Ever since I was a young
boy growing up in Brooklyn, I have loved Spider-Man. I read the comics. I had the lunchbox. I slept on a Spider-Man pillow
until I was married, I think. [LAUGHTER] And now a dream I had on that
pillow is about to come true. Because on July
2, I will be part of the new Spider-Man movie. Thank you. [APPLAUSE] Now, usually Marvel is very
secretive about the footage, releasing scenes
from these movies. But in this case,
for some reason, they were OK with
me showing this exclusive extended excelsior
scene from Spider-Man: Far From Home. [MUSIC PLAYING] [DING] Hey, Joe. Picking up. Hey, Peter Parker,
my number one customer. [APPLAUSE] Fourth time this week. Yeah, well, you know me. I just love dry cleaning. That’s what I love about you. A lot of these Millennials, they
don’t care about dry cleaning. They’ve got washing machines. It’s disgusting, quite frankly.
It really is. It’s sad. It’s really sad. Anyway, let me
get your stuff here. Oh. That’s you, right? [LAUGHTER] – That’s me, yes.
– All right. Thank you so much.
Oh my god. Hey, kid, listen. It’s, uh, not my business to
get into your personal balls or whatever. But [LAUGHTER] can I
ask you a question? Mmm, yeah, sure. Why you get your pajamas
cleaned every two days? [LAUGHTER] Because I, uh– I sweat a lot when I sleep. I have a sweaty syndrome. Sweaty sleep syndrome.
– You’re a sweaty Betty. [LAUGHTER]
– That’s right. That’s correct. My brother was
like that, you know. – He was?
– Oh, yeah. Shame. He used to– it
was like a puddle. [LAUGHTER]
We slept on bunk beds. He’d be on top dripping
on me all night. – Oh, man.
– It’s disgusting. It’s not good. What about the holes? The hole– the holes? Yeah, the holes. It almost looked like
if, uh, some kind of a mechanical
octopus arm had taken a chunk out of the fabric. [LAUGHTER] That’s easy to explain. Um, it’s the, uh, um– – Moths?
– Moths. That’s what I thought it was. Massive moths, right. Anyway, I don’t see
my mask in here. Do you have my mask? Oh, Connie, where’s his mask? Under the counter, stupid. [LAUGHTER] Underneath– oh, all right.
All right. Hey, Connie. Oh, here we go. That’s you, right? No, that’s Matt’s mask. Mine’s the one with
the white eyes. Oh, right, right,
right, right, right. All right, here you go. [LAUGHTER] That’s Wade’s mask. White eyes with– Connie, it’s Wade’s mask. OK, I don’t care. Red one.
Little red. White eyes.
That’s you, right? Yeah, that’s the one.
Thank you. Thank you.
– Beautiful. All right. NEWSCASTER (ON
TV): Breaking news. New York’s very own
Spider-Man swung into action this afternoon
on the Brooklyn Bridge, saving a bus full of senior
citizens from certain death. Thanks to the masked
hero’s efforts, all 35 people on the bus
returned home safely. [OMINOUS MUSIC PLAYING] That nutball on TV, he’s got
the same goofy PJs you got. He does. Hey, I know what’s
going on here. You are an influencer. [LAUGHTER] What are you on,
Instagram or Snapface? Snapface. Yeah. Connie, he’s on Snapface. Oh, I like Snapface. [LAUGHTER] Hey, give the place
a little plug maybe? – For sure.
– That’d be great. Absolutely. You truly are the best,
and most gullible, dry cleaner in all of New York. That’s what they say. That’s what they say.
– All right. – I’ll see you tomorrow, kid.
– I’ll see you tomorrow. Oh, hey, tell
your buddy Banner to get some bigger pants. He’s busting through
them like crazy. [LAUGHTER] He’s pretty angry, but
I’ll try and tell him. I’m not a miracle worker. Yes, you are, Joe. See you later. Thanks, kid. Hey, Connie, let’s go in
the back and make love. OK, Joe. [LAUGHTER] [MUSIC PLAYING] [APPLAUSE] Thanks, everybody. I’m pretty happy
with myself too. Thanks. If you liked that video, click
the subscribe button, but only if you’re ready for commitment.
So, how long have you
been Ant-Man again? No… it just sort of happened.I wish I could fight
bad guys like you!I seem to mess it up
almost all time. Maybe you just need
someone watching your back. Hi!Like a partner.“Hit it!” Dr. Pym. I actually heard
what happened to you.Ya’ll went down to Quantum Realm.
That’s what’s this, crazy Ghostwho, like, walk through walls
and stuff. It stole your tech.And now she wants to take
over the world, or whatever.Who would believe that in your
hour of need you would turn to us?Not me. Because we robbed you. Do you remember? That’s us. “I wanna rock right now!” The only chance we’ve got, “I wanna rock right now!”is both of you.“I wanna rock right now!”Ant-Man and the Wasp, teaming up!Follow my lead.“I wanna rock right now!” She seems… more intense. “Hit it!” “It takes two to make
a thing go right!” “It takes two to
make it outta sight!”You go low, I go high.I have wings, why
would I go low?We’re gonna die!
I don’t wanna die! We didn’t die! What did I miss? We were just tiny! “It takes two to make
a thing go right!” I was partners with Hank
on a project called “Goliath”. How big did you get? By record? 21 feet.
– You… 65 feet.
– 65? If you two are finished
comparing sizes..? 65.
I’m not him, dear. I just look like him. Yeah, but there should be
a spider there, not a cockroach. Right? I don’t need a spider.
I’m Cockroach-Man. What would I need a spider for? That’s right. I’m Cockroach-Man. So how are you related to Spider-Man? How are we related? I’m his cousin. So you’re his cousin? That’s right, I’m his cousin. – What’s your name?
– Zain. – Hussein?
– Zain! Zain! Where are you going, Zain? To my grandma’s. – Speak up.
– To my grandma’s! To your grandma’s? She’s lucky to have you. Nobody really cares about me. – My life is…
– Please, sir, your cigarette! Please. Slow down, sir. I’d like to get off here, please.
Hello! I am curious? Know that roaches very strong body I am thinking about,, curious Roach v.s bomb If roach still alive Or died Let me see I am going put KRAZY GLUE! Let’s see Safety glasses Ready FINISH BOMB WHOOO,, SO TOO LOUD!! 2 THUMBS, I will make another next one !
– [Girl] So, how long have
you been Ant-Man again? – Not long. I seem to mess
it up almost every time. – Maybe you just need
someone watching your back. ♪ Hit it ♪ ♪ – What are you doing? – I’m working on something
that’ll change the world. So, you could come back to my lab? (fly buzzes) – How could he do that? – The only chance we’ve got. Is both of you. ♪ I came to get down ♪ – What are we waiting for? Let’s do it. (glass clanks) – What? ♪ Get loose now ♪ ♪ It takes two to make a thing go right ♪ ♪ It takes two to make it outta sight ♪ (glass crashing) – Wings? – And blasters. ♪ I came to get down ♪ – It’s a wrong details. It has nothing to do with the story. ♪ Hit it ♪ ♪ Get loose now ♪ ♪ I wanna rock right now ♪ – I’ve become free, I’ve been released and you can’t stand it. You’ll do anything to bring me down. – [Ant-Man] It seems more intense. – I’m becoming Brundlefly – Cool. Yeah. ♪ It takes two to make a thing go right ♪ – Would you like some tea? (vomits) – (groans)
that’s disgusting. (crash) (swings off hinge)
Today we are going to talk about Osteomyelitis Right We’ll talk about its pathology as well as its relevant clinical medicine Right So, first of all, what is meant by osteomyelitis Osteo means bone myelos mean bone marrow Right, Itis mean inflammation So, what is osteomyelitis? Inflammation of bone and bone marrow Right, so what is osteomyelitis? Inflammation of bone and yes bone marrow But Its almost always due to infective organisms Right So basically it should be considered a infection of Bone and bone marrow So what is osteomyelitis? osteomyelitis is inflammation of bone and bone marrow which is virtually due to Its almost always due to infective organisms Right Most commonly, these are either pyogenic Or non pyogenic Non pyogenic infection of bone or bone marrow Now Most commonly, either it is pyogenic or non pyogenic Pyogenic mean pus forming.There are bacteria which are involved in microbe which are involved which lead to the formation of pus Is that right? And non pyogenic organisms are those organisms when they damage the tissue But they don’t produce the pus Now In those microbes which produce pyogenicc osteomyelitis The most important and most common is staph aureus Staph aureus In 80 to 90 percent of 80 to 90 percent of the culture positive cases are due to Staphylococcus aureus Right And then there are many other pyogenic organism which I will discuss later in detail Right But in the beginning, I just want to put in your mind the most common organism is Say it loudly Staphylococcus aureus Right It is the most common organism, why? It is , you need to remember that because when you start when you suspect a case of osteomyelitis And before the culture and sensitivity reports come You have to start the antibiotic therapy empiric antibiotic therapy In that case, The drug should cover staphylococcus aureus Right, later on, I will tell you There are certain conditions in which we suspect some specific type of organism to be present more commonly For example, later on I will discuss that patient with sickle cell disease They can have osteomyelitis due to staphylococcus aureus And also, they can have osteomyelitis very commonly due to salmonella Is that right? In the same way, If i talk about osteomyelitis in adult in sexually active persons It maybe due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae Right so these special conditions and their associated micro microbe I will discuss later In the beginning, you just remember that most common organism producing pyogenic osteomyelitis is Staphylococcus aureus and most common organism which produces non pyogenic osteomyelitis is mycobacterium tuberculosis myco-bacterium yes tuberculosis even though there are other organisms as well Fungi can also produce osteomyelitis but again most common organism in non pyogenic osteomyelitis is mycobacterium tuberculosis and when mycobacterium tuberculosis involve the vertebrae Spine The condition is called pott’s disease when mycobacterium tuberculous, right, involve which bones? Vertebrae Right Spine then condition is called pott’s disease Right Now Question is that bones are usually deep They are covered by the skin And some soft tissue and a very important membrane which protect the bone from the infections that is periosteum The bones are protected so well then how the organisms reach there? How the organism produces inflammation there? Right It means that how the next point which we should discuss that is that Root of arrival of organism That how the organism reaches to target bone to produce osteomyelitis Entry Root of entry or arrival that how organism reaches the specific bone to produce osteomyelitis Especially in children, the commonest pathway is haematogenous right The most common is haematogenous pathway Haematogenous root It is common in children and it can also occur in adult Right That organisms which produce bacteremia which produce bacteremia they may get enter into bone Especially in children, the most common part of the bone Let’s suppose, this is a long bone And as you know in children this is a growth plate epiphyseal plate Here is also epiphyseal plate Right Now In children,long bones have special area where bone is growing This part is diaphysis here it is epiphysis and this part of the diaphysis which is contributing to the growth of the bone This is called metaphysis Right What is this? Diaphysis Right And that part of the diaphysis which is growing It means the ends of the diaphysis which are growing in children growing children, these are called Metaphysis and upper part is, yes, epiphysis A little detail and here is articular cartilage Here it is articular cartilage and here is a very tough membrane over it What is this membrane? periosteum Right, covering the bone Again what is this membrane periosteum And here in the diaphysis There is a shaft, there is a cavity This is called medullary cavity where usually there is bone marrow, right medullary cavity inside the medullary cavity, it is also lined by a membrane And this membrane is not called periosteum This membrane is called endosteum What is it called? endosteum Right But what I want to especially mention that this part of bone here Right And this part of the bone This is the growing part of the diaphysis which is just under the growth plate or just under the epiphyseal plate This part is, yes, metaphysis Why I am so much stressing on the metaphysis? There is a reason for that In children the most common site in the bone to get involved in osteomyelitis is metaphysis Later on, I will explain why? Actually, metaphysis has very peculiar type of blood flow And it has a very high, high level of blood flow It is highly vascular Right and ,later on, I will tell you vascular arrangement here predisposes this part of the bone that bacteria which are circulating in the blood they love to settle over here especially staphylococcus aureus Is that right? So in children the commonest site, the growing children, the commonest site for osteomyelitis is Say it loudly metaphysis of course of the long bones Right But in the adult, of course when you are adult These growth plates disappear There is no more metaphysis And it is no more so vascular Is that right? But in the adult also, hematogenously from a distant site of infection Bacteria can reach to the bone But in adult most commonly, they involve vertebrae They involve vertebrae Right Am i clear? So what did we discuss? What is the hematogenous spread of infection to the bones? It is more common in the children but it can occur in the adults also Right Where organisms from a distant source sometimes from very minor focus of infection minor skin infections like weil’s, freckles or paronychia inflammation related with the nail bed or tonsillitis or some infection in the lungs, genitourinary system Right or from gastrointestinal system Right Bacteria may enter into blood streams Right And if bacteria are moving in the blood But not proliferating We call this condition bacteremia. What we call it ? Bacteremia So from any focus of infection in the body bacteremia can occur And sometimes even from small mucosal breaches like very hard defecation and constipation or sometimes you are chewing very hard food that damages the gum or mucosal buccal mucosa So even some minor mucosal injuries can produce the breaches or cracks through which the bateria can enter into blood stream Bacteremia is a very common phenomena Right Normally what happen when bacteria enter into blood flow reticuloendothelial system phagocytose and eleiminate these bacteria But if due to any reason If bacteria survive in the blood Then they love to settle in certain areas in the body In case of bones of growing children, bactera love to settle in metaphysis And, in adults, they love to settle in vertebral bodies Am i clear? Any question up to this? Then Route of entry
one is haematogenous
other is direct extension Extension from neighboring soft tissues infections From neighboring soft tissues infections For example, If someone has, let me give you an example If I have some soft tissue infection in this area Right Initially maybe that’s staphylococcal infection or abscess is limited in the soft tissue But if it is not treated well maybe one day it damages the periosteum which is usually resistant to the bacteria, protect the bond, But if periosteal breachs there due to some neighboring infection then Infective organism can enter into bone Right Classical example of this is ulcer in diabetic foot It is the typical and classical example What is that? Diabetic foot diabetic foot ulcer let me tell you What’s wrong with diabetic foot? The patient who have diabetes Right They develop vascular disease as well as they develop damage to the nerves neuropathy Right For example, If a patient who has severe uncontrolled diabetes and he develops atherosclerosis in lower limb vessels Then naturally the vessels will become narrow and blood flow to the foot will be increased or decreased? It will be decreased Right And this decrease blood flow will produce ischemia of the foot And you know when an organ is ischemic Right Can it defend itself against the microbes? No This is one problem and diabetic patients Right There maybe ischemia to the foot Number two Diabetes also damages the nerves Sensory nerves, motor nerves even autonomic nerves And if there is diabetic neuropathy In the lower limb It may result into loss of pain sensations Right And if there is loss of sensation in the foot patient will inadvertently and repeatedly damages foot And patient may not be aware of that kind of damage patient may not be aware that there has been injury to the foot And he will not take care of that and infection will easily settle So if there is ischemia At the top there is neuropathy And both will predispose the foot to more infection At the top in diabetic patient Wbcs or leukocytes white blood cells are not very effective In phagocytosis of orgnisms And intracellular killing of organisms So what is happening? Foot is insensitive Right Getting more injured, more breach of the skin Right more entry of the organisms At the top due to ischemia less blood flow going to the foot Right So less antibodies and less white blood cells are going there That further increasing the chances of infection and then more problem whatever leukocyte reach there whatever leukocyte reach there They are drunk with the high sugar level They are disfunctional leukocyte And they are unable to clear the infection So what really happens and many more problems so in diabetic foot Repeated injury and infection to the foot lead to ulcerations ulceration mean a necrotic part of the skin sloughs off And when there is foot ulcer Right What will happen microbes will go enter into that ulcer And if that ulcer become deep These microbes will reach to the bones of the foot And may produce osteomyelitis So this is a classical example of what kind of osteomyelitis Direct extension from the neighboring soft tissue infection so in ischemic limbs and in diabetic foot Right You can get osteomyelitis Am i clear ? Then third war Bacteria directly pointed into bone microbes are somehow directly planted into bone They are directly inoculated They are inoculating in the bone direct inoculation Direction implantation of or plantation of what we can say of microbes into bone What could be the example? very simple penetrating injury There is blood injury of course skin is compromised soft tissue is compromised And if that has injured the periosteum organisms from the skin may enter in Is that right? So direct plantation it may be penetrating injuries pene-trating-injuries Then there can be surgery During surgery, especially when you are doing When you are doing orthopedic implants Right When you are putting orthopedic implants in the bones maybe unfortunately you plant the bacteria also there Right Then compound or open fractures If someone unfortunately get severe trauma in accident or some other condition and there is fracture of bones and hematoma of the fracture directly communicate with the skin and external world we say these are open fractures of course then bacteria can directly reach there so what did we learn up to now? we learn osteomyelitis is inflammation of bone and bone marrow but it is almost always due to infective organism It may be pyogenic or non pyogenic Most common cause for pyogenic is staph aureus And most common for non pyogenic is mycobacterium tuberculosis And if mycobacterium tuberculosis is damaging the spine then it is called pott’s disease then we talk that how these organisms reach to bone and produce osteomyelitis It is very important to know because number one bones are covered by skin and soft tissues number two specifically bones are covered by periosteum and they offer resistance for the osteomyelitis so due to any how the organisms reach there one is organism enter into blood produce bacteremia and blood vessels which are going to the bone, orgnaism reaches through that haematogenous spread second is direct extension from nearby soft tissue infections and third is direct inoculation or plantation of microbes in the bone marrow Here i will again ask if there is haematogenous spread in growing children what is the short bones are involved? Long bones are involved or irregular bones are involved or flat bones are involved? Long bones very good Which part of the long bones? Metaphysis very good And in adult, the most common site is haematogenous spread vertebrae Any question? No Yes Ok he’s saying how do the bacteria destroy periosteum? Bacteria destroy the periosteum the way bacteria destroy many other tissues Right very simple that they produce normally bacteria for example staphylococcus aureus They are producing highly damaging enzymes this is one thing secondly when damaging enzyme is there Initially if bacteria is outside the periosteum surrounding soft tissues damage inflammation occur neutrophils come and other macrophages come they also porduce what Destructive enzymes oxygen free radicals All of them not only damage the bacteria or white cells If all this is happening in the vicinity or in the neighborhood of periosteum or for very long time there is every chance they may damage the periosteum Is that right? Periosteum is relatively resistant but not absolutely resistant to bacterial damage Am I clear?
Just a quick warning: this video contains
lots of footage of a guy getting hurt by various animals. If that sounds distressing to you,
feel free to skip it. Reading Ayn Rand: Huh, I thought people with
disabilities did deserve rights, but it turns out they– Hello! This video is probably a mistake. Section 1: Introduction – A puppy that nobody
loves There’s this YouTuber called Coyote Peterson,
and I’d like to talk about him for a bit – so I will. I mean, it’s my video. So yeah [GROSS MOUTH SOUND] who is Coyote Peterson and
what does he do? Well, he’s a nature filmmaker who travels from
place to place making videos about creatures that he finds interesting, and occasionally,
as part of ongoing series, he gets stung, bitten, or pinched by bugs, fish, crustaceans
and other creatures people usually avoid for exactly that reason.
I’d like to state before I start that I really like Coyote. I think he’s great.
His enthusiasm is infectious and he really knows his stuff and it just comes across that
he really loves animals and bugs and nature. He has fun catchphrases and he doesn’t swear
or get mad even when he’s in pain. I first discovered Coyote with his video STUNG by a COW KILLER! literally an hour after reading news about Cow Killer Ants, because it was
suggested to me, because of the algorithm (praise the algorithm). The video begins with
him holding a Cow Killer or Velvet Ant, which is actually a flightless wasp apparently,
close to his arm using forceps and then getting stung. It immediately flashes back to show
the buildup to the sting. Enter Coyote’s first catchphrase: “I’m Coyote Peterson
and I’m about to enter the sting zone with the Velvet Ant”. What follows can only be
described as the purest form of entertainment. A grown man is shaking and writhing in pain
while saying things like “Oh my gosh guys this is super bad” and “Oh wow, Oh wow
okay” and otherwise trying to relate the experience live to the audience, and then
at the end he says this beautiful cheesy outtro line “Be Brave. Stay Wild. I’ll see you
on the next adventure.”
The next video suggested by the algorithm (praise the algorithm) was STUNG by a TARANTULA
HAWK which again, was a bug I had only just been reading about the day before. I had been
reading that a biologist had recommended that should you be stung by a Tarantula Hawk, the
best course of action would be to just “lie down and scream”, so uh, yeah. I do want
to see Coyote Peterson get stung by a Tarantula Hawk wasp. “I’m Coyote Peterson and I’m
about to enter the sting zone with the Tarantula Hawk”. Unsurprisingly enough what Coyote
does after getting stung, is lie down on the ground and scream. “Be Brave. Stay Wild.
And I’ll see you on the next adventure.” I knew I’d been given something magical
and I immediately watched just every Coyote Peterson video I could. I’ve seen Coyote
enter the sting zone, the bite zone, the pinch zone, the chomp zone and the spine zone. I
kept asking out loud “Who is this idiot? Why is he doing this?” I had so many questions.
Who was giving him the money for this? Why would he put himself through this? How had
I never seen this before? Why does he call himself Coyote? A coyote is just a puppy that
nobody loves. Actually, this is kind of apt, because Coyote
is really cute and charming, but if he weren’t kind of annoying too, it would probably be
really hard to watch him get stung and bitten and pinched by all these different creatures.
However, I think there’s something deeper going on here, so I’d like to examine what
exactly is the appeal of Coyote Peterson. You see, after watching what I’ll group
together to call his “pain zone” videos, I went on to watch him rockpooling and finding
a 2ft long enormous black sea slug. I watched him handling an octopus, and then feeding
a galapagos tortoise. Of course I like watching nature documentary content, and Coyote is
really charming and fun, and even though it was a joke I already feel bad for calling
him a puppy that nobody loves, because I love him and clearly so does everybody else. Section 2: Why we want to watch Coyote Peterson
suffer Schadenfreude is such a well-known phenomenon,
that I honestly probably could have satisfactorily written this section by just saying “schadenfreude”.
However, I want to look at this a bit more. Another popular video series I have been suggested
repeatedly is Price Points by Epicurious. In this series, an expert will try to guess
which is the expensive something and which is the cheap something. For example a coffee
expert will try two coffees and tell you which is the expensive coffee and which is the cheap
coffee. Along the way, the expert will explain the processes and inside knowledge of the
product as part of their deduction. Despite the educational content of these videos,
the real appeal is, again, schadenfreude, the pleasure in seeing someone else suffer.
Unlike Coyote, these experts are not suffering physically, but the appeal of the video from
the thumbnail is that they might suffer socially. They will make a claim based on their expertise
and despite their expertise they could be wrong, which would be embarrassing. Neuroscientists
have shown that social pain – such as having your feelings hurt, being embarrassed or being
proven wrong – is processed by the same parts of the brain as physical pain.
The difference between Price Points and Coyote’s “pain zone” videos is that Coyote is making
the videos himself and Epicurious is hosting the experts on. This means that while Coyote
is offering his own suffering as the allure of his content, Epicurious is treating the
experts in a somewhat hostile way, at least in the marketing of the video.
From the point of view of the “pain zone” videos, Coyote is a charming host who for
some reason has decided to get stung and bitten and pinched a lot. He has to be charming because
it’s his content and he wants to be liked. Because of this, you develop attachment to
him as a character over time, and you feel drawn to watch his videos about other things,
videos where he doesn’t get hurt. From the point of view of Price Points however,
the experts are there for two contradictory reasons – to inform and to suffer. The suffering
is the appeal of the video, but the education is the content of the video. I think for me
at least, this is why I like price points less – the experts aren’t set up to be liked,
so I don’t feel an ongoing attachment to the people giving me the information.
The thumbnails of the Price Points series are deliberately put together, in my very,
very professional opinion, to make the experts in the videos look like pretentious dickheads.
This builds them up as characters that we would like to see suffer, and then the premise
of the video introduces the possibility of seeing them suffer social pain.
They are experts, and you know that because the title says so, but if they guess that
edible lube A is more expensive than edible lube B and they’re wrong, they’re going
to suffer and you’re going to enjoy it, and their deep knowledge of what makes a high
quality consumable aphrodysiac lubricant isn’t going to mean shit!
This is where they are similar to Coyote, who has an enormous knowledge of animals,
marine life and insects. He’s an expert (and he dresses just like Crocodile Dundee
so you know that he’s an expert), but if he’s stung by a Tarantula Hawk, that knowledge
isn’t going to do much for him. He’s going to have to lie down on the ground and scream,
just like anybody else. Section 3: Creatures of habit Another reason Coyote Peterson’s videos
have been great to watch is their dependable content. Each video fits the same template
pretty perfectly, and I’ll lay it out for you here. Sorry Coyote, for selling your trade
secrets away. At the start of the video you will see a short
clip of the thing that you came to the video to see, followed by a drumming track played
over an animated title sequence. Next the video cuts back in time either to Coyote talking
to camera or narrating, explaining where he is and what he’s doing. He will give you
some facts about the animal that is the feature of the video and by about two thirds of the
way through you will be brought back to the point you saw at the start. If it is a “sting
zone” video he will mention the “bullet ant challenge” and if it is a “pain zone”
video generally, he will say “I’m Coyote Peterson, and I’m about to enter the [pain]
zone with the [name of animal]”. He’ll then give his reactions to whatever situation
he is in, and then wrap up by saying “Be brave. Stay wild. See you on the next adventure”.
Magic. Another series of videos I’ve really enjoyed
thanks to the algorithm (praise the algorithm) is the Sharpest kitchen knife in the World
series by a channel that I only just found out was called Kiwami Japan while looking
that up, and up until now I’ve just been calling “knife guy”.
In this series, the knife guy makes knives out of various different materials, including
but not limited to kitchen foil, cardboard, wood, rice and jelly – yes, jelly. Even though
the processes for making the knives vary a lot, in a way these videos are even more dependably
repetitive, because at their core only two things happen in every video: Knife guy makes
the knife, and then he cuts things with the knife.
These videos are so appealing, to me at least, because although I love to make stuff, and
watch videos sometimes to learn how to make stuff, I know I will never make any of these
knives. I am not watching these videos to learn, I am watching them to stave off boredom.
They are comforting, and safe, and I know exactly what I am about to see when I click
on Sharpest ice kitchen knife in the world. The appeal of repetitive content can also
be a trap for its creators – repetitive content is comforting and good to half watch, lazily,
in the background. This means that viewers don’t necessarily get invested in the content.
I certainly like knife guy and I’m impressed by him making the sharpest pasta kitchen knife
in the world, but if he got a new job and didn’t produce videos anymore I wouldn’t
be heartbroken. What makes Coyote’s “pain zone” videos
different, despite their formulaic setup, is that they are based around investment in
Coyote as a personality. The more of them you watch, the more you care about Coyote.
In a strangely meta moment, Coyote’s cameraman Mario revealed in one video that he had had
a T-Shirt made that said “Coyote R U OK” because that’s what he said, word for word,
in every single video, right after Coyote entered the sting zone. We are often creatures
of habit, but sometimes those habits can act as feedback loops that drive us in one direction
or another. This is the way that most YouTube personalities build their channels – they
create masses of formulaic content so viewers can get used to them and find them comforting
and safe. The genius of Coyote’s pain zone, is that
investment in his wellbeing, rather than simple tolerance of his existence, is the basic requirement
of watching. After all, schadenfreude may be a powerful draw, but if someone appears
to be really truly suffering, in a lasting sense, the pleasure that can be derived from
it dissipates quickly. In other words, we want to see Coyote suffer just a little bit,
and then we want to ask “Coyote, R U OK?” That said, I don’t think that genius is
entirely intentional, because if it were, it would be a very cynical reading of what
Coyote Peterson is trying to do. I just can’t interpret Coyote that cynically, because every
time I look at him I see a little kid wearing a wide-brimmed leather hat, sitting an inch
away from the TV, watching Steve Irwin or David Attenborough.
So to understand why these videos are made we’re going to have to get right inside
them. We’re going to have to enter the sting zone. Section 4: Entering the sting zone Why would we watch someone put themselves
through pain so excruciating the only advice for it is to “lie down and scream”? Why
would we want to watch that again and again? Is there a reason to watch that beyond sadistic
desire to watch someone suffer? I want to offer a more positive look at this series.
I want to see what we can get out of the Sting Zone which is a bit more positive.
When I see the thumbnail to a Coyote Peterson video – before I’ve seen him get stung – I
want to know what it’s like to get stung by that insect. It’s not like I want to
get stung, but I want to know what it’s like. I have a curiosity, like an itch. I
want to know how bad it would be. Hearing a description isn’t enough, reading about
the biology isn’t enough. For some reason though, seeing Coyote get stung, seeing him
tense up and sometimes yell and use his phenomenally mild swears… yeah that does it. After I
watch one of those videos I’m not curious anymore. There’s no part of me left that
might see a cowkiller ant in the wild and be legitimately stupid enough to think “they
say it’s really painful but how painful is really painful”?
This isn’t just my reading of these videos by the way. Coyote only has one sponsor on
his videos, and it’s a sting pain relief product targeted at Americans who might get
stung by your average yellow-jacket wasp. They didn’t commission the series, they
approached Peterson after he made himself pretty well-known, but it’s honestly pretty
reassuring. If Coyote Peterson says it helps a bit to use that product after he gets stung
by the tarantula hawk, then yeah, I’d probably get that product if I thought I was in danger
of yellow-jacket stings. I like it as well because the only thing I’ve
advertised in my videos so far is Fidgeters, the fidget toys I make myself at home, and
I only ever intend to advertise things that I’ve made. I find Coyote advertising sting
relief not too far from that. Even before he got the sponsor though, Coyote
Peterson included in these videos a level of educational content and advice that is
really valuable. He says in almost every video that these insects only attack if they’re
aggravated, and that if you see one in the wild, you should just “admire it from a
safe distance”. I think that’s another way those videos
are better than other kinds of obvious, repetitive media like them. Coyote is educating people.
He’s showing people why they don’t want to get stung by these insects, what they can
do if they are, and letting them know they probably won’t if they aren’t massive
jerks. Section 5: Carl Carl, if you’re watching this, thanks for
watching 4 sections of hardcore Coyote Peterson analysis. I know you don’t have the best
patience for YouTube videos, so it means a lot to me that you stuck it out to the end,
champ. On July 13th this year, Donald Trump, the
billionaire that lots of white people in America voted for in order to protect against corporate
interest in politics, visited the UK. His visit was protested by over 100,000 people
in London alone, and more across the country. Two of those protesters were us, myself and
Natalie. Now it’s time to introduce a new character
to the story. Also at the protest was Sargon of Akkad. Wow, that’s a pompous name…
Also at this protest was Carl Benjamin. Carl is a YouTube personality who used to
be quite relevant, starting with gamergate, and then with the wave of anti-feminism, but
basically stopped mattering after the main surge of gamergate was over and lots of gamers
went back to their regular lives. Back when he was famous, he took part in a discussion
with Richard Spencer, the Neo-Nazi, in which he made Spencer look really smart and well-informed
and basically gave the guy a share of his audience. He also took part in a debate with
an academic feminist, Kirsty Winters, in which he got completely hilariously demolished.
When Carl takes part in well-moderated debates he just embarrasses himself, because he can’t
use any of the tactics he’s learned to instinctively reach for.
More recently though, Carl joined UKIP along with some other right-wing YouTubers in an
attempt to radicalise their fanbases. The fact that he is an active member of UKIP,
more than anything else, is why I was quite annoyed to see him being interviewed by the
BB-fucking-C at the Trump protest. The BBC tries to do what it considers to be
balanced journalism. Their approach to this is to always show an alternative to whatever
they’re showing. If they have a left-winger, they need to have a right-winger on. If they
show you Coke, they also have to show you Pepsi. Now, UKIP and UKIP members officially
make a lot of noise telling people that they aren’t an inherently racist party, but,
the protest was an anti-racist protest, so I’ll let you make up your own mind about
what the BBC thought they were doing by interviewing Carl.
Let’s be clear. Carl isn’t a politician, he isn’t a political expert or a great thinker,
he’s an edgy shitposter. His current shtick is that he’s read Starship Troopers – the
book that got adapted into a movie which is basically a satire of it because it’s more
or less just fan-fic for Nazis – he’s read that book and he’s telling everyone that
he thinks their society is perfect. [ Dig up quote – He’s telling everyone that this
is a picture of a great society – SERVICE GUARANTEES CITIZENSHIP!] I honestly can’t
tell if he’s sincere or if this is a complex meme-strat in service of making everyone think
he’s just a fucking moron? I don’t know Carl, I can’t see how this benefits you
at all. Well that was his most recent moment in the
spotlight anyway, until right at the last minute while making this video he went on
a podcast and said that [LONG SIGH] age of consent should be on a case-by-case basis.
Anyway, when I saw Carl at the protest, I was pretty annoyed, but I mostly felt that
it’s best to just ignore him. After all, most of the stuff he does nowadays is just
trying to claw back the attention he used to have.
I thought it would be best to ignore him because I’ve seen him argue before. He argues in
tremendous bad faith – or as my french friend says, “bat face”. I’ve done a bit of
debating, and what bat-face arguers like Carl do is basically the polar opposite of real
debate. I’ve also, as I said, seen him debate and he just made a huge tit of himself. [explain
with graphic] As a point of interest, in case you don’t think he argues in bad faith,
you should check out his stream from right after the protest where he stood for hours
defending Trump because, in the stream he says to a live question that he only supports
Trump “to trigger the libs”. He’ll use a series of leading questions
“wouldn’t you agree that this” or “don’t you think that that” in order to lead people
to the conclusions he’s trying to make them draw. If you try to point out what he’s
leading you towards, he’ll deny it. He’s not in the business of discussing ideas, he’s
in the business of repeatedly stating a set of beliefs for the people watching on his
livestream. Why do I say all this, you ask? Well, because
I’ve watched a really good series by Innuendo Studios titled “The Alt-Right Playbook”.
The series goes over the strategies that the alt-right – oh, sorry, alt-centrist? Classical
liberal? I can’t remember which one Carl is identifying as nowadays – strategies people
like Carl use in order to stop people listening to people on the left and reaffirm their ideas
for their fans. You probably know where this is going at this
point, but I went to argue with Carl. Honestly, the biggest part of it was a dumb sort of
curiosity. I knew Carl was going to be better prepared with studies he’d misread and cherry-picked
statistics to quote to back himself up, I knew exactly what he’d do to win the argument
for his viewers, but a dumbass part of me thought “I know they say getting in a bad-faith
argument sucks a lot, but how much is a lot”. I really did know exactly what he’d do,
but that curiosity is a powerful itch. The bad-faith strategy that Carl uses most
is the Motte and Bailey, also called the bait and switch. In this strategy, your bad-faith
arguer will take a premise that everyone agrees on (that’s Carl’s leading questions) and
build on top of it a statement or claim or even just implication that is total nonsense,
despite being appearing superficially connected. If the person they are talking to rejects
their premise, they are totally flummoxed. For example, when I talked to him he asked
me “is there too much immigration in the UK?”. News around immigration, even the
most progressive news, at best plays the defensive on this issue, explaining why immigrants aren’t
as bad as you think, which is why my answer “immigration is a good thing” really caught
him off guard. When he couldn’t gain a foothold in order
to ask his series of leading questions, he changed topic in a way that’s almost comical.
He abruptly shouted “so, ISLAM.” When he started asking his leading questions about
islam, I could see he was trying to lead the conversation to the conclusion that muslims
shouldn’t be allowed into the UK. I pointed that out, he denied it.
At some point in there he made the astonishing claim that 200 million muslim are radical
terrorists hell-bent on destroying the west which… if there were 200 million people
all ready to fight and die for any ideology, that war would be over already. What a weird
fucking thing to say. At another point, he claimed that immigrants
depress wages, which as I’ve pointed out in a previous video, is one of the talking
points a couple of steps up the ladder of the white-genocide conspiracy theory. [expand
on this in vid] He generally got a lot louder and angrier
talking to me than he did talking to other people, and I think that’s probably because
I let him know that I knew what his game was. I called him by his name and I talked into
his GoPro, and I was pretty visibly disappointed when he asked his leading questions. I think
he knew I knew what he was doing, and he kind of hated it.
There’s a bit before I started properly talking to him, when he was still arguing
with someone who didn’t recognise him, where I let her know that he was a member of UKIP.
I knew so well what he’d do that when she turned around and asked him if it was true,
and he said “A proud member of UKIP” you can actually see my mouth moving in time with
his words. I mean you can kind of see it. It’s difficult because I’m 6’3” and
he’s a bit shorter so at that point my head was mostly out of frame.
I’m not trying to say that I won this argument by the way, I’m just trying to explain that
I had knowledge about this particular thing before I went in, and it didn’t do much
for me. After this shitty, embarrassing argument, I wanted to lie down on the floor and moan
loudly for a while until the toxins left my body.
I need to explain this better, and to do that I need to take a bit of a detour, and look
at the worst Coyote Peterson video ever made. Outside of his Pain Zone videos, Coyote made
a video called Beard of Bees GONE WRONG. In the video, Coyote has shaven off his usual
adventurer stubble and he’s going to put on a beard of bees. He’s expecting to get
stung a couple of times, but he’s not expecting what happens. For some reason the bees start
stinging him over and over and over and over. They’re stinging his lips and his eyelid
and his face is starting to swell. He has to shake them off and run, and as his face
distorts with stings he has to say, through swollen lips “Be bwafe. Ftay wiwd. I’ww
see you on the next adfenchu” This video sucks because Coyote isn’t expecting
to get stung. When I say it sucks I mean that it illicits a totally different response from
me as a viewer. It isn’t a morbid fascination, it isn’t scratching that curious itch. It
sucks and I hate it. If bees had tiny bee GoPros and a YouTube
channel, and they uploaded this video, they could probably title it “Leftist SOYBOY
Coyote Peterson stung by RATIONAL Bees” and all the fans of bees would fucking love
it. All the Coyote Peterson fans would hate it because it would be proving how useless
his bee-knowledge is when he isn’t expecting to get stung, and that same social pain I
talked about before, the pain of being proven wrong, would drive them away from it. It would
make them feel terrible, even though Coyote’s bee-knowledge wasn’t really proven wrong
here at all. If anything he shows he knows how the bee pheromones work, and he knows
how to shake them off, but nobody can say that he won that round. That video is clearly
Bees: 1, Coyote: 0. What I’m trying to say here, really, is
to learn from my experience. Don’t get stung. What I mean by that, is don’t go on a bad-faith
arguer’s platform and play their game. If you know some lazy shithead in real life and
you want to argue them go ahead. If you can bring them into a moderated debate with you,
go ahead. When Carl debated Kirsty Winters, he got burned to the ground and she salted
the earth so nothing would ever grow there again.
Trying to change people’s minds isn’t getting stung, but playing their game is,
and it sucks. If you see a Carl Benjamin in the wild, admire it from a safe distance.
It won’t sting you unless you aggravate it.
Be brave. Stay wild. I’ll see you on the next adventure! Outtro:
Apologies to Kristi Winters, whose name I got wrong repeatedly in this video, like an
idiot. I’d like to thank Hann the Mann who makes the music for Curio, as well as various
friends and family, and a couple of my left-tube colleagues who checked through and helped
to write this essay. Thanks most of all to you, the viewer, for watching this video all
the way to the end. Especially thank you for watching all the way to the end if you’re
a fan of Carl’s. Like, why are you here? This channel is where I argue that Bloodborne
is anti-capitalist propaganda. You think I’m joking but that’s an actual essay I’m
writing. Anyway, this video was a bit heavy for me
so I’m gonna do something non-political next time and talk about Fargo. If you really
really liked this video and want to support Curio there is a Patreon and a ko-fi, or for
regular updates you can follow me on twitter. I’ll link to Carl’s stream in the description
for full context, but I don’t really recommend you go watch any of his videos, they’re
a bit boring. You’d be better off checking out Coyote Peterson’s channel, which I’ll
also link to. Bye for now.