How Much Food Is There On Earth?

How Much Food Is There On Earth?


Hi, this is Emily from MinuteEarth. Canada’s Quebec province produces almost
three quarters of the world’s maple syrup, and hoards 50,000 barrels of it in the globe’s
only strategic maple syrup reserve. This reserve exists not in case of an apocalypse
situation where Canadians have to get by on maple syrup alone, but because, if one year’s
harvest is low, rather than having the supply drop, and prices shoot up, and demand go down,
Canada can use the reserves to supplement the syrup supply and keep prices and demand
stable. Other countries have food reserves too – both
for economic and emergency reasons. But if something crazy were to happen, how
long could humanity get by on the food we have in the planet’s cupboards, supermarkets,
warehouses, and silos today? The short answer is, not very long. Grains like corn, rice and wheat, and tubers
like potatoes and cassava make up the lion’s share of our food stores: on their own, they
could feed humanity for about 3 months. Add in everything else – the stored fruits
and vegetables, the meat, the milk, the eggs, the oil, and the sugar, and they’d extend
our rations by another four weeks. And that would be it. However, there is a lot of potential food
out there. If we picked all the berries and mushrooms
in the world, they’d feed humanity for only another hour or two. If we hunted all of the world’s wild mammals
and birds they’d get us by for a few days. Slaughtering every domestic chicken, sheep,
goat and pig on the planet would give us another month, and butchering every cow would buy
us another 2 months. If we caught all the fish, shrimp, crab and
krill in the ocean, they would sustain us for about 6 months. And if we could vacuum up all the termites,
ants and earthworms in the entire world, they’d feed us for perhaps another 6 months. That said, eating all of Earth’s animals,
plus all of our stored food, probably shouldn’t be plan A. But hypothetically, they could
provide enough calories to feed us for around a year and a half. And that maple syrup? Each person would get half a teaspoon, almost
enough to sweeten a couple of termites. So, the premise of this video is admittedly
super hypothetical, but we did do a lot of proper math to come up with our estimates
for the global food supply. To get hands-on with some fun math problems
of your own, check out Brilliant.org, this video’s sponsor. Brilliant is a problem-solving website with
mini, quiz-driven courses in math and science. They take challenging concepts, break them
up into bite sized pieces, present clear thinking in each part, and then build back up to an
interesting conclusion. To support MinuteEarth and learn more about
Brilliant, go to brilliant.org/MinuteEarth. The first 200 people to sign up for a Premium
membership using that link will get 20% off their annual subscription. Thanks Brilliant!

Top 10 Alternate Versions Of Ant-Man

Top 10 Alternate Versions Of Ant-Man


Since Ant-Man first appeared in Tales to Astonish
issue 27 in 1962, there has been three individuals to take up the Ant-Man mantle. The first, Hank Pym, is arguably the character
with the most turbulent history, whereas Scott Lang, the star character of the MCU films,
continues to grow in popularity. There was also Eric O’Grady, the third Ant0Man,
too. Like most other heroes, the character has
also accumulated various versions throughout his tiny adventures, so today, we’re taking
a look at a handful of those with our list of the top 10 alternate versions of Ant-Man. Note that we’re looking at alternates of
both Hank Pym and Scott Lang, but aimed to keep Hank’s other aliases and their alternates
– ie, Giant Man or Yellowjacket variations – off of this list, although sometimes those
lines get a bit blurred with good old Hank. So with all that in mind, let’s jump in! 10 Black Ant
We’re starting off this list with the only Eric O’Grady alternate we’ll be discussing
today – Black Ant. Black ant was a life model decoy of O’Grady’s
who replaced the hero after he died in Secret Avengers issue 23 in 2012. Black Ant appeared in issue 24, sent to join
the Avengers by the Descendants as a double agent – the Descendants being the ones responsible
for O’Grady’s death to begin with. His true identity came out after Black Widow
figured out that he was a robot working for the Descendants. But no one believed her since Black Ant (who
was still operating under the Ant-Man mantle at that time) had saved the Avengers’ lives,
including Hawkeye, so she left the team in protest in issue 32 of the series. Shortly afterwards, the life model decoy switched
his alias to Black Ant, and turned on the Avengers, and he eventually died in conflict
afterwards. But he came back, and resurfaced during the
Secret Empire story arc, initially being a part of Hydra’s Avengers, but switched sides
during the final battle. 9 Scott Lang (Earth 2149)
Zombie Ant-Man! Earth 2149 is also known as the Zombieverse,
which came to be after an alternate version of Sentry punched his way – yes, punched
– into this universe, bringing a disease that turned everyone into a flesh-eating zombie. Scott was summoned by SHEILD as part of a
resistance against the situation. He was presumably sent to fight back the zombies,
but later, the character is seen as part of the zombie hoard going after Magento and his
group of survivors at the Baxter Building. 8 Henry Pym (Earth 12091)
While not much is known of Earth 12091’s Henry Pym, the character is arguably one of
the coolest alternate versions of Ant-Man – at least, aesthetically speaking. He’s a humanoid ant. Henry is part of the Avengers Federation,
a group that consists of Captain America, Scarlet Witch, Wasp, Thor, Vision, Quicksilver,
Hawkeye, and of course, Ant-Man. Wasp also has some anthropomorphic wasp traits. The Earth appears in the limited series Space:
Punisher, in which we follow Frank Castle and his adventures in Space, encountering
all sorts of weird alternates of familiar faces. 7 Henry Pym (Earth 398)
Earth 398 is a reality that was created and warped by Morgan le Fay, altered to exist
in the medieval times. The Avengers still exist, but they believe
themselves to be part of the Queen’s elite guard known as the Queen’s Vengeance. Herny, while technically operating as an alternate
of Goliath, his suit is more of a throwback to his Ant-Man threads minus the antenna. He, too, is a member of the Queen’s Vengeance. Eventually, the Avengers all regain awareness
of what has happened, and Scarlet Witch, with the help of Wonder Man, alters reality back
to normal and defeats Morgan. 6 Lego – Earth 13122
Of course there’s a Lego version! Every hero has a Lego version! Technically part of Earth 13122, Lego Ant-Man
is Scott Lang, and has the exact same origins as the MCU Scott Lang. Where his story deviates though is that he
aided the Avengers in saving the world from Ultron in LEGO Marvel Super Heroes: Avengers
Reassembled, a series of animated shorts featuring Marvel characters and the Avengers in Lego
form. The premise for this series is geared towards
younger audiences – the Avengers are about to throw a party at Avengers Tower when Captain
America realizes Iron Man is acting weird, and it’s revealed that he’s being controlled
by Ultron with the help of Yellowjacket. 5 Scott Lang (Earth X)
Earth X is also known as Earth 9997 – a world in which everything has been mutated
due to the release of the Terrigen Mists into the atmosphere. This means we get alternates like Black Panther
who is an actual Black Panther. Scott’s transformation isn’t nearly as
cool as that, though, unfortunately. His story, which first appears in Universe
X issue 9 back in 2001, follows him taking refuge in Tony Stark’s factory after his
daughter started to mutate. Later he would take in the mutated daughter
of J Jonah Jameson, aka Man-Wolf, who had been abandoned by her mother after she began
to mutate. It’s also worth noting that Hank Pym exists
on this alternate Earth, but as Giant Man, having previously donned the mantle of Ant-Man
in the past. 4 Scott Lang (Earth TRN348)
Earth TRN348 has been taken over by Doctor Doom, Annihilus and Kang, all of whom had
formed an alliance for world domination. There’s a resistance though, led by the
Fantastic Four, and that’s where this Scott comes into play – he’s one of the members. He also works as an undercover agent for Doom,
who had promised Scott a way to bring his deceased daughter Cassie back to life. Even though Doom had been the one to kill
her. Lang was part of a plan that involved him
impersonating Mr Fantastic to break into Doom’s headquarters, but it failed due to Lang’s
alliance to Doom, causing the Fantastic Four to be stripped of their powers and ultimately
killed. 3 Henry Pym (Earth 9151)
This Pym has quite the tragic demise. So, for starters, Earth 9151 appeared in What
If? Vol 2 issue 25 back in 1991, and featured
a story where the god Set went around slaughtering heroes in a story called What If Set Had Come
to Earth? Only a handful of heroes are left alive as
a resistance, and many more have become mindless drones, including his ‘brides’ – several
female Marvel superheroes who are meant to bear his children. Gross. By the end of it, their resistance fails,
the brides give birth to Set’s children – WHO THEN EAT THEM – and the world is
consumed by the Children of Set. How does Pym fit in? Well, he witnesses the death of his ex-wife
Janet only to be eaten by Set himself. Needless to say, not the best way to go. 2 Herni Le Pym – Earth 311
Henri is from Earth 311, also known as the 1602 universe, which is set during the year
1602. Mutants are known as the witchbreed, and are
considered to be devil worshipers and are hunted down. Henri, who is French, is blackmailed by Baron
Victor Octavius to try to find a cure for his hybrid octopus state. Octavius had taken Janette hostage. Pym was forced to use the blood of witchbreeds,
but before he can cure Octavius, he fully transforms into his octopus state and goes
mad, so Pym uses the elixir he had crafted, goes big, and steps on Octavius, ending his
threat once and for all. 1 Pincer
Pincer is Scott Land from Earth 9907 – a timeline in which Red Skull has won World
War 2, and Doctor Doom is now a totalitarian leader over the entirety of Earth, known as
Dictator Doom. Pincer first appears in issue 10 of A-Next,
as one of the antagonists sided with Dictator Doom. And he’s a piece of work – he’s a sadistic
madman with a stutter, who murdered his daughter at Doom’s request when the girl refused
to swear allegiance to him. When a different generation of Avengers cross
over into their universe, Scott discovers this version of his daughter goes by the name
of Stinger, and he gets all jazzed to murder her once more, but this time around, she defeats
him, and the character dies in issue 11 of the series. There we have it, friends! Which version of Ant-Man is your favorite? Are there versions of Hank Pym under his other
aliases that want us to do a list on? Alternate versions of Giant-Man, anyone? Let us know in those comments below! If you dug this video, please spread the love
by hitting that like button, don’t forget to subscribe and make sure you check out the
other nerdy videos in our playlist flashing on your screen right now. In the meantime, thanks for watching! Catch you all in the next one!

In Search of Undiscovered Insects

In Search of Undiscovered Insects


(dramatic music) – [Narrator] To date,
scientists have found over 925,000 species of insects. And there is one man still
determined to find more. (triumphant orchestral music) Meet Dr. Isaí. He is an entomologist,
but he doesn’t always work in your typical lab. – [Isaí] That’s right. – [Narrator] He tracks to
the Patagonian ice fields searching for new insect
species that have been hiding for over 200 million years. – [Isaí] Due to the frigid and
drastically changing climate, there is very little
information on the insects that inhabit the area. Every day is different for me. I’m looking for creatures
smaller than my pinky nail, so I’m always searching
for the tiniest indication of any insect life. – [Narrator] This year, Isaí stumbled upon a new pool of water among the vegetation. – [Isaí] It’s there that I found something that I’ve never seen before. The coloration on the bottom of the insect varying from other species. – [Narrator] Isaí took
the insect back to his lab and ended up making history. – [Isaí] Discovering this new species was the most amazing thing. It felt as though all of
my hard work had paid off. I couldn’t wait to share it
with the rest of the world. – [Narrator] This only
motivated Isaí further. But in order to be successful
in his search for new species, he’s needed some other unexpected skills. Sometimes, I feel like
I’m an extreme athlete. I usually carry over 80 pounds on my back. I take my microscopes, my cameras, vials and anything else I might need to document these expeditions. – [Narrator] It’s also
extremely important to Isaí that he’s able to get to each new location with a low carbon footprint. – [Isaí] I always manage to
bike, hike, swim or raft. – [Narrator] But climate
change and shifting conditions can also make his work
extremely dangerous. – [Isaí] Melting glaciers
can sometimes cause an outburst flood, which could
be fatal if I’m not prepared. And if I’m not wearing my protective gear, my skin could burn just
from being exposed to the freezing water for more than 10 seconds. – [Narrator] Isaí feels it
is not only his mission, but his responsibility
to continue this work. With more than 40 possible
species under review, Isaí has no plans of slowing down. – [Isaí] I’m working against the clock because the homes of these
insects are rapidly disappearing due to climate change and human impact. I hope to continue studying
them and to discover their hidden worlds before our
biodiversity is changed forever. (music)

Invasion of the Yellow Crazy Ants!

Invasion of the Yellow Crazy Ants!


Earth’s ecosystems have always been changing,
with species mixing and mingling thanks to migrations, freak events, and slow creeping
expansions. But since we humans arrived on the scene, we’ve put things into fast-forward,
moving plants, animals, and other organisms around the globe — whether intentionally
or not. Once in a while, one of these transplants
might have an evolutionary quirk — like deadly poison, a lack of predators, or a voracious
appetite — that unexpectedly helps it dominate its new territory. Earthworms, for example,
were introduced into North America by European settlers and have been inching across the continent
ever since – tilling soil and improving crop yields as they go. But if a newcomer starts to harm us or a part
of the environment we care about, we’ll call it an “invasive species.” Technically-speaking,
humans aren’t “invasive,” because we don’t usually consider ourselves an ecological threat
to… ourselves. But other species certainly are. One way they
get our attention is by costing us money. A lot of money. The US spends billions of
dollars fighting invasive weeds like the pretty but pesky yellow rocket flower that chokes
fields and creeps onto golf courses and lawns. Other invaders wreak so much havoc on fragile
ecosystems that we can’t help but notice even if billions aren’t at stake. For example,
the yellow crazy ant – a likely native of Southeast Asia – has been eating many beloved
and endangered Australian creatures since its arrival several decades ago. These little
ants feast on nearly anything and everything in their path – insects, amphibians, birds,
small mammals, even the famous red crabs on Australia’s Christmas Island, which used to
keep the island’s undergrowth in check; without them, the ecosystem has veered into chaos. But noticing invasive species is easy – dealing
with them is the real challenge. When we brought rabbits to New Zealand for
food and fur, they escaped and bred like…well…rabbits, overrunning the country. So we introduced
ferrets to control the rabbits; but they too spread like wildfire, generally ignoring the
rabbits while gobbling up rare species like the now nearly-extinct kakapo. New Zealand
is still overrun by both furry fiends, and this is just one of many well-meaning attempts
at biological control that have ended in disaster. The best way to fight an invasion is to first
arm ourselves with knowledge: Instead of trying to kill Australia’s yellow crazy ants by just
spraying insecticide everywhere, we’ve learned that the best approach is a year-long multi-step
assault that specifically targets ant-riddled areas at the times when the egg-laying queens
are mature and susceptible to our treatments. Then we spread two kinds of bait for the workers
to bring back to the nest – one kills, and the other sterilizes the queens. Neither poison
is perfect, but executed together, they can knock out a whopping 99 percent of the population. But with many invasives, even 99% isn’t enough,
because it doesn’t remove whatever advantage gave the invaders an edge in the first place.
So unless we honest-to-goodness get rid of every reproductively active individual, eventually
they’ll return as vigorously as before, keeping us constantly on our toes. We really just need to stop moving potential
troublemakers around in the first place, leaving bunnies where they belong and making sure
ants and earthworms don’t stow away in ships, cars, or excavators. But in a modern, globalized
world, this is easier said than done. For those species that we do accidentally (or
intentionally) let loose only to see them spread wildly out of control, our best hope
is to learn as much as we can about their habits and their biology – only then do we
have a chance of keeping their harmful “ant”-ics at bay.

What If Insects Disappeared From The Planet?

What If Insects Disappeared From The Planet?


Are you one of those people who
hate these little crawling things? Or maybe these ones with
stingers creep you out more? Have you ever wished that all
the insects would just die out? Picnics would be much more pleasant. And so would gardening. This is WHAT IF, and here’s what would happen if all insects disappeared from the planet. If you think bugs only
exist to give you the creeps and to chew on the lettuce
in your garden, you’re wrong. Well, not totally wrong. Some of them are, in fact,
meant to destroy crops, give you skin irritations in
addition to painful stings, and even worse – spread
diseases like Zika and malaria. But 90% of them are not only harmless,
but beneficial to us, and to the planet. They say, without insects,
the world would fall apart. If we put all the insects on
the planet together on a scale, they would weigh approximately 300
times more than all humans combined. If you have insectophobia, you
probably want me to stop right here. Just let me add that, the ants alone
would weigh more than all humans. If our planet suddenly had all
this weight off its shoulders, farmers would be the first to celebrate. They’d no longer need to
pour chemicals on their crops to save the harvest from hungry pests. But that celebration wouldn’t last long. Because without insects,
we’d all starve pretty fast. And no, we don’t mean those bold adventurers, who snack on crickets and grasshoppers
somewhere in Thailand, would starve. Humans might be predators in the food chain, but insects are the ones
to hold this chain together. They are food for some
reptiles, small birds and frogs. If all the insects vanished, those
animals would cease to exist, too. The animals feeding on frogs and
reptiles would be the next to die off. And then the ones further up the chain. Eventually, this disruption would
work its way up to humans. Think you could survive by going vegan? Wrong again. 80% of all the plant life on the planet
is made up of flowering plants, meaning they require pollination to reproduce. Insects are the ones who make this happen, by physically transferring pollen from
a male anther to a female stigma. You can argue that birds and bats,
even wind can pollinate, too, but most of the work is done by bees,
wasps, moths, butterflies and flies. Without them, it’s ‘game-over’ for most plants. Depending on what your food preferences are, 50 to 90% of your diet comes
from those flowering plants. There would be no fruit, no
vegetables, no rice and no wheat. This also means no food for cows,
chickens, most freshwater fish, and all the animals we, humans, eat. It doesn’t matter if you’re
a vegetarian or a meat-lover – if the insects disappeared, you’d
have no chance of long-term survival. You’d be left to slowly starve on a planet
heaped up with piles of organic waste. Because not only do insects feed
small animals and pollinate plants, they’re also major decomposers of dead stuff – from leaves to corpses. That wouldn’t be the world you’d want to leave in. And to be honest, not all all
the insects are gross-looking, wouldn’t you agree? wouldn’t you agree?
Join us next time on WHAT IF. Join us next time on WHAT IF.

Mystery of Ant in Hindi

Mystery of Ant in Hindi


Have you ever thought that The Ants find their food very easily even after being so small? But how? Let’s try to understand. First of all, let you tell me that the ants are social insects. so that these always keep making groups or colony. And three types of ants are present in their colony. 1st: Worker Ants- These types of ants are used to carry food from one place to another. 2nd: Scout Ants- Such ants go out of the colony in search of food. 3rd: Queen Ants or Honey ants- This type of ants train and instruct workers ants and scout ants. So the food is discovered by scout ants. Scout ants use three important technologies for this search. No.1- To remember steps and turns. No.2- Scent Spreading. No.3-use Sunlight for orientation. Let’s understand them one by one. Technique No.1: To remember Steps and Turns- Whenever a scout ant comes out of the colony in search of food then ant keeps counting the steps and turns you have gone. Which helps him in coming to the colony farther. Technique No.2: Scent Spreading- Using this technique, scout ants do all other ants present in their colony to reach food. Before understanding this technique we should know some specific things about ants. On whom hair like sensilia is present And in these sensilia, neurons that contain more quantity than normal organisms are present. With the help of antennas ants find their food easily. But these antennas can only smell the object which placed with in 3 meters. But most of the food is present at a distance of more than 3 meters. If ordinary ant is in search of food, it can wander if it exits more than 3 meters from the colony. Because he could come back to the colony only by smell. And scout ants use scent spreading technique to deal with this problem. Under this technique, Scout ants use pheromone chemicals. And this chemical stores the ants in their abdomen. Which is produced naturally in the glands of the ants. So whenever a scout ant goes out of the colony to find the food, she is releasing pheromone chemical on her way. when the ant gets food, then she comes to her colony by smelling the pheromone scent that is dropped by her. And when coming back, she is released to a great extent of pheromone. Worker ants and queen ants present in the colony teste the samples brought by her. And then all worker ants smell the chemicals dropped by scouting and reach the food. But the ants can not release pheromone chemicals in winter, which makes it difficult to find food. due to this reason, the ants deposits their winter food before the winter comes. Technique no.3: Use sunlight for Orientation- The light coming from the sun is unpolarized light. When it enters the earth’s atmosphere then the some part of this is polarized. And some part of the light gets polarized after reflection on the surface of the earth. Due to this reason polarised and unpolarised pattern form on the earth’s surface. And these patterns can not be observed by human eyes. But the ants can easily see these patterns. Whenever an ant goes to search for food then he always wants to stay in the opposite direction from his colony. Unless she is taken for food search by her. Because if he turns to the colony at the time of searching, she will return to the colony again. So to solve this problem, she makes an angle of 180 ° between the direction of the colony and the direction of herself. And at this angle he observe the patterns of light. With its help she remembers her own direction and direction of the colony. Thus the ants use Sunlight to make their orientation even better. And by observing the pattern formed by the clouds, the ants predict the rainy season ok, so I think this video would have been helpful to all of us to understand how the ants find their food very easily. If you like this video, please click on Like Button also you can share this video with others. if you want to keep watching similarly related videos from science. You can also subscribe to this channel Thank you very much for watching this video. And special thanks to Dr. Poonam Rani for Scientific Advise Discussion about this video. SUBSCRIBE NOW

Ancient Earth: What Killed the Giant Insects?

Ancient Earth: What Killed the Giant Insects?


A strange menagerie of giant insects and amphibians reigned over the
Earth 300 million years ago. Dragonflies the size of hawks. Centipedes larger than humans. Giant trees stored carbon dioxide, and released oxygen in abundance. Human beings would not
have survived in this high oxygen atmosphere. But for some swamp dwellers, it was ideal.

One Small Step for Ant | The Ant and the Aardvark | Pink Panther and Pals

One Small Step for Ant | The Ant and the Aardvark | Pink Panther and Pals


(cymbal crashes) EVERY DAY, SAME THING! DON’T GET ME WRONG. I ENJOY LITTLE WORKOUTS,
BUT DON’T YOU EVER
JUST GET TIRED OF IT? I’LL TELL YOU WHAT, ANT, IF YOU STOP RUNNING,
I’LL GIVE YOU A NICE,
LONG VACATION IN MY STOMACH. (fence buzzes) NOW I’VE GOT YOU. (crumbling) AW, DON’T FALL APART
ON ME NOW! I’M ABOUT TO CATCH
MY SECOND WIND! GOOD. THEN IT’LL BE
PERFECT TIMING FOR
WHEN I CATCH YOU. HO HO! WHO KNEW
WE LIVED IN SUCH A
HIGH-TECH JUNGLE? SUDDENLY, I FEEL
THE NEED FOR SPEED. (gears ratchet) HOLD ON, ANT!
I’LL BE WITH YOU
IN A SECOND! AND I DO MEAN
THAT LITERALLY. (rocket roars) YOU ARE ONE SPEEDY ANT,
BUT NOT EVEN YOU
CAN OUTRUN A ROCKET! HE’S RIGHT ABOUT THAT,
BUT HEY, WHY OUTRUN WHEN
YOU CAN OUTJUMP? HA HA! OH, YEAH! THIS ANT’S GOT
SOME MAD SKILLS! SOMEBODY GET ME OFF
OF THIS CRAZY THING! (rocket explodes) (thuds) YOU KNOW, I BEEN THINKIN’
ABOUT WHAT YOU SAID,
AND YOU’RE RIGHT. I NEED A BREAK, MAN.
GET AWAY FROM THIS
WHOLE CRAZY ANT RACE. (elevator whirring) (computers beeping) WHOO-HOO-WHEE! FIRST CLASS
ALL THE WAY, BABY! (clock beeping) VACATION,
HERE I COME. “T” MINUS TEN,
NINE, EIGHT… (engines roar) FIVE, FOUR,
THREE, TWO… SOMETHING TELLS ME
THIS IS GOING
TO END BADLY! EEE-YEOW! (fire alarm ringing) (dance music) ♪ ♪ OH HO HO!
THIS IS FUN ALREADY! DANCE, DANCE! I LOVE THIS VIDEO GAME. (blowing) (glass squeaks) (tapping) AARDVARKY?
OH, I THOUGHT I LEFT YOU
BACK ON EARTH. NO! UH-UH!
THIS IS NOT COOL! (button beeps) GO ON!
GET OUTTA HERE!
THIS IS MY TIME! THINKS HE CAN
CRASH MY VACATION?
THAT’S JUST RUDE! NOT GOOD!
NOT GOOD! (chomps) UHH… IT’S A GOOD THING
I’M ALREADY LOST, OR I’D NEVER FIND
MY WAY OUTTA HERE! (wires creaking) (snap) ENOUGH WITH THE
WIRES ALREADY! (wires creaking) OHH! (rips) (sizzling) MAN, THIS JUST
DOESN’T GET OLD! EVERYWHERE I TURN,
THERE’S A NEW
SWITCH TO SWITCH. (hatch slams) WHO’S NEXT? EENY, MEENY, MINY…
AND MOE! (robot beeping) (clanging) OH, MAN. (dial clicking) (ceiling thuds) YEAH-HEAH! (floor thuds) (dial clicks and whistles) YEAH! AH HA HA! (door slams) (doors whoosh) NOW, THAT’S WHAT
I CALL A VIEW. ALL RIGHT,
HERE GOES NOTHIN’! ONE SMALL STEP FOR ANT, ONE GIANT LEAP
FOR ANT-KI-I-I-ND! HOUSTON,
WE HAVE TOUCHDOWN. “THINGS TO DO
ON THE MOON. “SHOOT HOOPS
AT TYCHO CRATER.” IF YOU SAY SO.
“WHATEVER YOU DO,
STAY AWAY FROM “THE DARK SIDE
OF THE MOON.” NOW, WHY WOULD
THEY SAY…? OH, NO!
THAT IS NASTY! AARDVARK!
OH, MAN!
YOU KNOW WHAT? (paper crinkles) NO! YOU ARE NOT
GONNA RUIN
MY VACATION! WHAT IS UP
WITH THIS CRAZY PLANET?
GET ME DOWN ALREADY! (buckle clicks) (boinging) THIS SHOULD
DO THE TRICK. (whooshes) OOH!
MOON ROCKS! NOT BAD.
I LIKE THIS ONE. AW, YOU UGLY! (skidding) (buckle clicks) OH, PERFECT. (falling object whistling) (thuds) NOW I’VE GOT YOU! (boulder crumbles) WHOO! THAT IS SOME
MOON BLING! (rover beeping) NO MORE WALKING
FOR ME! (machine sputtering) WITH THIS SOUPED UP RIDE,
I’M SURE TO CATCH
THAT PESKY ANT. GIVE IT UP, ANT! YOU’RE PUNY DUNE BUGGY
IS NO MATCH FOR MY
SUPERIOR AARDVARK RACER! YOU CALL THAT A RACER? IT DOESN’T EVEN
HAVE WHEELS. HA HA! (shift clicks) (racer crashing) UH-OH.
DARK SIDE OF THE MOON. I DON’T WANT
TO GO IN THERE! OH, MERCY! HE’S GAINING! IS THIS THE END OF ANT?
WHATEVER WILL I DO? (brakes screech) YES! NOW
I HAVE YOU! WAIT! WHERE
ARE THE BRAKES? (clanks) THERE THEY ARE. (growls) (gulps) YO! MOMMY! AAH! I THOUGHT I KNEW
PAIN BEFORE,
BUT NOTHING LIKE THIS. (boarding ramp rumbling) WAIT! HEY, HEY,
BIG BLUE. (buckle clicks) HEY, ANT,
OPEN UP THIS DOOR
AND LET ME IN! IT’S BEEN A BLAST, AARDVARKY,
BUT I NEED A VACATION
FROM MY VACATION. WHY DON’T YOU
HITCH A RIDE WITH
ONE OF YOUR NEW FRIENDS? VENUS, HERE I COME! (rocket roars) FRIENDS? WHAT FRIENDS?
I DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS. MOMMY! (growls) FOR THE FIRST TIME,
I KNOW WHAT IT FEELS LIKE TO BE ON THE OTHER END
OF THE FOOD CHAIN. FORGET THE DINING.
IT’S TIME FOR DASHING. THIS FOOD’S TO GO!
PERHAPS I CAN INTEREST YOU
IN BECOMING A VEGETARIAN. OHHH! (snowballs splatting) (wind whistles) AH… AH-CHOO! (leaves crunch) MMM! HI.
MMMM! HMM? HUH? (snow thuds) (doors slam) (teeth chattering) (heater rumbling) (coughs, dies) (pounding) (heater rumbling) BRRR! (straining) (ice breaks) (shudders) (heater whirring) WHOO! OHH! (heater rumbling) (explosion) (crashes) (blows) (ice crunching) HUH? NNN! (ice cracking) (shoes screech) MMM! (blowing) (ice hissing) AAH!
NA NA NA NA! (shivering) (glass squeaks) (heater humming) RRRR! HUH? HEE HEE HEE! (video game beeping) (stomach growls) (rock clacks) (clanking) AAH! (birds tweeting) HEH HEH! (sandwich squishes) (crash) HEH HEH HEH HEH! HUH? (fire crackling) (blows) (fire crackling) (remote clicks) (snow rumbles) (groans) (knocks) (tail whooshing) (whimpering) (panting) (sniffing) (panting) HMM… (laughing) WHOA… AH. UH… UH… (glass breaks) (dog food splats) UH, UH… (glass breaks) (panting) HUH? (gulp) (foot tapping) HMM? HEE HEE! HEE
HEE! HEE! (teeth chattering) WHOA! EH-AAH! (grunts) (birds tweeting) (objects clatter) NNH! NNH!
NNH! NNH! NNH! NNH!
NHH! NHH! NNH! NNH!
NNH! NNH! NNH! NNH!
NNH! NNH! NNH! NNH? HMM. AAH! UH… HO HO HO HO! DOI! (muttering) NNH! (glass shatters) (teeth crumbling) (gasps) MMM!
RRR… AHH. OHH! (shouting) HA HA HA! (pounding) (heater squeaks) (hook clangs) HEH HEH HEH
HEH HEH! (engine revving) (rope creaking) HMM? (rope creaking) (engine revs, tires squeal) (crash) WHOO! WHA! OOH! (gasps) OHHHH! AAAH! OHHH! (grumbling) HUH? AAH! (growling) AAAH HA HA! (moaning) (growling) (snarls) OW! OW! EE! OH! AAH! (knock at door) (box whooshes) (muttering) HA HA! HA HA HA HA HA! (crash) THERE!
HA HA HA HA! EEE! (dial clicking) (heater rattling) (heater sputtering) (growls) GRRR! (shouting) (shovel clangs) AAH! (heater sputters) (thuds) (heater humming) (teeth chattering) (rattling) (walls creaking) (loudly shivering) (teeth chattering) (ukulele playing) ♪ ♪

Insects Eating – Nature’s Composting | Love Nature

Insects Eating – Nature’s Composting | Love Nature


Mealworms,
originally from the Mediterranean, are now also global pests, but that’s because they’re
so good at doing their job; as nature’s clean-up crew. (ambient sounds) Different teams of cleaners are called on for different jobs. In the rainforests of Malaysia, a jungle nymph gorges on
a lovely, fresh flower. But it’s messy and
squanders more than it eats. (thud) Below, the rainforest soil pulses as the clean-up crew rallies. In this case, Syrian cockroaches. they live buried in loose soil and begin to dismantle the
wasted flower from below. Everyone hates roaches, but in the wild they are actually the good guys. Hard working laborers
on the clean-up crew. Many populations of Syrian roaches consist entirely of female clones that can reproduce asexually. So, soon build up into huge numbers. All the better to get
the job done quickly. (consistent beat) Attracted by the scent,
African flower beetles swarm over a piece of fallen fruit. They normally get their sugar fix from the sweet nectar in flowers. So this is a huge sugary jackpot. It pulls in a crowd. They slurp up the concentrated fruit juice and chew on the succulent flesh. But some recyclers have to
take on less appetizing jobs. When a South American
giant grasshopper molts it discards it brittle exoskeleton. (thud) Not the most mouth watering meal, but it still needs to get recycled. Arriving ready for work; wood lice. Wood lice normally recycle
fragments of dead plants, which are made of tough cellulose. This exoskeleton is made of chitin, a similar carbohydrate. So wood louse’s impressive
digestive system can extract nutrients even
from this dried up husk. Without nature’s clean-up crew the world would quickly drown in rotting food, excrement and corpses. This dead rodent is in need of disposal and cockroaches are one
of nature’s undertakers. The putrid stink of rotting flesh is irresistible to the these
South American cave roaches. The roaches are so good at this job they are one of the species of cockroaches being used to turn human
food waste into compost. A process called blatty composting. But nature’s clean-up crew has already made itself at home in
our world, uninvited. Food like rice, pasta, cereals
is just dead plant matter to some bugs in need of recycling. Untidy pantries provide a feast for mealworms that, given the chance, infest our dried cereals and grains. When they become adult
beetles they mate right away. Each female can lay 500 eggs. A population explosion waiting to happen. That’s not good news in our homes.

Rapid Evolution Is Real…These Species Changed in Front of Our Eyes

Rapid Evolution Is Real…These Species Changed in Front of Our Eyes


The evolutionary process is one that takes
hundreds of thousands of years…right? Not so much. For some species, we’re seeing evolution
right in front of our eyes. This is what’s called rapid evolution where
major environmental changes in predation, food, or climate can alter the natural selection
to favor genes that were previously disadvantaged. It can happen in a very short amount of time. For example, in a period of five years, male
Polynesian field crickets in Hawaii lost their ability to make noise to avoid parasitic attacks. That is one of the fastest evolutions in the
wild ever recorded! Graduating college can take longer than that! Basically, one gene mutation led to a very
silent cricket, and his silence helped him avoid the parasitic attacks that were killing
his brothers. The problem is, female crickets like the song,
so without it the silent males needed to change their behavior. They started creeping on the singing males,
mating with those females that would show up and passed on their mutation. Boom. Rapid evolution. All this happened in just 5 years! 90% of the population is now songless. This fast-moving evolution isn’t exactly what
Charles Darwin envisioned back in 1859. He thought any changes would take many generations,
which sounds like a long time — but it doesn’t have to be. Darwin knew almost nothing about genetics. He was simply observing patterns in the wild,
but he couldn’t pinpoint why or really how long these things could take. But now, with advances in modern tech and
molecular biology, we can. Evolutionary biologists can identify and track
the exact gene adaptations that species have over time. But it ain’t the 19th century anymore, and
the environment for our planet’s little critters is changing quicker than ever before. What used to take hundreds of years now can
take a few because the animals are keeping up with their rapidly changing surroundings. In just 15 years, green anole lizards in florida
have evolved to have better grips in their feet to escape invasive species. Tawny owls, typically a grey dominant species,
are now becoming more brown as winters grow warmer, and maybe closer to home, in the last
50 years bed bugs have developed stronger enzymes to make themselves more resistant
to insecticide. You might think you’re safe because humans
are apex predators, but you’re not. Organisms can acclimate fast, and this includes
pathogens that can harm humans, and tumors that can resist chemotherapy. So yeah, humans should pay attention to rapid
evolution too. But now that we know about this, the better
we can understand how our environment affects our genes and have a greater chance to create
better medicine and other means of improving our longevity. We’ve come a long way from Darwin simply
observing finches in the Galapagos, but we still have a long way to go. Hey apex predators, like science in your day? Go ahead and check us out now on Prime Video. We made it big guys, you can stream all the
episodes you love, ad-free, and all in once place. We’ll throw the link in the description below.
Fun fact: Darwin went to the Galapagos and noted how different finches all had different
beaks. Today, we know the gene BMP4 helps determine
the different beaks of the birds that Darwin based his first theories on. Cool eh.