Kidnapper Ants Steal Other Ants’ Babies – And Brainwash Them | Deep Look

Kidnapper Ants Steal Other Ants’ Babies – And Brainwash Them | Deep Look


You’re watching Deep Look’s 100th episode. Think we should do 100 more? Then support us on Patreon. Link is in the description. These ants are planning a heist. They don’t have a choice. They can’t feed themselves on their own. But they’re not plotting to steal food. They steal other ants. They’re kidnappers. As the sun sets in California’s Sierra Nevada
mountains, scouts leave their underground nest. They’re looking for ants of an entirely
different species. This nearby colony of black ants knows what’s
out there. So every afternoon, they block the entrance
to their own nest to protect themselves. But it’s too late – a scout spots them. She rushes back to mobilize her sisters. They charge out across the forest floor. It’s a raid! The black ants try to defend themselves from
the onslaught, but it’s not enough. They’re overwhelmed, panicked. The raiders start digging. Once they’re in, they know exactly what
they’re after. The most prized possession ants have… their young. These white things are pupae – developing
juveniles. The kidnappers use their pointy, oversized
mandibles to snatch them up and haul the young back to their nest. Now, you’d think when the stolen ants grow
up, they’d realize they’re surrounded by strangers… … in the nest of a totally different species. But ants don’t really recognize each other
by sight. They use smell. So the kidnappers coat the young ants in secretions
from glands near their mouths, imprinting their colony’s scent onto the new arrivals. As they grow up, the young black ants think
they’re at home, with their own family. They have no idea. So the newly enslaved ants just get to work,
leaving the nest to forage for food for their captors. The black ant’s mandibles are serrated for
grinding up food. The kidnapper ants jaws are really only good
for one thing: grabbing young ants. They can’t even chew their own food. So the kidnappers get their captives to regurgitate
food right into their mouths, like kind of a pre-made smoothie. It’s called trophallaxis. The captive ants do pretty much all the work
in the colony, like keeping up the nest and looking after the young. So the kidnappers can spend their days just
lounging in a big pile… until it’s time to storm the forest floor again, looking for
more unsuspecting ants to join their ranks. Hey, it’s Lauren. How about a few more untrustworthy invertebrates? Like a sea slug that steals poison from its
prey. Or rainforest ants that break their promises
for a little sweet payoff. And check out Above the Noise – a show that
explores the research behind controversial topics in the news. Like the ethics of keeping animals in zoos. See you next time.

Amazing World of A Termite Mound || दीमक की विशालकाय बांबी || By Vlogger Vineet

Amazing World of A Termite Mound || दीमक की विशालकाय बांबी || By Vlogger Vineet


Hello Friends this is vineet and you are watching youtube channel Vlogger Vineet Friends today i am in the Forest of Pilibhit and as you can see behind me is the jungle of Pilibhit And in this jungle i found huge Termite Mounds let me show you. and this is the Termite Mound Termite make this mound and make it as higher as possible actually this is very small mound locals told me that there are 20 to 30 feet mounds in dens forest. as you can see friends this mud is fresh as you can see here. and if i touch here i can feel the wet and cold soil. and as you can see this side its old and very hard soil. so these are the structures made by termite and this one is looking very beautiful and is recently constructed. i hope you can see this beautiful structure So friends this is the Termite Mound Let me show you from above, how it looks Friends here in this jungle i found plenty of Mounds Some of them are very old. and here is the structure as you can see can you see these holes in this if we break this You can see the inner view of this structure The fact is this when Termite leaves this mound and move to other location. then this mound is occupied by Snakes and mostly King Cobra lives inside this structure. because as you know the Snake is a cold blooded animal and like to live in Humid places and this structure is the best place to live. because no matter how warm the weather is The soil remains cold inside So this is the Termite Mound friends…. see, its looking very beautiful it is breaking like this and friends as you can see this is the inside view of this mound various compartments are made by termite i hope that you can see this Friends i am trying to show you the inner structure of this mound this is the structure where termite lives and they leave the mound when they move to other location. This is an empty mound. ” No insect is harmed while making this Video ” and behind me is the dens forest. I am planing to visit this jungle many days ago and now i get the chance to visit this jungle and make the video of the attractions of this place I arrived nearly at 8AM in this jungle. and now its 3:30 PM and i am still wondering in this jungle. Its a very huge and dens forest with many wildlife creature So this the location friends………see I hope you enjoyed this video friends I will try to make more interesting video in upcoming days Do not forget to subscribe youtube channel Vlogger Vineet and press the bell icon to get latest video notifications. Thanks for watching and have a nice day.

Hybridization of two termite invaders

Hybridization of two termite invaders


There are more than 2600 termite species in
the world and they play a key role in the flow of resources within ecosystems. However,
about 7% of termite species are considered pests to human structures because they feed
on processed wood. It has been estimated that worldwide, termites cost $40billion dollars
in damage and control every year, and most of this cost is attributed to two particular
species: the Formosan subterranean termite and the Asian Subterranean termite.
Both species are highly invasive, and have spread to many areas of the world because
of human activity. The Formosan subterranean termite originated in China and is now established
throughout the south-eastern United States. The Asian subterranean termite is a tropical
species originating from south-east Asia and has spread to Brazil and the Caribbean islands,
making it potentially the most invasive termite in the world.
Both species are in the same genus: Coptotermes. However, they have evolved separately for
thousands of years and had no interaction. But now, with their rapid spread as a result
of human activity, and despite that both species have different ecological niches, their distribution
now overlap in 3 distinct areas. In Taiwan, Hawaii, and South Florida.
Termites, like bees and ants are social insects. In the colony, the king and queen are in charge
of reproduction as the queen can lay hundreds of eggs per day. Workers supply everyone with
food and maintain the nest, while soldiers protect the colony from predators and competitors.
Mature colonies can reach populations in the millions, with a nest structure extending
underground up to 100 meters, explaining why they are so difficult to detect and control.
Once per year, such colonies produce thousands of winged individuals known as alates that
disperse during swarming events. These alates find a mate and become the kings and queens
of newly established colonies. In south Florida, where Formosan and Asian
subterranean termites are both invasive, it was thought that the two species had distinct
swarming seasons, preventing interspecies interaction. However in springs 2013 and 2014,
a team of entomologists from the University of Florida Ft Lauderdale research and education
center showed that alates of both species swarmed simultaneously. With the overlap of
distribution and mating seasons, the two most destructive termites in the world now have
the opportunity to interbreed. In fact, the entomologists showed thatAsian subterranean
termite male alates prefer to mate with Formosan females rather than females of their own species,
increasing the risk for hybridization. This is worrisome, as the combination of genes
between the two species results in highly vigorous hybridized colonies that can develop
twice as fast as the parental species. The establishment of hybrid Coptotermes populations
is therefore expected to result in dramatically increased levels of damage to structures in
the near future. Additionally, if hybridized colonies produce massive quantities of fertile
alates, this hybrid menace could inevitably make its way out of Florida.

How I Made an Ant Think It Was Dead—The Zombie Ant Experiment

How I Made an Ant Think It Was Dead—The Zombie Ant Experiment


Okay today I’m going to be trying to trick a harvester ant into thinking it’s dead I call this the Night of the Living Dead experiment. Okay, so if you’ve ever watched a colony of ants you may have noticed that when an ant dies if it’s not crushed by anything if It just dies of natural causes and it’s bodies just left there the other ants don’t really care about it They kind of just walk around it and don’t really do anything with the body that is until about two days afterwards Then the ants pick up the dead ant and they take it to a place in their colony. That’s called the graveyard So the graveyard is a place in every colony where all of the live ants take the dead ants so in 1950 a young assistant professor named Ed Wilson at Harvard noticed this fact He noticed that the ants don’t really care about a dead ant until around two days. Later And so he started to wonder about that He said why don’t they take it to the Graveyard right away if it’s dead? Why do they wait till two days? Afterward and that made him begin to think that maybe it’s because the ant begins to decay and it lifts off some Chemical that lets the other ants know that it’s dead So ed went on to revolutionize the study of ants he found that ants communicate Through mostly smell and in his research he set out to discover. What smell it is What chemical is it? The ants actually lit out when they died So with trial and error working with different dead animals trying to extract different chemicals from rotting bodies He discovered the one specific chemical that triggers ants to know that they’re dead and that chemical is called Oleic acid and so how he tested this is he grabbed a little dab of oleic acid He put it on the back of a ant that was passing by in one of his colonies and he noticed that almost immediately some of the other ants grabbed that ant and took it over to the ant Graveyard in the ant that had the oleic acid on it was pretty willing. It just accepted its fate it thought I’m dad Take me to the graveyard and it stayed in the graveyard until eventually it cleaned itself off and joined the colony again So in order to test that today I have myself some oleic acid and a nice colony of harvester ants so I got these ants a few days ago I was actually really excited because for some reason my whole life, I’ve always wanted a nap, but I never got one So I finally got a nap farm is pretty cool I got a kind that’s filled with gel so you can actually see the tunnels and As soon as you put them in they just go right to work and they start digging And what’s really cool just like in that story I told as soon as some of the ants started dying naturally the other ants started making a graveyard for the ants So as of today, there’s about ten apps that have died. You can see their body in the refuse pile here So the question is what happens when I put a lahic acid on one of them. Is it gonna think it’s dead itself? well The other ants think it’s dead What will happen and I should mention this chemical that I’m putting on it does not hurt the ants at all It has acid in the name, but it’s actually just a vegetable oil or an animal fat So it definitely won’t hurt the ant okay first, let’s try to capture one of the harvester ants Okay That was easy, it’s so easy because they get so mad when something enters their cage they just start biting it So you just biting the straw right now? Okay, so now let’s put some oleic acid on him and see if we can trick everyone into thinking that he’s dead Okay. So in order to be able to work with him a little bit better, I’m gonna put it in the freezer So this doesn’t hurt them at all In fact when you get the ants from the store They come in a tube and they suggest you put the tube in the fridge for a little bit in order to transfer them to their new environment So it definitely doesn’t hurt the ants but it slows its metabolism down So can I so then I can apply the oleic acid? Okay. There you go. Mr Ant enjoy your time amongst the ice cream and fresh frozen raspberries Okay, we got her out in there. He’s not dead. He’s just cold. Okay. Now let’s put some oleic acid on him I’m just gonna do a little dab Okay, let’s put him back in oh he’s starting to wake up let’s put him back in and see if they think he’s dead So I was gonna try to mark the one that I was going to put the oleic acid on But what’s easier than that is I’m just gonna track it digitally So I’ll mark it with kind of a dot or an arrow as we go and that’s the one that has the oleic acid on it Okay, he’s in the back there right there, let’s see how they treat him Looks like he may be volunteering to go into the graveyard. He thinks he’s dead It’s interesting it looks like he thinks that he needs to be over in the graveyard area His chemical senses are telling him to bring the dead thing over to the graveyard, but it’s on him There he is. Again. He really just wants to hang out in this graveyard area You can see the bulk of the other ones Stay over in this area. They usually they Usually congregate around here But they don’t really hang out in this area unless they’re bringing a dead ant over But he’s just hanging out on the pile as if he were dead So that’s really interesting in the study. It was the other ants who brought it over But in this case, it looks like he’s hanging out in the area of the dead ants Maybe the impulse is just to go to that area because it senses the oleic acid Those are three other dead ants right there and this is the one who thinks it’s dead So you can see that he’ll eventually clean himself off get all the oleic acid off and then just return back to his normal Society Okay, so after a while they’ve all resumed their normal activities It’s been about an hour since I put the oleic acid on and they all seem fine They’re just crawling around still building their tunnels now and don’t forget. I’m taking pre-orders for my very first subscription box so if you like the videos and you like the Experiments that you see me do on my channel and you really want to try them Join the action lab subscription box and every quarter, I’ll send you a box filled with awesome Experiments. This is a really cool really well put together box I teamed up with the makers of the Curiosity box from Vsauce is Channel and they do an awesome job at creating subscription boxes So head over to the action lab calm to preorder your first subscription box The first one is going to be in pretty limited quantity So get it while you can and if you’re not subscribed to my channel yet hit the subscribe button and hit the bell to be notified when my latest videos out and Thanks for watching and I’ll see you next time

Ants rescue injured comrades from termite battles

Ants rescue injured comrades from termite battles


‘No bug left behind’ is the motto of this ant species, found in southern regions of Africa. When the ants hunt termites—a risky prey— the colony sticks together, marching into battle in columns, and making sure even injured ants make it back. Large ants called “majors” break up soil around termite nests during a raid, while smaller “minor” ants slip through the cracks to extract their meal. Soldier termites fight back, and ants lose limbs and antennae in the scuffle. After the fight, the ants line up to go home, carrying termite carcasses along for a post-battle feast. When predators, like spiders, see injured ants struggling home, they know they’re in for an easy snack. So majors stick around after the fight, tracking the scent of a pheromone that signals injury. When an injured ant is found, the major grabs the fallen soldier in its mandibles and carries it home to recover safely in the nest. To see what became of those injured ants, researches created laboratory nests and hunting grounds and marked the injured with paint. Ninety-five percent of those hurt ants marched alongside their brethren on future raids. The number of ants rescued each day is about the same as daily ant births, meaning rescues help the colony stay strong and prepared to fight another day.

Ant colony raids a rival nest – Natural World – Empire of the Desert Ants – BBC Two

Ant colony raids a rival nest – Natural World – Empire of the Desert Ants – BBC Two


The corral colony sins in a raiding party It’s a fast coordinated attack The smaller colony doesn’t stand a chance The spoils of war are dragged out into the sunlight Not everyone gives up without a struggle But resistance is futile in the face of such overwhelming odds Nothing is left behind Eggs larvae workers pupae all carried back to the corral nest Loaded with honey, the repeats are the most valuable plunder of all Some are dismembered and drained underground Others are dragged to the surface and hauled back to the victors nest But they can be a real challenge to maneuver across no-man’s land This is how most clashes between honey ant colonies are played out Invariably the winner is the one that has the superior numbers Sometimes captured broods are added to the victorious colonies nursery to be raised as their own But not here not today Everything pillaged from the raided nest is processed for long-term storage The difficulty with captured honey pots is getting at the honey The workers are forced to chew through the body Removing the head and thorax leaving behind an open barrel to be drained at leisure The raid couldn’t have come at a better time It’s filled the corral colonies Ladas ensuring its 2000 inhabitants Will be well fed through the approaching winter But just as importantly a rival nest that could have threatened the Queen’s reign has been eliminated