We’ll have a look in here as well. Well that might only have
the weight in the bottom, but anyway, we’ll see. Righty oh. Should we go in here first, while we here? (sing songing) Oh, I reckon that’s the one. Look at that, that looks
pretty bloody good. It’s even changed to different colors. I reckon that’ll work. Gonna pop that in here. We can just drop that in here like that. I reckon that one’s looking all right too, there’s a little bit
in that corner so but, heck if we can’t get
some squares out of that, it’ll be amazing. That’s just where we’re at at the minute. I reckon we’ll take these two out of here, and then we’ll grab one
out of that end one, and we should be all good. And that’ll look fabulous. We’ll pop these two back in the middle, where we’ve just been,
put you all back together. And you won’t even know it’s happened, will you, girls? ’cause you’ll be off to the
spring paradise soon, hopefully. Golly gosh, hopefully
we can find somewhere that’s paradise for you this year. After the last few seasons. And being it’s that jolly dry still, I don’t know what’s gonna happen. Apparently there’s been a fair bit of rain down in the south east so, we might have to get this
jolly track organized so we can move these girls
a bit further distances. This hobby gets out of
control, I think it’s a gonner, I think it’s definitely
drifted on from a hobby. Jesus, Jimeny Cricket. The secretary was saying
to me the other day, we better start making a profit out of this jolly hobby sometime soon. I said I think it’s bigger than a hobby. I think we’ve moved on. Anyway hopefully. Don’t do that, that’ll be right, but it’s got a big jolly hole up in it. Ah pook. The one next to it looks all right though. We put that, where are we
gonna put that for a minute? Over here? Oh golly! That looks pretty good, doesn’t it? It’s weird how they’ve sort
of built into that frame, ’cause obviously that’s
what happens when your wax gets a bit wobbly when it gets
hot before they get into it. Oh, oh my goodness. Good on you girls, you’ve done a good job. I was asking the bloke
whether he was putting this on the breakfast menu, ’cause I’ve seen on the breakfast menu where
you have it on a little stand, and then they run a knife through it, and the honey runs down
and onto your crumpets. But no apparently it’s
on, just on the menu, I haven’t seen the photo yet,
but I’m looking forward to it. So that would be kind of cool. So this ones gotta come
back out, and go back in. There we go, and we’ll just
put that one back where it was. Put this back in here,
when you’re extracting it won’t matter but, ’cause he wants it for actual display, we have to give him nice ones, don’t we? Very good, well I think
that’ll be bloody dandy. If we pop that back there, pop the little ladies back to bed. Surprising how you can feel
the warmth from the girls coming through the foam. I reckon if you’re
stuck in there at night, then maybe you should get
yourself into a little house and full of bees, and you can sleep there. Oh, that’s a fair bit heavier
than when we carried it here. Oh, there’s more than five kilograms on each of those frames, I reckon. Hey look, we’ve almost
got enough for a stir fry. There’s another two. Do you reckon we should pick one? I tell you what we will do,
we’ll go back to the Ute and we might have a bit of google research and see if we’re meant to harvest them. Hell I reckon there might be
limited pine cone information. Pine nut information actually. Anyway, stay tuned, you never know, we might be eating some pine nut crackers. What do you reckon? I’m just wondering whether
we should get another frame so that it doesn’t wobble. Nah, they’ll be all right. ♪ Shavings and honeycomb ♪ Anyway go and get the smoker, That’s what you need to do Bush Bee Man. – [Cameraman] You’re
gonna put your hood on to go and get the pine nuts. – Yeah, well John reckons I’m
being a caddy caddy custard but I’ve already got a sting
on the top of me eye here, and I’m supposed to be
going and giving a talk this afternoon to some school teachers about how much fun bees
are, and if I turn up with half my face swollen up, They’ll probably fluent reject the concept before I get started so,
I’d like to turn up there with me face in some semblance of order, and I know I’m not all that
pretty anyway, but still, just swollen might not be a good option, so there you have it. we’re going to go pine nut
harvesting in a blooming Apiary. It’s not even the biggest tree, so, how the hell are we gonna
harvest them when they, I read that you can shake them off but, anyway it doesn’t matter,
We’ll just pick the ones we can reach when they get that far. Well at least they come off easy. wonder if you could shake them later on. Because I was reading somewhere that you could shake them off and pick them up like walnuts and stuff. But, yeah, that’d be interesting sweeping them up wouldn’t it? Maybe we’ll just give the branch a rattle and see if it falls off. Google, this things gotta be massive. I don’t think they’re gonna
fall off by themselves. Anyway, I don’t know. Hello. Golly gosh, I was expecting
them to the big cones but they’re little. Anyway apparently we put
them in the hessian sack and let them dry out. Maybe we’ll throw them in the oven, we can have them roasted pine nuts and well just skip a process. Do you reckon we should
have a bit of a look and see if we’ve got any others? I’ll tell you what. What do you reckon the wife will say if I say look, I’ve got some
pine nuts for you to open up. (laughs) pretty much all of that’ll
be like not bloody right there Bush Bee Man. Here we come to the packing department. Oh Golly gosh the things that go on here at the Bush Bee Man. That’s actually pretty bloomin’ heavy. I’m glad we’re not posting. Oh, shit! Oh gosh, righty oh. So we’ve arrived at
the wrapping department and my work is done. So I’m about to hand over to
the official wrapper upper-er stuff ’cause she’s been wrapping presents since the kids were little. And now they’re all grown up. And if you ever see me
wrap a Christmas present, you know it’s not my forte. I even wrap up my poor
lovely wife birthday present, and she’s so cute that she
says it’s all very nice. Now she just asks for them in the bag. So I’ll be fine off the
wrapping, so I’m gonna hand over to the wrapper upper-er
whose got some real talent. (slow folk music) Look at that, thank you
for purchasing honey comb from the Bush Bee Man. Look at that, she’s even got a little bee, it’s a walking bee though,
it didn’t get any wings. I’ll tell you what, as you can see, that’s why I’m not in charge
of the wrapping department. So we work together here
at the Bush Bee company, everybody’s got their role to play. I’ve got an official wrapper upper-er. Now all that I’ve got to do is hand it to the transport department. Thank you, john. (bees buzzing)

Honey Bee Vaccine?

Honey Bee Vaccine?


A new vaccine for honeybees. Let’s talk about Welcome to inside the hive TV the show that takes you into The world of bees I’m Humberto Boncristiani if you new to the channel, we were all about bees here We like to talk about this incredible Insect. If you like bees, please consider to subscribe and also hit the bell button so you don’t miss a single video. Researchers from the University of Helsinki in Finland announced last week the first edible vaccine for honeybees. The product called PrimeBee is gonna hit the market pretty soon and it looks like it’s already preparing everything for it they have a website and because of that the media got crazy about it and there was a lot of Speculations and I decide that this might be a good thing to talk about it today As far as I understood the way it works is like that the queen bee is gonna receive some kind of feeding Material, this feeding. Material is gonna trigger a specific immunity Against American foul brood and this specific immunity is going to be transferred to the next generation of bees spreading all over the colony. In the insect world in the past scientists believe that Insects only rely on innate immune system and they didn’t have any specific immune system against pathogens But apparently this have changed in the last ten years or so. There are plenty of evidences out there showing that Insects have some kind of a specific immune system and not only that, they’re able to transfer that specific immune system to the next generation of insects. So the concept is not new. it’s called trans-generational immune priming and is described in insect many years ago but the first article that demonstrate that in honeybees come in 2014 and it’s from the dr. Javier Hernandez Lopez so but in this article of 2014 they have a proof of concept however, they didn’t show any, they didn’t have any idea about the mechanisms behind that specific immunity is transferred to the next generation of bees So one year later in 2015 the same group that just announced the vaccine Published something very interesting. I’m gonna leave a link in the description below so you can check that out what the researchers from Finland find out and that article is that Honey bees are able to get fragments and through the mid gut put the fragments of American foulbrood in the hemocells in the hemolymph of the honeybees and these fragments of American foulbrood end up connected with the very important protein of honeybee called Vitellogenin in the fat bodies and not only that. they go a little further and find the same fragments of American foulbrood into the eggs of that Queen it’s probably the beginning of our understanding of how Trans-generational immune priming works in honeybees However in the same article, they didn’t show any proof of concept showing protection showing that those eggs they have those fragments have the potential to defend themselves better in the presence of American foulbrood. So I did a little digging and I found the patent the claim of the pattern is to protect the idea of a vaccine for insects, they try to cover all Insects, not only honeybees. They show a list of possible pathogens they are working on it and that covered a lot of different pathogens from Honeybees most of them bacteria and fungi and no mention about viruses And so I found what I was looking for I was looking for some data showing protection showing that the vaccine works and And the way they did experiment was very simple. They used the vaccine They develop into groups of Queens one group of Queens – they give the vaccine and the other group of Queens They didn’t give the vaccine and they wait for those Queens to lay eggs They they graft those eggs and wait for for them to hatch Collect the larvae bring that larvae to the laboratory and then and the specific time of their development. They Challenge those larvae with the different amount of American foulbrood with different amount of spores And then they compare the mortality of those larvae over time Very well-designed experiment and the results were even more interesting The results are very straightforward when they use the concentration of five spores per larvae They were able to get a protection rate of 90 percent survivorship. That’s a high number That’s very very promising however, when they increase the amount of Spore at the amount of exposure to American foulbrood to 20 spores per larvae there was a there was only a protection rate of 50 percent. So there was a reduction there meaning that if increase the amount of spores May be the protection that was passed to the next generation is not that strong So putting all of this together I was thinking about this whole Vaccine thing and my thoughts on that are are this I’m celebrating. I’m Excited because I could see advancement in the science of honeybees. There is a huge potential in this vaccine and However, I have a little concern the proof of concept for the vaccine that is written in this patent in my opinion in my experience with American foulbrood do not Make me comfortable. in real-life situations. We know that American foulbrood are able to produce in for example in one single larvae that got infected You can get 1 billion spores. There is a billion with capital B. It’s a lot of spores So it’s not it’s not difficult to do a simple math and understand that in real life situation bees might be exposed to a much higher concentration of spores, around thousands of spores for bee or larvae in that case and The vaccine were able to show protection with very small amount of spores to increase the amounts for the spores the Protection goes down and that’s my concern here in a real-life situation. I’m I’ll be thinking myself Is this vaccines gonna work in a real-life situation? And I cannot i’m not comfortable to say yes But what I can say is that because the patent was filed A while ago around two or three years ago My hope is that they have improved the capacity of this Vaccine and gonna bring something to the market that really can help the beekeepers So for the developers of the vaccines Congratulations, that’s very good news I hope for you guys the best. I’m very excited to see this in the market and to test it myself Let me know if I can do anything. I would love to collaborate let me know if I can put my hands in one of those I would love to do our Independent tasks here in the state of Florida to show to the commercial beekeepers here that the results that we’re gonna get So that’s it for today. I hope you guys enjoy learn something new Please hit the like button that helps a lot. 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