Weight Loss for Kids: Ending the Childhood Obesity Epidemic with Dr. Michelle Levitt

Weight Loss for Kids: Ending the Childhood Obesity Epidemic with Dr. Michelle Levitt


Jordan: Hi and welcome to Ancient Medicine
Today. I’m your host Jordan Rubin and we are here
to share information with you that you do not want to miss. I’m here with Dr. Michelle Levitt and together
we are tackling the childhood obesity epidemic. Ancient Medicine Today is brought to you by
draxe.com. And we believe that food is medicine, but
there are also some principles and habits that we can teach our children that transcend
food to put together an entire healthy lifestyle. Dr. Levitt is an expert in childhood obesity
and in fitness. In fact, she is a pediatrician and certified
in obesity medicine. A little bit sad that there is such a thing
as obesity medicine but we know the statistics are skyrocketing. But I think we can also be excited to say
that awareness, which we’re going to talk about of healthy eating is reaching the mainstream,
certainly the major populations of America, but even here in Tennessee and where you’re
from in Northeastern Ohio, it’s becoming part of our consciousness. So, if we want to truly end the childhood
obesity epidemic, we need to follow some steps we’re going to share today. I know it’s a tricky subject because weight
loss for kids, whether it comes to a product that’s aimed for weight loss for kids, a food,
the regulations are pretty tough. It’s not something that we can tread lightly
in and when you’re talking a child about their weight, there can be major self-esteem issues. Overweight children are bullied more. There are just a lot of issues. So, I guess a question I would have for you
starting off, is it possible to make a major dent in the childhood obesity epidemic in
the face of all these forces that are telling our children to do the wrong things? Dr. Levitt: I believe it is, Jordan. But it definitely starts with awareness and
then from there, if all of us pull together, I think we can definitely make a difference. Jordan: Okay. That’s good. Speaking of awareness, that’s our first step
to ending the obesity epidemic. So, make me aware, if somebody comes to you
and say that it’s a general seminar or you’re asked to speak to school administrators or
policy within the hospital, what statistics do you share? How do you create awareness? What do you say to get us thinking and talking
about this real issue of childhood obesity? Dr. Levitt: So, I start with statistics of
basically two-thirds of adults are overweight and obese and one-third of children are overweight
and obese. Jordan: Okay. Let me back you up. Define overweight and obese. I know that there are standard definitions,
but just so everybody knows, when you say two-thirds of adults are overweight and one-third
obese, give us a way to know if we or someone we know and love falls into that category? Dr. Levitt: Okay. So, for adults, they actually use the BMI
number. Jordan: So, body mass index. Dr. Levitt: Body mass index. And the number, if it’s above 25-30, you’re
overweight and if it’s above 30, you’re considered obese. Jordan: Okay. So, that’s official. Dr. Levitt: Correct. Jordan: I heard something, tell me if this
is true. There’s some type of calculation. It works for men really well. The circumference of the waist being more
than . . . Dr. Levitt: Over 40? Jordan: More than half of your age, something
like that. Dr. Levitt: I just use if it’s 40 or above,
you’re high risk. Jordan: At your bellybutton. You’re at a high risk for. . .
Dr. Levitt: Obesity and all the obesity diseases. Jordan: Such as? Dr. Levitt: Cardiovascular disease, fatty
liver, diabetes, metabolic syndrome. Jordan: Which there are millions and millions. Dr. Levitt: Yeah. Jordan: Two-thirds of adults overweight, one-third
obese. I cut you off. What are some other statistics? Dr. Levitt: In children, one in three is overweight
or obese with 17% being obese. Jordan: Okay, so about half, half as much
as adults, but that’s staggering. Dr. Levitt: Staggering when they’re kids,
they’re already seeing at a young age. Jordan: So, 70% obesity in kids, I would guess
that . . . Dr. Levitt: Seventeen. Jordan: I’d guess 100 years ago it was nonexistent. Dr. Levitt: Zero, yeah. Jordan: Zero to 17%, one-third of kids overweight. Now, this is interesting. I learned a lot about this coaching youth
football. So, in Pop Warner football, they are very
strict about weight limits. We had kids that could not make the weight
class. This was for safety for other kids. It was not an uncommon occurrence to have
children at a certain age not make weight. You’re seeing it sort of right in front of
you. Of course, as a coach, certain body shapes
are good for certain positions, but every game, somebody on our team or the other team
had to make weight. I’m talking about six, seven, eight, nine-year
olds. Dr. Levitt: Right. Yeah. And that’s where you see it, one in three. In children, the BMI, we calculate it by the
percentile. That’s how we figure out who’s overweight
and who’s obese. We actually do their height and weight, calculate
a BMI percentile, plot it on the actual growth curve and that’s where you see by a percentile
range. So, there’s not an actual number like we follow
with adults because it’s based on their age. So, it’s actually a zone they fall into. Jordan: Now, technically, you could be a really
tall child and be in your 95th weight, but that doesn’t necessarily make you obese or
overweight. Dr. Levitt: Correct. There’s where the BMI has limitations. It doesn’t take into account tall children
or if you have more muscle mass. It’s a tool to screen and the screen prompts
us to look at what they’re eating, do some labs or risk factors and intervene. Jordan: Here’s a question. If you’re counseling a parent, how challenging
is it to talk to them about their children being overweight or obese. I imagine there’s some sensitivity there or
defensiveness. Tell us how does that occur? What happens to the average interaction with
a patient where you have to tell a mom or dad that their child is overweight or obese? What kind of pushback do you get? Dr. Levitt: So, I actually don’t use those
terms. So, I actually use the terms growth and health
and I always, always show them the growth curve. I always show them the height first because
then we’re talking about a positive thing. “How’s your child growing? Let’s look at the height.” Obviously, if they’re falling off on height,
that’s another issue and a big red flag. I always start with a positive first, let’s
look at the height, how we’re growing, then I briefly show the weight curve and then I
go into the BMI curve. So, the weight curve, I usually say, “We’d
just like your height and weight to match a little bit more to be a little more healthier.” Then I go into the BMI curve and what I do
is I show them a color-coded one with green, yellow, and red and I use the terms of which
zone you’re in as far as health. So, if I say you’re in a green zone, you’re
in a healthy zone. If you’re in a yellow zone, we’re creeping
into being at risk for some diseases and if you’re in the red zone, you’re at high risk
to have diseases. Then it prompts me to say if you’re in the
red zone, we do have to do some labs. Jordan: Okay. Dr. Levitt: So, I kind of focus all on health
and growth and then I usually try to tap into, “Labs, that means my child’s not healthy,”
versus focusing on a weight number. Jordan: Got it. And then at that point, when a parent finds
out their child is in the red zone, meaning they’re at risk for various diseases due to
their weight, what is a typical reaction? Dr. Levitt: Typically I’ve had varied. Some actually don’t let it register. I think they don’t think it’s a problem. I think that’s where awareness comes in. I think in general we don’t think it’s a problem
because it’s basically become the new norm. If two-thirds of adults are overweight or
obese and one-third of children and you look around, it’s kind of the norm, right? Jordan: I guess if a parent is overweight,
it makes it even more challenging. Dr. Levitt: Right. There’s kind of like, “Oh, this is just kind
of how our family is.” A lot of it’s not a big reaction, almost like
I don’t think they’re getting the severity of the problem. Jordan: Okay. Now here’s something very interesting. We’re talking about weight loss for kids,
ending the childhood obesity epidemic. It can be done. We’re here with Dr. Michelle Levitt, who is
a childhood obesity specialist. She works at Akron Children’s Hospital in
the sports medicine department at the Healthy Weight Clinic. Dr. Levitt: Correct. Jordan: That’s a mouthful and I botched it
again. You get a bird’s eye view in Middle America
of what people are dealing with. You said something really interesting. I love this. Step number two to end the childhood obesity
epidemic is prevention, the first 1,000 days. What is the . . . that sounds like a lot of
days, but it’s really not. What do the first 1,000 days signify? Dr. Levitt: So, the first 1,000 days is actually
from the time of conception to age 24 months. Jordan: Wow. Dr. Levitt: Yeah. So, they’ve actually done some newer research
showing that this is the big focus. When we intervene there, we will prevent childhood
obesity instead of reacting to the child who’s older who already has some problems. So, prevention in the first 1,000 days, they
break it up into three stages. One would be prenatally. Prenatally I actually consider pre-conception
as well. Jordan: Wow. Dr. Levitt: And then at time of birth, breastfeeding
or formula feeding and then lastly, complementary feeding once we get to be starting solid foods. Jordan: Did you hear that? We’re talking about preventing obesity while
in utero. So, what the mom eats . . . it’s a challenge
because women deal with nausea, particularly with the first trimester and there are other
challenges that they can have. But we’re actually going to start encouraging
moms who are expecting to eat a certain way once they find out they’re pregnant, which
is already six weeks after the fact, approximately. And then of course, you mentioned pre-conception,
which we won’t get into now, but we did have a recent program where we talked about the
importance of pre-conception nutrition and how native cultures prepared the moms and
dads to be by eating a certain way and certain types of foods. So, here’s a question for you. If you were to rank the importance of those
three stages within the thousand days, so, prenatal nutrition, immediately postnatal
or infant during the breastfeeding and/or formula, hopefully it’s breastfeeding, and
then moving from infant to toddler stage, I’d be curious to see how you rank the importance. Dr. Levitt: That’s a tough one to rank. All of them actually have been shown to be
determinants of future obesity. So, prenatally the mom’s current weight at
time of conception, whether she gains excessive amount during the pregnancy and if she develops
gestational diabetes are all very important. Then studies have shown breastfeeding versus
formula feeding, slower growth curve, better maintenance of weight and better self-adjustment
to feeding. And then complementary feeding, it’s really
hard to say compared to conception, but that might be the most important because that’s
where we’re really triggering the kid’s food preferences. But they did show the kid’s and baby’s and
infant and toddler’s food preferences are determined by what the mother eats during
pregnancy. Jordan: Wow. Did you hear that? Dr. Levitt: It is really hard to pick. Jordan: That’s hard because moms are craving
certain things. Dr. Levitt: Yes. Jordan: Children’s food preferences are dictated
or impacted by what the mom ate during the pregnancy. Okay. So, I’m going to ask you one more question
here. This is something that I’ve worked on both
personally and as I’ve coached others. This transitional feeding or what word did
you use? Dr. Levitt: Complementary feeding. Jordan: Complementary feeding is really, really
important. Tell me the first, in a perfect world, what
are the first three foods that a child gets either to complement breastfeeding or once
they completely transition? I know what most people say, “Oh, well they
need to sleep, get a little rice cereal.” I think Cheerio’s is the complementary food
of choice, some law someone wrote because that’s you see kids in their little strollers
eating Cheerio’s. What are the top three complementary foods
and why? Dr. Levitt: Okay. First off, it’s called complementary because
we want to exclusive breastfeed if we can the first six months and try not to introduce
solids too soon if you’re formula feeding. They did some studies to show formula-fed
babies that were fed solids before age four months were three times more likely to be
obese. So, foods, there is no literature that shows
which one is the best. There aren’t really any rules. Jordan: That’s why I asked your opinion. Dr. Levitt: But we’ve been trained to say,
“Oh, we’re going to start with rice cereal,” or some sort of grain that’s been processed
that I disagree with. I would say my number one food I would start
first would be avocado. Then I would move into some green vegetables
and then maybe some carrots and sweet potatoes. Jordan: Excellent. Dr. Levitt: That would be my top three. Jordan: I’m going to back up because this
is absolutely astounding in my mind. I want to make sure I’ve got this right. Infants that are formula fed, if they consume
solids prior to four months, did you say they’re three times . . .
Dr. Levitt: Three times . . . Jordan: Three times more likely to be obese. Dr. Levitt: Yeah. Jordan: Formula is not great, although I have
created a formula that we fed three of our children because two of them, one of them
who we adopted, Alexis, we received her when she was two days old and Samuel, when he was
a few months old, Joshua transitioned and I made a formula with 14 ingredients. You can’t buy it anywhere. It took hours, but boy was it worth it. Dr. Levitt: Did you use coconut milk, goat’s
milk. What did you use? Jordan: We used goat milk, sometimes sheep
milk. Oils were the key, mixing multiple different
oils to approximate the GLA and the EPA and DHA. It was awesome, looked kind of like a cappuccino
and smelled funny. They thrived on it. What we did, typically the first food we would
give would be a warmed egg yolk, so a three-minute egg-yolk, not the white because it can be
allergenic. Samuel, my nine-year old son, had an initial
allergy to yolk. You could see it. He got some raised bumps around his lips. We started him on a bone broth blended with
veggies, so a chicken soup. We would make it every week. We’d freeze it. What’s interesting is that’s his favorite
food today. So, he loved it. We would do this puree of bone broth, chicken
meat, and veggies. Then avocado was third and then we would do
a lot of avocado, a little banana, but I found as soon as you introduce sweets, you are done,
off the reservation, just as all of us are. I think that’s really cool. Preventing and ending childhood obesity is
about prenatal nutrition. It’s about immediate postnatal or infant and
then transitioning into a toddler. But if you’re interested in doing this right
and you’re a young lady of childbearing age, start thinking about your own nutrition because
preconception is challenging because we don’t know when that’s exactly going to happen,
but we want to prepare. That’s really cool. Remember, the first 1,000 days, eat closer
to this, not as close to that. Be careful with sweets because even a little
bit will get you going. Breast milk is fairly sweet as it is. Dr. Levitt: Correct. Jordan: But when you start with a banana,
it’s really hard to give that avocado after that. Dr. Levitt: You kind of asked why, the reason
why I say those foods is because we are programmed to like sweets, so those give more bitter
and sour, which actually set the taste buds up to eat better as a toddler. Jordan: High fat is key. One of the challenges of infant formula, you
can’t get a lot of fats and powders and they’re really not what you’re getting from breast
milk. One more thing I’ll say is if you cannot make
a formula as I described, something I did with Samuel who was in foster care his first
few months, we couldn’t ask the foster mom to make that kind of formula. So, what we did was took an organic formula
and we put a little bit of cod liver oil and coconut oil in it so we could spike that. But Samuel had really bad eczema the first
year and a half because he was barely breastfed. He was bottle fed and that was just part of
his makeup in the genetic weaknesses. Intervene early. Well, gosh, we’re talking about intervening
really early, but give us an example. We talked about the complementary foods. So, what is a priority diet when you are weaning? Now, here’s something you didn’t mention. I’m going to back up myself. Grains such as rice and cereal, Cheerio’s,
etc., we don’t produce enzymes to digest grains until we’re about three. Here’s what’s really interesting. The ideal breastfeeding time and the [inaudible
00:16:03] calls this nuts, is three years. I don’t know if you ever studied this, but
weaning age in biblical times and in history was three. In fact, they did a celebration . . . I’m
going to tell a little biblical story. So, remember when Isaac was three, they had
a celebration and Ishmael was teasing him. Ishmael was 12 or 13. Isaac was 3. That’s when in a Hebrew family, they would
wean the child. They’d have a celebration. So, the enzymes that you produce as an infant
are made to digest dairy or animal proteins and fats and dairy carbohydrates, not starches
from grains. That may cause children to sleep, but it’s
not because of something good. It’s actually a negative. So, help us understand, when you transition
from breastfeeding or bottle feeding, what is an ideal diet for a toddler that is about
the age of this young boy on the screen? Dr. Levitt: Definitely like real whole foods. So, we don’t need to get the box of rice cereal
and starch cereal. We actually can feed anything but a grain. So, lots of vegetables, fruits, meats, and
fats. Jordan: Lots of fats. Fat head, fat body doesn’t make you fat. Dr. Levitt: Fat brain development third trimester
all the way up until age two is a really crucial period for brain development and fat. Jordan: So, we’re talking about avoiding obesity,
but you’re saying more fats leads to less obesity. I know we at Ancient Medicine Today talk about
this all the time, but can you give the moms out there a little assurance that a high fat
diet for a toddler and a child is absolutely great for body and brain? Dr. Levitt: Absolutely great. So, every cell in the body needs fat to function,
especially the brain and the brain that’s developing. That’s not what inhibits the problems of the
fat if it’s a healthy fat. It’s the sugar in products, so the grains
and the pops and the Cheerio’s and all the special things in the baby food aisle. The sugar is what’s making our children fat,
not the fat. Jordan: Absolutely. And obviously when you combine fat and sugar
in something like an ice cream, it can cause us to crave, but you and I were talking off
the air about various dietary strategies. I told you that for a period of time, myself
and one of my colleagues and my son were doing I would call it a keto-adaptive diet with
intermittent fasting. What was crazy is we would eat at one point
for two hours a day very low carbohydrate high fat and we would gear up and get excited
about our meal because when you’re not eating all day, you’re thinking about it, planning
it. We would stop eating midway through. Here’s the deal folks. You can’t OD on salmon and broccoli. Try it. You just can’t because it’s not stimulatory. So, when your kids start eating those foods
. . . we talked about avocado, we talked about bone broth, a chicken soup that’s got a lot
of fat if you do it the right way. We talked about consuming egg yolk, etc. These are very brain-nourishing foods and
they feed you because your head or your brain tells you you’re full. You want to intervene early. Here’s the other thing I like about doing
this. This is when you control their diet because
as soon as preschool starts, some preschools today won’t let you send food, then the rest
is sort of in other people’s hands because if you’re two working parents and your kids
are in school, you’re not controlling as much of their diet as you would like. So, get so into your children’s health very
early, intervene early. So, here’s one. We’re talking about ending the childhood obesity
epidemic and you say no dieting. What do you mean by that? Dr. Levitt: So, kind of what you alluded to
earlier with the obesity stigmata, focusing on weight or always being on a diet, typically
these families, we’ll hear the parent saying, “I’m on a diet or this diet or that diet or
I’m always on a diet.” We don’t want our kids hearing that because
then they just set up for they’re overweight. They need to be on a diet. We want them to be focused on healthy foods,
real food, and growth. So, no dieting. We don’t use the word dieting. I don’t like the parents to use the word dieting. Be very careful not to use it. We’re not putting your child on a diet if
they need to lose weight. We’re actually just putting them on real food. Jordan: Okay. And that sounds good. When I was a kid, my parents were health nut
hippies in the ’70s and we used to go to birthday parties and I don’t know what the deal was
with the food back then. You may have sort of just been introduced
to some of that. I’m not sure how you were raised. I would go to a birthday party and my mom
would bake me this cake and it would literally rise one inch. It was like this flat, hard disgusting thing,
sorry, Mom. The holidays would come by. I don’t know if you’ve ever had a carob Santa
Clause, but don’t. It was awful. It made you glad that Christmas only came
once a year. My school lunch was humiliating because you’d
get to school and everybody’s trading and I open my 17-grain bread with soy-based bologna
and there was something called Fakin’ Bacon, which was like everything was soy and then
this creamy white substance that was tofu’s evil cousin. I didn’t even bother. No trade. It was a no trade clause with my lunch. Today it’s so different. Dr. Levitt: Right. Jordan: There are amazing health foods. Yesterday for a treat, I bought this organic
probiotic-infused popcorn and I brought it home and then here at the Dr. Axe offices
people taunt us with something called paleo donuts. These are donuts made with coconut flour and
almond flour. Someone asked me, “When was the last time
you had a donut?” Well, you guys brought paleo donuts to work
yesterday. But truthfully, they meant when did I have
a regular donut and I had to think back to college for Krispy Kremes to try to keep me
up late for a test, which made me fall asleep. But dieting can be a bad word. I get it. When somebody goes out and says, “I’m on a
diet,” I get that that’s a challenge. But eating real food has never been better. There are delicious options. And pop culture has embraced eating health
food. In fact, the athletes and the entertainers
that our kids sort of look up to, a lot of them are eating organic real food. It’s so much easier today. So, no excuses. We went to church this weekend and we brought
our snacks for our kids and there’s all this discussion of, “Well, is it allergen-free? Is it gluten-free?” They’re already asking those questions. We don’t want to diet. We want to infuse our children’s eating with
real foods. Remember, food is medicine here at draxe.com. Dr. Levitt: Dieting implies restriction, right? Jordan: Absolutely. Dr. Levitt: When kids feel restricted then
they want to overindulge every chance they get. Jordan: That’s what I get. As soon as I get out of the house, those Mickey
Mouse ice creams where the ears were chocolate and the face was vanilla, anyway. Role model, you’ve said this a few times on
some of the programs we’ve recorded, but why is it important for the parent to model what
they want to see from their kids in the eating and living area? Dr. Levitt: We want our kids to see us choosing
healthy foods and eating healthy foods. We want to be a positive role model. We want them to see us exercising. We want them to see us happy and positive
with our body image, not always constantly cutting ourselves down. Those things all get transmitted to the kids. Also negative role modeling, say you’ve put
the food on the table and it’s broccoli and the dad goes, “I hate broccoli.” Then the kid goes, “I hate broccoli.” So, negative role modeling also plays a huge
role even if you don’t like those foods, you just need to role model that we want the kids
to try those foods. That’s really important. Jordan: Yeah. There are many a night where my wife, Nikki,
wants to spank some kids and me because I like to, “I don’t want to eat asparagus.” But it’s absolutely true. Sometimes you just have to suck it up as a
parent because your kids’ health is that important. We’ve had some generations where for the first
time in history, we are not outliving our parents. That can change. I’m seeing it change. You’ve got to be a positive role model. Don’t expect your kids to do what you say. They do what you do. Very important. Number six, protect the home. What are some steps we can take to safeguard
our home? We only have them there for so long during
the day, during the week. We only have them for so long in their life. What can we do to protect our home and make
it a healthy place to live? Dr. Levitt: I talk to families about setting
up the home where this is the only area you can control. We get caught up with school lunches and this
is what’s happening at the other kids’ house. Only worry about protecting your home. It’s the only thing you can control and you
can have really big success just by doing that. I link the growth curve, the green and red
zones with food. I explain to keep your body in the green healthy
zone, these are the foods we want to eat, green foods, I go over the real foods. Then I talk about the red zone foods, which
keep your body in the red zones. Those are the things like processed packaged
foods and the junk. I tell the family only stock your home with
green zone foods. Therefore, no one can get it. So, if the child doesn’t like asparagus at
dinner, they can’t pull out some Goldfish Crackers out of the cupboard because they’re
hungry later. You have to protect the home. Do not keep any kind of red zone foods in
the house. I also tell parents it’s not like the child
can never have the junk food or the processed food or whatever it is. I say you just choose a couple times a week
to go out and get the food, enjoy it. Eat it while you’re out, but do not bring
it into the house. Therefore we avoid the restriction-type mentality. We’re empowering them to keep the green food
in the house, but they still get to enjoy some of these treats. Jordan: Kids don’t get any ideas. It’s good all the time, in and out, we rule
that place with an iron fist. Dr. Levitt: Obviously we want to get them
like empowered to choose things when they’re out of the home, but that’s my number one
thing, protecting the home. You will have 100% success if you protect
the home. Jordan: Control that environment. Dr. Levitt: Of what you can control. Jordan: Absolutely. Dr. Levitt: There’s where you want to empower
people and there’s where they’re going to win. Jordan: It’s much like a team. You practice how you play so you practice
and prepare for the game of life. I’ll add something to this. I really think as the Bible says in Proverbs
22:6, “Train a child in the way they should go and when they’re older, they will not depart
from it.” It doesn’t say they won’t depart from that
in between. When I was a kid, my parents told me or made
me eat and not eat certain things, but I didn’t own it. My kids are owning it. They are evangelical about it. We tell them to be respectful when they’re
at a friend’s house, etc. But we really teach them and they do not want
to harm their body. They’ve sort of associated eating junk food
with health and life. They also want to please their parents to
an extent. They know that they’re special and set apart. Make sure to train your kids. Some people say, “That’s so unfair.” The grandparents, “That’s so unfair. You need to let them go out and enjoy themselves.” We have frozen desserts. There’s organic ice cream. We can make organic ice cream. We have smoothies. Last night my daughter baked cookies. My nine-year old baked cookies. She has a jewelry business that she calls
Sweet Jewelry, visit www . . . actually, that’s not a website. So, she baked cookies and she was so excited. So, I think she used organic spelt flour,
coconut sugar. She was so proud for Dad to taste her cookie. So, we enjoy our food tremendously. We eat an omnivorous diet. We eat meat. We eat vegetables. But I promise you, my kids eat better than
almost anyone and that goes for taste as well. We still protect our home. Our kids know what’s there. They know what will never be there and they
embrace what they get to eat and certainly, there are some things I encourage them to
eat that they don’t love the taste of, but we’re always looking at getting a good balance. For me, something as simple as I teach my
kids, it’s how I eat. I always eat on my plate what I like the least. I don’t love the taste of broccoli, but I
do eat it regularly. I always eat what I know is best for me and
what I like the least first. My kids . . . kids automatically do the opposite. They will sit down and eat dessert if it’s
front of them and eat the healthy things last. Dr. Levitt: Absolutely. Yeah. Jordan: My kids are starting to pick up on
that because they realize, “Let’s get the asparagus out of the way. Those Brussels sprouts, which are pretty good
usually, let’s just do that.” So, that’s really important because what happens? They’re full and what are they left? All the good stuff. Protect your home. This is a good one. Dr. Levitt: Here’s a good one on protecting
the home that’s important. You mentioned owning it. This is really important. When you protect the home and the child is
only eating healthy green zone foods, their body starts feeling different and they can
recognize they feel good. Then when they’re outside the home and they
have a red zone food, they start feeling like their stomach hurts. We want them to start noticing that awareness
instead of us telling them this food is good, we want them to actually feel the difference. They can’t feel the difference if they’re
getting all those foods in the home too. So, they will feel better and they will have
less headaches and mood swings and stomach issues when they’re eating those good foods. When they go out and have a pop or a Pop Tart
at their friend’s house and they’re like, “My stomach hurts,” we want them to make that
connection. Jordan: There you go. Dr. Levitt: As soon as they make that connection,
they will own it. It will be so much easier. Jordan: Absolutely. It makes sense. Okay. Rethink your drink. So, we have America’s favorite beverage or
one of them, good old orange juice, which you say is not so good. It may be old, but it’s not good. Why is juice not good and why do people need
to rethink what they drink? Dr. Levitt: So, that’s the number one intervention
I do when we do have to start intervening. The reason why is because sugar in liquid
form is extremely damaging to the body. So, whether it’s 100% juice or pop, they actually
have pretty similar amounts of sugar and sugar in liquid form shoots right into the bloodstream
and causes many problems. Jordan: Okay. Just to be clear, pop or soda is not good
for you. Dr. Levitt: Correct. Jordan: Juice, while slightly better than
soda, being you do vitamin C in orange juice. You don’t have some of the acids in soda that
can corrode your body and pull nutrients from your bones, its still a lot of sugar. Check your orange juice container and see
how much sugar or how many sugars are in that eight-ounce serving. It’s staggering. It’s in the 30s of grams. You know what’s interesting? Carrot juice is the same. So, here’s my rule. If we get orange juice or grapefruit, it’s
freshly squeezed and I like to do about one-fourth a cup of juice and three-quarters of water. We’ll let our kids have juice occasionally
but I’d much rather eat the real fruit and I usually make sure that my kids get fruits
with fats because fat and fiber will slow down the sugar, but that sugar, there are
kids that go out there drinking six, seven, eight glasses of juice a day. I did that when I was a kid. It sets you up for a blood sugar and brain
rollercoaster. In fact, it’s an interesting story. Thinking back about my diet when I was younger,
I charted at one point my grades in school with the time of the class. So, get this . . . my breakfast was usually
cereal and some kind of imitation milk, soy milk or whatever because my parents were into
health. Sorry, mom and dad, deal with it, it’s the
truth. I love you. But we didn’t eat the way I would recommend
eating today. Then for lunch, I would have whole wheat bagels
with cream cheese, mostly carbohydrate, a juice box. So, every class I had before lunch, I had
my best grades and best behavior. But after eating the sandwiches, which were
at most peanut butter, but usually, all carbs converting to sugar, juice box, chips, cookie,
etc. every class I had after lunch, I fought falling asleep, had my worst grades and my
worst behavior. That’s what’s happening to us. We are setting our kids up for absolute failure
and a big part of it is in our drinks. We don’t think about how many grams of sugar
we get in our beverages. Dr. Levitt: Right. Jordan: So, rethink your drink. What are some good drinks for kids? Dr. Levitt: So, water. Number one, water. So, it’s just like this myth that kids needs
these other things. Water is first. If you want to have some flavor to your water,
infuse it with some fresh fruit or frozen fruit to make it naturally flavored, but really
I’m adamant about they don’t need anything else. Jordan: Smoothies can be good. Dr. Levitt: Smoothies are great. Jordan: We do smoothies. Dr. Levitt: We’ll talk about smoothies at
breakfast. Jordan: If you do a coconut milk or almond
milk, they typically have a better balance. They’ve got some fats in there. My kids drink kombucha occasionally. I like the kind with the chia seeds in it. They’re getting fiber, fat and much lower
amounts of sugar. Fermented beverages can be good if your kids
like soda. There are so many fermented beverages. Some of them use stevia or monk fruit and
you can get a soda-like taste with about 6 grams of sugar. I’m not a huge fan of carbonation in general,
but there are carbonated sodas that have no sugar nor artificial sweeteners at your local
health food stories. Zevia is a brand, for example. I wouldn’t use it as a bedrock of your diet,
but you’re not going to have the same issues as consuming juice. This is huge. That looks good, actually. People don’t appreciate the fact that we still
like to eat these things even though we know they’re bad. The other day I was seeing . . . I saw a bakery
and they had a cronut, like a croissant donut combo. We’re people too. If you poke us, we bleed, red stuff comes
out. So, stop eating dessert for breakfast. It’s so true. Why in the world do we think when our kids
plop down to watch TV that they’re bombarded with these advertisements. Back when we were kids, what kind of cereal? They were all based on these characters. I have to look at one of those boxes, but
what in the world were we eating and what are we feeding our kids. I don’t care if the cereal is magically delicious
because it’s very unhealthy. Dr. Levitt: Right. So, the drink and the desserts go kind of
hand in hand. It’s sugar, basically is the concern. But remember, when we’re intervening for weight
loss, we’re dealing with kids who are already an unhealthy weight who also have some unhealthy
hormone imbalances and unhealthy signals for wanting sweet and wanting cravings. So, we sometimes can’t even offer just like
an alternative because we need to break that cycle of constantly wanting sugar, constantly
craving things. So, a sugar-ridden breakfast, typical breakfast
cereal is filled with grains that have their own set of problems, sprayed with chemicals,
loaded with sugar and then after that, there are three or four different types of sugar
as ingredients and then bad fats and unhealthy oils. So, the biggest problem though at breakfast,
it’s spiking up our blood sugar and then gives you that instant high. You feel great, hits the addiction center
of the brain, releases feel good hormones. Then insulin kicks in to take care of the
blood sugar, crashes the blood sugar down and then your kid feels tired, moody, hungry,
irritable about two hours into school when they start having behavior problems and they
can’t pay attention. Jordan: And what do they reach for? The vending machine. Dr. Levitt: Yeah, more sugary type things
that make them feel better, but then also they’re getting labeled with ADHD and typical
things that maybe they don’t even that problem. It’s just because they’re getting a sugar
high and crash cycle constantly. Jordan: When you go to a hotel or when we
stay somewhere, they talk about this continental breakfast. I don’t know what continent it’s from, but
that is the worst because you’ve got cereal, skim milk. People have different opinions on dairy. I think there is a good form of dairy, preferably
raw cultured grass-fed, but without the fat, you’re in the same boat because you’ve got
12 grams of lactose or sugar in your milk, so you’re getting about a 50-gram shot of
sugar in your cereal and milk. Then banana, banana is good, but it’s another
27 grams of carbs, 20-something grams of sugar. Orange juice. So, you’re literally consuming at times 100
grams of sugar, which is 20 to 25 teaspoons of sugar. That would be this much sugar. Dr. Levitt: Right. Jordan: Who would drink that for breakfast? I know that it looks so great to have these
toaster strudels and muffins. Blueberry muffin probably has 40 grams of
sugar in it, those real yummy ones that used to come from the big box store. I ate some of this stuff too. It’s awful. What is a healthy breakfast that satisfies
kids, moms can make and doesn’t set up this spiral of degeneration? Dr. Levitt: So, I usually try shoot for a
breakfast that has protein, fiber, and fat, all three in the same breakfast. One of the easiest ways and I start a lot
of my patients on this right away, it helps with getting off the sugary drinks and tackling
the breakfast, and that’s making a green smoothie. What you do is mix any kind of water or coconut
water, liquid of choice, unsweetened almond milk, something like that and greens, blend
those and then add a fruit, which the greens will give fiber, the fruit will give fiber
and a little bit of energy and then a protein source and healthy fat. So, you mix all those together and you have
protein, fiber, fat in a quick meal. I actually suggested to families to get your
spinach and all your greens and put them in separate greens and put them in the freezer. Have your fruit separated, all your protein
separated. You can actually make the smoothie the night
before and then re-blend or just quickly whip it up in the morning before they leave. It takes 60 seconds. Jordan: You don’t even taste the greens. Dr. Levitt: You do not taste the greens. It is crazy. Yeah. Jordan: You can get two cups of greens. You can do a cup of spinach. You can do a cup of kale. So, I’ve done this in the past, kale and spinach. Blueberries are a great fruit because it also
changes the color from green to more of a purple-green. Even if you did add fruit juice, such as a
raw juice, we’ve done some raw apple juice, etc., pineapple juice, you’re still going
to have some fat and fiber in there. I like the idea of coconut water. It’s a little bit lower in sugar, really yummy. We sometimes will buy those frozen acai packets
and throw that in there, but that’s a very sweet smoothie that is more on the light side. But we also make smoothies that are high in
protein using coconut milk, almond milk. I know I would get the, “Yuck, I would never
eat that,” but I do raw eggs and I’ve done raw, pasteurized organic eggs myself. Dr. Levitt: I was just telling my son that
the other day. Jordan: For 20+ years and my kids do it. What a powerful brain food. In fact, eggs are great for the brain and
great for the eyes with lutein. They’re great for the heart. You don’t have to do that. You can, perhaps, add a tablespoon of coconut
oil, flaxseed oil. We’ll add some fruit, add a little honey. There’s something called tiger nut that I
really like that is a flour which is high in prebiotic starch. So, morning smoothies are absolutely awesome. They allow you to get off to a great start. It also helps with protecting your home and
they’re still getting something sweet. So, stop eating dessert for breakfast. I’m Jordan Rubin here on Ancient Medicine
Today with Dr. Michelle Levitt who is a specialist in pediatric obesity, children’s health, preventing
your child from being overweight or obese and today we’re talking about weight loss
for kids, ending the childhood obesity epidemic. So, here’s a good one. That kind of looks yummy, like what we’re
talking about. Number nine, get out of the box. What do you mean by that? Dr. Levitt: So, now we’re moving into maybe
we’ve fixed our breakfast and now we need to work on our lunch, dinner and snacks and
we want to try not to eat our food out of a box. So, grab a box of pasta, throw it with some
sauce and have some bread with it. Out of a box or a bag or a package, try to
eat real whole foods. I usually try to have you set up your plate
for success. What I do is take your round plate or if your
plates are square, three-fourths of the plate should be vegetables. They can be raw or cooked, best to have a
mixture of both. So, you might have a big salad on half your
plate and another serving of vegetables. Jordan: We can spread the leaves out really
big so that it covers . . . Dr. Levitt: Try to load up on fiber from the
vegetables and then about the palm of your hand size of protein. If you’re using your palm, everyone has the
right portion size for your size. Then a small portion of the plate after you’ve
put the greens and palm size of protein could be fruit or starch. Now, I definitely have kids eat their vegetables
first and then their meat and then their fruit or starch last. Again, they’re filled up with the fiber from
the vegetables, satisfied from the protein and also fat goes in there liberally. Fat, cook your meat in fat. Make your own salad dressings and put it on
your raw salads. Put your broccoli with some grass-fed butter. Get lots of healthy fats in there and then
eating the starch or fruit last, they may not even want it or take a few bites. They’ll be satisfied and self-regulate their
own hunger and fullness. Jordan: Absolutely. Now, restaurants and other places where you’re
served food, they know what Dr. Levitt is saying, but they do it in reverse. I believe when you get bread before a meal,
think about what’s happening. We ought to do a study. People who eat a roll or bread before a meal,
what percentage of them order dessert. Think about it. You’re literally setting in motion of a rollercoaster
of insulin and blood sugar. We want to stop cravings where they start. Eat something high in fiber, something high
in protein and fat and maybe eat your fruit or your starch. Last night we had some yummy food and we had
roasted chicken, we had pasta made from butternut squash. Now you can get pastas from zucchini, butternut
squash, beats, sweet potatoes. We had a lot of grass-fed butter in there
with it. We also had a sweet potato. We had a salad. We had, I believe . . . I think we had some
corn, which we eat occasionally and it was very filling. I love . . . my favorite part of the chicken
is the skin. So, now you can label me as weird because
I eat eggs and chicken skin but chicken skin is loaded with nutrients. That’s for another show. That’s the kind of meals we eat. We make sure we get vegetables, even if they’re
starchy, we want to make sure to have some high-fiber, high-nutrient foods and we almost
always add oil or butter to the meal because fat is your friend, not your enemy. So, get out of the box. Eat real food. Someone said it once, eat only what will spoil,
but before it does. Dr. Levitt: Perfect. Jordan: It’s a good saying. Dr. Levitt: This step is very important for
protecting the home as well. The big kickback we get is, “I don’t like
vegetables. My kids don’t like vegetables. They won’t eat the vegetables.” I say, “Kids eat what you serve them and kids
eat when they’re hungry.” If you’re serving three-quarters of the plate
vegetables, protein, fat and they just eat the starch and they’re still hungry, guess
what? That’s all they get. Jordan: And then they’re going to have cravings. Dr. Levitt: So, if you protect the homes,
you don’t have other things they can eat later. You put that plate aside, if they’re still
hungry, they can eat the plate of food they didn’t eat. But I always have you do the broccoli test
with a family. If they eat some food and they’re like, “I’m
still hungry,” then you say, “Well, you can have some broccoli,” or another vegetable. Jordan: You’d be amazed how quickly they’re
not hungry. Dr. Levitt: They’re not hungry anymore. That’s a huge test you can do with your kids,
the broccoli test. They may or may not have eaten their whole
meal. But basically you say if you want more helpings,
have some more vegetable and if they don’t want it, they’re not really that hungry. Jordan: Absolutely. Dr. Levitt: Kids will eat when they’re hungry
and if they don’t eat, they’re not going to starve. I promise you, they will not starve. Jordan: Yes. Even though they say they’re starving and
I always tell them not to. Dr. Levitt: I believe honestly we’re starving
our kids and slowly killing them at the same time with processed foods. Jordan: Yes, with lots of foods. Dr. Levitt: We are starving our kids with
processed foods. Jordan: All right. Speaking of which, snack attacks. So, this could go a lot of different ways. That’s yummy. Again, we like this stuff. So, what do we do to make snacks healthier? Dr. Levitt: So, usually with snacks I try
to focus on healthy fats because they’re really satisfying and they make you feel full and
they just kind of our more satisfying than having a vegetable as a snack. So, I’ll usually have families setup, like
have a vegetable with a fat, like celery with nut butter. Jordan: My kids think it’s made for nut butter. Dr. Levitt: Or like hummus and carrots or
fruit and some almond butter or fruit and a handful of nuts. Jordan: Or butter on your popcorn, real butter
because it will actually satisfy you. Dr. Levitt: Non-GMO popcorn. Jordan: Yes. Dr. Levitt: So, one I kind of think, do our
kids really need snacks? One of my schools of thought is if you’re
eating a balanced meal, that’s protein, fiber and fat, they really should be able to go
to the next meal without eating. But if we do want to have a snack or they
really are hungry, we want to provide healthy things. Again, protecting the home. I’ll have you get the little baby mason jars
and put the nut butter and the celery already in the jars or carrots and humus. Jordan: Trail mix is another one. Dr. Levitt: Yeah, trail mix is a great one. If you make it in advance, put it in little
zip-locks, it’s ready for them. So, if they do grab something, it’s completely
healthy. Jordan: And bake with your kids. My kids love when they make something themselves. There are a lot of ways to bake now with higher
fiber flours. What I do typically is sneak some chia seed
or flax seed in there to get extra fiber, put some good oils in there. There are amazing ways to do that. If you go to draxe.com and even on the Dr.
Axe Facebook page, you will see hundreds of recipes for smoothies, for snacks, that are
not only free of junk, they are actually amazing for you. All right. Number 11, unplug and move. This is probably self-explanatory, but we
are hopelessly under-exercising today and it starts at a young age. Dr. Levitt: Absolutely. Yeah. Jordan: What are some guidelines for us to
get our kids up and moving? Dr. Levitt: So, definitely unplugging will
help. So, sometimes depending on the age of the
kid, you’ll have to really regulate. If it’s a teenager, you’ll be like, “I’m taking
your phone. Get outside.” Same thing with school-age kids. Turn off the TV, unplug all the stuff, get
them outside. Literally unplug and disengage. You might have to do that for the child just
to get them to move more. But another way is actually to move more with
your kids. So, getting outside with them instead of telling
them to do it, actually do it with them and definitely regulating the screens. So, when they’re sitting watching the screen,
they’re getting more tired. They’re unmotivated to move more. The screen time is the first thing that will
help move more and then really basically just setting up your environment for moving. So, getting them outside, maybe you might
have an active video game in the house, again, regulated. But definitely, you have to be intentional
with it. Jordan: And really, the goal is 60 minutes
a day. Dr. Levitt: The goal is 60 minutes a day. I tell the families it does not have to be
all at one time. You don’t have to carve out like a full hour. You usually say, “I can’t do an hour, so I
just won’t do it.” But really, 10 to 15-minute increments has
been shown to be very effective and it’s cumulative. You might say, “Go out and jump on the trampoline
for ten minutes. Come back in. We’ll all play Wii as a family for 15 minutes. We’ll all go out for a bike ride.” It’s easier to get exercise in than you think. It doesn’t have to be this intentional like
hardcore exercising. Just move more, even just like parking far
away at the grocery store and walking a little farther. Jordan: I just never do that intentionally,
the parking far away because there’s never enough time. But I do use the term. I tell people to do it and then I don’t do
it. Then I won’t know where the car is. You mentioned a trampoline. That is one of the best ways to exercise for
kids and adults. It’s good for the gut, the lymphatic system
and kids love to jump. Get them to jump. Get a trampoline. They’re very inexpensive at most sort of sporting
goods stores, etc. All right. So, I am here on Ancient Medicine Today with
Dr. Michelle Levitt who is an expert in childhood obesity. She’s a pediatrician at Akron Children’s Hospital,
specializing in sports medicine and healthy weight. We talked about weight loss for kids, ending
the childhood epidemic. You need to become aware. You said the statistics, two-thirds of adults
are overweight, one-third obese. Here’s a big one. One-third of kids are overweight, 17% are
obese. That is absolutely mindboggling. We also talked about how you categorize, green,
which is they’re in the good zone, yellow, they need some work or if they’re in the red
zone, they’re headed potentially for adult illnesses, even at a younger age. You want to prevent the first thousand days,
I love this, prenatal, infant time and then transitioning into a toddler. Make sure the mom-to-be eats well, the baby
is fed properly and then the complementary foods are spot on. Intervene early, you want to start young,
modeling it for them and teaching them, speaking of which, no dieting. You don’t talk about kids being on a diet. You talk about them eating a real food lifestyle. I’m just making sure I got this all right. Role model, stop eating junk food. You need to do what you want the kids to do. Practice what you preach and only preach what
you practice. Dads, I’m talking to you also. Protect the home. That’s a sanctuary. Feed them well in the home. Don’t have junk in the trunk, if you know
what I mean or you might end up with junk in the trunk. When you protect the home, the idea is they
feel safe, they also feel better and they notice when they eat things that are unhealthy
out of the home, they come to you and say, “Man, I’m not feeling so good,” or, “Mom or
dad, I’m not feeling so good.” Rethink your drink, no juice, no soda, go
for lower sugar beverages. Water is number one. Flavor it with fruit, lemon, lime. You could infuse it with some berries. That’s really easy and good, taking water
and putting raspberries in it. Dr. Levitt: Yeah. Throwing in four berries. Jordan: It tastes so good. Also you can do almond milk, healthy dairy
if you’re feeding your children dairy, especially grass-fed, raw, etc. Stop eating dessert for breakfast. Don’t be fixated on what we call breakfast
foods, Toaster Strudels, muffins, orange juice, bananas and cereal will lead to issues. A hundred grams of sugar for breakfast is
common. Get out of the box. Eat real food, not what comes from a box. The snack attack, feed them well so they don’t
want to snack, but when they do, fortify your snacks with fats. We talked about nuts and trail mixes and nut
butters and on your celery and smoothies, etc. Make sure your kids get fat and fiber when
they snack because that will slow down their appetite and their sugar absorption. Last but not least, unplug and move. Get rid of the screen. Get out of the house. Do something active. We aim for 60 minutes a day. How’d I do? Dr. Levitt: Perfect. Jordan: I even pronounced the . . .
Dr. Levitt: Fantastic. Jordan: Akron Children’s Hospital correctly. Folks, if you’re someone who’s watching and
you love this information, make sure to click that Like button, but also punch that Share
button because we want this information to get out there. We believe together we can end the obesity
epidemic in children and begin to have a healthy nation. It starts with our kids. Dr. Michelle Levitt is here to help you. So, if you visit drmichellemd.com, you will
get information on her programs. So, you not only see patients at Akron Children’s
Hospital, but you also do wellness coaching virtually or in person if they’re in the Northeastern
Ohio area. I’m getting this right. See, it’s because I ate my fats and I didn’t
have dessert for breakfast, although some of those slides look pretty good. So, Dr. Michelle Levitt is passionate about
your family’s health, your kids’ health. You know what I’ve seen? When a child has a health issue and they begin
to address it, then miraculously the parents eat better, they get better. Dad loses some weight. I’m picking on dads, I’m allowed to because
I am one. It’s amazing how that can be a catalyst for
the entire family’s health. Children are our future. Dr. Michelle Levitt and we at Ancient Medicine
Today and the Dr. Axe team are passionate about your health, so share this video, this
information. Visit drmichellemd.com and go to draxe.com
or our Facebook page or our Instagram so that you can learn about some of the healthiest
recipes, foods, beverages, desserts that can transform your health. I’m Jordan Rubin here with Dr. Michelle Levitt,
Ancient Medicine Today. See you next time.

Spiny Stick Insect: Mimicry, Camouflage, and Mutualism Oh My!

Spiny Stick Insect: Mimicry, Camouflage, and Mutualism Oh My!


Hi Guys. I am Trisha with Insectopia here to talk to
you about the spiny leaf insect, sometimes called the Australian walking stick. Most of these individuals are found in Australia,
but they can also be found in New Guinea. These insects are fascinating because of their
relationship with ants and their defensive mechanisms. The adult female spiny leaf insect is pretty
good at camouflaging into its surroundings. They look like spiny leaves and the adult
female’s abdomen is normally curled over her body to look like a dried leaf. They have a behavior where they will wave
back and forth so they appear to be blowing in the wind. The adult female mostly stays in one place
and does not have a quick escape plan. The male walking stick actually has wings
and can fly! He will fly until he finds a female to mate
with. Although, the female can lay viable eggs with
or without the male. The ability of a female animal to lay eggs
without mating is called parthenogenesis. Without being mated, the eggs will all be
female. After she is mated, the eggs will be a mixture
of both male and female. The female will use her curved abdomen to
flick her eggs to the ground. The eggs of the spiny leaf insect are shaped
like rounded barrels and each have a knob. These eggs look a little like seeds. The knob of the egg is actually edible for
ants and will attract them. Ants will forage for seeds and pick up the
eggs and pile them in their food storage. The ants will eat the knob and put the still
intact egg into their waste chamber. This is helpful for the eggs because the ants
are protecting them from predators and obviously this relationship is good for the ants as
they get food out of the deal. This kind of relationship where both species
are getting a benefit is called commensalism. When the nymph spiny leaf insect hatches,
it is small, leggy, and mostly black other than its red head. The first instar is an ant mimic! This nymph looks just like an ant and will
use that to its advantage. It will run to the surface and climb up into
a tree. This is where they will eat and mature and
gain their natural light brown color. How awesome is it that in one insect you can
see examples of camouflage, mimicry, parthenogenesis, and commensalism? Check out these real life pictures of the
spiny leaf insect. On the left you can see the spiny leaf insect’s
eggs and on the right you can see the nymph that is an ant mimic. On the left you can see the adult female and
on the right you can see the adult male. Thank you for listening! If you have any questions about the spiny
leaf insect or a thought on what species you would mimic if you had a chance, let us know
in the comment section below! Make sure to like, comment, and subscribe
for more videos like this one. I will be posting videos frequently. Come back soon and check out our next epic
insect tale.

William “Dad, are these bugs??” [The Return of Superman/2019.02.10]

William “Dad, are these bugs??” [The Return of Superman/2019.02.10]


Let’s go. (William and Bentley are outside.) I will go first. William, you are going too fast. I will swim. I’m going to the water. Okay, you are going to the water. Warm water. What? Warm water? Isn’t it cold water? – It’s this way. / – Isn’t it cold water? It’s warm water. Is this a swimming pool? In Australia, there is no public bath. I first experienced it in Korea and thought, “This is really new.” Since it’s the New Year, I will enjoy a bath with my children. – Hello. / – Hello. Hello. One adult and two children. Okay. Bentley, let’s go. William! William! Don’t go in there. That’s the women’s bath. – That’s the women’s bath! / – Come here. Hurry. – I want to go to the women’s bath. / – No, you can’t. You haven’t gone to the men’s bath, right? Let’s go. Let’s go up. Go, go, go. Thank goodness. It’s the men’s bath. Let’s take off our shoes first. I will take off my clothes and shoes. Your clothes can wait. Take off your shoes first. I will take off my pants. Take off your shoes first. What’s your hurry? All right. I will help you take off your shoes. Give me your shoes. Let’s go inside. Hello. Hello. (He enters the men’s bath.) Baby should take off his clothes. He helps Bentley take off his clothes. I helped Bentley take off his clothes. Good job. Put your hands up. Put your hands up. Dad, here. (Bentley is stuck.) Hold on. Hold on. His head is stuck. (Someone save me.) You are done. (Taking off) – He smiles right away. / – Here. – Here. / – What did you bring? Spider-Man. Why did you bring the Spider-Man costume? It’s Ninja Turtle. You apply this after swimming. This is for swimming. I brought this as well. I brought everything. Why did you bring so many things? I brought everything. This is… This is… (Heave-ho!) They will swim together. Will they swim together? Yes. I will use these. Wear them backward. (Bentley begins to walk backward.) This one? (What is Bentley doing?) Why is he walking backward? (He falls down.) Sit down. (He falls down again.) – What is he doing? / – What are you doing? (He unexpectedly shows slapstick comedy.) Let me see. – I will swim. / – I need to buy something. Help the baby take off his pants. (Sam goes to buy a scrub towel.) (Taking off) I’m cool, right? (The cool boy takes care of the baby.) (Opening) Goodbye, baby. – What will he do? / – Oh, no. Peek-a-boo! Baby, isn’t it fun? – Bentley will do it too. / – He copies his brother. (This is cozy.) It’s cozy. It’s cozy. Baby, what are you doing? What are you doing? Come on out. (Smiling) My goodness. (Bentley becomes a contortionist.) Where is the baby? (Peek-a-boo.) Come on out. Hurry up. Let’s hurry up. When will we go inside? Okay, baby. (That’s what I want.) Key. Key is a must when you go to a sauna. A mischievous boy who swims, William. I love it! He is wearing a scrub towel and non-slip socks. A trendsetter at a sauna in matching colors, Bentley! Bentley is so cute. (I’m so excited!) He is excited. It’s their first time at a public bath. This is the men’s bath. Hold on. Stop, stop. We need to wash up before we go in. – Did you take a shower? / – What about Ninja Turtle? He needs a shower. You need one too. – I want to go in. / – You need a shower first. Come here. William, would you bring me – a blue tub? / – Okay. Can you bring it to me? Baby will use it. – Will the baby use it? / – He will. (William brings the baby’s tub.) It’s for the baby. He is helping his dad. Thank you, buddy. I will go inside now. – Did you wash up? / – Yes. – Did you take a shower? / – Yes. I know you didn’t. (That startled me.) – I’m done. / – No. (You are not done. What are you talking about?) I’m done. If you don’t wash up beforehand, the owner will come and yell at you. I want to go into the tub once. – Once? / – Yes. Take a shower once, then. I want to go into the tub once. Take a shower once. (They argue.) You have to take a shower beforehand. – That’s right. / – Look at that. – He is standing still. / – He is drowsy. Baby is getting washed up. (Sam splashes on his face.) (Bentley still smiles.) (One more time) (Dad, you are really fun.) Yes, baby. Yes, baby. Yes, baby. Bounce, bounce, bounce. I farted! Shall I do it? (Do it one more time.) One more time! One more time! (They play as they shower.) – All right. / – I’m swimming. Are you swimming? Hey, that tub is… My goodness. – He joined in. / – They are swimming. The swimming pool is packed. My goodness. (I won’t go in!) Bentley. (He nestles himself between Sam’s legs.) – What are you doing? / – It’s cozier there. He prefers Dad over the tub. What is this? This is a scrub towel. What is it for? Look. I will show you. You do this. (Make some noise!) Why are you so excited? (While Sam scrubs himself,) (William goes into the tub.) Hey, Sam. He’s going in. – He seized the chance. / – Hey! You can’t go inside. (Laughing) You need to be clean to go inside the tub. No! This won’t do. Do you know why you need to wash up? You have dead skin. I will show how dirty you are. I will scrub your skin right now. You will have dead skin if you are dirty, okay? – Did Sam scrub him? / – Look at this. – No way. / – No way. It came out, right? – Are you serious? / – Are you serious? Did it come out of William’s body? Congratulations. This has to be the record. I have never seen someone with so much dead skin. I will show how dirty you are. (Charcoal facial mask) It’s a facial mask. He mixed the two together. That surprised me for a second. See? Dad, are these bugs? It’s your dead skin. Repeat after me. – Dead skin. / – Dead skin. You learned something new, but it’s not a good thing. You can’t go into the tub when you are so dirty. I will wash up. Wash up. That’s a good idea. He wants to wash up now. Sam makes his children experience and learn the lesson on their own. It’s a good method. Armpit. Armpit. That was good, right? Three, two, one. (Pouring) – All right. / – I’m done, right? I’m done, right? I will go into the tub. Warm water. He can go in now. Okay. – He washed up. / – Yes, baby. – I’m inside. / – It’s refreshing. (It’s refreshing for Bentley as well.) It’s refreshing. He likes it. All right. I will live here. – Will you live here? / – Yes. (Dancing) To children, it’s a swimming pool. That’s right. Are you surprised? What is it? The bubbles surprised me. They are just bubbles. – They’re all over. / – Don’t drink the water. – He drank it. / – Don’t drink the water. (Can’t I drink the water?) My goodness. It went into his nose and eyes. – It must sting. / – I’m leaving. To where? (The water tastes bad.) This is how you do the backstroke. – This is… / – Dad. – Yes? / – Dad. This is how you backstroke. – Look. / – Okay. (Seal William dreams to become a swimmer.) William is really good. (Flapping) (Embarrassed giggles) – I didn’t drink water. / – Good. (I’ll act like I didn’t see it.) Look. Look at me. He’s standing by himself. That’s it. Dad, is this a swimming pool? This is the men’s bath. I swam in the men’s bath. A bathtub is different from a swimming pool. I’m going to do this. Don’t do it. Dive? (What is this pose?) Shark. One, two, three. This is William’s trademark diving pose. It was really something. Are we seeing him pose at the public bath? (Here I go.) Hey! (A very high altitude dive) – That would hurt. / – Gosh, you punk. This isn’t a swimming pool. He really loves it. (Seal William continues to dive.) You’re splashing water. Don’t be a nuisance to other people. Wait, stop. (He wants to do it more when told not to.) I feel like his stomach might get bruised. Wait, stop. I drank water. – William, this isn’t a swimming pool. / – My gosh. This place is for baths. If you want to do that… Stop. Go to the bigger bath. This place is too small. Go and do it properly. Is there a tub big enough for him to jump? (Can I do it here?) This place is so warm. Okay. Are you ready? (What is this?) – He can’t go in. / – He’s startled. (This is a cool tub.) Where are you going now? See how it feels to be in cold water. (Surprised) (He escapes to a bucket of warm water.) (I’m mad at you!) I told you it’s not a swimming pool. William, are you going to keep doing it? Yes. Are you going to swim? (He’s being taught a lesson with cold water.) What do we do? I won’t do it. – You won’t do it? / – He’s raising them strong. Okay. Come here. I won’t swim, Dad. (He’s satisfied with the result.) Okay. (Extra coy) What is this? Go in here. William. Dad, what is this? I’m going to get my back scratched. Let me get my back cleaned. Do they have to cover up Sam’s whole body? (He’s struggling through the pain.) (He’s making noodles.) (What am I watching?) (Noodles made through pain.) – Dad, does it hurt? / – Yes. Dad, is this a monster? “A monster”? (In William’s eyes…) A monster that’s hurting Dad? It’s because it feels good. (Determined) I’ll help you. He’s going to beat the monster. (Rushing) William, where are you going? (Rising) Hey. Do you want to try it? (A one-year-old’s surprising challenge) (Bentley is leaning back.) Is it okay? It feels good, right? (It feels good.) It’s nice, right? Gosh, you’re a funny guy. Get your arm cleaned. (Reaching) No, not your face. – Not the tongue. / – Not your face. – No, no. / – Do you want to eat it? It’s his instinct. Can you do it for me? Are you going to use it on my face? Gosh. (You have a lot of dirt on your face.) Is it fun? That hurts. Ben, where did your brother go? – Spider-Man! / – What? – All of a sudden? / – Spider-Man came. There’s Spider-Man at a public bath? Why are you wearing that? – Dad, come out. / – Come out? Spider-Man, attack. He’s here to rescue his dad. (Shooting) (William ran to the closet when he went out.) For what? Key. – Does he have a key? / – He can’t open it. – It’s hard to put in. / – Yes. It’s hard to put in. (It went in.) Gosh. (Next…) – Is he opening it? / – It’s the wrong cabinet. – It’s the wrong cabinet. / – Open. (Next, turn it.) He’s a genius. (He opened a locker by himself.) He can open it by himself. He remembered his locker. That’s amazing. I’ll rescue Dad. He’s doing it for his dad. (Pulling) You just wait, monster. The back-scratcher is actually a good tool. To William, it’s a monster that he must defeat. Are you rescuing me right now? (He’s putting together his energy.) He’s defeating it. (I’ll attack with all my power!) It stopped because it’s time. (How cute.) What? Hey. Thank you, Spider-Man. You rescued me. Where did you come from, Spider-Man? – Over there. / – There? – He brought his outfit. / – How did you get it out? I opened it with my key. By the way, why did you wear it backward? It’s not backward. I wore it by myself. He had to put it on by himself. – It couldn’t be helped. / – We’re a little hungry now. – Shall we go? / – Yes. Bye. (I’ll get going first.) Are you off to rescue others? – Yes. / – Okay. – Bye, Spider-Man. / – Wanting to help his dad turned William into a superhero. (They enjoy some snacks after the bath.) Where’s my drink? – Here. / – Dad, what is this? This is plum, arrowroot and red bean jelly. I like red bean jelly. Wait, wait. Sit down. – It’s a nice combination. / – I know. We’re so used to having sikhye and eggs. Arrowroot juice and red bean jelly are good. – Of course. / – Dad, give me some. I’m surprised he likes red bean jelly. – It’s good. / – It’s super sweet. Bentley wants some. I think the baby wants some. I’ll rip some for the baby. Yes, rip him some. William is a good big brother. Did you give him the rest? Yes. What a good big brother. This is how you act like a big brother. Yes. Baby, is it good? This is a red bean jelly. (I’ll remember it in my heart.) I’m thirsty now. – Are you thirsty? / – Yes. Good. I bought you plum juice. (How will plum juice taste?) – Plum is also… / – It’s sweet. – Is it good? / – It’s sweet. – He likes it. / – What is it? Plum. – Plum tastes good. / – Doesn’t it? – Dad. / – Yes? (Bentley is getting a taste.) (Squinting) He’s charmed. He’s feeling it with his whole body. It’s sweet enough to make him shake. The baby has to get ready. William, I’m going to dry the baby’s hair. When did your hair get so long? – He has a lot of hair. / – You have a lot of hair. – It’s flying in the air. / – He has hair now. He needs to tie it up. When did you get so much hair? You’re no longer bald. His skin got milky after the bath.

Busy Bees

Busy Bees


Hi everyone! Squeaks and I are enjoying a
beautiful day outside the fort! Oh, look, there’s a bee. Oh! It landed on
that flower! Let’s watch and see what it does. We’ll get a little closer, but not bother
it! There it goes, buzzing off to find another
flower! You know, bees are some of my favorite animals
to watch! They always seem so…busy! But do you ever wonder what they do all day? You might already know that bees are insects…like
ants and beetles. Like all insects, bees have six legs and three
body parts. In bees, these body parts are often brown
or yellow…and sometimes they’re striped with both colors! Bees also have four wings. When their wings move back and forth fast
enough to make them fly, they make a buzzing sound that we think of when we hear the word
“bee”! And there’s another part of the bee that
you’ve probably heard about: the stinger. BUT! Not all bees have stingers! And the ones that do, don’t sting unless
they have a really good reason to… …Like when they’re frightened…or to
protect themselves…or to chase other animals away from their nest. There are lots of different kinds of bees.
But the two kinds that you’ve probably seen most often are bumblebees and honeybees. Bumblebees are easy to spot, because they’re
big and fluffy. Honeybees are a little smaller, and don’t
look like they’re covered in fuzz the way bumblebees do. Both kinds of bees make honey, but bumblebees
only make a little, while honeybees produce a lot of that sweet sticky stuff! And both kinds of bees also live in big groups,
inside nests that we call hives. Do you want to see inside a honeybee hive?
Let’s have a look! This bee is the queen. No, she doesn’t wear
a crown, but she does have a really important job. She stays in the hive all day, and lays
eggs…lots of them! After three or four days, these eggs will
hatch, and eventually grow into adult honeybees. Most of the other bees that live in the hive
are workers. And worker bees…yup, Squeaks, they do almost
all the work. There are lots of jobs for them to do…like
helping to build the hive, and keeping the hive clean. But their main job, the one that they do
almost all of the time, is to look for food. That’s what the bee that we saw was doing…she
was getting food from that flower. When a worker bee lands on a flower, she drinks
a sweet juice from the inside of the flower. This juice is called nectar. While she’s on the flower, the bee also
brushes up against the yellow dust that the flower makes. This dust is called pollen. So while she’s gathering nectar, the bee
also gets covered with pollen as she moves around on the flower. When the bee has as much nectar and pollen
as she can carry, she flies back to the hive. She feeds some of the nectar and the pollen
to the baby bees and to the queen…and then she turns most of the nectar into honey. Bees fly back and forth all day collecting
nectar and pollen from flowers, and taking it back to the hive. When it gets dark, they go back to the hive
and rest. And then they’re up early the next morning to start again! If you’ve ever heard the expression “busy
as a bee”… now you know why we say that! So if you see a bee, you don’t have to be
afraid of it… but do leave her alone and give her lots of room to get her work done. …and that work includes more than making
honey. . . it has something to do with pollen. Next time, we’ll see why when you bite into
a delicious apple…you should thank a bee. Thanks for joining us on SciShow Kids. Do
you have a question about insects or flowers or anything else? If so, get help from a grownup,
and let us know! You can leave us a comment below, or send us an email to [email protected] And we’ll see ya next time, here at the
fort.

How do some Insects Walk on Water? | #aumsum

How do some Insects Walk on Water? | #aumsum


It’s AumSum Time. How do some insects walk on water? They do not walk. They catwalk. No. Water has an unusual property. What is that? Each water molecule is attracted by other
molecules around it in all directions. But since the molecules at the surface have
no molecules above them. They get attracted inward more strongly. These inward forces of attraction create surface
tension. Thus, making the surface act like a stretched
membrane. Now, the weight of insects like water strider
and fishing spider is very less. So, the force that the insects’ legs exert
on the stretched water surface is lesser. Than the surface tension. Also, as their legs are spread wide apart. Their weight gets further distributed among
all the legs. Hence, the insects’ legs do not sink. And just create dimples on the stretched water
membrane. Helping it walk on water. Nuclear fusion. Why is nuclear fusion not used to generate
electricity? You really want to know the answer to this,
right? But wait. Before answering the question, let us understand
what is meant by nuclear fusion. When two lighter nuclei combine to form a
heavy nucleus. A large amount of energy is released. This process is called nuclear fusion. Where does this nuclear fusion take place? You think that it takes place in a laboratory? No, you are absolutely wrong. Nuclear fusion takes place in the sun. The nuclei of two hydrogen atoms join together
to form a heavy nucleus of helium. With the release of a large amount of energy. How do you think this energy reaches us? No. It does not reach us through power lines. Wait, I will tell you. The energy released after nuclear fusion reaches
us in the form of sunlight. Ultraviolet radiations, heat, etc. Hey. But we are already producing electricity with
the help of nuclear fission. So, why do we require nuclear fusion? For this, you need to first understand difference
between nuclear fusion and nuclear fission. As we already know, nuclear fusion is the
fusion of two lighter nuclei. With the release of a large amount of energy. The exact opposite process happens in nuclear
fission. Here, a heavier nucleus splits into two lighter
nuclei, releasing a large amount of energy. This process of fission is used in nuclear
power plants. Where a heavy nucleus of uranium is split
into lighter nuclei. The energy that is released in this is used
to generate electricity. However, there is a major disadvantage of
nuclear fission. Wondering what it is? The major disadvantage is that uranium is
a radioactive element. When uranium undergoes fission, it generates
radioactive waste along with energy. This radioactive waste is very harmful for
most lifeforms and the environment. Hence, we need to find a clean and safe source
of energy to generate electricity. What source would that be? Would it be nuclear fusion? You are right. Then why are we not harnessing the energy
of nuclear fusion to produce electricity? This is because, for nuclear fusion, two conditions
are required. They are high pressure and high temperature. Only when these conditions are met, can the
two nuclei travel at very high speeds. Resulting in collision. On earth, it is extremely difficult to create
such high pressure and temperature. Even if we are somehow able to create these
conditions. The question is how will we control them? As there are many questions unanswered and
unsolved. We have not yet succeeded in using nuclear
fusion in the production of electricity. Heat. Why is a laboratory thermometer not used to
check body temperature? You have got fever. Why don’t you check your body temperature
using a thermometer? No. Please do not use a laboratory thermometer. You will not be able to get the correct reading. Why don’t you try another one? This is called a clinical thermometer. A clinical thermometer is different from a
laboratory thermometer. Seems like you have made your choice. A clinical thermometer has a kink. When we check our body temperature, the kink
present in it prevents the mercury. From falling back down, thus helping the thermometer
to hold the temperature recorded by it. And giving us an accurate reading. Now, in a laboratory thermometer, this kink
is absent. This is because a laboratory thermometer is
meant to measures immediate temperature. Hence, after recording our body temperature,
until we check it, the mercury will fall. Thus, not giving us an accurate reading. Ultrasound. Why is ultrasound used in sonar? Hey. Looks like you are searching for a treasure
hidden in a sunken ship. Why don’t you use a sonar? It will emit ultrasounds and help you locate
the ship. You know what, I have a better idea. No. A music system will make ordinary sound. So, it is of no use. Do not fool me. I know that the music system is the right
choice. See, you are not able to find the ship. Now, will you use a sonar? Look, you easily found the ship. Do you know how a sonar could locate the sunken
ship? It was because of ultrasound. Ultrasounds are sounds having very high frequencies
which start from 20,000 Hertz. So, is ultrasound used in sonar because of
its high frequency? You are absolutely correct. Due to its high frequency, an ultrasound can
penetrate to a greater depth. Thus, helping us to locate the depth of the
sea, sunken ships, etc. But, I am not able to hear the ultrasound? It is because human beings can hear sound
frequencies from 20 Hertz to 20,000 Hertz. As ultrasounds have frequencies higher than
20,000 Hertz, we cannot hear them. Bad conductors of heat. Why are two thin blankets warmer than one
thick blanket? Because two chocolates are better than one. No. To understand this, we need to first learn
about bad conductors of heat. Bad conductors of heat are the materials which
do not allow heat. To easily flow through them. Air, wood and glass are some examples of bad
conductors of heat. In these examples, is our train conductor
included as well? Just listen. A thick blanket allows much of our body heat
to escape into the atmosphere. However, when we use two blankets one on top
of the other. Air gets trapped between them. This air being a bad conductor of heat, does
not allow our body heat. To easily flow into the atmosphere, thus keeping
us warm. Pathogens. Why do we get fever? So that we can take a holiday from work. No. Fever is a protective response of our body
to fight against pathogens. Such as bacteria, viruses and fungi. These pathogens cause diseases. Hence, when pathogens enter our body, the
immune cells such as white blood cells. Produce chemicals called pyrogens which are
released into the bloodstream. I thought like movies, they are released in
theaters. Please, pay attention. Hypothalamus, which is a small part of our
brain, regulates our body temperature. However, when these pyrogens reach the hypothalamus,
it starts to raise our body temperature. Thus, producing fever. Now, one of the reasons for producing this
fever is that many pathogens. Cannot survive at high temperatures. Thus, they die and we remain safe. Human tears. Why do onions make you cry? Because they cannot crack a joke. No. Onions consist of amino acid sulfoxides. When we cut an onion, millions of onions cells
rupture. Releasing the amino acid sulfoxides along
with some special enzymes. These special enzymes react with amino acid
sulfoxides. To form a chemical called Syn-propanethial-S-oxide. This chemical is volatile, that is, it easily
evaporates at normal temperature. Forming a gas. When this gas reaches our eyes, it reacts
with substance that keeps eyes lubricated. And forms mild sulfuric acid. What? An acid in my eyes. Absolutely. This sulfuric acid gives us a burning sensation. Now, in order to wash off this acid, our lacrimal
glands produce a disinfecting liquid. But when our eyes cannot hold any extra amount
of disinfecting liquid. It starts to fall down, making us cry. Joints. Why do knuckles pop? So that when we get bored we can pop them
for time pass. No. A knuckle is a joint in the finger where two
bones come together or connect. This joint is filled with a fluid called synovial
fluid. Synovial fluid is a viscous fluid containing
dissolved gases like oxygen and carbon dioxide. When bones move, the synovial fluid prevents
them from grinding against each other. It is so amazing. Indeed. When we stretch or bend our finger, the space
between the two bones increases. This causes the synovial fluid to stretch,
thus creating low pressure in it. Now, as gases are less soluble at low pressure. The dissolved gases in the synovial fluid
undissolve. Resulting in the formation of a bubble, which
we hear as the pop sound. Why do animals’ eyes glow in the dark? Because they have hidden torches. No. Wait, I will explain. Our eyes have a layer called retina which
is made up of photoreceptors. When light enters our eyes, it hits the photoreceptors. Photoreceptors detect light, thus making it
possible to see. However, the light which does not hit the
photoreceptors remains undetected. Poor undetected light. Now, nocturnal animals like owls, need to
see better during the night. Hence, their eyes have another layer below
the retina called tapetum lucidum. Now, when light does not hit the photoreceptors,
it reaches the tapetum lucidum. This layer acts like a mirror. It reflects light back onto the photoreceptors. Thus, giving them a second chance to detect
light. Some of this reflected light also comes out
of the animal’s eyes. Thus, making it seem that its eyes are glowing. What happens if a plane is struck by lightning? It will start glowing like a disco ball. No. Lightning is a massive flow of charge which
carries thousands of volts of electric current. Thus, it is extremely fatal for living beings. And can damage anything that comes in its
way. Yes, it is really terrifying. Now many times, airplanes get caught in a
heavy lightning storm. However, airplanes are designed to handle
the lightning strikes. The outer skin of most planes is primarily
made of aluminum. Aluminum is a good conductor of electricity. When lightning hits the airplane. The electric current travels through outer skin of the plane. It does not pass into the airplane. Eventually, it exits off through another extremity,
such as tail. Thus, the airplane and the passengers within
remain protected. Why cannot dogs eat chocolates? Because I would love to have all the chocolates
for myself. Alright. Now listen. Chocolates and other cocoa products contain
a toxic component called theobromine. The darker the chocolate, the more theobromine
and the more it is harmful. But I eat chocolates and I am completely fine. Our body quickly metabolizes the theobromine. Thus, it is not quite harmful for us. However, dogs process theobromine much more
slowly. So, it stays in their bodies for a longer
time, resulting in vomiting, diarrhea, etc. Moreover, if large quantities of chocolate
are ingested by the dog. Then the effects can be much more severe. The heart rate of dog might beat twice its
normal rate, increasing the blood flow. This can prove to be lethal to the dog. What is sleep paralysis? No idea. Sleep paralysis is a condition in which we
are conscious. But temporarily unable to move or speak. It can usually occur when we suddenly wake
up during REM sleep. What is REM sleep? Basically, there are four stages of sleep. One of them is Rapid eye movement sleep, that
is, REM sleep. In this stage, we dream. Researchers suggest that when we enter REM
sleep, two chemicals, glycine and GABA. ”Switch off” the activity of cells in the
brain that allow our muscles to move. No. This is so bad. No. It is actually beneficial because paralyzed
muscles. Prevent us from enacting our dreams in reality
and getting hurt. However, sometimes we suddenly wake up during
REM sleep. But if glycine and GABA are still active,
we are temporarily unable to move. Even though we are conscious. This is called sleep paralysis. Why do newborn babies get jaundice? I do not know. Each red blood cell in our blood lives for
about 120 days. Once it gets old, it is broken down into smaller
components. One of them is bilirubin. Bilirubin is a yellowish waste compound. Hence, our liver removes the bilirubin from
our blood. Which is then excreted by the body through
intestines. However, if bilirubin is not removed, its
level in the blood starts to rise. And excess bilirubin begins to get deposited
in the body tissues. As a result, the skin and white areas of eyes
appear yellow, thus causing jaundice. Now, a newborn baby’s liver is still developing. Thus, it cannot efficiently remove bilirubin
from blood, thus causing it jaundice. Usually, jaundice is normal in babies and
will disappear in some days as baby grows. However, if it does not disappear, we should
immediately consult a doctor. What is a mirage? An invisible cloak. No. Mirage is an illusion in which it appears
as if there is water on ground. On a hot day, the land heats the layers of
air closer to it. However, as we move higher, the layers of
air get relatively cooler. Thus, the hot lower layers of air near the
ground form rarer media. And cold upper layers form denser media. Now, when light coming from sky travels from
denser to rarer media. It bends more and more until it exceeds the
critical angle. That is, the angle beyond which light gets
reflected. This phenomenon is called total internal reflection. When this reflected light reaches our eyes,
they trace it backward as a straight line. Hence, the reflection of blue sky appears
on the ground. And our brain thinks that there is water,
thus causing a mirage. Why do we get eye bags? It is a sign indicating that we need to take
a long holiday. No. One of the main reasons for eye bags is aging. As we age, various changes take place in our
body. Yes, I get more attractive with age. Now listen. Our skin contains collagen and elastin. They keep our skin firm and elastic. In addition to this, we have fat tissue surrounding
our eyes for cushioning. But as we age, our skin produces less collagen
and elastin. Causing our skin to become loose. Also, the muscles and ligaments that hold
fat tissue in place begin to get loose. And the fat starts dropping down. This loose skin and fat make the area around
our eyes appear swollen. Giving us eye bags. Besides this, heredity, salt intake, smoking,
etc. May also contribute to formation of eye bags. Is gluten bad for you? Gluten is bad for everybody. As usual, you are wrong. Gluten is a combination of proteins found
in grains like wheat, barley and rye. Gluten makes dough sticky and gives pasta
its chewiness. Now, gluten is not usually harmful. But people having a digestive disorder called
celiac disease should not consume gluten. But why? When people having celiac disease eat gluten,
it triggers an autoimmune response. In this response, the immune cells attack
our own body tissues. Damaging the villi present in the small intestine. Thus, causing inflammation, diarrhea, fatigue,
etc. In addition to this, damaged villi will not
be able to absorb the required nutrients. Thus, causing weight loss, iron deficiency,
etc. Thus, people suffering from celiac disease. As well as those having gluten related allergies
should preferably have a gluten free diet. Why are sunsets red? Because sunsets are romantic. No. It is basically because of scattering of light
in the atmosphere. Our atmosphere is primarily composed of tiny
nitrogen and oxygen particles. Now usually, when sunlight comprising of seven
colors passes through the atmosphere. It hits the nitrogen and oxygen particles. These particles scatter blue and violet light
more. As compared to red, orange and other colored
lights. Hence, mostly bluish light enters our eyes,
thus making the sky to usually appear blue. However, during sunset, the sunlight must
pass through a greater distance. In the earth’s atmosphere, causing it to pass
through more particles. As a result, most of the blue and violet light
get scattered before they reach our eyes. Due to this, the less scattered light like
red or orange reaches our eyes. Making the sunset appear red. Are Einstein’s gravitational waves real? No. They are waves created by Titanic. As always, you are wrong. Gravity is the attractive force with which
two objects pull each other. However, Albert Einstein imagined gravity
as well as space and time a little differently. His theory of general relativity unified two
separate entities space and time. Into a single entity called spacetime. Spacetime can be considered as the fabric
of universe. Now, just like a heavy ball creates a curve
or distorts the trampoline. Mass of an object creates a curve in spacetime,
that is, in the fabric of universe. According to Einstein, this curve is gravity. This trampoline is amazing. First listen. Just like our hands create ripples in water,
moving objects create ripples in spacetime. These ripples are termed as gravitational
waves. Gravitational waves were directly observed
for the first time on September 14, 2015. By Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory
in the US. Why do we love chocolates? Chocolate is one of the most craved foods
in the world. It just melts in our mouth and tastes so good
that. Many of us are ready to eat them at any given
time. Now, one of the reasons why we love chocolates
is because. They contain a substance called anandamide. In Sanskrit, ‘Ananda’ means ‘bliss’. Now, when we eat chocolates, anandamide present
in them. Binds to special receptors in the brain. Giving us bliss and joy, thus making us love
chocolates. Some chocolates also contain substances like
theobromine. It is thought that this theobromine makes
our brain produce anandamide by itself. Making sure that we feel blissful after eating
chocolates. In addition to this, most types of chocolates
contain sugar to make them taste sweet. Sugar activates the reward system in the brain. Due to which neurotransmitters like dopamine
are released. Dopamine gives us pleasure and makes us feel
good. As it makes us feel good, we tend to eat more
chocolates to get the same feeling. And thus, we get addicted to chocolates. Moreover, whether it is milk chocolate, white
chocolate or dark chocolate. There are numerous varieties to choose from. Also, there are dry fruits like raisins, almonds,
cashew nuts, etc. which we generally like. When these dry fruits are added to chocolates,
the desire to eat chocolates increases. Also, according to a study. It is observed
that salt suppresses bitterness and increases sweetness. Hence, while preparing desserts like chocolate
cakes, cookies, brownies, etc. A little salt is added to them, making the
desserts more inviting and tempting. Thus, we easily get attracted towards them. How tall can we grow? I can grow as big as the Eiffel Tower. Stop bluffing. Height is determined by a number of factors. One of them is our genes. We inherit our genes from our parents. Hence, these genes will make us grow approximately
as tall as our parents. In addition to this, factors like nutrition,
physical health, hormones, etc. Also affect our height. Now, if we grow taller than what we are at
present. Then we will not be able to support our body’s
structure efficiently. For this, we would require much larger bones. Or they need to be made of much stronger material. In addition to this, if we were taller, the
amount of blood in our body would be more. Thus, making it hard for the heart to pump
so much blood. Besides this, the earth’s gravity constantly
pulls us down. As a result, it prevents us from getting taller.

Craft an Insect! | Project for Kids

Craft an Insect! | Project for Kids


Hi everyone! Squeaks and I were just outside,
and while we were enjoying the sun, we spotted a few different insects. They were so colorful and wonderful to look
at, that we thought we would make some insect-inspired art to brighten up our lab! We’ve talked about insects before on SciShow
Kids, so you may remember what makes an insect an insect. One thing that all insects have in common,
is that they have three main body parts! There’s the head … …the part in the middle is called the thorax… …and the abdomen at the end! The second thing that makes an insect an insect
is that they have an exoskeleton. Insects don’t have bones the way we do, instead
they have hard skeletons on the outside of their body that they use to stand up, move
around, and protect their insides. The final thing that makes an insect different
from other animals is the number of legs they have! Do you remember how many? That’s right: six! So keeping these things in mind, let’s make
some insect art! I’m going to make my insect out of construction
paper, but you can paint your insect, make it out of clay, or use stuff you find around
your house! If you want to follow along with me and use
construction paper, you’ll need scissors, glue, a pencil, pen or crayon, and a few different
markers. Remember, if you’re gonna use scissors, tell a grown up! First, I’m gonna to choose a few different
colored pieces of paper to make my head, thorax, and abdomen. Now that I have my colors, I’ll start off by marking where I want to
cut with my pencil. Now that I have my insect parts outlined,
I’ll cut the different shapes out. Once I’ve cut out the shapes, I’ll glue
them together. Remember which goes where? The head goes wherever you want the front
to be… …the thorax goes right in the middle… …and the abdomen brings up the rear! Since our insects are flat, we won’t need
to worry about making an exoskeleton. But we should add some legs! I’ll cut another piece of construction paper into six strips, for our six insect legs. Now let’s glue them to our insect’s body.
An insect has three legs on each side, and they attach to the thorax, the middle part
of the body! That looks great! What do you think Squeaks? [Squeaks asks a question] You’re right, we should add a little personality!
How about a face? On the head of an insect you’ll find their antennae, mouth, and eyes.
So let’s add those to our insect’s head. Insects are special because they have compound
eyes. This means that each of their eyes are made up of smaller eyes that all work together to make one picture. And their mouths are different from ours because they have a mouth as well
as biting parts that help them eat! Alright! What do you think? Is she ready to
hang up in the lab? Well there you go! We made some insect inspired
art and the lab has some bright new decorations! Would you like to share your insect art with
Squeaks and me? Just grab a grown up and send us an e-mail at [email protected]! And if
you have any questions about anything at all, leave a comment down below! Thanks for joining us
on SciShow Kids! And we’ll see you next time here at the fort!

What if all Insects Disappeared? | #aumsum

What if all Insects Disappeared? | #aumsum


It’s AumSum Time. What if all insects disappeared? No worries. I have their photographs. You might think insects are inconsequential,
but the reality is. Without them, there probably would be no life
on earth. The first life to get affected, would be plant
life. Most plants in the world are angiosperms,
that is, flowering plants. Without insects pollinating them, plant life
would gradually disappear. Gradually, birds and mammals feeding on plants
would also disappear. Further, insects are food for many birds,
frogs, reptiles, etc. Without insects, they would also start dying. Then, animals eating those animals would also
start dying. This would ultimately lead to a domino effect. Finally wiping out the top of the food chain,
that is, human beings. Also, don’t be surprised, if you suddenly
see a lot of dead things everywhere. This is because insects are decomposers. Without insects, decomposition process would
take much longer. What if earth lost oxygen for 5 seconds? We would need to organize a search party. No. If it was just 5 seconds. We wouldn’t notice changes in our breathing. But do you know what would happen around us? Earth’s crust contains 45% oxygen. Without oxygen, crust would crumble. Causing the ground to crumble and we would
be in freefall. Buildings, bridges and concrete structures
would crumble into dust. As oxygen is the binding agent for concrete. Cars would stop. And planes would fall from sky as their combustion
engines wouldn’t work without oxygen. Also, losing oxygen means losing almost 21%
air pressure. This would cause our inner ear to explode,
causing hearing loss. It would also become darker suddenly. Why? For sunlight to reach us, it needs to bounce
off air particles like oxygen, dust etc. No oxygen means much fewer particles to bounce
off, thus much darker. What if the sun disappeared? We would need a lot of flashlights. No. The sun’s enormous mass and gravitational
power locks the planets in their orbits. If the sun disappeared, the earth would fly
off in a straight line into space. Earth would collapse into darkness only after
8 minutes. As sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach
earth. Moon would disappear as it doesn’t produce
light of its own. Plants would die, as no sunlight means no
photosynthesis. Within a week, earth’s temperature would drop
below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Dropping to negative 100 degrees Fahrenheit
within a year. Making it impossible for us to survive. Ocean surfaces would freeze. However, water in the interior would stay
liquid, due to heat from the Earth’s core. Only microorganisms who don’t require photosynthesis. Would survive by converting core’s heat into
the energy they need. Thus, without the sun, humans wouldn’t exist. What if everyone went vegetarian? Then I will turn Pizzaterian. No. Meat industry requires a lot of land to feed
and maintain livestock. This leads to deforestation and an increase
in greenhouse gases. Turning vegetarian would free up that land. Restoring at least 70% of it to natural forests. Thus cooling the planet. Also, today there are around 1 billion cows. Who excrete large amounts of methane. Methane is a deadly poisonous gas, 20 times
more harmful than other greenhouse gases. Cutting out meat would decrease methane in
the atmosphere. Human deaths would also go down. Chronic illnesses, cancers, strokes, etc. Would drastically reduce, leading to reduced
medical costs as well. However, the meat industry generates a lot
of employment. We would need to think of alternative employment
measures if everybody goes vegetarian. But the overall positive impact on the climate,
our health and the planet cannot be ignored.

Wild Animal Toys and Insects Bugs Safari LTD  – Learn Animal Names For Kids

Wild Animal Toys and Insects Bugs Safari LTD – Learn Animal Names For Kids


Welcome to Racetoytime! Hey Guys! Racetoytime here! Today I have here some Safari Ltd. wild animals and bugs First, we’re going to check out the Serval cat I’m so glad Safari Ltd. has a Serval figure because I’ve always wanted to have one And the figure looks really awesome. Look at the details Next, we have the Clouded Leopard This is a cute figure. Look at the colors, the details… So far I like it Let’s put this on the tree Don’t you know Clouded Leopards are excellent climbers. They are! Next we have the Cayman figure This is a reptile similar to the alligator Safari Ltd. did an awesome job on this one The details are amazing Next we have the Wolverine The wolverine is a powerful animal that looks like a small bear Next we have the spider monkey This can be found in South America Here’s the Howler Monkey Howler monkeys are the loudest animals on Earth Next, we have the Tasmanian Devil This figure looks awesome. It looks realistic. I love it! Tasmanian Devil can be found in Australia Next we have the Ring-tailed Lemur Lemurs can be found in the island of Madagascar Now we’re going to check out the Safari Ltd. insects, or, bugs Here’s ths scorpion Here’s the Morpho butterfly Next we have…the Swallowtail butterfly Here’s the Dragonfly Here’s the Praying Mantis Here’s the bee Here’s the ant Here’s the Centipede Grasshopper, Ladybug Fly, Caterpillar, Spider, And here’s the cockroach Okay, those are the Safari Ltd. wild animals and bugs Well, I hope you guys have enjoyed this video Let me know in the comments which animal or bug is your favorite in this video Do not forget to subscribe to Racetoytime channel And also click that bell icon to get notified every time we upload a new video And before you go click on those videos on the screen to watch more fun videos here in this channel Thank you for watching! Stay tuned! Bye, bye!

Will Sian eat an insect?!  [The Return of Superman/2018.04.01]

Will Sian eat an insect?! [The Return of Superman/2018.04.01]


What is this? Strawberry. Strawberry. (It’s a mangosteen.) It’s mangosteen. Sian first. Sian. Sian first. There’s an orange inside! – It’s a mangosteen. / – Mangosteen. (He takes a bite.) No. Is it good? It tastes like orange. (The taste and the juice) (are exploding.) What? Is it good? Is it good? Yes? Is it good? Next, who wants durian? Durian? – Me. / – What do you say? (I want it!) Me! (Crack!) – Who wants durian? / – Me. (Come to think of it, a durian…) (What is that smell?) The kids tasted durian a year ago. (It tastes bad.) (It was a shocking taste.) Me, too. He forgot what a durian was. – No. / – “No”? It’s good. Seola, Sua, this is good. It’s good. – It’s good. / – It’s good. – It’s good. / – It’s good? Durian. Yes, it’s good. Try it. She loves it. (Will Sian) (try some durian?) What? There’s something inside. I can stand it. Is it good? No? – It’s not good. / – It’s not good? Sian, is it good? (He questions himself and tastes it again.) – It’s good. / – It’s good. Do you like it? (Chocking) You don’t like it? (The durian bothers Sian.) Boise. I can’t swallow it. It’s good. – It’s good. / – I can’t eat it. No, thank you. No, no, no. Sian. (Giggling) Shall we go to a big market? Yes. A big market. Are we going to a market? A big market. It’s a big market. (They’re off to visit a night market.) – Let’s go. / – Market. We’re on a motorcycle. Sua, Seola, and Boise, are you scared? No? Yes? I’m not scared. Sian, are you scared? What is that? Sian, look! There is a shark over there. Jungle. Sian. It’s a crocodile! I’m scared. I’m scared. (Sian, are you scared?) I’m very scared. Are you scared? Hold hands with Boise. (If you’re scared, hold my hand.) Hold hands together. (He rejects his sister.) (He’s acting indifferent.) Boise isn’t scared. You’re not scared. Sian, you’re not scared? I’m not scared. You’re not scared. You’re a big boy. There’s no need to be scared. ABC. Do you know the ABC song? (A, B, C, D, A, F, G) (Thanks to singing and Boise, he’s not scared.) We’re here now. Yes, it’s a big supermarket. (This place is brighter and fancier at night.) This place is nightless. It’s Thailand’s traditional market. With its unique foods and goods, this place is a hot place for the locals. (It’s a hip place for the locals.) Did they go to a night market? It won’t be easy with four kids. It’s a big market. Ice cream. Ice cream. Who wants ice cream? (It’s a coconut ice cream stand.) Sian. (You can add the toppings you want.) Sian, what do you want? – Chocolate ice cream. / – Banana? – This. / – This one? (I want chocolate.) (These are actually black cherries.) (They choose their toppings.) Custom-made ice cream is ready. (You can customize your ice cream.) First one. (Seola gets to try first.) I’m going to have a huge spoonful. Okay. Sian’s turn. (He eats the topping he chose.) It’s Boise’s turn. (The kids are good at taking turns.) And… (The big eater, Sua’s turn) Sua. It’s Sua’s turn. (Eating) (They’re enjoying it.) Okay. Daddy’s turn. Boise wants the banana. (Wait a minute.) Hey, that’s what I do all the time. Finished. Ice cream… Banana… Finished. (I ate it all.) (I only got one bite.) (This reminds me of Dad.) You have some left! (I see it behind you.) – Finished. / – I see it. – No more ice cream. / – You have it. I do it all the time, so they won’t be fooled. No! (Stop right there.) They found it right away. I’m glad I played pranks on them. (What? It was right there?) You had it. (It was only a joke.) We’ll get some food. Special food. Come here. Do you want some? – Oh, no. / – Do you want some? (You can look forward to it.) (It’s fried insects.) Will they eat those? Those are… How do you eat these? – Oh, no. / – Do you want some? Sian, which one do you want? I’m scared. (Try it, Uncle.) – It’s a big one. / – Teacher. Try it. (You have one first.) (Eating) Try. (She’s choosing her menu very calmly.) I don’t want it. (Come on, choose one.) – I want this one. / – Do you want this one? Okay, we’ll get this one. (Boise chose the pupa.) Please mix them up. They got four kinds of insects. Which one do you want to eat? – Seola. / – Try it. It’s spicy. Which one do you want to eat? Boise is good at eating them. They must go out to eat it often. (Chewing) Yummy? (Culture shock) I want some too. Do you want some, Seola? Which one do you want? This one. This one? (Crickets! I choose you!) Eat it. Eat it. Eat it. – No. / – It’s yummy. (No way!) She’s going to eat that? (Yes, she’s going to eat it.) (Did you see me?) Seola. (Good job, Seola.) Yummy. (He’s getting competitive.) Sian, what do you want? – What do you want? / – This one for me too. – This one. / – The big one? (Which insect did Sian choose?) What is that? Me. Is that a cicada? (He takes the wings off for Sian.) (It’s a big cicada for Sian.) For Sian. It tastes bad. (What do you mean? It’s good.) – Sian. It’s delicious. / – I want to eat that. (What did you say?) – Try. / – Sian. (Will Sian eat an insect?) Is he going to eat that? (He bites.) He only bit the skin. He only ate the skin. – Sian. / – Did you eat it? I really swallowed it. – It’s good. / – I ate a fly. – I ate a fly. / – I ate a fly. I want to eat it too. – Seola, Seola. / – I bit it. Eat it. (She looks wild.) It’s good. Seola looks grotesque. (Seola is the best.) (Sua takes the insect away.) Yummy, yummy. (Sua is trying the cicada too.) I ate a fly. (It’s not bad.) – Well done. Very good. / – She’s eating it. Did you like it? Yes? – It’s good. / – It’s good. Seola, Sian, Sua, and Boise, are you having fun today? – I’m happy. / – Happy. – I’m happy. / – Happy. (Was Boise’s dad happy too?) Happy… (I was happy too.) Come visit our house. My home. Yes, sure. Sure. Sian, can I visit your house? – Can I go to your house? / – Okay. Yes. Give me five. Big one. (High-five!) (Make sure to visit us with Boise.) They can barely communicate, but he was always smiling. I’m so thankful. If they come to Korea on a trip, I want to treat them to a nice meal.