Hogyan nevelj hangyakolóniát? – 1. rész


AntsHungary presents: How to raise an ant colony? the ant colony’s raising starts with a test tube. fill the clean test tube with some water theen put a piece of wool in it not too tight and not too loosely pull down the wool with a hooked wire expressly. only until the water level not along! than put the ant queen in this test tube. this test tube will guarantee the humidity for a long time the end of the test tube also close with a piece of wool it let through the air so gives the optimal breeze for the hatching test tube. the queen feels safe herself in this tight, closed test tube and the humidity imitate the underground conditions most of the claustral ant species don’t claim feeding at the first time, but we recommend to feeding every species from the beginning, to helps their successfull colony founding. most species needs to feed with honey and insects only some harvester species deflect from it. put a small honey at the side of the test tube with a hooked wire put only a few from it, less than a drop. we should think how big our ant, and how big her stomach possibly if we think this, we won’t make that mistake to give too much honey them and they stick in it. recommend to cut half the insects for the ants they will easily access to the soft parts in it. then put the test tube in warm, dark, calm and vibration-free place when the queen can laying eggs leisurely. can guarantee the darkness if package the test tube in a piece of cellophane. some days later the queen is laying down her first eggs. this time we don’t have much work, just to take care for the feeding and keep the test tube clean. give them half-cutted insect pieces 2 times a week and 1 or 2 days later clear off them before they deteriorate after a few weeks the eggs develop.. …first for larva, ..after for puppae. larvae eats protein already, so this time important the feeding regularly. first workers will hatch from the puppae. with the small and mediom sized ants it needs 4-6 weeks from egg to worker but with some big sized spices this time could be 2 and half months even. If the test tube became dirty during the hatching we have to move the queen and the brood into a new, clean test tube. it’s much easier now, than when have workers if the surface of the cotton covered by mould, or the water discoloured, it could be a dangerous habitat for the ants, so have to move them for a new tube. we need the following tools for the transfer: first top up the new test tube with the earlier mentioned method, then put the queen into the new one. finally have to move the brood carefully. need a small drop of water. watering a bit the hair of the brush, so the brood will stick to it and we can move them carefully to the new test tube. the brush has soft hairs wich don’t damage the brood. try to move all of the eggs. don’t have to put them for the same place, the queen will put them to a heap. 🐜 Subscribe! 🐜 – and check the next episode. 🙂

Élet 5 centiméteren! – Temnothoraxok gondozása FormiKIT micro hangyafarmban


If you don’t know Temnothorax species, you should know they are tiny species and found small colonies. They can live lifelong in the FormiKIT micro formicarium. Here can see the queen. The moister spoinge is a bit dirty in this formicarium, i should replace it to a new one. But how can we do this, to avoid their escape? Check this, here is the first trick! We will replace the sponge and the colony will stay in the formicarium during. The FormiKIT Micro include 6 screws we will get out 5 from these. We will leave only the roofing’s screw. The formicarium won’t come aparts, but we can slide carefully the nest’s top layer. Take out the old sponge, and put the new one into. Then slip back the top layer. We have some deserters of course. Don’t afraid, just put them back with a brush. Finally close and assemble the formicarium. You can see the new sponge is much cleaner! This sponge is really thin, as can see before. This is important. Don’t forget: it can store only a few water, so really important to moister it regularly, at least 1-2 times a week. Temnothorax species don’t need high humidity, but they also drink sometimes. Put a piece of tape on the moister hole, to slow down the evaporating. I raised up them a bit. They are trying to hide in the pole and guarding the queen. We can clean up the dirty arena with a humid cotton wool. I show you a mature colony too. The winged male ants this year appeared in this colony. You can see they have massive brood. This is how looks a mature colony in the Temnothorax species. But they are still no more than 5 centimeter. I show you the 2nd trick with this colony. Need a small piece of wool, and a hooked tweezer. When all ants in the nest-part, close the entrance with the wool. Take out the 4 screws from the arena. If you take apart the arena like this you can wiping and cleaning it, just how you want. Don’t have to worry about the escapes during the cleaning. The two screws still keeps in gross the nest-part. If we finished with the cleaning assemble it again and give food for the ants. You can see a new-born worker in this scene. They has this bright color after born, during the first day. She looks just like a “ghost-ant” 🙂 This colony get honey, … …cockroach pieces, … …and shattered nut pieces for food. It seems they like the cockroach mostly now. You can put the formicarium in different ways, but don’t forget: the water in the sponge will always goes downwards. Thanks for watching! You can find the own-designed FormiKIT Micro formicarium on our ant-site! If you enjoyed, don’t forget to subscribe to the AntsHungary’s YouTube channel! 🙂

A Tiny Wasp, with a Big Evolutionary Secret to Tell

A Tiny Wasp, with a Big Evolutionary Secret to Tell


[Ellen Martinson] So, our study was done with the jewel
wasp, nasonia vitripennis, which is a parasitoid wasp and that means that
they inject venom into other organisms that changes the metabolism of that
organism so that it becomes a good environment for their young to be raised in. [Jack Werren] Parasitoids are a vast group of insects. Estimates of the number of species in the world range from 100,000 to up as
high as 600,000 and they play a very important role in keeping other insect
populations in check. [Ellen] You don’t actually know the function of venom until it’s injected into another organism and how it changes that organism and so when we
study wasp venom we can see these very close knit interactions of two different
species and see how those interactions evolve over time. In the past, most people
have attributed new gene functions to duplication and neofunctionalization
and that simply means that you have a gene and a gene has a function and then
the genes duplicates it changes into a new function. But the problem with that
theory is that it’s very slow and then if we’re looking at the time scale
we see with this wasp venom we’re seeing that that is happening much, much, much
faster. For example, to two of the species that we looked at are relatively closely
related. So they separated from each other only about 1 million years ago and
40% of their venom repertoire has changed in just that relatively short
period of time and when we saw that we realized that it couldn’t possibly be
described by duplication and neofunctionalization [Jack] Primarily what happens is a non-venom single-copy gene gets recruited and evolves the new function. It’s sort of
like it’s taking on a new job. it’s like they’re moonlighting. They have a day job
and now they’ve got a night job and the night job is being a venom and then the
question is what then happens next? Maybe the night job is more lucrative
and the gene evolves to become a venom specialist. Some of these genes actually
maintain both functions and then we even found that in some cases when a venom
gene stopped being a venom gene it appears to be going back to its day job.
This co-option method because it’s exploiting an existing gene can in
principle happen more quickly and therefore we think that this may be a
common process when organisms are subject to strong selection in a
changing environment. [Ellen] Venom research has important implications in medical research because venom is basically composed of metabolically active
compounds so these are things that will go into another organism and change a
gene or metabolite and venom in the past has actually been developed into new
pharmaceuticals and drugs [Jack] It has a vast potential resource for new drug discovery, which basically has not been explored at all. So I think
going forward that’s probably the largest implication of venoms and
parasitoids to medicine

W.A.S.P. by BLACK SABBATH – Guitar Lesson – Tony Iommi

W.A.S.P. by BLACK SABBATH – Guitar Lesson – Tony Iommi


Hi, I’m Bobby crispy This video is part of my guitar lesson series So today, I’ll show how to play Wasp by black Sabbath from their first album Just simple song with only a few riffs So I’ll play the riffs and then I’ll show how they’re played note for note using tabs [ok] so the first riff is this Okay, let’s play like this bar chord at the seventh fret Major Barre Chord So play the top string strum it three times Then top string open then play the rest of the notes at the seventh fret over Explain what mainly the top four strings Okay, next riff is this again Okay, that’s uh power cord to the seventh fret play it twice And at the third string seventh fret twice once more pull off to the sixth fret and to the ninth fret 4Th strings What’s more and pull off the Zone? Fifth string [day] threat after for strength for strange seven threat, so I played against away X riff is this Yeah, that’s a power chord again they twice the seventh fret Okay, [let’s] start the fifth string some threats slide up to the ninth fourth string seventh fret the fifth fret night slide down to the south wait again and pull off from 7th through the 5th top string seventh fret fifth string fifth fret so play it slowly Okay, [no] next riff is this top string fifth eighth fourth string fifth Hammer [onto] seventh and pull off and [fifth] hammer on the south so again slowly extra fizzes Like this similar to the previous riff top string fifth eighth fourth string fifth [Hammer] [on] Seventh pull off for the fifth string fifth fret Hammer onto the seventh Thanks, riff is this you okay, festering V [ret] place top string Aids Fistrick V hand Rounder six pull left V back to the top straight And next riff is this Okay, top string fifth fret so at the 7th 3rd fret 7th fret [sorry] Third string 7th fret good Gonna shake once again top string fifth the [seventh] bottom string 7th same time play the 2nd string 10th fret bend up once again slowly Okay, it was the main riffs of wasp. Okay. That’s a lesson. I hope it’s been helpful and thanks for watching

How to Control & Prevent Cockroaches in Your Home Without Harsh Chemicals

How to Control & Prevent Cockroaches in Your Home Without Harsh Chemicals


Just about everybody is grossed out by cockroaches and they’re carriers of parasites like tapeworms. They’re also a trigger for allergens and asthma. Today I’m going to show you how to deal with these pests organically. There are three major species of cockroaches that can be problems indoors: German, Oriental and American. German cockroaches are by far the most common type to cause an infestation. Oriental and American cockroaches are usually only problems in very damp humid areas. When it comes to controlling cockroaches you need to use an integrated pest management system. Using just one type of control won’t eliminate the problem and it won’t prevent it from reoccurring again. Control cockroaches through sanitation, exclusions and perhaps chemical control. The first step is exclusion. If the cockroaches can’t get into your kitchen they can’t infest it. Use weather stripping around your doors and windows. Keep shrubs trimmed so they’re away from the house. Caulk small cracks in the walls and where wires come into the house. If you don’t have indoor pets or small children you can also put down some crawling insect killer in front of vents to kill roaches trying to come in the house. If you’re bringing in a piece of furniture or an accessory into the home from outside be sure and vet it very carefully to make sure that there’s no roaches hitching a ride. remove trash or stacked firewood from against your home. These can provide places for hiding roaches. Cockroaches like dark warm places to hide so check your meter box and irrigation boxes regularly. Cockroach populations in these areas may easily make it indoors. if you do find evidence of cockroach populations inside you can spray with a product that’s labeled for cockroaches indoors like this orange guard. Inside your house practice sanitation. Remove sources of food water and hiding places to make your kitchen unattractive to roaches. Store your food in plastic or glass containers that cockroaches can’t get into. Vacuum the back of cabinets, the back of drawers, to be able to vacuum up any food or egg cases or roaches. Use a flashlight and mirror to check for hard to see places. Check for egg cases, roach skins and possible food droppings. Be sure and check under your sink for leaks. Cockroaches could get thirsty and try to find water underneath. Remove stacks of magazines, bags or other places that roaches might hide. If you can’t remove a likely hiding place you can place sticky traps like this insect magnet to monitor your control strategy. Use metal cans with secure lids to prevent roaches from getting inside your trash cans. Be sure and practice monitoring exclusion good sanitation and organic controls and keep these baddies out of your kitchen and grow organic for life.

Bee Gees – In The Morning 兩小無猜 – Bee Gees


…♫…♪♪♪…♫… ♪ In the morning
when the moon is at its rest, ♪ ♪ You will find me
at the time I love the best ♪ ♪ Watching rainbows
play on sunlight; ♪ ♪ Pools of water
iced from cold night, ♪ ♪ In the morning. ♪ ♪ ‘T is the morning of my life. ♪ ♪ In the daytime
I will meet you as before. ♪ ♪ You will find me
waiting by the ocean floor, ♪ ♪ Building castles
in the shifting sands ♪ ♪ In a world
that no one understands, ♪ ♪ In the morning. ♪ ♪ ‘T is the morning of my life ♪ ♪ In the morning of my life, ♪ ♪ The minutes take
so long to drift away ♪ ♪ Please be patient with your life ♪ ♪ It’s only morning ♪ ♪ and you’re still to live your day ♪ ♪ In the evening ♪ ♪ I will fly you to the moon ♪ ♪ To the top right hand corner
of the ceiling in my room ♪ ♪ Where we’ll stay
until the sun shines ♪ ♪ Another day
to swing on clothes lines ♪ ♪ May I be yawning ♪ ♪ ‘T is the morning of my life ♪ ♪ In the morning ♪ ♪ In the morning
…♫…♪♪♪…♫…♪

Elképesztő hangyaváros szövőhangyákkal! (Polyrhachis dives)

Elképesztő hangyaváros szövőhangyákkal! (Polyrhachis dives)


Hello everyone, this is a new antsite video In this episode we are going to rebuild an ant city. Keep watching until the end – i promise it will be super exciting… This is an old formicarium A thriving weaver ant colony lived in it before. You can saw this colony in some previous videos, or even personally on terraristic exhibitions. This colony lived 2, 2 and half year long in this formicarium. So the goal is to populate again this formicarium with a thriving ant colony. We have chance now to rebuild this system, so why don’t we upgrade a bit this whole formicarium to be more spectacular? You know i have plenty of creativity, so i find out a cylinder shape instead of the previous brick. This is more elegant and even more spectacular. Then I want something more in my mind.. If the weaver ants can get an own tower, why don’t they get an own city instead? This is the story how comes the idea to build an ant city. The structure build up from three different towers, with three outside gallery between them. There are three escape-prevent edge, and three openable ventilation grid on the top of the towers. There are more ventilation grids on two place at the sides, for the better breezing. There are many carcase laying on the floor of the old formicarium. Also can find tainted, unhatched larvae somewhere. The diameter of the biggest cylinder was planned for the size of the old bonsai tree. Meanwhile we get a big family of weaver ants so they will move into the new place. You can see what a massive nest they built in their previous home. They weaved almost everything for nest in the left formicarium, and there are many of workers in the left formicarium also. The ant city looks much amazing after the furnish. The old bonsai tree also looks epic in it, and i put another, smaller bonsai tree inside. Ants can hide between it’s roots. The ant city looks like a real metropolis after the ants have moved in. Every ants working on it’s own task busily. Some of them are building new home and others throwing out the garbage from the old nest. Every ants run fast to their work on the busy trails. After the settlement the ants moved in the old nest at the top of the tree immediately, and they start to throwing out the old larvaes and garbage from it. I didn’t record video from the settlement, because I have put them through almost one by one during an afternoon. It wasn’t too interesting for a video you can believe. An now let’s see the freshly building new nest. One day after the settlement some ants gathered spectacularly between the roots. At that time we could guess what they planning, and a few times later the first strings just appear. The ants just start to weaving their new nest. Catch their larvae in their mouth and working busy on the building operations, so they pass so much with the building on the first day! A few days later the new nest starts to equal to it’s final form. The walls became more stronger as the ants wave more and more layers on it. They use every kind of building material, this reason there are black and green threads in the walls which comes from the fake grass which covers the floor. Meanwhile they start to renew the old nest at the top of the tree. They have repaired the entrances, and they start to build together the nest with the wall of the cylinder. Can see well the fresh silks with brighter color than the old weaves. We can see inside the nest through the formicarium wall. There are many of workers and larvae working hard inside. That workers who don’t work, they guarding in a typical position on the most important strategy places. Sometimes we can notice winged males (drones) in the colony. The smallest, sloping tower still empty, because I give them food and water here. I put a test tube with full of water here, and they start to use it ardently. Hopefully they won’t drown in the open water, if this happens i have to find out another method for watering. There is a build in thermometer at the side of the formicarium. The back of the thermometer have to cover with grid, to avoid them to move inside it. Those areas where the ants feel the ventilation of the air, they try to discover new places. They stick out their antennae often through the dish to find out what is at the other side. A few workers waiting standby on the only door where no any escape-prevent oil around. But don’t worry, i never open this door. If they thirsty or hungry many workers start to raiding in their territory to find food or water. But of course their activity depends from the temperature and light also, in cooler temperature they goes inside the nest instead. And it seems they try to reach the lighter places – i think this could be some escaping instinct. It is such a catching sight, as these tiny insects organizing their society and living their everyday. We can admire them for hours, and can observe more and more interesting ant-things, but unfortunately our video is ending now, hope see you again next time! Don’t forget to like, subscribe and hit the 🔔 icon to get notifications for our new videos! 🙂

NATURE | Silence of the Bees | Inside the Hive | PBS

NATURE | Silence of the Bees | Inside the Hive | PBS


A Healthy hive of honey bees functions like a perfect and fluid organism at the center of all activity is the queen an Egg-laying machine the queen is actually a slave to her duties laying up to [2500] eggs a day as many as 2 million in her lifetime The worker bees are all female and make up the bulk of the colony In a typical hive of 30,000 bees only about 100 of males called drones with oversized eyes and bulky bodies drones are not equipped to Gather Pollen or nectar and must rely on the workers to feed them the [invaluable] work bees. Do takes its toll in the summer workers only live around 30 days Literally worked to death But the hive is constantly replenished with new generations of beans ready to go to work from the moment they hatch When [abby] is three weeks old [she] becomes a forager and will spend the rest of her short life collecting nectar and Pollen She will fly up to three miles away, and amazingly always return to the same hive when she discovers an abundant pollen source she’ll recruit other foragers through a most unusual form of communication a dance She informs the other bees that food is [available] and [that] food is in such and such a Direction from the hive and is at such and such a distance away from the hive and those pieces of information Distance and Direction are encoded symbolically in movements and sounds that she produces Turn right at 100 feet take a left at 50 feet The Waggle Dance is the only known symbolic language that exists outside the realm of humans and lower primates? There’s really nothing that compares to the dance language of the honeybee it stands as one of the seven [wonders] of the animal Behavior world

Learning with cockroaches

Learning with cockroaches


Can you tell them what it feels like? A “hands-on” experience with a cockroach
might not sound like all that much fun to you, but to a second grader, there’s no
better way to spend an afternoon. Because I love insects and cockroaches. The University of Minnesota’s Bell
Museum is bringing cockroaches, along with a host of other insects,
invertebrates and small animals, to Apple Valley’s Cedar Park Elementary School. Our mission is to educate the public
of Minnesota about the natural world. It’s called the BUZ room. That’s short for Building Understanding Zone. Inside this BUZ room in Apple Valley, Bell
Museum Education Curator Kevin Williams says he and others from the U of M will
spend the next couple months, helping the students design their
own experiments with the animals. For years, students have been coming
here, to the Bell Museum, for field trips. The BUZ room is the same idea as a field
trip, but instead of the students coming to the museum, the museum goes to the students,
where they can experience it every day. And Cedar Park teachers are thrilled
to have the Bell in their classrooms. You know, we’ve really tapped into the resources
that the Bell has been able to provide, because they’re really the
experts in this field. And so as educators, it was
fun to partner with them, put our ideas together with their expertise. Jamie Holtz says her students
are more interested and engaged when they can touch and feel
their science lesson. And Williams says that engagement with animals
also teaches the students important lessons about respect. If we can get kids to interact with animals in a
respectful and responsible way at an early age, then that will carry on then to how
they interact with other students. Who knew a hands-on experience with a
cockroach could be such a good thing? It’s super fun and I wish I
could just be here all the time. For the University of Minnesota,
I’m Justin Ware.