First Aid & Safety Procedures : How to Treat a Wasp Sting

First Aid & Safety Procedures : How to Treat a Wasp Sting


You know few insects can cause as much pain
and discomfort as that of the sting of the common wasp. Hi I’m Captain Joe Bruni and
what I’m going to talk about is how to treat the sting of the common wasp. The common wasp
sting will be characteristic of a great deal of pain, possibly burning and localized redness
and swelling to the site area. The site area may have a stinger in it that needs to be
removed, by using the backside of a butter knife or credit card to scrape away the stinger
from the skin. Do not attempt to grab the stinger with a pair of tweezers as this may
further envenomate your person or another person that has a stinger in place. Check
for the stinger relatively quickly, as swelling may occur rapidly and hide a stinger that
may still be in place. Once the stinger is removed, wash the area with soap and water
and possibly use something like rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide to disinfect the area.
You can then apply a paste made of backing soda and water to the sting area or even meat
tenderizer to help with the healing process and the pain and discomfort. Applying ice
in ten to fifteen to twenty minute intervals on and off, will also help reduce swelling.
Benadryl, or some type of anti histamine cream can also be applied to help reduce pain and
swelling. I’m Captain Joe Bruni, stay safe and we’ll see you next time.

First Aid for Insect Bites : How to Identify Bee & Wasp Stings

First Aid for Insect Bites : How to Identify Bee & Wasp Stings


You know, many times throughout the year,
many of us are bitten by the common bee, wasp, or hornet. Hi, I’m Captain Joe Bruni, and
what I’m going to talk about is how to identify that you’ve been stung or bitten by the common
bee, wasp, or hornet. Many times, the wasp or hornet will leave some type of what looks
like a small hole in the skin, or a dark spot. The area will swell and begin to turn red.
The common bee will leave some type of stinger as they detach it and fly off. Keep in mind,
the stinger from the common bee should not be removed with a pair of tweezers or with
anything that could squeeze the venom sac, and cause further envenomation of that stinger.
Something like a butter knife or a credit card could be used to scrape the stinger away
from the skin; against the grain, so the stinger can be easily removed without squeezing it
or injecting more toxin into the body. Apply ice, and wash the wound with soap and water;
monitoring for signs of some type of allergic reaction, which is commonly referred to as
an anaphylactic reaction. Anaphylaxis will include difficulty in breathing, a swelling
of the tongue, and some other sign that the person is going into some type of respiratory
distress, or hives forming over the rest of the body. If this occurs, seek medical attention
immediately. The common bee, wasp, and hornet can ruin anyone’s day. Identification that
you’ve been bitten by one of those is commonly some type of small hole or stinger left in
the, in the skin, accompanied by redness, burning sensation, and pain. I’m Captain Joe
Bruni. Stay safe, and we’ll see ya’ next time.

European Paper Wasp versus Western Yellowjacket

European Paper Wasp versus Western Yellowjacket


Typically we see two types of wasps around
schools and homes: the European paper was and the Western yellow jacket. According the
the American College of allergy, asthma, and immunology, more than two million Americans
are allergic to stinging insects. Ryan Davis: So how do you tell the difference
between them in the field? Well, there are probably three or four main things that I
would look for: the European paper wasp and the Western yellow jacket look similar in
terms of their coloration and their general size. Yellow jackets are a little smaller
than the Euro paper wasp. Legs of the Euro paper wasp are longer and so in flight those
legs dangle underneath and you can see that pretty readily vs. the Western yellow jacket;
it has shorter legs. As far as the anatomy goes, it would be the shape of the abdomen.
For the yellow jacket, starting at the stinger end, it sort of tapers up and gets wider and
wider and then right before it reaches the middle part the insect it kind of just bluntly
ends like that vs. the paper wasp. So starting again at the stinger end it would just slowly
expand and widen and then comes gradually back down together toward the peteole or that
thin area between the thorax and the abdomen. Paper wasps are sometimes mistaken for yellow
jackets. This fact sheet will help you determine which is which.
Matt Camper: All three of the different typical wasp species nest in different locations.
The typical European paper wasp has an open nest, so when you look at it you can see the
individual cells inside. It’s usually in up/out of the way places. So it could be on the eve
of a house, on a restaurant, on a playground, underneath the slide, or if the play structure
has some sort of roof-like structure it would be up inside that area. That’s where you would
see it. The Western yellow jacket is a below ground species so you would typically find
it up against a crack of concrete with a burrowing hole going down, inside an old rodent burrow,
so if there are prairie dogs near a park area they could be down in and old burrow. They
also nest within wall voids but they typically like out of the way places.
As you can see, it takes a keen eye to discern the differences between the European paper
wasp and the Western yellow jacket.

First Aid & Safety Tips : How to Treat a Wasp or Hornet Sting

First Aid & Safety Tips : How to Treat a Wasp or Hornet Sting


You know, even though they’re small in size,
they can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. Hi, I’m Captain Joe Bruni, and what I’m going
to talk about is how to treat the common wasp and hornet sting. The wasp and hornet sting
can be readily identifiable by looking at the site. There will be redness, a burning
sensation usually, and some type of localized swelling; possibly with a hole in the skin
or a stinger that’s been left behind by something like a hornet. If you identify that a stinger
has been left behind, do not grab it with a pair of tweezers for removal. Use something
like a the back side of a butter knife or a credit card to scrape the stinger away from
the skin, to keep from injecting further toxin into the skin from the sac that’s attached
to the back side of that stinger. Once the stinger is removed, wash the area with soap
and water, apply ice or a cold compress in inter intervals of anywhere from ten to twenty
minutes on and off to reduce swelling and pain, and then possibly dress the wound injury
if deemed necessary. I’m Captain Joe Bruni. Stay safe, and we’ll see ya’ next time.

The Only Way to Escape a Swam Bees

The Only Way to Escape a Swam Bees


Just the sound of that buzz can put anyone
on edge…getting stung by a bee is the worst, if you don’t count shark bites and some
other things! How can something so tiny inflict so much
pain? And, with somewhat of a bee army back at its
hive…can you imagine being attacked by a whole swarm of them? You’re about to find out! As “Save the Bees” projects have popped
up everywhere – honeybees are necessary to our environment, after all – many people
have turned into amateur beekeepers; so swarms are definitely a concern. The thing is, bees are pretty sophisticated
when it comes to communication and their complex societies; they’re the geniuses of the insect
world! They can send “help” signals to a swarm
with their pheromones, which can travel a surprising distances. But don’t panic! There are things you can do if you see a swarm
and fear being attacked – and there are also things you shouldn’t do. We’ll start with the DOs:
1. Know when it’s prime-time for swarms. Just so you can be on the alert: honeybees
breed in the springtime. This results in overcrowded hives, and a new
queen bee may appear to rule over her new brood. The old queen’s loyal subjects will try
to move her out of the crowded hive, and find a new place to live. This is the cause of the large numbers of
bees you may see around this time. But remember – they’ll be full of honey
and super focused on their mission, so they aren’t concerned about you. 2. Be able to recognize what kind of bee you’re
dealing with. When you first spot a swarm, don’t panic. Some honeybees are more territorial than others. The Africanized Honeybee is particularly territorial,
and will defend its hive with its life. Africanized honeybees are smaller than other
honeybees, and its sting is less venomous, but the numbers and tenacity with which they’ll
attack in order to defend their hive is what makes them scary. If you can identify a more aggressive type
of bee, you’ll have the chance to be extra cautious around them. 3. If a swarm starts to chase you – RUN! Run away from the swarm in a straight line
until the bees stop chasing you. You can outrun a swarm – just run as fast
as you can. Running in a straight line is important because
the swarm stretches wider than the width of your body, so zig-zagging won’t really help. Going straight will cover more ground anyway. Have you ever been chased by a swarm of bees?? Tell me about it in the comments! 4. Cover your head and face
Whether you have a blanket with you from a picnic, a hood, or even your own shirt, use
whatever you can to protect your face; especially your eyes. If you’re using a blanket or sheet, make
sure you can still see where you’re going. If you don’t have anything, at least cover
your face with your hands, make sure you can see, and keep running. The bees will try to attack your face and
head first, so protecting it is essential. 5. Seek shelter ASAP! A shelter with a door you can close is ideal
– your house, your car, even a public restroom with a door if you’re at a campsite or nature
preserve. Even if a few bees squeeze in with you, a
blockade like a door will stop a whole swarm. Two or three bees arec easier to deal with
than thousands! 6. Lights Out! Hopefully you made it to some kind of building
or room with a door so that you can turn the lights off. Turn off every light so that the only light
source is from the windows. Any bees that have managed to follow you inside
will be attracted to the natural light, and will hopefully leave you alone. After making absolutely sure that the swarm
isn’t close to where you’ve taken refuge, open a couple windows to let the stragglers
out. Just “bee” careful! 7. If you do get stung… Scrape the surface of the sting with a credit
card or something similar. You’ll want to remove the stingers as soon
as possible, so the venom won’t continue to spread. Using this credit card method will do the
job and prevent the stinger from being further embedded into your skin. An anti-itch or other soothing cream may help
too. Obviously, take action if you’re allergic
to bee stings; or go straight to the doctor if you start to have a particularly bad reaction,
allergic or not. 8. Light colored clothing
The honeybees’ natural enemies are dark-colored animals, like badgers and bears (and bears
love nothing more than honey!). Honeybees have evolved to detect dark colors,
so light-colored clothing won’t appear as threatening to them. Pro tip: red looks just like black to honeybees,
so avoid this color too. 9. If you ARE wearing dark clothing, it can be
a defense. If you’re getting attacked and you do happen
to be wearing a dark-colored sweatshirt or jacket, take it off and start flailing it
around. This will trick the bees, and they’ll register
your dark sweatshirt as a bigger enemy animal, causing them to back off. It might sound silly, but it works! 10. Know how to spot a potential hive site. Any hidey holes or cracks should be filled
around your home and in any outbuildings on your property. The eaves of your home, barns, sheds, or rotten
lumber are all hot spots for hives. Honeybees love to build their hives in high,
covered places, so pay attention to your trees too. Watch any carports or garages. Honeybees will use any corner or crevice to
start a hive, and before you know it, you’ve got a big problem. 11. Pay attention! No, the bee isn’t blind. If you notice a bee or multiple bees aggressively
bumping into you, a swarm and an attack might be on the way. You’ve unknowingly posed a threat to the
bees, and might be near a nest that you didn’t notice. If this happens, just remember: don’t swat,
and run away from the vicinity as fast as you can. You wouldn’t have to tell me twice! …And here are some DON’Ts:
1. Don’t swat at a bee
I know I just mentioned the dark shirt method, but that’s kind of a different concept;
that’s to trick the bees. Swatting at a bee with a newspaper, magazine,
or flyswatter will cause the bee and the whole swarm to attack more aggressively. The bee you’re swatting at will send out
those “help me!” signals and its friends will answer the call! It may be tempting, and it’ll probably be
your first instinct, but trust me: it’ll only make the situation worse. 2. Don’t jump into any water! Again, it may seem instinctive, but that water
won’t stop those bees! Even though they can’t sting you in the
water, they’ll just wait for you to get out or come up for air. They’ll swarm around the pool or lake you
jumped into, planning their strategy…and then they’ll just continue to chase you! So resist the urge to seek out water – it’s
only a temporary fix. 3. Don’t leave any sweet stuff outside. Bees love sweet stuff – from the flower
nectar they look for, to your open can of soda. Anything sweet attracts bees in general, so
don’t leave any open soda cans, popsicle sticks, or ripe fruit lying around outside. I mean, you definitely don’t want to accidentally
drink that bee that’s nestled at the bottom of your Coke can. Yeah I’ve done that. 4. Don’t wear perfumes or scented lotions outside. Avoid lots of hairspray too guys. The sweet or flowery scent of these products
will be irresistible to any bee. Remember that it’s their job to pollinate
flowers; if you smell like one, they’re going to head your way!
5. Don’t try to get rid of a hive on your own! If you notice a hive near where you live,
don’t call the A Team, call a bee professional. They’ll come to your home and get the nest
out of there in a way that’s safe for you and the bees. They’ll most likely take the hive to a professional
beekeeper, so that it can continue to thrive. Don’t try to get rid of it or remove the
hive yourself; you’ll most likely come away with a few stings, or worse. You may also accidentally harm the hive. Calling in a professional is really best for
all parties involved. And remember B a-lert; the world needs more
lerts. Hey, if you learned something today, give
this video a like and share it with a friend! And here are some other videos I think you’ll
enjoy; just click to the left or right. Stay on the Bright Side of life!

Bee and Wasp Stings | First Aid


– Hello, I’m Emma Hammett,
the founder and CEO of First Aid for Life
and onlinefirstaid.com. Today I wanted to cover
what to do if you’re stung by a wasp or a bee. If you’re stung by a
bee, the chances are that they may well leave the sac or the little sting behind inside you. If they do that please try
and just remove that quickly in order to reduce the
severity of any reaction. The little poison sac obviously
contains additional poison, and if you are able to remove it, it means that there won’t, or there may not be as severe a reaction as there could be otherwise. So counter to that,
please don’t be tempted to squeeze that poison sac to remove it with your finger and
thumb, or with tweezers. But instead, look to scrape it out with your thumbnail or with a credit card. For a wasp they wouldn’t
leave their sting behind. If the sting begins to swell, and gets hot and itchy, and uncomfortable. Then a wrapped ice pack
can be very helpful. So apply a wrapped ice
pack for a good 10 minutes, take it off, give it a rub,
and then you can reapply it. And that would reduce any swelling and the heat and the
reaction that can happen. If they appear to be reacting,
and the arm swells up, and it’s causing them discomfort. Then Piriton or some other antihistamine can be very helpful. It can take about 15
minutes for an antihistamine to work, so if it is a severe reaction then you need to bear that in mind. Because if it is a severe
reaction, it’s possible for someone to have an acute,
severe allergic reaction or an anaphylactic reaction as a result of being stung. And if that was the case, and they’ve been prescribed an EpiPen, or some sort of auto-injector,
then you should be using that at that point as well and
get an ambulance on the way. And you’ll be looking for any
form of a systemic reaction, so an all over reaction, and most importantly if they’re having any sort of difficulty breathing. I hope that’s been useful. Thank you for listening. That’s Emma Hammett,
firstaidforlife.org.uk and onlinefirstaid.com.

Behind the Scenes – Marvel Studios’ Ant-Man and The Wasp | 2019 Veloster | Hyundai

Behind the Scenes – Marvel Studios’ Ant-Man and The Wasp | 2019 Veloster | Hyundai


(dramatic music) – [The Wasp] Scott, thanks
to you we had to run. (guns click) We’re still running. – [Ant-Man] We’ve gotta go, now. – In Ant-Man and the Wasp, we started to play with
the whole notion of scale. – Shrinking and growing
as a visual concept, as a Sci-fi idea, as a
super hero idea is so cool. One of the ideas of this film is that they exported shrinking and growing, beyond just suits and people. Suddenly cars can shrink,
entire buildings can shrink. – It’s a film about being on
the run, about being chased. – As a film maker you’re always looking to up your game about everything. We’re going to double down on all the things we liked in the first movie. – There’s another play with the scale. It’s going to be a car chase that’s a little bit
different from the car chase we’ve seen before. – We have all these cars intersecting and hitting each other,
and shrinking and growing. [Luis] We’re going to die, I don’t wanna die. – Ah, what did I miss? – We were just tiny! (suspenseful music) – I love you Doctor Pym. (engine revving) – We’ve taken the Hyundai Veloster. They told us that we could
to whatever we wanted to it to turn it into what we needed to do. This car has to be cool
and it has to be memorable. – Awesome! – I thought it was the perfect car and almost more of a
dream for Luis to drive. – The scope of this film, is so much bigger than the first film. – There’s going to be a lot more ‘oh my god’ moments in this one. (Screaming) – We’re doing car jumps,
we’re doing car flips. – [Ant-Man] Ant-Man
and the wasp teaming up. (crashing noise) (engine revving) [Luis] I wish I had a suit. I would even like a suit
with, like, minimal powers. You know? Or maybe even just a suit with no powers. (dramatic music)

Nilkamal Wood Guard | Nilkamal BubbleGuard | Nilkamal

Nilkamal Wood Guard | Nilkamal BubbleGuard | Nilkamal


Hello, and welcome Nilkamal presents Bubble Guard a new range of scientifically engineered polypropylene boards with a patented European technology that allows for endless applications Nilkamal Bubble Guard has a unique multi-layered Honeycomb structure with the Air lock technology That makes the board uniformly strong and amazingly lightweight With a high strength to weight ratio Nilkamal Bubble Guard is so versatile that it can be used for packaging, protection, printing and signage, decor panels and automotive applications Nilkamal Bubble Guard introduces Wood Guard – a series of boards that protect your wooden furniture from moisture and bacteria. Wood Guard is quick and easy to use So easy that it can be applied by anyone, you don’t need skilled labor! Just measure and cut Wood Guard to fit your furniture as per the size required Clean the surfaces and apply a thin layer of adhesive on the furniture and Wood Guard Press the Wood Guard firmly on the furniture and allow it to set for 30 minutes ensure. There are no air gaps Your furniture is now protected. Wood Guard is completely waterproof and does not allow any moisture to pass through This keeps the wood as good as new and does not allow any bacteria formation Wood Guard is ideal for all types of furniture and wooden surfaces which are susceptible to moisture from walls. When you want to protect your furniture from damage to Nilkamal Wood Guard!

The Trans Panic Epidemic: The Daily Show

The Trans Panic Epidemic: The Daily Show


So, what is it
that scares so many people about transgender communities? And what’s it like to live
as the focus of that fear? Jessica Williams finds out. WILLIAMS:Iowa’s most famous
for its cornfields,
butter sculptures, and butter
sculptures of cornfields.
Until last summer, when
transgender woman Meagan Taylor
tried to check in to the Drury
Inn in the city of Des Moines.
We sat down with Taylor herself
for an exclusive tell-all.
I could tell when I checked in to the hotel that it was…
it was…Shh. I got this,
real Meagan Taylor.
It was July 12, 2015.You presented your I.D.
to the hotel manager.
Hi. I have a reservation.But she was onto you.Fearing for her life,
she took immediate action.
WOMAN:And that’s when the cops came
and all hell broke loose.
But let’s rewind here.What triggered the cops
to respond?
You pull out a gun,
and then the cops come
and you’re arrested? None of that happened. Well, did you pull out a knife? ♪ ♪ No.Well, did you do drugs?Nothing of the sort. Well, then why the hell
were you arrested? Um, I got arrested because
I was a black transgender woman.Specifically, cops held her
because she didn’t have
a prescription
for her hormone pills.
And this is 2016.What were you doing in Iowa? I was there going to a funeral. -You were there for a funeral?
-Yeah. And did you get to attend
the funeral, -at least? -I didn’t get
to make the funeral at all. How long were you in jail for? I was in jail for eight days. I’m sorry. I… It’s terrible. Take your time.Ugh, I thought it was tough
being a black woman.
But compared
to a black transgender woman,
I might as well be
a white frat dude
at a Dave Matthews concert.Transgender women get arrested
all the time, especially
black transgender women, just by walking down the street
or anything.And by anything,
she means literally anything.
Because of discrimination
and profiling,
at least 47%
of black trans people
will have at some point in
their lives been incarcerated.
Let’s underline, bold, and set
fire to that
(bleep)graphic,because it’s 47%.You think there’d be laws
to correct this.
But instead, this year alone,state legislatures
have introduced
175 anti-trans bills.Many make it legal
to discriminate based solely
on religious beliefs.And then you have
these bathroom bills.
REPORTER:It would fine
and imprison transgender people
who use public restrooms
that don’t match
the gender
on their birth certificate. WILLIAMS:That’s what’s really
triggering this trans panic.
Just listen
to Colorado representative
and Elmer Fudd look-alike
Gordon Klingenschmitt.
Should we fear
the transgender community? Well, they not only want
to be confused about their own identity, but they want the rest of us
to be confused with them. Now they want the government
to join them in that pretense. -They’re making us into liars.
-Wow.Okay. I met
with these so-called liars
to find out
what their evil intentions are.
There’s a notion that
trans people are perpetrators in some way, that we’re sneaking
and trying to trick you for the purposes
of having sex with you. And that’s not the case at all. People just want
to see male and female, like it has to fit in one
of those two boxes, and if it doesn’t,
it makes people uncomfortable. -And it’s surely not a choice.
-That’s all you need to know.Well, not according
to Klingenschmitt, who thinks
that we’re all going to
get attacked in the bathroom.
A man can go into a ladies’ room and assault you
and your little girl.Especially in
our most important bathrooms.
Next time, ladies,
you go out to Olive Garden, watch out who’s gonna be
in the bathroom. There’s no reported incidences
of any trans person ever raping or assaulting anyone
in any bathroom ever. If anything, trans people
are the ones getting assaulted.These people are up against
some bull(bleep).
There must be some small way
I can help them out.
Give me some offensive comments
or questions, and I’ll give you
some good answers that you can use
in your day-to-day life. Why are your feet so small? Oh. You think my feet are small? -You have a (bleep).
-Wow. Whew! Okay, that’s guns a-blazing
on that question. Um, I don’t currently
have a (bleep), so… -How much?
-How much for…? -Sex.
-Oh, (bleep). Uh… -How do you have sex? -So,
are your parents ashamed of you? -What’s the gender mark on your
ID? -When do you tell them that -you’re really a man?
-I don’t know. When it’s appropriate? Do you have cadaver tits? -Don’t tell me what that is.
-What’s your real name? -Yeah. I just want to know.
-Yeah. What’s your name? -Tell us.
-Did you chop it off? Do straight women date you, -or gay women?
-How much would it cost? -(overlapping chatter)
-Do you like to suck (bleep)? -(overlapping chatter)
-What’s your real name? WILLIAMS:The transgender
community is more oppressed
than I could have ever
imagined,
so why does Gordon feel
so threatened?
Have you ever been attacked
by a transgender person? Is that why this is happening? No. Have you ever had a traumatic
experience with a trans person? I wouldn’t call it
traumatic, no. I-I… -Devastating?
-Yeah. No. You haven’t?So why does he feel this way?Dressing like a woman,
and he’s not a woman. WILLIAMS:Wait a second.
This guy’s a preacher, too?
And he thinks what?It’s not just
a psychological disorder. It’s actually a demonic spirit. WILLIAMS:
Okay, so now they’re possessed?
Go on.I would be comfortable talking
about religious freedom, but I’d have to change
into my alter ego if you’re okay with that. You have to change
into your alter ego? Who are you, Lady Gaga?
Go on ahead and change.Okay, hold up.
Is everybody seeing this?
I am actually waiting
for this man to transition
so that he can feel
more comfortable
during our interview.Oh, and also, hey, heads up.I am not judging him
for his personal choice.
Until he took out his phoneto judge others
for their personal choices.
And Deuteronomy 22:5 says, “A woman must not wear
men’s clothing, “nor a man wear women’s clothing for the Lord your God detests
anyone who does this.” I don’t remember that part, -but there is a part
about shellfish… -Mm-hmm. -…or stoning people to death.
-Mm-hmm. Getting tattoos. But what about their sincerely held
religious beliefs? They can go (bleep)
in their (bleep) hand, -because we have separation
of church and state. -Mm. Because we believe
in our constitution. WILLIAMS:Nevertheless,
these bathroom bills
are being passed,and Gordon is doing everything
he can to make it happen.
Get used to the idea of having your women
and children share bathrooms with cross-dressing men who are going to expose
themselves to you. Do you, for whatever reason, associate being transgender
with being a pervert? I mean, that is perversion. It’s people who label themselves as transgender for the purpose
of getting that access to violate the rights of others. Is it fair to say
that because you’re a priest that you’re a pedophile? Well, of course not. Why is it, “of course not.”?
Why? Because some people
are criminals, and some people
are not criminals. Could you take that logic and apply that
to the transgender community? They’re apples and oranges.
I think… By apples and oranges,
do you mean apples and apples?Unfortunately, a lot of people
think like Gordon.
So how can we end
this transphobic epidemic?
Hopefully, they can understand
that we are striving towards becoming a more
authentic version of ourselves, after a lot of soul-searching
and a lot of thought, and sometimes a lot of trauma
and tragedy. Passing these bills is
absolutely going to just add fuel to the fire
and ignite trans panic.Trans panic, panic, panic.WILLIAMS:They’ve existed
since the beginning of time.
They are not
who people think they are.
Girl, you know
we need to elevate that leg. WILLIAMS:
They come out at night.
-Stop! No!-Or during the day
depending on their schedule.
You forgot your hat. WILLIAMS:
They have an appetite.
When they’re hungry.You’re really gonna love
this salad! WILLIAMS:
This summer, get ready for…
the most boring movie everwhere transgender people
cause… transpanic!
(yelling) Lights went out again. WILLIAMS:Even though they’re
just like the rest of us.
What else is on Netflix?