STUNG by a VELVET ANT!

STUNG by a VELVET ANT!


– I’m Coyote Peterson. Now you’ve seen me
stung by harvester ants, fire ants, and scorpions. But today, I’m moving a rung up on the insect sting pain index and I’m going to be
stung by the cow killer. I have a feeling that
this one is going to hurt. Oh boy. (dramatic music) (yelling) (dramatic music) There’s no question about it, the Wild West is
rough and rugged. And whether you’re talking
about the rocky terrain laced with spine-covered plants, or its animals, most of which are armed with
fags and stingers, Arizona Sonoran Desert is an
adventure-lover’s playground. Sure, we all have our
fears of being bitten by a rattlesnake when
venturing off trail, or in my case, having a
giant desert centipede run up my pant leg. But in actuality the good news is that each and every
one of these creatures does its best to avoid
human interaction. However, sometimes you
have an accidental run-in, and when you do, a bite or
sting can be incredibly painful. Yeah, he got me, he bit me? – [Mark] Are you sure? – [Coyote] Yeah, he
definitely bit me. When it comes to my line of work the goal is to
have an interaction so that I can show you the
effects of these encounters. This way we can all
learn why it’s important to be in tune with
our surroundings and
why it’s always best to admire animals
from a safe distance. Velvet ant, velvet ant! – [Mark] Got one? – Yeah, yeah, he’s right there on the other side of that log. I get my pack off. Yes! Hold on, no, he’s
underneath the log. I just started to tip
it, I saw he ran back, hold on a second. – [Mark] I saw him. – [Coyote] Did you see it? – [Mark] He ducked — again. (dramatic music) – [Coyote] There
it is, there it is. – [Mark] Get ‘im, get
‘im, don’t lose ‘im. – Ah! Yes, yes, look at that! – [Mark] Whoo! (laughing) – Oh, he almost got into
the crevice of that log. Wow, that is a
good sized one too. Ah, but we got our
velvet ant, there it is. Okay, cool, well
tomorrow morning I’m gonna get stung by
that little ornery bugger. Cool. The velvet ant, which
is actually a species of ground wasp and
not an ant at all, claims a famous
nickname, the cow killer. Ranked on the insect
sting pain index as being the fourth most painful
sting in the insect kingdom. Rumor has it that the pain is
so intense it can kill a cow. You may be looking at
this thinking to yourself, “Coyote, are you
gonna get stung?” Yeah, I am, I’m gonna
get stung by this today. Now the insect sting
pain index says that the intense pain will
last for about 30 minutes, and the reason that
I’m doing it is to work my way up
to the bullet ant. You wanna see me
stung by the bullet? Kinda feel like I
have to get stung by everything else
leading up to that. I am not looking
forward to 30 minutes of pain that’s gonna
come from this insect. I know, right? Here we go again. Coyote is about to
enter the strike zone. But this one’s a
little different. When it comes to alligator
bites, crab pinches, or blood-sucking leaches,
I’m fine with that. When it comes to
stingers and venom, that’s where even I get nervous. Now, the females
do not have wings, the males do have wings, but what’s interesting is that the males do not have stingers. Guess who does have a stinger. That’s right, the females, and
that who we have here today. Now one of the most impressive
things about this insect is the size of its stinger. In fact, it’s about as long as the entire length
of the abdomen. What I wanna do now is use
these little entomology forceps to pick the velvet ant
up and show you guys just how big that stinger is. You ready for this? – [Mark] Yeah,
are they delicate? – They are not. The velvet ant actually has a very, very
durable exoskeleton, one of the toughest exoskeletons
in the insect kingdom so me picking her
up with the forceps is not going to cause her
any sort of pain or damage. Come ‘ere. Oh. – [Mark] Gettin’
away, gettin’ away. – [Coyote] I got it, I got it. – [Mark] Got it? – [Coyote] Got it. – [Mark] Got it, awesome. – Now they can be
found in the grass so if you’re out there
walking around barefoot and you step on one of these
you’re not gonna squish it. What’s gonna happen is
it’s gonna spin around, and then it’s gonna
tuck its abdomen under, and boom, you’re gonna get
nailed with that giant stinger. Well, I think at this juncture it is time to for me to
actually take a sting. Are you guys getting nervous? I’ll tell ya what, I sure was. Now they say that this sting is painful enough to kill a cow, however there are no
reported cases of cows, or humans for that matter, ever dying from a
velvet ant sting. This makes me feel a bit better but you never know how your
body will react to venom so we always have an
Epinephrine Pen on location, just in case I have an
allergic reaction to the sting. Alright, Mark signaling me
that it is time, here we go. I’m about to be stung by
the velvet ant, here we go. – [Mark] Alright, Coyote,
well it’s about that time. – Yeah. – [Mark] How are we
gonna pull this off? I see we have, camera-wise,
we have a GoPro, small camera right next to me. Oh hey, there’s Chance. Chance over there. What’s the game
plan for this sting? What’s the idea? – Well, this is gonna
go down one of two ways. What I’m gonna try
first is to actually take this little glass,
flip it upside down, get the ant to this end, and then place it
down on top of my arm. This will isolate
the ant on my skin and I’m hoping that, as
it tries to get away, it’s just going to sting me. Now, if that doesn’t work, I also have my pair
of entomology forceps and I’m actually going
to pick up, hold the ant, place it on my arm,
and let it sting me. One way or another,
I am definitely going to be stung
by the velvet ant. Here we go, okay. Now the first thing
I’m gonna do is get the ant up into
that part of the glass, and then I’m going to spin
this over on my forearm, and with any luck the
ant is going to sting me. Here we go, ready? – [Mark] Let’s do
it, here comes the– – I’m Coyote Peterson, and I’m
about to enter the sting zone with the velvet ant. One, two, here we go, three. Oh boy. Oh, my heart’s racing right now. Oh boy, I can its
abdomen kinda pumpin’. My heart is going now. – [Mark] Any second
it could happen. – Yeah, any second
it could sting me. (heavy breathing) Ooh, ooh, ohh, ow, ow, ow, ow, ow, it’s biting at my skin! It’s biting at the edge of the
container trying to get out. And that stinger’s gonna be like a little hypodermic
needle going into my skin. (heavy breathing) This is intense. The glass was actually
starting to get a little foggy from
the heat of my skin so at this point I think we
are going to move to plan B, which is holding the velvet ant
with the entomology forceps. I don’t think it’s going
to sting me at this point, it’s been in there
for about two minutes and so far no sting, it’s
just trying to get out. So I’m gonna flip
my arm upside down and get the ant
back under control. Okay, here we go, ready? – [Mark] Okay. – One, two, three. Okay. – [Mark] Whoo. – Ahhh. – [Mark] How do you feel? – Ahh, extremely nervous
and my heart is racing. I actually think I do
have to take a second just to get my heart
rate to calm back down. Okay, cutting GoPro. Okay, alright, the
only way to actually move forward with this is for me to hold the ant with
the entomology forceps up against my skin
and let it sting me. – [Mark] It seems this
is gonna do it, isn’t it? – Yeah. Hold on, I need a second. My heart’s like, oh, getting
dizzy, yeah, getting dizzy. In the world of
entomology when it comes to milking the venom of
insects and arachnids, holding them with forceps is a guaranteed way
to induce a sting. So I think we all know
what’s going to happen next. This is crazy,
guys, this is crazy. My nerves are going this
much for the velvet ant, I can’t imagine what
the tarantula hawk and the bullet ant
are gonna be like. – [Mark] I can’t believe
you’re about to do this, that stinger is enormous. – Yeah, yeah, okay, you can do
this, you can do this, okay. – [Mark] So that
stinger is gonna go all the way under your skin? – Yeah, it’s gonna go
right into my skin. – [Mark] Yeah, I’m ready. (dramatic music) Oh boy. (dramatic music) Alright, here we go. – You ready? Alright, let’s do this again one more time for good measure. I’m Coyote Peterson and I’m
about to enter the sting zone with the cow killer. Are you ready? – [Mark] Are you ready? – No, I’m never ready. One, two, three. You good? Get your shot, I’m gonna
place it right down on my arm. – [Mark] Got it. – Here we go, with my arm shakin’. And, go. (dramatic music) Ow! (grunting) Okay, let me get back here. – [Mark] You alright? What’re you feelin’? – Oh wow, oh wow, okay. (heavy breathing) Give me a second. Oh my gosh! – [Mark] You alright? – Oh yeah. – [Mark] What are you feeling,
what does it feel like? – Give me a second,
give me a second. (heavy breathing) Oh my gosh, guys,
this is super bad. Move this out of the way. (yelling) (heavy breathing) Hold on, I gotta try to
control my heart rate. Try to get a tight shot of it right there where
the stinger went it, you need to see there’s blood. Okay, try to get a shot
’cause I can get up and like walk
around for a second. Right there. – [Mark] Right there
is where it stung you? – Right where it stung me. I could feel it, it was like you could feel it go all
the way under the skin, all the way in. I could feel it
insert into my arm. (grunting) – [Mark] You gonna be alright? – Okay, now they say that
the sting of the velvet ant will last for about 30 minutes and I can tell
you guys right now this is the worst
sting I’ve ever taken, there’s no question about it. It’s worse than a harvester ant, it is worse than a fire ant. It feels like I’m getting
stung over and over again. You could see the welt
starting to form on my arm. – [Mark] Oh man, yeah,
there’s a welt, big time. Describe the pain, is it
like a pulsating pain, a stabbing pain? – The pain, it’s
radiating, it is radiating. It feels like, you
know if you get a charlie horse in your
muscle and it like seizes up, and then it’s like– Oh, that is powerful. I can see why they
call ’em cow killers. Oh, that is some intense
pain right there. How long has it been, about? – [Mark] About seven minutes. – Seven minutes? Now they say the pain from
this lasts for about 30, I have about 23 minutes to
go, guys, 23 minutes to go. (yelling) Now aside from working my
way up to the bullet ant, the reason I was willing to
take a sting from this insect was so that we could all see
the effects of the venom. 25 minutes has gone by,
my arm is still on fire, and what’s crazy is that
look at all the red blotching that’s formed around the sting. There’s the stinger
insertion point right there and it is swollen,
and it is very tender, and you could see how red the
entire radius is of the sting. And I’m sweating. My goal was to do
the best I could to describe the
pain I was feeling. And it still hurts, it
definitely still hurts, but not as bad as the initial
impact of the stinger. But what’s interesting is that all around the sting is tingling like these little, tiny
pin cushion needles going– And as you can see there’s all
these little red dots forming and I’m assuming that is where the venom is
spreading into my arm. Oh wow, well I
would say that this was definitely one
very intense sting. The cow killer has earned
its reputation as being one of the most powerful
stings in the insect kingdom. (yelling and grunting) And while it may
be ranked as a four on the insect sting pain index, for me at this point, it’s
definitely number one. I’d say I’m one step closer to being stung by the
bullet ant, but first, I’m gonna have to go up
against the tarantula hawk. I have a feeling that that
one is going to be bad. I’m Coyote Peterson. Be brave, stay wild. We’ll see you on
the next adventure. Whoo, let’s get
out of the desert. Velvet ants are
nomadic ground dwellers that feed primarily on nectar so there’s absolutely no reason
you should ever fear them. If you live or are hiking
in velvet ant territory you’ll want to avoid
a possible sting. Keep your boots on your feet
and you’ll be just fine. If you missed the painfully
entertaining conclusion to my climb up the
insect sting pain index make sure to go back and watch, Stung by an Executioner Wasp. And don’t forget, subscribe
and click the notification bell so you can join me and the crew
on our next wild adventure. (coyote howling)

Feeding Cockroaches to Ants

Feeding Cockroaches to Ants


Welcome to the AC Ant Room, home to three
very large ant colonies. Each colony contains thousands and thousands
of ants. With all of these ants and brood within these
nests, surely there are hungry mouths to feed, and on today’s menu, we have their favourite
food item. Cockroaches. In this episode of the AntsCanada Ant Channel,
we will watch each of our three ant colonies, the Golden Empire, The Fire Nation, and the
Dark Knights feeding on cockroaches, and even check out some of the other snacks they enjoy! Also in this video we will announce the winner
of our grand annual Ant Love Contest 2017 and reveal the winner of a brand new All You
Need Omni Gear Pack, a complete AntsCanada ant setup! Today will be full of ant discovery and fun,
so be sure to keep watching until the end! AC Family, sit back, relax, and let’s watch
our ants dine, in this thrilling episode of the AntsCanada Ant Channel. Please SUBSCRIBE to my channel, and hit the
BELL icon! Welcome to the AC Family. Bon appetite! Today I wanted to present tonight’s ant feeding
session in a more natural and real light, so I figured for a change in this episode,
we would observe the ants non-timelapsed and with less editing, instead showing more intimate
footage of the ants feeding so we can truly admire what happens when ants get busy at
processing their food. First to be fed, is our Golden Empire, our
yellow crazy ants. It’s been about two weeks since they’ve moved
into this massive terrarium we call Hacienda Del Dorado. It was a way to help them get rid of their
body mites. It seems the ants now have the ability to
dispose of their garbage appropriately, as I see them creating rubbish piles in locations
away from the nest. Here are some discarded uneaten Fire Nation
alate body parts and look, mites have found these piles to feed on. Unfortunately, I still see mites on the ants,
but I do see some ants without mites, so we’ll have to wait, perhaps a month or two more,
until the new generation of workers has completely replaced the initial mite-infecected generation
in order to truly determine if the move into a massive terrarium helped. You will see ants feasting here on some rotting
mango as well as some raw honey. They’ve been working on this for two days
now and are definitely craving for their protein. So here we go. Dropping in a native Philippine cockroach! AC Family, enjoy watching the Golden Empire
feast! More workers are coming now. Word has reached the nest that food lays just
a skip and a hop away. It isn’t long before the roach is surrounded
by many hungry Golden Empire workers. Some have completely abandoned the raw honey
to come and help. Yellow Crazy Ants lack stingers. They instead spray formic acid, and they’re
using it to subdue and kill this huge roach which as you can see is many times their size. Other workers keep the cockroach pinned down. Look at these workers trying to pull the cockroach
by its antennae. Haha! Persistent little ones! Now for those wondering, I feed all prey insects
to my ants pre-killed which means they have been crushed. This also means that their body parts still
move because insects don’t have brains like ours. They have ganglia, a grouping of nerve cells
which run down the center of their body. This means then that even if you decapitate
or crush a cockroach to kill it, it still moves. OK, let’s let them continue to grapple with
this huge carcass and move on to our most aggressive and frightening ants, the Fire
Nation, our red tropical fire ants! As you know, we recently moved our fire ants
into the Fire Palace, this deep rubbermaid bin full of soil which they absolutley love! It has become the colony’s main nest! Let’s drop in a cockroach. This one is a no brainer. It gets swarmed by ants in a matter of seconds. It isn’t long before a thick carpet of ants
covers this roach. Let’s add another shall we? OK, and now time to head downstairs into the
abyss to visit the new outworld on the Silver Glacier of our Dark Knights, our Black Crazy
Ants. Let’s drop in a roach for these hungry and
deserving ants! Let’s reposition here so we can see a bit
more. In no time, the workers of the Dark Knights
are all over this cockroach. Watch them feed eagerly from the cockroach’s
wounds. These black crazy ants waste no time. Every night, I feed these three kingdoms different
foods. A varied diet is definitely the key to a healthy
ant colony. The Dark Knights usually get 1 or two roaches,
as does the Golden Empire, and the Fire Nation, being a lot larger than the other two ants
colonies, they take 12 or sometimes I feed them pieces of cooked meat, like this chicken
leg which we offered as their house warming gift, and yes, of course I filmed it, but
this needed to be timelapsed because it took 2 days! And gone! Now, I don’t know if you remember but a few
months back I caught a trapjaw queen ant and kept her in the dark and fed her hoping she
would give us eggs, so we could start a colony of trap jaw ants. Well, I have an update, and you will be both
shocked and super excited! And all of that to come, in next week’s video. Thanks for watching! And we’ll see you next week, AC Family! It’s ant love forever! Alright, AC Family! Were you grossed out or was that cool? Inner Colony members today’s episode was a
little taste of what you guys watch every week in our hidden videos, but of course I
still placed a hidden video for you here, for extended footage of a cockroach being
eaten by the Golden Empire. And now it’s time for the AC Question of the
Week! Last week we asked: What is the name of the specialized workers
in honeypot ants that store water? Congratulations to Regnerum who correctly
answered “Aquapletes”. Congratulations Regnerum you just won a free
ebook handbook from our shop! For this week’s question of the week, we ask: What is the name of the groupings of nerves
controling movement in insects? Leave your answer in the comments section
and you could win a free Tshirt from our shop! Alright, and speaking of free stuff, as you
know, we love doing fun contest giveaways to you guys our AC Family, and so last week
we launched our annual “Ant Love Contest”, where we asked the question “What is Ant Love
to You?” for a chance to win a FREE All You Need Omni Gear Pack. This year, we received over 1700 entries on
our official Facebook page, and so as is our problem every single year, it was SO hard
for us to narrow it down to just 1 winner! There were just so many great entries that
made us smile, made us laugh, made us go WOW!, made us go what da?, even some that made us
tear up a little and warmed our ant-loving hearts! So, here we go after reviewing over 1700 entries,
a big congratulations goes out to our ANT LOVE CONTEST 2017 winner: John Poster, who wrote a cool ant poem, which
we have included in the info section of this video. Congratulations as well goes out to our runners
up. You guys each have won a FREE EBOOK Handbook
from our shop! Thank you all for playing this year, and for
those that didn’t win, don’t worry as we are always giving away free stuff from AntsCanada.com Thanks for watching and we’ll see you next
week, AC Family! Ant love forever!

Keeping Ants as Pets

Keeping Ants as Pets


Hi, this is Jordan. Bringing you another ant video. In the past, I’ve made guides how to catch
queens and raise them up in order to produce a healthy ant colony, but I’ve never directly
answered the question as to why you would want to do so. So, in this video, I’ll be introducing you
to the fascinating hobby, which is ant keeping. Often when people think of ants, they think
of them as a nuisance and never really pay any closer attention to them, and appreciate
their intricate, industrial nature. Ants have been around a long time, believed
to have evolved from their wasp-like ancestors over 100 million years ago. Today, they inhabit almost the entire land
mass of the planet and are of great importance to their surrounding ecosystems. In construction of their nests, ants cycle
and aerate soil, which encourages the healthy growth of plants, as it allows water, oxygen
and nutrient rich soils to more easily reach their root systems. And many plants actually rely on ants for
the dispersal of their seeds. Seed-harvesting ants collect and carry seeds
back to their nests. The ants then consume the food bodies of the
seeds, known as elaiosomes. After they’re done, more often than not,
the seeds themselves remain completely intact, and are just left to lye around within their
nest. This aids in the survival rate of the seeds,
as they’re kept away from predators, like birds and other seed eating insects, as well
as protecting them from harsh conditions, like intense summer heat and bushfires. Also, being exposed to the nutrient rich conditions
of the ant nest, the seeds have an improved chance of germinating and the growing seedlings
will have an enhanced development too. Ants are highly social insects, having evolved
to cooperate with other members of their colony in order to achieve their goals. They’re able to communicate through the
excretion of a variety of different pheromones, each of which, has its own distinctive purpose. For example, when a single ant is out foraging
for food and finds something worthwhile, it returns to its colony, laying down a particular
pheromone trail as it goes, this lets other ants know that there’s food down this path. So as soon as another ant comes across this
pheromone trail, it investigates, using its scent detecting antennae to guide itself along
the way. Once it reaches the food source and it too
finds it appealing, it then returns to the nest as the first ant did, and strengthens
that original pheromone trail. So in a matter of minutes, hundreds, even
thousands of ants can discover the food source. In this case, there are three different food
sources available for the ants to choses from. So which will they go for? Well, through their method of pheromone communication,
the colony is actually able to vote upon which food is most important for the colony’s
needs. Majority rules, and whichever pheromone trail
is strongest, wins out. In the end, it’s quite clear which is their
preferred food. Ants use their complex process of pheromone
communication for more than just finding and selecting food, however. Like when, choosing where to dig out a new
nesting chamber, or finding the best spot to store their brood, or to alert others to
dangers. They even use it to distinguish certain members
of their colony from one another. The queen for example, gives off a pheromone,
which communicates something like, “I am your queen, look after me.” They also use it in order to tell themselves
apart from foreign ants. This is why when ants of different colonies
come together, even those of the same species, don’t get along very well and often resort
to fighting. So ants, through chemical messages, are able
to very efficiently function, not individually, but as a single, superorganism. What I find so interesting about ants, is
that they’re an estimated 20,000 different species, many of which, possess unique characteristics
and are able to perform remarkable actions, actions they’ve evolved to achieve and have
become instinctual. These Jack jumper ants, for example, actively
position stones and plant debris of certain colours around the entrance of their nest,
with goal of insulating it. In times of hot weather, they’ll place down
lightly coloured materials in order to reflect heat away from their nest and provide them
with some cooling. And in times of cold weather they’ll place
down darkly coloured materials, so as to absorb heat and provide the nest with some increased
warmth. And these Green Tree Ants, are an arboreal
species. Forming their nests by pulling and stretching
leaves together and then using silk, produced by the colonies larvae, to stitch those leaves
together. Forming a dome-like structure. These ants are very territorial of their constructions
and even have the ability to spray formic acid if felt threatened. These Funnel Ants get their name from the
way in which they build the entrances of their nests. They form them into steep, concave, bowl-like
shapes. This turns the ant hill into a deadly pitfall
trap. If a lethargic insect, like say, a beetle
falls in, there’s no escape and the waiting ants bellow, can move in for the kill. When hunting for food, many ants use numbers
to their advantage, relentlessly latching onto and attacking their prey. Green tree ants will often work together by
each grabbing a limb from their prey, in this case, a rival ant, pulling and slowly stretching
their victim to death. Whereas, primitive ants, like bull ants, are
specialised to be effective solitary hunters. They have excellent vision, powerful mandibles
and can deliver venomous stings, which can quickly subdue their prey. These Trap-jaw ants also hunt alone, stalking
even the most agile of prey. Their mandibles can shut close at lightning
speeds, stunning and crushing their victims, and can then follow up with a deadly sting
too, if need be. And these Dracula ants, are rarely seen above
ground, living a mostly, subterranean lifestyle. Adapted to foraging below leaf matter and
even the grounds surface in order to hunt for their food. Ants come in all manner of sizes, shapes and
colours. From tiny ants, only a few mm in length, to 2cm long monsters. To the slender, long legged shape of Leptomyrmex, with its aptly nick name of Spider Ant. And from the beautifully, brightly coloured
Camponotus and Calomyrmex, to the incredible, iridescent, diamond like sheen of Rhytidoponera. Many species of ants are polymorphic too,
meaning they have different castes across the population of their individual colony. Soldiers are larger than regular
worker ants and often have powerful jaws for slicing up food and hauling heavy loads back
to their nest. And their increased size and strength helps
better defend the colony from predators. And some species have a replete caste. These ants are used to store food or water
in large quantities within their social stomachs. This species of Pheidole even have soldier
ants which can double up as repletes. Here you can see the difference between a
regular soldier and one acting as a replete. They’re filled up through the process of
trophallaxis, until their gasters become swollen up like balloons. This allows the colony to preserve what they collect, saving it for later consumption, when perhaps food and water becomes scarce due to cold weather or drought. So, if you’ve made it this far into the video,
you’ll probably agree, ants really are interesting animals. But you still may be thinking, what incentive
is there to raise them as pets? Well, what ant keeping allows you to do, is
observe behaviors which would otherwise go unnoticed. In a formicarium, the technical term for an
ant farm, you have a clear view of what’s going on within the colonies nest. So, you’ll be able to observe exciting events,
like the eclosing of new workers. Here’s a soldier ant who has only just emerged
from its pupae stage and come to life. These young ants are uncoordinated and have
very pale exoskeletons at first, but as they mature, they darken into their familiar colour
and soon begin working and helping out their colony. If a colony call for it, you’ll also see the
rise of winged reproductive ants, known as alates. Here’s a few alates who have only just eclosed
and are being nurtured by the workers. Watch as this worker meticulously cleans this
alate’s wings, and another feeds one via trophallaxis. And of course, you’ll be able to observe the
most important member of the colony, the queen, or in this case the multiple queens. The queens are constantly attended to by their
workers. They feed them, keep them clean, collect their
eggs and stand guard, ready to defend them from any potential threats. Depending on how your formicarium is setup,
you can even watch them dig out tunnels and construct chambers. This particular colony is housed within a
terrarium, and so, has a substrate in which the ants can dig into. The ants are constantly at work maintaining
their nest structure and feeding, cleaning and relocating their brood, all in order to
ensure the health and well-being of the colony’s next generations. You just wouldn’t be able to see ants perform
natural behaviors like these outside of a formicarium. Sure, you can lift up rocks and logs and uncover
wild ant nests, but all you’ll be able to observe is complete chaos, as all the ants
frantically rush around trying to get their colony to safety. Ant keeping can be a very inexpensive hobby. Initially, all you’ll need is a queen, a single test tube and some cotton balls. Then, later on, when workers start to arrive,
just a plastic container to act as a foraging area and very a minimal supply of foods, like
fruits and insects, in order to sustain them. Ants can also be quite low maintenance pets
too. Unless you have a huge colony, they can go
days, weeks and sometimes even months without any attention. Of course, you will need to do your research
and learn what’s required of you as their keeper, carefully considering whether you,
personally, can meet these requirements, as you should do before getting any pet, whether
it be a cat or dog or even a goldfish. An ant colony will continue on for as long
as the queen does, and some queens are known to live up to 30 years of age. The second longest living of all insects,
behind termite queens. So as long as a colony is well looked after,
they can last you a very long time. In conclusion, ants are truly fascinating
animals. Studying their complex, systematic behaviors
and watching their colonies grow over time, weather that be in a wild or captive environment,
can be a really rewarding and insightful experience. So I hope you’ve enjoyed this video and
have developed a new found respect for these little creatures. And perhaps, you may even be considering catching
a queen and starting your very own ant colony.

Project Nucleus: How I Create Mini Planets Within Glass

Project Nucleus: How I Create Mini Planets Within Glass


Before we begin today’s episode, I wanted
to let everyone know that AntsCanada.com is having its big AC annual holidays Promo: the
20-20-20 sale. That’s 20% off all Hybrid Series ant farms
and gear packs from now until January 2020, plus a free copy of our newly updated “Ultimate
Ant Keeping Handbook,” right now at AntsCanada.com. Click the link in the description to get your
AC ant farm today! And now enjoy today’s ant episode! After a long and successful day, I looked
down at the clippings and dead tree I had collected from our projects. Ordinarily, I would throw these away, but
suddenly an awesome idea came to me, an idea that I felt could completely change and affect
the lives of every creature and terrarium in the entire AC Antiverse! AC Family, it was time to embark on a new
and exciting biological engineering project! Last week, we had two major maintenance operations
for two of our beloved kingdoms in the AC Antiverse. First, the mystical double floating island
of Avista, home to the Big-Headed ants, you named the Bobbleheads, underwent a serious
makeover, receiving a new island to their open-air ant archipelago. The Red Banyon tree, the Great Tree of Wisdom,
also needed trimming, so I snipped around their sacred tree, which resulted in this
gorgeous well-manicured main island. We replaced a dead tree with a new one, and
gave them a superworm as house warming gift. East of Avista, stands the Canopy of Vortexia. Our tree-top forest home to our aggressive
Weaver Ant Colony, The Emerald Empire. The territories also needed maintenance as
one of the trees had seriously overgrown. It was a scary operation to snip away at the
overgrown leaves and perform general maintenance with weaver ants wanting to attack me the
whole time, but the biggest thing that came out of this was that I also took the opportunity,
to improve the biological profile of Vortexia’s soil life, through the addition of roaches,
superworms and other creatures, and then sealing the entire thing up! It resulted in a clean, healthy, and bioactive
environment, where creatures could eat decaying materials, reproduce on their own, and be
hunted, all inside the Canopy of Vortexia. It was the epic creation of an entire, contained
ecosystem, and the way I saw it, like the creation of a mini-planet within glass. And this gave me an idea. This week, our journey towards creating the
ultimate homes for our ants and other creatures continues, as we launch a super cool, biological
engineering project, I call Project Nucleus, and AC Family, I think you guys will totally
dig it, no pun intended! So sit back, relax and enjoy this week’s
info-packed episode, as I show you how life of a successful vivarium begins, and how I
plan to create mini-planets within glass. In the past few weeks, my recent projects
of making more bioactive terrariums have been undeniably successful, bioactive, basically
meaning throwing in a bunch of different organisms with different purposes into a single enclosed
environment, resulting in a healthier and more dynamic life for our ant colonies, as
well as the fellow tenants living with them. In the case of the Dark Knights a few weeks
back, for instance, a new life with bagworms, millipedes, jumping spider, springtails, isopods,
worms, and who knows what else came with the layer of leaf litter and plants I threw into
their new home, which by the way needs a new name so VOTE here, AC Council, meant that
the ants could truly live like they did in the wild, defending their territory, with prey at their disposal, and home bioactively cleaned by creatures
that would eat their poop and garbage, converting it to fertilizer for the plants
which would go on to produce oxygen for the system, and so on. The partnerships of these various creatures
made for a very self-sustaining, biodynamic world! I thoroughly loved this streak of successfully
creating these super-bioactive terrariums on steroids, which ultimately gave me the
idea to start Project Nucleus. So, what is Project Nucleus, you ask. Well, it goes like this. So you may or may not know, every time I start
building a new terrarium, I either recycle aged terrarium soil or collect leaf litter
from my neighborhood and add it to the soil. I do this because soil creatures, like springtails,
mites, worms, millipedes, and isopods are needed to help breakdown organic waste in
the terrarium. Wilted leaves from plants, exoskeletons and
other wastes from the prey, as well as ant excrement are all broken down by these soil-residing
organisms. Without them, the entire terrarium may rot,
fungus take over, and just lead to a gross terrarium mess. Plus these soil creatures are the missing
link between organic waste and plant life, because soil creature poop from organic waste
contains a tonne of amazing nutrients for plants. The problem with using new soil to create
new terrariums is that they contain only a few of these creatures. It would take some time for a new terrarium
to develop the populations of soil biota, so as a general rule, the older the soil,
the more lush and abundant the soil life is. Now to better understand what I’m talking
about, and appreciate how cool of an undertaking Project Nucleus is, let’s take a look at one
of the amazing ant kingdoms in the AC Antiverse, on which a lot of you have been patiently
waiting for an update. Welcome everyone to the home of the Golden
Empire. This colony of Yellow Crazy Ants, scientifically
known as Anoplolepis gracillipes is one of the OG ant colonies of this channel. They were once a massive glorious colony of
millions but were unexpectedly hit by a lethal plague of blood-sucking mites earlier this
year, which reduced them to several hundreds. I rescued a small population and put them
into quarantine where I treated their vampiric body mites with predatory Hypoapsis mites
harvested from rhino beetles, of all places. And lucky for me, I was able to recover at
least 5 of the 7 queens and rid the colony of the vampiric mites. To rehabilitate them, I transferred them,
into this Hybrid Nest + Ant Tower setup. We even documented the cured Golden Empire
workers, transferring their brood into their new home. What a trip and triumphant day that was! During the mass emmigration, we also noticed
that the Hypoaspis mites were still living with the Golden Empire, assumingly protecting
the colony from future bad mite attacks. You can watch all of this here, by the way. So it was clear that these relationships with
smaller organisms like the Hypoaspis mites were extremely important for the ants’ well-being. And AC Family, you’re about to see how much
these relationships have evolved since they moved in a few months ago, and how it has
helped the Golden Empire flourish! Look! I’m happy to announce that the Golden Empire
is doing great. Here are the queens, who prefer to hang out
in their Hybrid Nest, which has become the main mothernest of the colony. They’ve been laying lots of eggs. Look at those egg batches being carried around
by caring workers. I estimate the colony is well over a thousand
workers now and is about to get even bigger. But what’s more amazing is this, guys! Other creatures are also living in the Hybrid
Nest, in cooperation with the colony. Here are springtails, known in the Antiverse
as the Springcleaners, which help eat decaying material, ant poop, and mold. We also have beneficial mites eating up the
same stuff. But check this out! For the first time on the channel, we get
a glimpse at a species of symbiotic isopods that live with the ants! Isn’t that amazing? The ants don’t attack these isopods, which
are actually crustaceans, who thrive off the garbage left behind by the ants, mold that
might be growing around the premises, and possibly their poop. It’s possible these isopods were living with
the Golden Empire the whole time since the beginning, back when they were still residing
in the Hacienda Del Dorado, but we’ve only been able to see them now due to visual access
of the Hybrid Nest. And that’s not all, guys. I even discovered there are silverfish-type
insects, living with the ants! I don’t know what species these little turbo
guys are, but I am pretty sure, they also have a key role at eating up dead insects
leftovers, ant poop, and fungi. So, guys check out the beauty of how this
all works. The Golden Empire has a system. So like humans, the colony produces garbage,
and like humans, the ants keep the garbage in piles and bury it. They’ve chosen designated areas of the Hybrid
Nest as garbage rooms. They also delegate certain areas for bathrooms. It’s essential especially in an underground,
moist environment for the colony to be as clean and systematic with their waste management
as possible so all hell doesn’t break loose and the colony dies from unsanitation. So once these garbage and bathroom spots get
too soiled and littered, the colony then buries these areas up, and that’s when the clean-up
team of soil creatures take over and work their magic. They’re small enough to fit into the tight
spaces of the buried chambers where they proceed to eat up the garbage and ant poop, and keeping
dangerous fungus that grows on the garbage and poop under control. A lot of you ask how I clean my ant farms,
and well, now you know. I kinda don’t need to, because the ant farms
bioactively clean themselves. The lifeforms take care of the maintenance
like they would in the wild. I just add water and watch it all happen! There’s even a whole other decomposition process
happening at the microbial level. If we were to take a look at a sample of this
ant nest material under a microscope, we’d find a whole other world of bacteria and colonies
of unicellular organisms also busy eating and decomposing organic matter. So as you can see, there’s quite the system
happening here. It’s mutualistic symbiosis at its finest,
which basically means there’s a cooperation between all parties for the benefit of all. It’s amazing to be able to see all of this
in the Hybrid Nest, because you can’t really see it happening in a terrarium, but I assure
you, this is what’s going on underground in all our terrariums, perhaps with different
sets of soil creatures unique to each terrarium. And look, the creatures even migrate and travel
through the tubes to and from the colony’s neighbouring satellite nests. Speaking of which, let’s cover up their Hybrid
Nest and briefly take a look at the Golden Empire’s satellite nest in the large Ant Tower
shall we? As you can see, this is the popular hangout
for the Springcleaners! A tonne of Springtails for some reason love
this place, and seem to be quite busy at the moment working on a leftover superworm. Now wanna see something cool: see this little
contraption with a switch? I turn it on and a light beneath the Ant Tower
illuminates from inside. For those of you who are new to ants, ants
are naturally photophobic which means they don’t like light in their nests, but it is
said that ants cannot see red light, so keeping the ants under red film and lighting them
up with red light, causes the ants to feel like they are shrouded in darkness. And peeling off this red film reveals ants
congregating in one of their chambers. Check out all the tunnels they’ve created
down to the bottom of the Ant Tower! Springtails can be seen frequenting all areas. Now, AC Family, after seeing all of this,
it’s now time to talk about my idea, Project Nucleus! Rich bioactive ant homes like the Golden Empire’s
here don’t happen overnight. The creatures are few at first, usually coming
in with plants, rocks, and soil that you first place into the terrariums and it takes months
to create populations as rich as the one we see here in the Golden Empire, and a good
year for it to really be established. And as you know AC Family, we are always creating
new worlds and vivariums on this channel, and it would be very beneficial to have a
constant supply of soil creatures, to help speed up the bioactivation process in newly
created terrariums. And so, my idea. AC Family, I present to you Project Nucleus. In this glass enclosure, I plan on creating
what shall become the Nucleus of the AC Antiverse, the creational furnace from which shall be
born epic populations of soil biota for future terrariums we make from here on in. If we could create a place where we could
culture soil creatures, a place with aged soil and an established soil ecosystem, then
when creating a new terrarium or ant home, we could simply scoop up a bit of the medium
from the Nucleus, to place into our new terrarium, and thereby help populate the new terrarium’s
soil with its team of soil creatures. One scoop of medium from the Nucleus, would
be enough to bioactivate any terrarium much more quickly than if it were just created
from scratch. Plus the medium produced by the AC Nucleus
would be super rich in nutrients for plants. My plan was for the Nucleus to be a place
where I could take leaf clippings, decaying material or waste, or even dead creatures
from other kingdoms of our Antiverse, and have them feed our Nuclear soil creatures
to be processed back into the soil. Essentially, we’d be creating a composter,
just amped up with a tonne of soil creatures. And so to build this AC Nucleus, we will be
needing various materials. So here we go. First, we need this glass tank, our Nuclear
furnace of soil life culture. Through the glass we’ll be able to see the
activities as well as the progress of the Nuclear inhabitants in real-time. Next, I’ll be adding activated carbon, to
keep the growing medium purified from harmful metals and chemicals which could poison the
populations of creatures living in here. Now, let’s move on to my worst fear in life,
ahem… Worms! I had to face these vile-looking creatures
once more. I began to use my trowel to scoop up earth
from the bag and I was immediately repulsed by these squirming African Nightcrawlers seething
from within the soils. As a scoleciphobe, it was disgusting to see
the worms squirming, but I knew I had to do this because earthworms are good for composting. They breakdown organic wastes and turn them
into valuable compost or black soil, which are great for plants! Plus, populating a new terrarium with its
starting team of earthworms is always a good thing. I placed the soil into the glass enclosure. As time passed, I forced myself to really
look at the worms. Some worms fell and I had to pick them up. Ugh! I had to coach my mind that the worms were
friends and harmless. Mind over matter. Mind over matter. I filled up the tank and pressed the medium
down a bit as I went along. When I had filled it to as much as I could,
I decided to actually pick the worms up and hold them in my hand. Not so bad, huh? Next, I added leaf litter collected from outside. I knew it contained lots of different soil
creatures that would be the forefathers, foremothers, and forehamaphrodites to bring our AC Nucleus
to life. I immediately saw that I’d scooped up lots
of millipedes. I couldn’t touch them, as this species produces
cyanide, so bad for the eyes and enough to make a human sick, but they would be great
at eating up decaying material. And Oh! Look! These millipedes immediately began mating. Wasting no time, I see. Also, I had a handful of leaf clippings from
Selva de Fuego maintenance. I cut these up so they could break down much
more quickly and placed them into the Nucleus, as well. Then I placed filter foam to cover everything
up, to ensure no mischievous fly could enter and lay their eggs inside the tank. We wouldn’t want to repeat the maggot episode
hehe… right? The filter foam also helps keep all Nuclear
inhabitants inside, while allowing the entire system to breathe. After adding all of the components, our AC
Nucleus was complete. Two days later, the Nucleus was already a
happening place. Millipedes were still mating, and I suspect
we’re about to get a booming population of them soon. I was surprised to see another species of
millipede had dug a burrow into the soils. Also, earthworms were seen everywhere! They created a network of burrows. And Oh! I could see worm casts. I also saw that they had dragged pieces of
the leaves into the soils for further feeding. Good job, earthworms! Such hard-working creatures. Not scary or disgusting at all… Sorta. I could also see several awesome mites already
starting to populate the soils. Springtails frolicked their new territories,
as well. And look! A bagworm was crawling along the top with
its constructed home made of debris. I didn’t even know we put a bagworm in there! I’m not sure what else we’ll be finding in
this increasingly bioactive chamber we call the AC Nucleus, but I can’t wait to see how
this soil ecosystem evolves over time, and eventually use it to help speed up the bioactivation
process of the terrariums we make in the future. In fact, I’ve been thinking a lot about all
this focus lately on bioactive setups for the ants and other creatures of the Ant Room,
and I feel AC Family that the AC Antiverse is approaching a new age, where more focus
is placed on creating more hollistic setups for the lifeforms we care for. Before, I used to create homes that would
usually focus most on one creature, one star on a stage, whether it be an ant colony in
an ant farm, or a tarantula in an enclosure. But I’m realizing more and more, after all
these years of keeping ants, that this isn’t the best way to house these creatures nor
appreciate them to the fullest. In order to properly and naturalistically
house them and watch them at their fullest potential, you need to do more than just decorate
their home in a naturalistic way. The key here is remembering the context, in
which the creatures live in nature. The ant colonies we care for and love, are
actually part of an interconnected food web, a piece in a puzzle and to properly house
them and witness them in their truest and greatest form, you need to include all pieces
of the puzzle. This to me means then that there should be
a focus on developing the necessary associated animals like soil creatures in their soils,
as we saw with the Golden Empire, prey creatures living in the territories as we’ve established
with Vortexia, and allow the system to develop a collective biological profile of its own
in an enclosed space, like we did with the Dark Knight’s new vivarium. I caught some surviving darkling beetles,
superworm survivors, mating within Olympus this week. Usually, I’d fish these out and place them
in my superworm bin, but this time, I decided I’d keep them in there. Also, as you can probably imagine, I’m running
out of room in the AC Antiverse, and while our future giant two-story ant room in my
new house is currently being built, I feel this merging of creatures to share a space,
may be a great solution to my now overcrowded ant room. A few months ago, I tried placing one of our
vampire crabs into the Selva de Fuego. Now hold on, before you freak out, normally
I’d never consider this because, in my mind, the Fire Ants as we know are savages, but
I also knew the crab occupies an entirely different niche, and can get away by retreating
underwater, and turns out AC Family, after 8 weeks, the crab is still alive and happy
in the Selva de Fuego. The Fire ants surprisingly don’t bother it,
and the crab goes about its daily activities picking up garbage and dead ants the fire
ants dump into the river, sleeping within the shadowy wet caves behind
the falls, and picking off organic waste and algae off
the rocks. Pretty awesome right? I’ve gone ahead and placed a few crabs into
the Hacienda Del Dorado, as well, where it now resides with a few microfrogs, shrimp,
rasbora fish, and trap-jaw ants. So as you can see, this new era for our Antiverse
and philosophy are both exciting and much more beneficial to the creatures we care for. It means a more deliberate structuring of
their worlds, so that the worlds can feed and sustain themselves, thereby minimizing
my interaction with them for the most part anyway. I realized recently, that as an ant keeper,
caregiver of life forms, and your Creator of Worlds, I’m not keeping individual creatures
in inanimate setups, but rather I’m keeping biodynamic superorganisms. The Selva de Fuego, the Hacienda Del Dorado,
Vortexia, Avista, Olympus… These are all superorganisms, composed of
a multitude of living components that all depend on each other for survival… Little dynamic planets of life in our ever-expanding
AC Antiverse. AC Family, I’ve learned it’s the difference
between just keeping pets and creating planets within glass. Speaking of making new terrariums, it just
so happens, another beast has been waiting in the shadows for you all to meet her. Yes, we have a new addition to our ever growing
AC Antiverse, and she’s one of the most dangerous animals to ever reside in the Ant Room. AC Family, I can’t wait to show her to you. AC Family, did you enjoy today’s episode? What do you think of Project Nucleus? Let me know in the comments. Next week, we meet our newest addition to
the Antiverse, so you know what to do! Smash that SUBSCRIBE button and BELL ICON
for notifications now, so you don’t miss out on who our new dangerous but beautiful beast
is, and don’t forget to hit the LIKE button every single time, including now! It would really help a lot! If you’re new to the channel, and want to
catch up on all your AntsCanada Lore, feel free to binge watch this complete story line
playlist here, which traces the origins of all the ant colonies of the ant room, so you
can follow their stories and better appreciate how these ant kingdoms came to be, and why
we love them so much! AC Inner Colony, I have left a hidden cookie
for you here, if you’d like a clue as to who our newest beast is. Maybe you might be able to figure it out,
so go check it out! And now it’s time for the AC Question of the
Week! Last week we asked: Name one of the bioactive creatures found
in Vortexia. Congratulations to Tan Grace Lin who correctly
answered: Millipedes Congratulations, Tan Grace Lin, you just won
a free e-book handbook from our shop! In this week’s AC Question of the Week, we
ask: What is mutualistic symbiosis? Leave your answer in the comments section
and you could also win a free e-book handbook from our shop! Hope you can subscribe to the channel as we
upload every Saturday at 8AM EST. Please remember to LIKE, COMMENT, SHARE, and
SUBSCRIBE if you enjoyed this video to help us keep making more. It’s ant love forever!

Fire Ants React to Cockroach on a Stick (Time Lapse)

Fire Ants React to Cockroach on a Stick (Time Lapse)


AntsCanada presents… Fire Ants React To Cockroach on a Stick We fed a precrushed cockroach to our fire ants and filmed them eating over a 2 day period Ants attacking cockroach. (Music in background) Cockroach Husk falls Ant Love Forever! Video by AntsCanada.com More Videos, Subscribe!

BUG BURRITO (Insect Eating Challenge) | Challenge Pete

BUG BURRITO (Insect Eating Challenge) | Challenge Pete


Hi I’m Pete and last week you guys voted for bug burrito that means that today I’m going to be eating a burrito that’s infested with ants, locusts, grasshoppers and a bunch more small insects and if that doesn’t make you hungry then I don’t know what will. Remember to vote on what you want to see me do next time by clicking the button that’s popping up on the top of the screen right now. To start off a burrito, you people at home would usually add a layer of rice but i’m going to be a bit more adventurous and use Queen Weaver ants. So let’s pour these on. Next up I have some caterpillars to use instead of beans. This burrito looks like it’s coming together quite nicely. And now to add a specialty ingredient that’s been in my family for years, some locust lettuce. My favorite Just how my grandma makes it… perfect! That can go straight on. It’s really got a beautiful after taste. Now you can’t have a burrito without salsa, so I’ve got some here with a secret ingredient some crickets. Let’s add a nice helping of this It’s time for my favorite part of the dish some grasshopper guacamole. Available in any good supermarket. Next up, I don’t liek cheese on my burrito so I’m going to add some mealworms and Buffalo worms instead. And finally, we’ll add some silkworm pupae sour cream. It’s already making my mouth water. You can probably tell I’m not exactly a professional at wrapping. Ok, so in this burrito I have ants, caterpillars, grasshoppers, crickets, mealworms, locusts, buffalo worms and silkworm pupae… They say that insects are the food of the future so I guess it’s time to find out. It’s so crunchy! It’s so hard to chew! There’s just no moisture in there, it’s so dry. My mouth feels like a desert. If I’m honest, it doesn’t taste that bad! it’s just like the texture of it and the dryness of the insects but the actual insects have a bit of flavour to them. Who’d have thought? I think I’ll start selling this at chipotle soon. Take a look inside. I’m sorry if you came to this video hoping to see me like throw up or at least gag but I don’t think it’s gonna happen! This is probably the nicest challenge I’ve ever done so thank you guys for voting for it. Maybe next time I’ll have to do it with live bugs. Although this burrito did cost me about 30 pounds to make so it’s probably a bit expensive at the moment. That’s the sign of a good meal. So there you have it, my bug burrito. Probably the tastiest challenge you guys have made me do but oh well I’m happy with that. You win some you lose some. Subscribe for new videos like this, or not quite like this usually they’re a bit more disgusting or gruesome, but subscribe for new videos every Thursday, if you enjoyed it please give a thumbs up. Thanks you for watching, goodbye!

World’s Most Beautiful Tarantula in Peril

World’s Most Beautiful Tarantula in Peril


Alright, so now we move from the crisis we
had in the waters, to the crisis we have on land. So as you know, Imelda, our bird-eater tarantula
has now passed, and has transitioned back into the earth, but there’s just one problem
with that. As you may recall from past videos, our goddess
actually played an important role particularly for the Fire Nation, and more specifically,
an important role at containing them! I used her ant-proof webbing to keep our fire
ants from climbing out of their setup, but AC Family, now that Imelda the bird-eater
goddess has died, the Fire Nation has rejoiced and taken full advantage of her passing. I usually harvest and install new webbing
every time I notice the barrier weakening, and well, AC Family, it looks like time’s
up. New webbing is due for installment, as the
Fire Nation has managed to tear up the barrier that has kept them captive inside the Selva
de Fuego all this time. In fact, we are now in a grave state of emergency. And so AC Family, we needed a new source of
webbing, and it just so happens, I’ve found the perfect source. A provider of silk many times stronger and
more repellent than that of Imelda’s. She can also produce more of it, in a single
day than Imelda could in a week. AC Family, behold the new goddess of the Antiverse. Please SUBSCRIBE to my channel, and hit the
BELL icon, welcome to the AC Family. Enjoy! Our new goddess lays motionless on her back,
protected within her silken lair, with her legs dangling in the air. Have no fear, though, for when she has completed
this process, she will emerge with a brand new splendor, colour, size, and tenacity. Tarantulas like most invertebrates do not
exfoliate like we humans do, but instead outgrow their skin in stages, and must shed their
old skin periodically as they grow, and tarantulas like our goddess here, emerge from their old
exoskeletons on their backs. Molting is quite a sensitive and delicate
ceremony for our new goddess, where she is vulnerable to predators, which is why she
does it within the depths of her protective silken temple, where she remains like this
for several hours until the molting process is complete. We can’t rush her through this process, as
it is important she is allowed all the time she needs to molt and harden which can take
a few days to weeks. But there was only one problem with this. The Fire Nation has been mobilizing at escaping
their setup, taking full advantage of the fact that our former goddess’ web barrier
was weakening. Word had spread throughout the colony that,
the time had had finally come for their liberation from the Selva de Fuego, the great paludarium
kingdom they’d called home for generations. The only thing we needed was our goddess’
impenetrable, sticky, and lethal hair-lined webbing to place on all four corners of the
Selva de Fuego to keep the Fire Nation inside their setup, but we couldn’t do this until
her molt was complete and she had completely hardened. But as I watched, our new goddess with her
claws now hooked onto the walls of her funnel web, I knew the molt was near. Only time would tell if it would be on time
before a mass fire ant break out, but little did I know, there was also going to be a much
bigger problem on the horizon. The molt was complete. Our goddess had emerged in one piece, soft
and sensitive, moving her limbs from time to time as her exokeleton strengthened and
solidified in composition. This was her ultimate period of vulnerability
now, but she had nothing to fear, as we would be here to guard her from any harm as she
hardened. Wait until you see what she looks like later
when she’s fully hardened. Her species is known as a green-bottle blue,
and the colours of her new exoskeleton will truly astound you. That coming up in a bit. But guys, have a look at her fangs! They’re still white and soft. As they harden, they will turn black, and
those red hairs, will remain bright so that when she ever assumes a threat pose, the red
will perfectly bring attention to her razor sharp fangs, to anything stupid enough to
get close and attempt to eat or attack her. Though our goddess isn’t deadly to us, she’s
certainly dangerous to most of her natural predators. The next day, our goddess had righted herself
and was sitting quietly in her den, as she continued to harden. Some of you may be wondering where her old
skin was. Well, she had casted it off somewhere nearby
in her den, and the time was nearing for us to be able to go in and pull it out, and also
harvest some webbing to keep our ants inside. One week later… It was a state of emergency! Members of the Fire Nation had already set
up camp inside the LED lights situated above the Selva de Fuego! They were officially broken out and were in
the process of conquering and filling up the first bit of territory space, they’d never
before frequented. The lights were the perfect nest and station
to gather in numbers before the ultimate break out in my condo! This was not only a dangerous security breech,
but it was also, no pun intended, a great fire hazard! We needed that webbing and we needed it now! Thankfully, however, our goddess was ready
for us to move in and harvest. This was the space in which our goddess was
living, the terrarium in which she was raised as a younger spiderling, and in which she
came to us. It was a simple glass space, decorated with
some driftwood vine, coco peat substrate, and a Dracaena fragrans plant. She had chosen to create her funnel web lair
to the right side of this terrarium with the opening towards the top there. But how was I going to go in a harvest this
seemingly complex web structure? Well, the majority of the front of this terrarium
was a single glass pane that slides upward and my plan was to go in and harvest one end
of the webbing first. Alright, AC Family. Are you ready for this? We needed that web now! Here we go! Removing the glass pane. It slid out nicely and surprisingly did fairly
little damage to the silken web retreat of our goddess. My heart was racing a million miles an hour
as I scanned the situation to calculate where I would be making my first cut into her web. I hovered about with my tweezers and scissors. I was afraid that she would have suddenly
popped out to attack me as these tarantulas are extremely fast! I went in for the incision. Suddenly, oh, no! She brushed a cloud of urticating hairs at
me! Although I wasn’t hurt by the microscopic
defensive hairs, it was sad to see her kick it off because she had just molted and I would
have hated to see her bald so soon after molting. She could grow the abdomen hair back by her
next molt, but of course, we’d love to see our goddess fully haired. I went in with my tweezers! Now AC Family, before we go on to harvest
her webbing, take a close look at this! It was her old exoskeleton, a shell of her
old body. Check out that incredible, metallic blue colour
of her legs contrasting the firey peach colour of her mouth! It’s a bit flimsy and hard to handle, but
flipping it over, you can see her metallic turquoise chelicerae which hosted her fangs,
and the hallow combs from which each of her legs slipped out during the molt. I just love looking at tarantula shed exoskeleton! And actually, if you were to take the top
of the carapace which is usually here by the abdomen skin… well, usually somewhere here,
you can piece the entire structure together to make it look like a living tarantula. I also love examining the fangs! It’s probably the only time I’d ever come
close to touching her razor sharp fangs. I’ve done it on more docile species, but I’d
never try on her. But enough playing now. I needed to harvest that webbing! I went in and snipped away as carefully as
I could to extract a piece of webbing. I applied the patch of web to the most problematic
corner of Fire Nation escape. Done! But it wasn’t enough to cover the other corners
of the Selva de Fuego. I needed more webbing, but I needed the web
of her entire funnel to effectively contain the Fire Nation, but see, I didn’t want to
stress our goddess out and cause her to kick off more hair, so my plan was to go in and
remove her entirely so she could feel secure while I went in for the web harvest. I was going to try to move her into this container,
but I knew it wasn’t going to be easy. Here we go, AC Family! Wish me luck! With my tweezers I tried to coax her out of
her funnel and into the container. She took a short burst outward and with my
tweezers I tried to gently guide her into the container. My heart was in my throat the entire time! Here we go. Almost. Oh no! She’s moving to the other side. I blocked her from continuing that way, using
the lid. But with a little bit of careful maneuvering
I was able to get her into the container but not without her attempting to blast me with
a hurricane of urticating hair! No! More hair lost! But this was much better and less stressful
for her while I went in to collect her much needed webbing. What a gorgeous specimen! Now that she was isolated and safe from stress,
I went in to collect the rest of her webbing. It was enough to secure two other problematic
corners from fire ant escape. Thank goodness! Although the fourth corner was left unwebbed,
that corner for some reason was less problematic, so it could wait until she produced more webbing,
so at last, it finally was the end of our Fire Nation escape crisis, but AC Family,
little did I know, it was the revelation of a new one! Watch what’s up ahead. So here we had our goddess’ empty terrarium. It was nice, but if you’ve followed this channel
for awhile, you’ll understand it wasn’t AC Family nice. That Dracaena fragrans plant is a tropical
plant from Africa, and our green-bottle blue goddess, happens to be a desert species from
northern Venezuela. We could provide our goddess something much
better than this. Its current design also made it quite difficult
for us to continually open her terrarium to harvest webbing in the future, so AC Family,
I wanted to give our goddess’ palace a face lift before returning her in, and this renovation
was surely going to get messy. I had some epic plans for the reno. As a safety precaution, I had to put on some
surgical gloves, just in case she had kicked urticating hairs onto the surfaces of the
decor or substrate of her terrarium. This would protect me as I worked around. I then went in and proceeded to gut out the
terrarium of its contents. We needed to make this sacred space, better
suited to her species, more condusive to partial web collection, and of course, fit for a goddess! And AC Family, after some reworking, check
out what the terrarium looked like a couple hours later. AC Family, behold! Arachno Sanctorium, the reconstructed shrine
of new our Antiversal goddess. Isn’t it lovely? Arachno Sanctorium is a cozy oasis haven,
built specially for our goddess, and made to fit our need to harvest silk in a less
intrusive way. Let me show you around this gorgeous plot
of land. I’ve used a variety of different desert succulent
plants and aloe, as well as mosses and lichens, to adorn the arch of driftwood which used
to be part of the old setup. What’s great about these plants is that they
need no water nor sunlight, not even soil. Why? Well, they’re fake, which is great because
real plants need water to survive, and our goddess prefers it dry. And I’ve always believed that as much as having
real plants is beautiful and impressive, in cases like this, practicality wins, and I
truly love the aesthetic feel and energy elicited by this sacred space into which our goddess
shall be living. Now in case you may be wondering why the Arachno
Sanctorium seems a bit on the small side for space, no need to be concerned. Most tarantulas don’t move a lot, and feel
cozier in smaller enclosures. There is enough room for our goddess to set
up palace in this pocket of arid coziness. Speaking of which, AC Family, let’s look at
the Arachno Sanctorium from this side so I can show you why I love this new design so
much for our goddess. My hope is that she’ll create her web bedroom
all through here, and run her funnel down so it opens up and spills out to carpet this
open space here, where it can eventually reach the front glass. It’s this open area here, furthest from her
funnel entrance, where I hope to harvest her webbing in a less intrusive manner, in the
future. This layout also makes it less likely for
her to create her funnel up against the front glass like she did in the old design. Despite the plants being fake and not needing
light, I’ve secured a small LED light at the top to give her territories a beautiful warm
Venezuelan glow. Overall, the Archno Sanctorium was ready to
become the cradle of our new goddess. It was now time to introduce these grounds
to her. Here she was, sitting still and patient in
our container. Let’s move her in. I opened the cover. Now AC Family, here’s where I’m going to ask
you to watch carefully and see if you can spot something unusual. I set the container down in hopes to allow
her to crawl out on her own, but it was at that moment, that my body and breath froze. Time stood still for me, as almost spellbound,
I beheld the magical beauty of our goddess. I couldn’t blink as I was hypnotized by the
gorgeousness of her royal blue legs, which met at turquoise coxae, and carapace, a blackened
velvet base, with peach coloured tips, and a bright rusty red rump, that sported the
fuzz of dangerous urticating hairs, and look, light pink toe pads at the end of each foot. This goddess was easily the most gorgeous
spider I had ever seen in my life. She stood still unmoving in her spot, but
I didn’t care. I just wanted to stare at her forever. Wow! I gotta snap out of this, guys! She has me under her spell. This goddess has got some powers! What do you guys think of this green bottle
blue tarantula? Isn’t she amazing? Has she managed to get you under her spell? Now I didn’t want to stress her out anymore,
and I certainly didn’t want her to kick off any more urticating hair. We needed her to be as calm and relaxed as
possible from here on in. So with my tweezers I gently prodded our goddess
into the Arachno Sanctorium and that, AC Family was when I saw it! Did you? She clung onto the front ledge hiding from
us something that I am sure was causing her a great deal of stress. Had my eyes fooled me? I slowly tried to use a stick to see if what
I’d seen was indeed real. She trembled as she held her pose. My heart was breaking. I tried again but gently to let her know I
was here not to harm her. She reared up then backed up a bit. AC Family, look. Just as I feared. It was no wonder I couldn’t find the carapace
when we were examining her shed. Our goddess’ carapace was still stuck to her! I tried to move in carefully with my stick
to attempt to gently remove the carapace. Suddenly, I found myself in an emergency situation,
a surgeon attempting a delicate impromptu operation. With my stick I tried in vain to at least
flip it off and see if it was even removable. Perhaps it was just hanging by some attached
hair or skin. I then decided I would go in with my tweezers. I gently got under and tried to flip the carapace
off. This did not look comfortable for our goddess. I tried again, but this time much more securely,
and this caused our goddess to jump back and leap away. This told me that the carapace was indeed
attached to a sensitive spot on her new exoskeleton. I felt so bad for her. She begun to spin her immediate area with
silk. Now, I’ve kept tarantulas since I was a 13
yr old boy, and in all my 24 yrs of owning dozens of tarantulas, this was the very first
time I’ve ever experienced a failed molt. According to online forums, some hobbyists
attempt to remove the old skin, but others say not to touch it, and that it will fall
off the next time she molts. I just didn’t want to risk causing a breech
in her exoskeleton at the attachment, which would lead to lethal bleeding, and death. I just felt so bad for our goddess. She continued to spin the territories with
her thick fibres of silk webbing. I couldn’t do nothing, however, so with a
wet q-tip, I went in to apply some moisture at the spot where the carapace was attached
to the pedicle in hopes that it might facilitate its removal. Would she let me? Yes, she stood perfectly still as I applied
the water, and then again… Woops! I accidentally touched her leg. I suddenly felt like I was truly playing a
real life version of the board game Operation! More moisture… She stood perfectly still, as I gently applied
more and more water to the problematic spot. My heart sank as I could see her beautiful
face beneath her old carapace, and it looked to me like she was truly sad, and frightened
for her life. Our poor goddess. Such a beautiful creature going through such
a tough time. I decided to leave her alone now. She eventually made her way to the back of
the Arachno Sanctorium to spin more silk, and rub off more protective urticating hair,
probably to keep us away from her. But there was one last thing I wanted to do. I wanted to add a bit of moisture on this
lower end just in case she was finding this enclosure too dry. I also added a small dish which I filled with
clean water for her to drink when needed. And now all was complete. I replaced the front glass to secure her inside,
and carried the Archno Sanctorium to take its spot in the Antiverse. Over night, I hoped she would continue web-building. And sure enough, the next morning, she had. Have a look! This basic frame work of webbing was the start
of what would become a great web palace. Her old carapace had still not fallen off,
but it seems to not have affected our goddess’ ability to do her thing much, which was good. I tried to appreciate this time of full visibility
because a few days later, this is what the Arachno Sanctorium looked like as of 9 AM
this morning. Whoa! Isn’t it amazing? This web fortress will continue to get thicker
and take on a greater structure in the coming days. From what I can see the carapace is still
stuck onto her. Tarantulas typically won’t eat several days
or weeks after a shed, but when I do feed her and she does manage to eat, we’ll be certain
her old carapace is merely an accessory, like a tiara sitting on the head of the new goddess
of the Antiverse. Her webbing will be valuable at keeping the
Fire Nation within their territories, establishing peace and balance within the Ant Room. Alright, AC Family, I think you know what
is next! What should we name this green bottle blue
tarantula? Leave your name suggestions in the comments,
and as always I will choose my top 5 favourites for us to vote on in a future video. Our tarantula, reigning supreme with her carapace
crown-like halo, is representative in my mind, that the past does not have to hinder one’s
bright future. To me, this tarantula of ours is not only
the goddess of our Antiverse, but also takes the throne as the most beautiful tarantula
in the world. Alright AC Family, what did you think? Do you like our new goddess and her shrine. I sure hope she manages ok with that stuck
carapace. It seems she really loves the Arachno Sanctorium,
though which is great news. But, be sure to hit that SUBSCRIBE button
and BELL icon now so you can keep updated on this tarantula and these epic stories of
the Antiverse, and hit the LIKE button every single time, including now. Also a special announcement! It’s that time of the year again, guys! The holidays are upon us, AC Family, and as
usual, we’ve got a great Holidays Promo for you ant keepers and ant lovers wanting to
get into the hobby this year! Anyone ordering our new Ant Towers, which
are already on sale, or any of our Hybrid Nests or Hybrid Nest Gear Packs, will also
get our newly revised 2019 version of the Ultimate Ant Keeping Handbook, with new and
updated ant keeping info, a huge new section on nuptial flight schedules and distribution
info per species, and tonnes of gorgeous ant photography. Just order an Ant Tower or Hybrid Nest or
Hybrid Nest Gear Pack, add the new e-book to your cart and use the coupon code “antlove2019”
and you get the e-book for free! If you’ve always wanted to start ant keeping,
don’t miss out on this opportunity and check out our ant keeping gear at AntsCanada.com. Just a reminder that this Holidays Promo ends
January 1st, 2019, but you need to order by Dec 17 if within USA, or by Dec 10 if outside
USA, if you would like your package to arrive before Christmas. Give your loved ones something meaningful
and educational for the holidays. Ants will fill their hearts with wonder and
fun. I look forward to you all keeping ants with
me! If you’re new to the channel, and want to
catch up on all your AntsCanada Lore, feel free to binge watch this complete story line
playlist here, which traces the origins of all the ant colonies of the ant room, so you
can follow their stories and better appreciate how these ant kingdoms came to be, and why
we love them so much! AC Inner Colony, I have left a hidden cookie
for you here, if you would just like to watch extended play footage of our new green bottle
blue tarantula! She’s gorgeous, and you will also be hypnotized
by the footage of our goddess’ splendor and beauty. And before we proceed to the AC Question of
the Week, I’d like to plug my daily vlogging channel, daily vlogs of my journey as a Youtuber
with creatures like my baby African Grey parrot! If you love birds and animals, I’d love for
you to meet my new cute little bird! I’m also giving away FREE round trip tickets
to beautiful Philippines from anywhere in the world you live, so be sure to visit the
channel and subscribe to qualify for the contest. And now it’s time for the AC Question of the
Week! Last week we asked: Why were these smaller shrimp
better suited to this river than the larger ones we initially chose? Congratulations to Ghost who correctly answered: They did not need
brackish water to breed. Congratulations, Ghost, you just won a free
e-book handbook from our shop! In this week’s AC Question of the Week, we
ask: Why was the Arachno Sanctorium
a better suited home for our green-bottle blue tarantula? Leave your answer in the comments section
and you could also win a free e-book handbook from our shop! Hope you can subscribe to the channel as we
upload every Saturday at 8AM EST. Please remember to LIKE, COMMENT, SHARE, and
SUBSCRIBE if you enjoyed this video to help us keep making more. It’s ant love forever!

The Billion Ant Mega Colony and the Biggest War on Earth

The Billion Ant Mega Colony and the Biggest War on Earth


In nearly every corner of the earth, ants wage war against each other. Their weapons are what nature gave them. Some have strong armor, deathly stingers, or sharp mandibles. And then there’s this
tiny and not very impressive ant, but it rules the biggest empire any ant has ever built. A colony spanning continents and fighting wars that leave millions of casualties. Let’s take a look at this unlikely warrioress, “Linepithema humile”
the Argentine ant. ♫ Kurzgesagt intro music ♫ This story begins in the floodplains
around the Paraná River, in South America, It’s a crowded ant megalopolis where dozens of ant species fight for dominance, including fire ants, army ants and the rather unimpressive Argentine ant. It measures only 2 to 3 millimeters in length and with its small mandibles, it’s surprising that it survived among its buff competitors. Their homes are equally unremarkable. Their colonies range from fairly small to very large
and could be found anywhere: Under logs, in loose leaf litter
or the former colonies of other ants. Here, Argentine ants prepare their most
effective weapon against their competitors: bodies. Most ant species have
only one queen to produce ants, while Argentine ants went all-in on numbers. For every 120 workers there’s one queen, laying up to 60 eggs a day. So their colonies grow fast and have millions or billions of individuals. Teams of queens and workers frequently branch out and found new colonies. But this strategy has a downside:
As colonies grow and produce a lot of offspring, mutations occur and new colonies adapt to new environments. Their DNA slowly changes from generation to generation and differences accumulate. So after a while the ants that left the colony will become more like distant cousins and start to compete with their mother colony. In their native South American range, this is how Argentine ants behave. Within their colonies they are very cooperative
and well-organized, but they fight vicious wars against other Argentine ant colonies and other ant species With equally strong opponents on every side, the Argentine ant became extremely
aggressive, fighting for every inch of ground. But it could never dominate its neighbours…
until humans showed up. We did what humans do and transported things around the world by ship. On one of them, a few Argentine ant queens hitched a ride as stowaways from South America to Madeira and New Orleans. The Argentine ants suddenly found themselves in a strange world. Instead of being surrounded by deadly enemies, they found only victims ⁠—
nobody could fight them effectively. Because only a few Argentine ant queens
were introduced to the outside world, the resulting colonies had very low genetic diversity. On top of that, the introduced Argentine ants kill up to 90% of their queens every year. Fewer queens, less genetic variation. So, as these colonies spread across the landscape, ants that left the colony were no longer
considered distant cousins. As a result, the new colonies form not opposing but cooperating parties called “supercolonies”. This is a very uncommon
strategy in the ant kingdom, only a few of the 16,000 ant species have evolved supercolonies. A supercolony was established on the
West coast of the USA and became a base for the tiny ants’ global conquest. Today, the Argentine ant inhabits the Mediterranean zones of six continents and many islands. This one supercolony was especially successful, establishing sister locations in California, Europe, Japan, New Zealand and Australia, forming one massive intercontinental megacolony of Argentine ants. This makes them the largest society on Earth,
more numerous than even the human one. But their success has changed the ecosystems they invaded. California is a perfect example of this. In their greed for more territory, the invading Argentine ants have overrun and replaced 90% of the native ant species, including several species of Californian carpenter ants. Although carpenter ant workers are giants, their colonies have only between 3,000 and 6,000 individuals and stand no chance against an expanding supercolony of billions of Argentine ants. Argentine ant workers attack by wiping toxic chemicals on their victims which irritates the enemy and marks them as a target for other Argentine ants. When they attack, the Argentine ants wash over their victims, clinging on to their opponents in groups
and pulling apart their limbs. It doesn’t matter how many of them die ⁠—
there are always more. Once the colony is overrun and exterminated, the Argentine ants feed on their victims brood and take over their home and territory. The Argentine ants’ numbers allow them to hunt down and devour such an excessive mass of different insects that over time some species disappear
from the ants’ territory completely. Argentine ants don’t care about working
with the local flora and fauna, they consume them and move on. And, if their next stop happens to be human property, they will rudely make themselves at home there too. They forage in dumpsters, bowls of pet food and sneak into kitchens to claim leftovers. Not just our homes: our gardens and
fields are also impacted by Argentine ants, since they tend to hordes of aphids as their cattle. The aphids feed from plants and produce a sweet honeydew, which they trade with the ants for protection. Since the ants have no major enemy to fear in their new homes, the aphids thrive and ultimately kill the plants they live on. So, on top of being a major disruption
for the ecosystems they invade, they are also a huge pest for agriculture. But the rule of the Argentine ant is being challenged. Parts of the super colonies have broken off and become their own empires. A merciless civil war has broken out. For example, the Lake Hodges Supercolony has been fighting against the Very Large Colony for years in San Diego County. A massive war is going on over a dynamic front line stretching over kilometers, an estimated 30 million ants die here each
year. On other fronts, an old acquaintance from the Parana River has risen from the shadows Red imported fire ants, which were accidentally introduced from their
old home to the coast of Alabama, Not only are the red fire ants fierce fighters
and more than able to deal with the Argentine ant, they are also able to form
super colonies themselves. Now the old wars from their distant home have been
taken to a foreign battleground. In the southeastern US the super colonies
clashed fiercely. The Argentine ants found themselves outgunned by the fire ants. The fire ants major workers are more than twice the size of the
Argentine ants and wield venom-injecting stingers, even though the Argentine ants
fought fiercely, the fire ants were too much for them. After countless lost
battles the red imported fire ant exterminated the Argentine ants super
colony from much of the southeastern US. This is one territory lost but the
Argentine ants will fight on. This amazing network of cooperating super
colonies is the biggest success in their history. And they’ll not give it up because of a small defeat. They will stand their
ground against any enemy that might arise. No matter if it’s on the Paraná River or on one of the large battlefields across the world. ♫ Background music winds up ♫ These videos were developed with the support of ‘Curiosity Stream’, a subscription
streaming service with thousands of documentaries and non-fiction titles. Kurzgesagt viewers can visit curiositystream.com/kurzgesagt to get a free 31-day trial to watch films like “Big World in a Small Garden”, a
documentary that takes a close look at the world of insects around us or other
documentaries by the likes of Stephen Hawking, David Attenborough, and many more, all available for offline viewing. Once your trial is over, the subscription
is only 2 dollars 99 a month. Curiosity Stream was founded by the same people
who started the Discovery Channel, with documentaries, spanning science, nature,
history, technology and lifestyle. It’s a great way to binge watch fun videos while accidentally learning things. Thank you so much to our friends at Curiosity Stream for supporting our ant’s obsession and making ant-bitious projects like this
possible, stay tuned for part three and visit curiositystream.com/kurzgesagt for your free trial. *Kurtzgesagt duck quacks while floating through space*
♫ Outro music ♫

[MV] Ants(앤츠) _ Pretty(예쁜 너니까)

[MV] Ants(앤츠) _ Pretty(예쁜 너니까)


You’re pretty
I get curious My eyes looking at you
Tickles my heart Even if my friends say
I look like I fool Why am I so happy everyday I watched alone, I listened alone,
I ate alone Now we do it together We say goodbye numerously
Holding hands together, not wanting to say bye How do I show my heart
(tu du tu tu tu) Sweet words are whispered
My heart is pounding again You make me so that
I can’t do anything I still like you,
Because you’re pretty in my eyes Even if your awkward words and hands and
Eyes looking at me I still like it because it’s you Not wanting to part at night
We say goodbye numerous times How do I show my heart
(tu du tu tu tu) Sweet words are whispered
My heart is pounding again Sweet words are whispered
My heart is pounding again You make me so that
I can’t do anything I still like you Love me like the first time
I’ll love you more day by day Thank you for letting me
Know this change and your heart How do I show my heart
(tu du tu tu tu) Sweet feelings are spreading
My eyes are following you again You make me so that
I can’t do anything I still like you,
Because you’re pretty in my eyes How do I show my heart
(tu du tu tu tu) Sweet words are whispered
My heart is pounding again You make me so that
I can’t do anything I still like you,
Because you’re pretty in my eyes