Here we have a male and female Madagascar
Hissing Cockroach. Their scientific name is portentosa. They are endemic to only the island
of Madagascar and they like to live on the floor of tropical forests, near riverbanks,
and around logs or fallen trees. Unlike most roaches, it’s very interesting that they are
wingless and their bodies can be up to two to three inches with a one inch diameter.
You can tell the male apart from the female, as he possesses these antler like horns. These
horns are used during mating to have competitions with other males, in the same form that you
would see antlers used. They also have this beautiful color, this brilliant orange that
comes about as they get older. As juveniles they’re usually a solid black color. Mating
between these species occurs year round and the female, when she’s ready to attract a
mate, will give off a scent that lets him know that she’s ready to mate. The female
will carry sixty eggs inside of her in a one inch, yellowish, egg case. When they are ready
and developed, after about sixty days, they will hatch and she will give live birth. These
guys will eat various plants and decaying animal matter, and they’re very interesting.
They get their name from their ability to compress air out their abdomen, through sphericals
and create a hissing sound. They also, when they feel threatened, they will hiss, but
they will also spit as well. They have this very cool mutualism with a mite species that
lives in their under shell. The mite species keeps them clean and they also eat the food
that the roaches eat.