4 DEADLY Carnivorous Plants

4 DEADLY Carnivorous Plants


Anna: They snap, they trap, they stick, and
they suck. This is the bizarre world of carnivorous plants—leafy
creatures that eat everything from insects, to crustaceans, to mammals. I’m Anna, and this is Gross Science. The vast majority of plants only require a
few things to survive: sunlight, water, air, and mineral nutrients, which they typically
get from the soil or pond water they’re growing in. These nutrients are elements like nitrogen
and phosphorus, which are building blocks for things like DNA and proteins. But most carnivorous plants live in places
without a lot of nutrients, like peat bogs. So to really thrive, they draw extra nutrition
from the bodies of unsuspecting prey. Now, carnivory has actually evolved multiple
times in plants all over the world, giving rise to some wildly diverse and morbidly beautiful
methods for catching food. So, Vanessa from BrainCraft and I bought a
few carnivorous plants! Vanessa: They’re so beautiful. Anna: They really are. Vanessa: Yeah. Anna: And I’m going to show you some of
my favorites. You ready, Vanessa? Vanessa: I’m scared and kind of excited
all at once. Anna: Me too! Ok, so first, this is the bladderwort. These guys live in watery environments, but
they have these small, empty chambers growing from their stems. When a tiny creature—like a crustacean—passes
by, it brushes against these things called trigger hairs. The hairs make the door to the chamber pop
open, and as water rushes in to fill the empty space inside, the tiny crustacean gets sucked
in, too. This entire process happens in less than a
thousandth of a second—the video you’re watching here has been slowed way down. Then the bladderwort releases digestive enzymes
into the chamber to break down the insect’s body and lap up its nutrients. After its meal, the chamber squeezes out all
the water, closes the door, and is ready to catch more prey. Vanessa: Wow. Anna: But that’s only one variety of carnivorous
plant. Other types of carnivorous plants act totally
differently. For example, the leaves of sundews are covered
in delicate, wispy hairs, each with a teeny drop of liquid at the end. Thinking the liquid is actually delicious
nectar, insects fly in to grab a tasty drink. But those dewdrops are actually sticky and
trap the bug. The wispy tentacles curl around the insect,
holding it tightly and maximizing the number of hairs it touches, which speeds up digestion. Vanessa: What I find so cool is the way sundews
operate is like a botanical version of brains and muscles . So, while they don’t have
brain cells they do have chemical signals to move which kind of acts as a brain. Anna: That’s so amazing, it’s a really
good analogy. The other really cool thing is that there
are actually some carnivorous plants that actually capture prey without moving at all. So, pitcher plants have deep basins filled
with digestive enzymes. Insects venture in looking for food, but then
they can’t get back out. There are tons of different varieties of these
plants, but in this species, called Sarracenia flava, the inside of the pitcher is slippery,
so bugs fall in and then can’t crawl up the walls. They also have downward pointing hairs at
the bottom of the pitcher that make climbing out even more difficult for the insects. And some species of pitcher plant can catch
more than just bugs. Certain tropical pitcher plants are so large
that they’ve been known to trap small rodents, like mice and rats. Vanessa: That’s scary. That’s very scary. Anna: It absolutely is. But, next is a type of plant that might be
a little bit more familiar. Vanessa: It is more familiar. Anna: This is the Venus flytrap. These plants have book-like leaves, which
emit a sweet smell that attracts insects, like flies. When a fly lands on the leaf, it brushes against
trigger hairs. Touching the hair sends a little electric
charge through the leaf. And each charge stimulates pores to open,
which allow water to move from one part of the leaf to another. The changes in water pressure make the book
snap shut in under a second. However, the plant will only close if at least
two hairs are touched in under about 20 seconds—or if the same hair is triggered twice in the
same amount of time. Then, the struggling prey needs to touch more
hairs before the flow of digestive juices begins. This keeps the plant from wasting precious
resources on a false alarm—like a floating speck of dirt or a curious human setting off
the snare for fun. Vanessa: So, when you’re talking about these
electrical charges, you’re really referring to something called action potentials. And these are signals our own brains’ neurons
use to pass on information to each other. So, we don’t tend to think about it, but
it’s kind of amazing how similar we are to plants. Anna: Yeah, we don’t tend to think about
it and that is really amazing. And Vanessa actually has a whole video about
this over on her channel, and I’ll put a link to it somewhere on this screen. Definitely go check it out. It’s so cool. Vanessa: Thank you. Anna: Anyway, these were just a few examples
of the diversity of these deadly traps. But the variety out there is really quite
extraordinary—in fact, there are over 750 individual species of carnivorous plants worldwide. And by the way, many of them are easy to find
and to care for. So if you have some of these plants at home,
let me know. I’d love to see your gruesomely beautiful
garden grow. Vanessa: This one’s really sticky. Anna: Ewww!

9. Insect flight muscles

9. Insect flight muscles


Most insect species have wings as adults and are able to fly. Unlike birds and bats, insect wings are not modified fore limbs, but are extensions of the cuticle of the meso- and meta-thoracic segments. These two thoracic segments also have prominent muscles used for generating the wingbeat Flight muscles of bats and birds attach directly to the wings, and pull the wings up and down. In insects, only dragonflies and damselflies have muscles attached directly to the wing and these muscles only produce the downstroke for the wingbeat. In all other flying insects, both the downstroke and upstroke of the wingbeat are produced in response to contractions by muscles that attach to the thoracic cuticle and not directly to the wing. The downstroke is produced by a set of dorsal, longitudinal muscles attached to phragma. Phragma are articular invaginations of the meso- and metathoracic segments. The upstroke is generated by a pair of dorso-ventral muscles attached to the top and bottom surfaces of the meso- and metathoracic segments. These indirect muscles act by undergoing rapid, antagonistic changes in tensions that produce alternating changes in the length and height of the thoracic segments. These alternating changes in the shapes of the segments cause the base of the wing to move in and out over a lateral fulcrum point that flips the wing into the upstroke and the downstroke for the wingbeat. Many insects species are able to move their wings rapidly and can fly at wing beats of 100 to 700 per second. By comparison, hummingbirds fly at approximately 50 wing beats per second. Muscles that attach directly to the base of the wing cause wing folding or may control the pitch and twisting of the wing in some species. you

This Killer Fungus Turns Flies into Zombies | Deep Look


We like to think we’re in control … that
our minds are our own. But that’s not true for this fruit fly. Its brain has been hijacked by another organism
and it’s not going to end well. It all starts when the fly is innocently walking
around, sipping on overripe fruit. It picks up an invisible fungus spore, which
bores under its skin. For a few days, everything seems normal. But inside, the fungus is growing, feeding
on the fly’s fat … and infiltrating its mind. At dusk on the fourth or fifth day, the fly
gets a little erratic, wandering around. It climbs to a high place. Scientists call this behavior “summiting.” Then it starts twitching. The fungus is in control. The fly sticks out its mouthpart and spits
out a tiny drop of sticky liquid. That glues the fly down, sealing its fate. A few minutes later, its wings shoot up. And it dies. Now that the fungus has forced the fly into
this death pose … wings out of the way … nothing can stop it. It emerges. Tiny spore launchers burst out of the fly’s
skin. Hundreds of spores shoot out at high speed,
catching a breeze if the fly climbed high enough. They’re the next generation of killer fungus. It continues for hours, spores flying out. These flies are in the wrong place at the
wrong time. And if spores land on a wing, which they can’t
bore into, they shoot out a secondary spore to increase their chances of spreading. So how does a fungus take control of a brain? At Harvard, Carolyn Elya is trying to understand
that. She thinks the fungus secretes chemicals to
manipulate the fly’s neurons, maybe stimulating the ones that make flies climb. But don’t worry: The fungus can’t hurt
humans. Scientists have tried to harness its power
for our benefit, to kill flies in our kitchens and farms. They haven’t had any luck though. The deadly spores are actually pretty fragile
and short-lived. It turns out, this lethal puppet master does
only what it needs to for its *own* survival. Hi, it’s Lauren again. If you love Deep Look, why not help us grow
on Patreon? We’re raising funds to go on a filming expedition
to Oaxaca, Mexico. And for a limited time, we’re sweetening the
deal with a special gift. Link is in the description. And if you’re craving more spooky videos,
here’s a playlist of our scariest episodes. Don’t watch ‘em after midnight. See you soon.

파리가 술을 먹는 이유는 ? Unrequited love makes even insects drink

파리가 술을 먹는 이유는 ? Unrequited love makes even insects drink


The pain of broken heart makes flies drink too
Literally male flies If you’re rejected, you’ll drink
I will introduce you to an interesting experiment This experiment is US Genila Palm Research
Campus Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research by Dr. Galat Showhat
One result. Experimental method is the courtship of males males
To induce rejection Do not mate already instead of virgin flies
Pro-female flies to the breeding ground with males I put it in. The female fly flies once
Because of the habit of not trying to reconnect The situation where males are repeatedly rejected
Because you can make it. When the experiment started, male flies
Rub your feet to wear Begging for love. But after the mating female flies
I’ve repeatedly retired. This experiment lasted several days. And choose to feed male flies
Gave me a chance. The food of a food that Paris has always eaten
B’s food is about 15% alcohol It was food. Indeed male flies choose what food
Yes, of course Don’t hesitate to eat alcoholic foods
Selected. Interesting fact that a classy
Food b is of poor quality and poor taste The second thing that contained alcohol in food
Even in the experiment Always go b alcohol food
Selected. At the time of publication of this paper,
People, flies, every single thing As article of title Introduced the research results. This experiment can be fun but
There are some academic meanings. Flies feel pleasure in alcohol
Feeling pleasure in sex Points. The heterogeneous pleasure of alcohol and copulation
Can replace each other If one side is lacking,
It means you can replenish. A kind of evolution to overcome trials
Wouldn’t it be Now when you see Paris flies over soju
My heart hurts I don’t think you can kick me out.

8 Coolest INSECT Robot Toys which Actually Exist ✅

8 Coolest INSECT Robot Toys which Actually Exist ✅


welcome to TTI welcome to the whole new
world of science and robotics today we are going to explore the incredible
world of robotic insects so watch the entire video to discover something new
and something robotic number eight it can be safely said that Ant Man is the
king of controlling ants I mean he has an entire ant army it sounds crazy but
you can make your own ant army with another cool creation from the company
Festo they make robotic ants which act and behave exactly like real live ones
they can work in groups to complete any task these 3d printed ants are designed
with six mechanical legs and have porcelain conductors capable of
conducting efficiently performing various activities with a minimum energy
expenditure there is even tiny cameras on the ants heads which track objects
and allows you to see from their point of view number seven Festo emotion
butterflies now you can decorate your home or
business with these beautiful butterflies without offending animal
rights activists because the German company Festo make plenty of these
butterflies which will impress you each one is autonomous and it can fly in
programmed ways it weighs 32 grams and in a single charge it can fly for 15
minutes this whole system consists of 10 high speed infrared cameras installed
into a room where butterflies can fly you can hardly distinguish these Bionic
butterflies from the real ones in this room and their flight looks very
impressive number 6 the robot dragonfly the PhD students inspired by dragonfly
has created a miniaturized four-winged roba at Tech checked this dragonfly is a
lightweight robot insect that collects information while flying like a real
dragonfly it has a Wi-Fi model with 20 different sensors the users can enjoy an
aerial dynamic wings with its four wing mechanism its brushless motors and its
single cell battery of 250 milliamp hours the latest dragonfly model is autonomous
with stereoscopic vision fly control systems and a dual camera ready
operating system this means you can do amazing aerial photography spy on people
or secure your house the dragon flag of smaller and smaller details of each
locations and its efficient and eco-friendly and about 6 inches long so
you can take it easily in your pocket wherever you go you can control the actions and
movements of the dragonflies to the smartphone or laptop through software
this could be the next-generation spy tool even James Bond wants us in his
pocket number five best Oh Bionic opted er the German company Festo introduced its
cutest robotic creation a dragonfly known as Bionic opted er just like its
model in nature this ultralight flying object can fly in all directions hover
in midair and glide without beating its wings this unique way of flying is made
possible by the lightweight construction and the integration of functions each of
its four wings also features an amplitude controller and can be twisted
up to 90 degrees horizontally it is much larger than the real dragonfly the body
of the Bionic op Turismo puffs carbon fiber and it’s covered in polyester
membranes this cute robot can be controlled easily via your smartphone number four scorpion hexapod robot have you seen a scorpion remember its
sting is scary huh inspired by scorpions student at Ghent
University in Belgium have created a hexapod scorpion this is created
specifically for the purpose of stinging to visitors at the industrial centers
Tech Exposition surprisingly this thing is completely harmless this terrifying
robot is made with 3d printing technologies to demonstrate the
intuitive and complex mechatronic functions or stabbing people with its
tail it has six legs that moves in all directions and does more than real
scorpions it uses different IR sensors and cameras to calculate surrounding
environments guys this is really cool number three
cockroach robot cockroaches our all-time favorites and this experiment shows
these cockroaches can withstand almost 900 times their body weight without
getting hurt that’s like an average person being
crushed by more than 123 thousand pounds not only that even in the squish State
that American cockroaches were still able to run super fast nearly 20 times
their body length per second UC Berkeley researchers have discovered the secrets
of how cockroaches achieved those astounding hue Deenie light contortions
and now they’re using dis discovery to build robots those same extraordinary
powers inspired by this awesome skill set the researchers built cram a
compressible robot with articulated mechanisms the prototype has a segmented
pliable cockroach light shell cram is able to sprawl out and run using other
parts of its legs instead of its feet imagine the possibilities like sending a
swarm of cockroach robots under the tiniest spaces to find disaster
survivors so maybe next time you come across an American cockroach instead of
thinking it’s creepy you can think it’s cool number two row bug ticks
T 8x spider robot guys do you want a large terrifying spider for fun a spider
which you can control and used to terrify others introducing row bug ticks
T 8x robot spider the t8 is a bio inspired high-resolution 3d printed
robot that uses a total of 26 servo motors it is powered by the bigfoot
inverse kinematics engine and advanced algorithm which can handle all the
complex calculations necessary for controlling multi legged walking
processes there are endless possibilities for the types of
bio-inspired realistic movements at the robot can make it is an RC robot spider
and commands are sent and received via wireless X be number one
Robo bees guys I’m sure all of you have seen real
bees before they probably attracted you or to strive to do from your
concentration but now Robo bees are here to entertain
you inspired by the biology of a bee researchers at wisp Institute are
developing Robo bees and just like a real fly the robots spin it in flexible
wings feet approximately 120 times every second which is achieved by the super
voltage-dependent substance called piezoelectric material it has super fast
electronic muscles to power its wings it’s brain development is concerned with
smart sensors and control electronics that mimic the eyes and antennae of a
bee and can sense and respond dynamically to the environment it is
believed that groups of Robo bees utilizing swarm intelligence will be
highly useful in search and rescue efforts as artificial pollinators the
Harvard University developers say we could envision these robots being used
for search and rescue operations to search for human survivors under
collapsed buildings or in other hazardous environments these tiny robots
can be used for environmental monitoring or able to sense chemical hazards so it
just seems to be a tiny little robot but it has lots of few juices doesn’t it
guys thank you for watching which one do you
find the most impressive and useful and why let me know in the comments if you
are new here then show your love to the science world by subscribing to us if
you want some great content like this don’t forget to click that Bell icon
I’ll catch you in the next episode peace

10 Bug Bites You Need To Be Able to Identify

10 Bug Bites You Need To Be Able to Identify


You feel a sharp pain and then look down
all of a sudden on your arm you see a red mark could this fight be dangerous
or is it totally safe that’s the question many people ask when
they’re bitten by a bark watch this and say goodbye to mysterious red marks on
your body with this information you’ll be able to spot exactly what bug has
bitten you and if it’s dangerous or safe I’m Charlie and today we’re going to
look at ten bug bites you need to be able to identify birth before he gets
bitten too much why not subscribe and press the notification bell – coming up
first we have Hornet Hornets are also known as the Asian wasp but they can be
found in Europe Russia North America and Northeast Asia many people swat these
away thinking that there was Orbeez but actually they’re far more dangerous in
fact every year 1,100 people passed away due to hornet stings they can be very
dangerous and must be treated immediately
especially if it’s on a child but how can you identify a Hornet sting well the
area around where you’ve been stung will become a very swollen and red this will
cover a large area around where you’ve been stung you may even get blisters
forming on your skin where you’ve been stung the person who’s been stung will
also likely be in a very bad pain it will be far more extreme and painful
than a wasp or bee sting Hornets can sometimes be double the size
of a wasp or bee and because of this hornets can store a lot of poison inside
them when you’re stung that poison goes into your body the poison contains two
very harmful elements acetylcholine and histamine histamine can cause extreme
itching it also can affect your brain spinal cord and uterus that’s why if
you’ve been stung and feel cold in the limbs then that this could have been
Hornet also if your ears and lips go blue this is another bad sign you may
also have breathing problems if you’re stung by a Hornet and if this happens
make sure you see a doctor right away next up is bedbug I’m sure some of you
are watching this in bed well if so then you need to be very cautious of bedbugs
the real name for bedbugs is mitosis but they’re called bedbugs
because they’re often found in mattresses they feed on humans blood
usually when you’re asleep but most people who are bitten by bedbugs don’t
even know they have bedbugs that’s because at first sight a bedbug
bite can look like the bite of a flea or mosquito some also mistake them for
allergic reactions your skin will get red swollen and also become quite itchy
but there’s a way to tell if you’re being bitten by bedbugs the bites will
all be very close to each other and they’ll kind of look like little roads
on the skin this meaning that they’ll kind of be in a rectangular or curved
shape and go down or up bedbug bites can be very painful much more than a
mosquito bones if you think you have bedbugs the best bed is to clean your
bed with a vacuum and if that doesn’t work maybe call a bug removal expert
next up is plague you may not have heard of a clegg before but it’s basically a
big fat flying Clegg’s are also known as horse flies the nasty thing about horse
fly is it can bite humans and it feeds on their blood they’re kind of like the
vampires of the insect world unlike a house fly these are brown instead of
black but what do these bites look like they’re actually very easy to spot
because at first it will be a 1 millimeter red spot you may not even
notice it at first but eventually it will begin to get very swollen and itchy
it can then be very very painful much more painful than a mosquito bites
now the bites themselves aren’t that dangerous after all they’re only
drinking a tiny amount of your plant but Clegg’s can transmit various different
diseases one of these is called tularemia this can affect your eyes
lymph nodes and lungs and it can also transmit anthrax this can cause pain
while swallowing and terrible nausea so if you get a click bite you may want to
go to the doctor next up is tick tick bites are very very hard to spot because
many assume it’s an allergic reaction and not a bite the weird thing about
ticks is they actually go into your body over time they grow bigger and bigger
and they drink your blood in fact ticks can live in a human body
for a long time also ticks can infect people
various diseases so what does the text byte look like well it’s basically a
large red mark and it’s sometimes as they ring around that mark if you’re
able to remove a tick from your body but the red mark doesn’t go away and
continues to grow you need to see a doctor right away that’s because you
could have been infected within TEFL Isis or Borelli olace next up is louse
everyone knows about head lice but did you know that they can also bite you
louse bites are small red dots which appear in places where your hair grows
these can appear on your back fairly hands or legs the bites are usually a
few inches away from each other and the skin looks like it was pierced maybe
with a nail or a pin now you may think that these are pretty harmless but they
are not lies can transmit very serious diseases like typhoid and trench fever
next up is flea many people mistake flea bites for allergies but the way to spot
them is that they will be red and swollen you’ll be able to tell this is
not a mosquito bite or an allergic reaction as it will be very painful also
it will itch a lot please usually go for a person’s legs and it happens when
they’re asleep also fleas can buy to you many times in
similar places the bites are usually around one inch away from each other and
also fleas can transmit infections on to use so maybe see a doctor if you have a
lot of flea bites next up is and so ants are very annoyed in the summer they may
ruin your picnics or go into your pantries but did you know that ants can
also buy to you and I don’t just mean red ants in Indiana Jones I mean typical
black ants an ant bite will look like a very small red dot it’s maybe totally
painless and it may not even inch on the other hand red fire ants can cause you a
lot of trouble and be a real danger these bites can look like large white
head pimples also red fire ants contain a lot of toxins which can put you into a
shock so make sure you know the difference between a regular ant bite
and a red fire ant fire next up is mosquito depending on where
you live I’m sure that in the summer you encounter mosquitoes they’re incredibly
annoying and love to bite humans mosquito bites will be red and swollen
they mostly appear in open areas of your body where you’re not wearing clothes
also it will happen where your skin is very thin as is trying to get to your
blood vessels when they bite you they also inject their saliva into the wound
this saliva causes your blood to get thinner which makes the skin red and
itchy better get that mosquito spray out this summer next up is be one thing many
people don’t realize about bee stings is that you need to remove the sting unlike
a wasp but bees actually lose their stinger when it goes into you right
after that the bee passes away instantly once the sting has been removed from
your skin it will likely get red and swollen if you’re not allergic then you
should be fine but if you are then you could have breathing problems and should
see a doctor and finally on the list we have wasps wasps are like a bee sting
but you won’t usually need to remove the sting from your skin the stung area will
become red and also swollen later on you also may feel a burning and itchy
sensation unlike a bee sting wasps can sting you multiple times but unless
you’re allergic you should be okay after a wasp sting but now it’s time to make
your voice hurt vote in the poll in the top right corner how many of these
insects you’ve been stung by if it’s all ten then I feel really bad for you if
you want some more amazing videos then check out my second channel they’ll be
linked to that on screen in a moment but as always thank you for watching check
out some more videos on screen right now leave a like if you enjoyed and if you
haven’t already what you waiting for subscribe to Top 10s

The Most ICONIC Scandals, Bugs & Broken Updates in Dota 2 History

The Most ICONIC Scandals, Bugs & Broken Updates in Dota 2 History


The history of Dota 2 is one of greatness. LD: Not yet! Sylar to fall, Liquid are doing it! They’re gonna take it! KuroKy: I waited four f***ing years for this day. This time we’re gonna rewrite history. Capitalist: EG might be able to do this! Evil Geniuses, they’re holding! LD: Ravage on everyone! The black hole as well! LighTofHeaveN, turns it around! Ravage as well! Stolen by Dendi, are you kidding me!? TobiWan: TNC have done it! The dream, the reality! But it’s also a history that’s not exempt from the absurd, the embarrassing, and the controversial. From game ruining bugs, to the biggest of professional scandals… TobiWan: I cannot believe it! Let’s look back into the most hilarious balancing blunders, the most shocking news, and the lowest points of Dota 2’s storied past. Match-fixing and intentional throws are a hazard of any competitive game and we’re kicking things off with two of the the most infamous examples in Dota 2 history. On June 14th 2013, RoX.KiS took on zRage in an online match in StarLadder Star Series sixth season. Despite being the favourites, RoX lost the game in suspicious fashion with a number of highly questionable engages and buybacks throughout the game. Sheever: They actually want to try to go in with this, Bzz… He was already very low to begin with… They just run in here to die! What’s up with that? That’s not good… The surprise upset was investigated by StarLadder officials, and two days later it was determined that Alexei “Solo” Berezin had intentionally thrown the match after placing a bet against his own team on egamingbets.com Solo publicly apologized for throwing the match, and admitted to using his girlfriend’s account to place a one-hundred dollar bet against his team. And on June 21st, RoX removed Solo from their roster. StarLadder had initially handed Solo a lifetime ban for his actions, but ended up reducing his ban to one
year following his public apology and cleared up any suspicion against the organization and its other players. Solo’s winnings would have totaled three-hundred and twenty-two dollars and the community wasted no time in making the number three-two-two a popular meme throughout esports, often sarcastically referenced when a player is playing so badly it is borderline suspicious. Maut: Don’t do it Zai, you’re too young! What are you doing?! [laughter] But, a year later, a highly publicized match-fixing scandal took place that ended with much more dire consequences. In October of 2014, in Southeast Asia’s Synergy League, the heavily favoured Arrow Gaming lost to Australian squad Can’t Say Wips, prompting an investigation by Dota 2 Lounge. The examination uncovered several bets placed by individuals associated with the team leading Arrow Gaming to be disqualified from the tournament. Further investigations uncovered that the bets originated from accounts belonging to the girlfriends of ddz and Lance, resulting in the two players receiving lifetime bans from the event. Soon after the investigation, Arrow Gaming protested the players’ innocence providing Synergy League with chat logs and statements regarding the situation in ddz’s name. However, the logs were proven to be doctored and the statements false, and as a result, Synergy League extended the bans to Arrow Gaming’s entire organization. As a result of the whole debacle, Arrow Gaming and all of its players were removed from the line-up for The Summit 2’s SEA qualifiers and are still banned from Synergy League. Shortly after the incident ddz took to Facebook to publicly apologize on behalf of the players. Admitting that they had three-two-two’d and that the statements and chat logs provided to Synergy League were forged by Arrow’s management and not written by the players. A few days later Dota website 2p reported that team manager Jaren Gan had threatened to sue Lance and ddz for eight-thousand dollars each for breach of contract should they not retract their confession. Arrow Gaming would eventually release its entire roster. But that wasn’t the end of it. On March 28th, 2015, Valve stepped in, handing out permanent bans to all former members of Arrow Gaming from Valve sponsored events – including the International. While there are other examples of Dota 2 match-fixing, and still some we might not even know about, Arrow Gaming and Solo’s three-to-two are among the most memorable. Bugs come and bugs go, but some remain in infamy for just how ridiculous they are. Of all the bugs in Dota 2’s history, one stands above the rest for both how broken and straight-up hilarious it was. In patch 6.75 Chen’s abilities received a minor tweak as the ability to send allies back to base was moved off Holy Persuasion and back to Test of Faith. But in this process, something broke in the game. For some reason, Holy Persuasion, the ability used to control creeps, now worked on Roshan. You’d think that having Roshan, with his thousands of health, crushing basic attacks and abilities would be a bit strong to have as a pet… …And you’d be right. The discovery spread like wildfire and pretty soon, level one heroes, towers, and neutral creeps were falling to Roshan’s relentless attack. Basically, whichever team had a Chen would have free reign of the map from minute one. In all but the rarest of times that would lead to a dominant victory. Within hours of the bug’s discovery, Valve issued a hotfix… …Ending Chen’s very brief reign of terror. Now, nearly five-years old this bug remains one of Dota’s most iconic. While it generated plenty of salt at the time of its release, Today, you have to laugh at its absurdity. The International 2014 set records for its 10 million dollar prize pool and with that much money, teams were looking to gain every advantage possible, pouring hours into carefully crafting winning strategies that would make them millionaires. So when a Chinese news crew leaked team strategies during the tournament, you could imagine that some people were pretty pissed. The outrage stemmed from a Weibo post made by a user known as Dr.Kleiber, who posted a passionate open letter explaining the situation. According to the post, the crew of the website Gamefy made their way into Team DK’s off-limits game room and started rolling, despite having no permission from Team DK or Valve to do so. Initially posted to Youku, the video was translated to English and submitted to Gosu Gamers, spreading across the community. While both videos were taken down, after a furious interview by Team DK coach “71”, the video had spawned mirrors and copies all over the internet. According to “71”, the video revealed DK’s core strategy and drafting ideas. For not just the game in question, but the entire tournament. To make matters worse, the Weibo post also indicated that Gamefy had posted a similar video on June 11th, where they recorded Invictus Gaming’s team conversation. Thankfully, Ferrari_430 noticed the camera and left the room meaning not too much of IG’s discussion was leaked. Following the leak, iceiceice joined his coach in expressing his displeasure with Gamefy. A day after the outrage, Gamefy posted an apology to their Weibo, where they begged the community for forgiveness. In compliance with Valve’s rules, the personnel who were involved in the leak did not continue reporting on the event. Although Gamefy still worked for the remainder of the tournament. The community, upon hearing of the leak was understandably furious at the journalist in question. The outrage prompted Gamefy’s producer to post another apology, this time directly defending the “well-intentioned” reporter from whom the leak resulted. The overall impact of the Gamefy leak on TI4’s outcome is hard to extrapolate, But it’s even harder to deny its influence on Team DK, who headed into the tournament as one of the clear favourites. Needless to say, it is one of the largest scale leaks in Dota 2’s history and remains the most memorable scandal to emerge from The International. The term game-breaking can be thrown around loosely… Ayesee: He’s gonna try it again, can he… Got him that time! [crowd cheers] See you in the base, Mu! Welcome home! But in Dota 2, one particular bug stands out for quite literally breaking the game. In patch 6.81, Vengeful Spirit received a change to her aura that would apply a damage debuff to any hero that killed her. Simple right? Unfortunately, a bug caused the game to instantly crash if the aura debuff was applied to any non-player. Essentially a death to creeps or towers would force everyone out of the lobby. The bug was exploited almost instantly, much to the frustration of a large part of the community, as griefers intentionally suicided to prevent themselves from losing, ruining countless games. To no one’s surprise the issue was hot-fixed by Valve within a day of its discovery after massive community outcry. While many bugs have appeared since this rage inducer from 2014, few have had the catastrophic consequences of 6.81’s Venge aura. While Dota has had its fair share of bad tournaments in the past, none have captured the community’s ire quite like the Shanghai Major. KotLGuy: Where to begin? It seemed like every hour saw a new issue arise. As the days rolled on the event went from rage inducing… Draskyl: What? ODPixel: Did they say GG? Draskyl: They definitely didn’t. ..to almost comedic in its ineptitude. [laughter] Between the wealth of production issues, logistical nightmares, and endless delays, nothing seemed to be going right for anyone involved. And that doesn’t even cover all the problems, such as players’ keyboards going missing, talent not receiving food, water or transportation to the venue, the laughable VIP room… LD: So, they’ve added some chairs since I last came in. Not so soundproof booths, and fans and cosplayers being asked to leave the venue. We could go on, but you get the idea. ppd: There’s been so many delays and problems and it really makes our game and what we’re doing here look bad, which is unfortunate for everyone involved. Sheever: Because the production is not great… We’re gonna continue here with one more match today though, Evil Geniuses, MVP Phoenix and we’re gonna go continue with that after a small break, so we’ll see you soon. Soon. [laughter] Eventually Valve fired production company Perfect World and PGL was hired to salvage the rapidly sinking ship. And while PGL saved the show, it was too late. The Shanghai Major was already going to go down in history as one of Dota 2’s most embarrassing events. It really is a shame that the event went so wrong because against the backdrop of disaster, the games were fantastic and the casters and talent poured their all into it. TobiWan: The black hole! The vac is there! There’s a hole! Now they go! Universe force staffs the other way to safety! They can’t do anything to the cleave! In from Arteezy, and that’s the danger zone! In some cases, pulling double or even triple shifts to make sure that the show would go on. But while all that might be enough to put Shanghai on the wrong side of history, it was the firing of James “2GD” Harding that elevated the major to a new level of infamy. On day two, desk host 2GD was unexpectedly replaced on the panel. While the change raised some eyebrows in the community since 2GD was seen as an entertaining if slightly provocative host, there had been little to suggest that his off-brand style of humor would be grounds to have him fired. 2GD: It’s not just me here to talk about the dos and don’ts of Dota 2, and the cans and c***s of the teams. 2GD: The Chinese hotel had disabled pornography. Mr. Wang’s amazing wheelchaired antics were pretty amazing. WinteR: It shouldn’t be “Sir” 2GD, it should be “Old” 2GD. [laughter] 2GD: You can f*** off, WinteR. 2GD: Cons for CDEC… …they’re stubborn and only have one D. [laughter] But it wasn’t just his firing that got the community up in arms, it was the inflammatory response to the situation on Reddit by Valve co-founder and president, Gabe Newell. In that statement, Newell called 2GD “an ass”, while offering little in the way of an explanation for his dismissal. 2GD responded to the post suggesting that he was not just removed from the panel for his raunchy humor, but for a history of conflict with Valve employees and producers. ppd: He came in here trying to be himself and, you know, you can appreciate that but him being himself just isn’t what Valve wanted to be for the face of their Major and that’s their call. Regardless of the reasons or any past history between James and Valve, the manner in which Newell and Valve handled the dismissal and the community fallout it generated has become infamous. To this day, “is an ass” is a high tier meme within the Dota 2 scene. Despite the subsequent Manila, Boston, and Kiev Majors all being praised for their fantastic production values, the aftertaste left by the Shanghai Major will never be forgotten by Dota 2 fans. 2GD: So let’s check out some of the highlights. SyndereN: Your face is a beautiful highlight. Yep. [laughter] Broken hero releases are a pitfall of any MOBA and Dota 2 owns arguably the most outrageous one of all time. The introduction of Centaur Warrunner into Dota 2 in October of 2012 was basically a disaster. He was unkillable levels of tanky, dealt ridiculous damage, and could chain stun into death with ease. His opening day win rate in Dota 2 was staggering, at over sixty-seven percent. The hero was a complete and total nightmare to play against. Part of the reason for this unheard of dominance was that as part of the port from Dota to Dota 2 Centaur was given a new ultimate. Instead of Great Fortitude which gave flat strength, he received Stampede, a global ability on a tiny cooldown that gave all allies maximum movement speed, a ridiculous stun upon contact with an enemy and massive damage. Things were so bad that just four days later, Centaur received nerfs – specifically to Stampede. More nerfs would be dealt to the hero in December, removing the stuns from both Double Edge and Stampede. The hero had finally been brought back into line. Needless to say, the memory of Centaur stomping players into oblivion in 1v3 scenarios is pretty funny in retrospect, but easily makes it one of Dota 2’s most iconic broken updates. [laughs] Hopefully we never see such a busted hero release ever again. CW: Long shall my name be remembered. Since its formation in 2014, Team Secret has been a hotbed of controversy. From public roster disputes to reports of a hostile team environment, it seemed like for a long time Secret couldn’t keep their name out of the news – and not in a good way. Even going back to their inaugural roster, messy break-ups have been all too frequent. From N0tail and Fly’s bitter removal, To w33 and MiSeRy’s very public exits, changing rosters has rarely been smooth sailing for captain, Puppey, and the rest of Team Secret’s management. Redeye: A team of superstars, as they are, but yet to gel properly, perhaps. But if dramatic roster moves were the only thing that they were known for, Secret would not make this list. On February 16th, 2016, Team Secret’s now former manager, Evany Chang, took to Twitlonger and posted a lengthy account of her time with the team, where she alleged that Team Secret had missed making payments to players and staff and neglected to hand out tournament winnings in a timely manner. Later that year, EternalEnvy made similar accusations, alleging that he had yet to be paid for a number of tournaments. Additionally, stating that team director Kemal Sadikoglu and captain Puppey had committed other abuses. EternalEnvy claimed that the organization was secretly removing ten percent of all player winnings without previous consent, that players had never signed contracts and that Puppey had physically bullied w33 – among other accusations. That same day, another former player, MiSeRy, came forward. Stating that the team had failed to pay him for numerous tournaments and claimed that he hadn’t received agreed upon revenue from merchandise. A little more than a week later, Team Secret posted a response on their website simply titled “Update”, which while not acknowledging any accusations directly did admit that the organization had made mistakes attributed to its rapid growth. In March of 2017, Puppey would post his own Twitlonger announcing the departure of Sadikoglu and apologizing to past members of the organization that felt that they had been wronged, further claiming that all obligations to those individuals had now been met. Since then, Team Secret has settled down and kept their name out of negative news, but despite consistently being a strong team that has attracted serious talent over the years, the organization has yet to fully rehabilitate its image in the eyes of many community members. Thanks for watching! 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Dancing Insects

Dancing Insects


I’d fly over the “table” or inside a bright “flower” and wait for the “bird” to fly out of the “tree”. I’d have quick wings to fly away from the “frog” before it knows what to expect next. Next, I would enjoy my trip to the “tree” in the blink of an eye. I’d see my friend the harmless “bug”. I’d warn him about the “frog” about to pounce. and the “bird” flying around ready to snap
her powerful beak. Then, I’d fly off to the “tree”, past the “frog”, in front of the “bird”, under the “table” over the “table”, and onto the “flower” to another hiding place.