How to make a wasp trap from an energy drink


Here’s a
wasp trap
that I bought spiders, a moth but no wasps Here’s a better way first you need an empty can fill 1/3 with juice slide tab so that it partially covers the opening let wasps in but keep them from flying back out set outside and wait let’s see what we’ve caught

5 Simple life hacks you need to try

5 Simple life hacks you need to try


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How to film insects on the cheap

How to film insects on the cheap


today I’m going to show you how to film
insects and other small things on the cheap. the first thing you will need is a toy
microscope so I have one here and what you want to do is basically smash it up
with a hammer and you want the lens. hopefully the lens will be plastic if
it’s a toy microscope because if its glass, you’ll have smashed it up. so you take the
plastic lens from here. here’s one I made earlier. you can see it’s actually quite
powerful. and then the next thing you need– blu-tack. you make a ring of it
around the edge like that, and actually as long as you don’t
obstruct the optical axis, it doesn’t matter too much if you get a bit of it
in the…on the actual lens itself rather than just round the edge. now next
take your phone, stick it on like so and then go onto your camera like so. I can now magnify anything and
you basically just move your phone back and forth as if it’s a magnifying glass
because that’s exactly what it is: a magnifying glass. and as you can see, I can now do that. that the next thing you want to do is either turn on your flash or your
torch like that. get something to magnify for example, this Metacanthina
trilobite, and look at that. you just… so that’s all there is to it. all you do:
take a toy microscope, smash it up, take out the lens, stick it on your phone with
some blue tack, and away you go!

Acute ZIKV Infection during Pregnancy

Acute ZIKV Infection during Pregnancy


Zika virus is a Flavivirus spread predominantly by Aedes mosquitoes. Acute infections can occur with mosquito bites or through sexual transmission and can manifest with low-grade fever, rash, arthralgia, conjunctivitis, and headache. In pregnant women, acute Zika infection has been associated with fetal death and fetal brain defects such as microcephaly, intracranial calcifications, and cerebral malformation, as well as ophthalmologic lesions. In a prospective cohort study, investigators enrolled 345 pregnant women at any period of gestation in Rio de Janeiro from September 2015 through May 2016 who had presented to clinic with rash that had developed within the previous five days. The investigators determined pregnancy and infant outcomes for the women with acute Zika infection. At the time of enrollment, blood and urine samples were tested for Zika virus. Patient specimens were also tested for viruses that can cause fever, rash, or congenital defects, such as dengue, chikungunya, parvovirus b19, and cytomegalovirus, as well as for syphilis and acute HIV infection. All study participants received regular weekly telephone follow-up along with a second clinic visit within 30 days of enrollment and serial fetal ultrasonography during the pregnancy. One hundred and eighty-two of the 345 pregnant women, or 53%, tested positive for Zika virus by PCR in blood, urine, or both. The timing of acute Zika infection ranged from six to 39 weeks of gestation, with more than half of the infections occurring in the second trimester. The majority of women infected with Zika virus had pruritic rash, arthralgia, headache, and conjunctival symptoms. Over 25% had a low-grade fever. By the end of July 2016, a total of 186 pregnancies — 125 affected by Zika virus, and 61 unaffected — had reached completion and were fully evaluated. One hundred and seventeen live births occurred in Zika virus-affected pregnancies and 57 live births in unaffected pregnancies. The fetal mortality rate was seven percent in both groups, 49 (or 42) percent of the live births in the Zika virus affected pregnancies had evidence of gross central nervous system abnormalities on clinical exam or brain imaging, as compared with three (or five) percent of the live births in the pregnancies unaffected by Zika virus. Microcephaly was observed in four infants whose mothers were infected with Zika virus in weeks 8, 12, 30, and 38 of gestation. In conclusion, acute Zika virus infection during pregnancy can have harmful fetal consequences with over 40% of infants having evidence of abnormal CNS findings during the first months of life. Full research report findings are available at NEJM.org.

Bezlotoxumab for Prevention of Clostridium difficile Infection Recurrence


Clostridium difficile is the most common cause
of infectious diarrhea in hospitalized patients in high-income countries. After treatment with antibiotic therapy, patients
may have a recurrence of C. difficile infection, which can be more difficult to treat and may
lead to rehospitalisation. Circulating antibodies against toxin A and
toxin B generated by C.difficile have been correlated with protection against primary
and recurrent infection. MODIFY I and MODIFY II are two international
randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trials investigating the effect of monoclonal
antibodies against C.difficile toxins to prevent recurrent infection. Investigators evaluated actoxumab and bezlotoxumab,
two fully human monoclonal antibodies that bind and neutralize C.difficile toxins A and
B, respectively. 2655 patients with a median age of 66 years,
who had primary or recurrent C.difficile infection and were receiving standard-of-care antibiotics
were randomized to receive intravenous placebo, actoxumab, bezlotoxumab, or a combination
of both monoclonal antibodies. The primary endpoint was the proportion with
recurrent C.difficile — a new episode after successful treatment of the initial infection — over
12 weeks of follow up. After an interim analysis, enrollment in the
actoxumab group was stopped owing to higher rates of recurrent C.difficile infection than
in the combination monoclonal antibody group. In MODIFY I the number of patients with recurrent
C.difficile was 17 % in the bezlotoxumab group as compared with 28% in the placebo group. The results were similar in MODIFY II, and
the differences were significant in both studies. The rates of recurrent C. difficile infection
were similar in the bezlotoxumab and combination groups. Common adverse events included diarrhea and
nausea, which were similar across all study groups. The authors conclude that among patients receiving
standard of care antibiotics for primary or recurrent C.difficile infection, bezlotoxumab
alone or in combination reduced recurrent C.difficile infection rates as compared with
placebo. Full trial results are available at NEJM.org.

Baja Bugs – The People’s Beetle and Classic Desert Racer

Baja Bugs – The People’s Beetle and Classic Desert Racer


The VW Beetle is the bestselling vehicle of all time. Since production began in 1938 over 21 million have been sold. It’s a classic design which still dominates
one of the toughest motorsports in the world, off-road racing. JUDY SMITH: My name is Judy Smith. I’m basically a housewife, but when I can, I drive a Class 11 race car in the desert, in Baja, as far away from pavement and civilisation as I can get. There are different classes for off-road Beetles, Judy Smith’s is a Class 11. This is a Class 5-1600, a Beetle with limited modifications. And this is the most extreme Beetle of all,
the Class 5 Unlimited, the ultimate desert racer. The Beetle was originally designed by Ferdinand Porsche, when Hitler asked him to design a Volkswagen, German for People’s car. Porsche designed it to last. JUDY SMITH: People use VWs as off-road cars because of the fact that they were air-cooled, rather than water-cooled, didn’t have a
radiator, you didn’t have to worry about running out of water, or boiling over. And because the motor is in the back over the drive wheels so it gets such good traction in loose soft terrain. Judy has made only a few alterations to her Beetle, she has fitted slightly bigger tyres, slightly stiffer shock absorbers, and a roll
cage. But it takes more than just a good car to
survive in off-road racing. JUDY SMITH: You need to learn how to read the desert. But then you need to be able to make decisions and stick by them, you can’t be indecisive. You can end up over a cliff, or stuck in a river, or stuck in the ocean, so the decisions have some importance. You can get yourself into a real bind. It’s the last adventure left to me, I’m born too late to take the covered wagons across, and I’m born too early to take a spaceship and go out to Saturn or something, but I can ride in Baja, and I feel like an explorer, feel like I’m seeing new things, I am seeing new things. I am doing something that the average person doesn’t do, can’t do, won’t do. Love it! The next step up is the Class 5-1600. Wayne Cook has modified his Beetle to produce a world champion. WAYNE COOK: The street-legal Beetle is quite a marvel in itself, all we’ve done is make it better. Make it just a little bit bigger suspension, a little bit bigger torsion bars, a little bit bigger of everything. It will do just about anything except for climb a block wall. The most extreme off-road racer is the Class 5 Unlimited, a Beetle on steroids. GEORGE SEELEY: My name is George Seeley Junior and I drive a Class 5. Capable of speeds of 110mph over the roughest terrain, this car has no limits. GEORGE SEELEY: The ideal situation for this car is to have long suspension, which allows you to go faster through rougher terrain. It’s kind of a crowd pleasing car, because it will fly well, and it maintains a good attitude in the air, which lets you gain on your opponent and actually finish the races in faster time. It has a custom-built chromoly frame, with
a 3000cc engine suspended over the back wheels. It has 4 massive shock absorbers at the back with over 2 feet of travel, these absorb the impact of landing and keep it stable over bumps. GEORGE SEELEY: The greatest joy is you go over a jump, like you fly through the air, you’re leaving Earth for a while. It gives you a tremendous feeling of accomplishment when you battle the elements and come through. The basic Beetle design hasn’t changed from 1938, until now. It’s styled on the old Beetle, but that’s
where the similarity ends. It has abandoned original design features
like the rear air-cooled engine in favour of a water-cooled engine, and now it’s under the hood. It’s The Bug for the 21st century.