Bee Keeping for Beginners Frequently Asked Questions 21 Beginning With Honey Bees


okay so hello everyone happy Friday and
welcome to another episode of frequently asked questions for beginner beekeepers
today is episode 21 and it is Friday June 14th already so here we are second
week of June and it is 58 degrees outside where I live
plus we got an inch of rain overnight this is for beginning beekeepers
small-scale backyard beekeeping in general you know just people that maybe
have a couple of hives getting started thinking about getting started maybe you
just got your bees and hopefully will carry the series out throughout the year
so these dates will tie into things that would be of interest for different parts
of the year I’m located in the northern United States northeastern part what’s
known as the snow belt along the Great Lakes region in the great state of
Pennsylvania known as the Keystone State so the first thing we’re gonna do is
start answering questions if you have a question please write it down in the
comment section below this video if you haven’t subscribed yet please do you’re
welcome to and also there’s a little bell lower right of your screen there if
you click on that it shows a little echo resonant signs next to it that means
that when I put out a video you’ll be notified about it and you can get in
early to see it so thanks again and thanks to those of you who submitted
your questions so we’re gonna jump right in number one is by Helmut Hess and he
says do honey bee sleep and I think this came about because a lot of people want
to know if bees sleep and a long time ago when I did my first flow hive video
I went out there at 3:30 in the morning and I showed the activity of a bee hive
in the middle of the night and noted that the honey bees never sleep it’s
kind of like taking a picture in New York City Manhattan in the middle of the
night you could say that New Yorkers never sleep now we know they do
individually but collectively there’s always something going on in a big city
there’s always something going on to beehive so the reality is that the
colony never sleeps there’s always something going on the foragers through
the day are doing their thing but at night there’s loads of active
but individual bees do sleep and the older bees big surprise sleep more often
and they sleep for longer periods also bees that are caught out foraging in the
late afternoon early evening maybe a storm comes in they may latch onto a
plant under a leaf and just sit there and go dormant for a while which is a
mode of sleep so they do sleep individually and younger beats sleep
frequently but for shorter periods of time and they jump right back into
action so there are you know samples of sleeping bees inside my observations
I’ve I was going to get some shots of that for you today but unfortunately
with it being so cold I wanted to leave the insulation boards on there are lots
of questions about my observation hive and we may talk about that later at some
time but my observation hive is several years old
unlike most observation hives it is inside a building that is unheated so
it’s an eight frame eight deep frame observation hive and there is a video
showing you how I put that together and how I stalked it and there are great
interior videos showing what the bee behavior is from grooming behaviors to
storing pollen to the Queen laying eggs and so on so I’ll put a link in the
video description to that video so you can see what’s going on in the
observation hive the I use Plexiglas and it has hazed up a little bit which makes
quality video a little bit difficult so I may have to address replacing the the
plates on my observation hive and then I would be able to show really cool things
like being sleeping lots of videos of these hatching out brood atching out and
things like that so anyway yes they sleep individually but you’re never
gonna open a colony and find that the entire colony is asleep it’s not like
you know they collectively sleep so there’s always something going on in
fact what is going on at night inside of bee hive well they’re moving a lot of
resources around for one and we know that the nurse bees can’t sleep because
they’re on the brood and nights like the past few nights we’ve had here there on
that route I did take a thermal camera out and shot my observation hive last
night and on the surface because it only reads surface temperature one section
there was at 75 degrees Fahrenheit while next to it the outside walls were at 51
degrees Fahrenheit so I know that that section in between the frames they have
brood and they’re keeping them warm through the night how warm do they have
to keep the bridge 95 degrees roughly so right on the bridge those bees can’t
sleep those are heater bees they have to keep things warm they have to keep the
air circulating over it just enough so that those developing pubic and
respirate and then they’ll hatch so there’s a lot going on and they’re also
moving stores around so the nectar that’s been brought in during the day
might be placed in convenient spots and then at night they move it up and start
storing it in cells different than what they might have been deposited in early
on so we have that next question is from Ron Adelman small hive beetle problems
in st. Louis and hello to st. Louis because I’m originally from Kirkwood
graduated from Kirkwood high school not going to say when go pioneers and he
says what’s the what do you suggest what kind of control
nematodes because here’s the thing I’m having a problem with small hive beetle
right here what’s my problem I can’t find him so I can’t I want to evaluate
smaller beetles I want to test my hive beetle traps these are beetle jails
these are cool if you know I had beetles to get I found one small hive beetle
last year at the end of the year so late September early October I found one at
one of my integrated pest management bottom board trays so I had one in there
and it was stuck on one of those sticky traps so but I will explain a little bit
about small hive beetle since we’re beginning beekeepers here and you may
not have had an apiary setup yet and you may not have seen them if you’re in the
Northeast colder climates and things like that you may never see small hive
beetles and there are several reasons for that it doesn’t
always mean they’re not in your area because it could be obviously I have
them in my area because I’ve seen small height beetles they’re not that small by
the way they’re actually like 1/4 inch so it’s a pretty good sized beetle when
you compare it to a bee so it’s not like you’re not going to be able to see them
if they’re there and beetles just like the Japanese beetles that we have that
will be coming out soon in my area and we have lots of those they have these
Club antenna so you’ll see them stake lit up and they sent the air and a small
hive beetle of course can fly they applied several miles if they smell a
beehive it’s also one of the reasons you don’t want to throw when you’re opening
up your beehive and you’ve got your hive tool and you’re scraping away the bird
come from your frames don’t be flipping that on the ground or tossing that on
the ground if you’re in an area that already has small high beetles you’re
feeding them she’s just like feeding stray animals you’re going to attract
them it’s rare that when you’re scraping off bird comb that the Berk home is just
beeswax usually it’s got some you know propolis mixed in it will have some
depending if it’s even worse if you’ve got any pollen packs on it or things
like that if you notice I have baited my beetle
jail that’s what this is called so when I actually get small high beetles I’m
gonna be using beetle jails on the frames usually in the very top of the
hive that corner because we know that a healthy hive of bees is going to be
pushing those beetles around so the small high beetles why are they there
well they’re there because there’s nourishment inside the hive there’s
protection inside the hive because it’s going to be warm
they also predate on developing bee larvae they can also mess up your honey
supers now keep in mind this hasn’t happened to me because I don’t have a
honey super that has been slimed out by smaller beetles but you know what I’ve
seen enough heard enough and learn enough that I know I don’t want them to
be around here what are those things originated they originated in Africa and
they were brought to this country in the late 90s I think they showed up in
Florida of course southern states got it first
they like the warmth they like beehives they fly right into them so you’re not
gonna protect your beehive from small high beetles or smaller than bees so you
can’t use a grid to keep them out you can’t treat them like ants which we’re
going to discuss later too because they don’t climb up and go into the Beehive
they fly straight in so if you have a high hive population and you’ve got good
guard beads and lots of good hygiene is going on and they’re small high beetles
aren’t getting a foothold anyway that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be prepared
so what I’m suggesting is that you get these beetle jails and I’ll put a link
down below I have a pile of them because I’m gonna put a couple of these in the
top box of each of my hives as the weather really warms up right now it’s
still cold so what I’ve done is I have the pest management boards on the bottom
and I’ve got these trays that are part of the flow hive to version they have a
deep tray that’s segmented off so that I can collect things that the bees are
dropping off one of the things that the bees are dropping through the open grid
of that bottom board and those of you who have screened bottom boards and
you’ve got the integrated pest management inserts that you put under
there you will notice that you collect a lot of bee pollen so the bee spring and
pollen from the flowers and they normally go directly to the cells
scratch it off into the cell and then later worker bees inside the colony will
mix that and create bee bread out of it so when it comes in straight from the
field it’s just balls of pollen sometimes the bees will mix a little
nectar with it and that’s so that it will actually stick to their hind legs
they groom it back and that’s why sometimes things like dandelion pollen
which is really pale yellow actually comes in that dark orange cheeto yellow
that’s because the foraging bee has also done some mixing with nectar to bind it
better to their hind leg so what happens is sometimes they get in and they go
crawling up through all the bees and they’re doing waggle dances to show
where the pollen resource is and sometimes it just falls off their leg or
they go to scratch output in the cell falls off now if you have a solid bottom
board and your bee hive other bees will collect that pollen run
it up stick it in the cells but if you’ve got a screen bottom board or if
you’ve got one it’s integrated pest management systems like I do with the
new flow high two systems or aluminum and they have open grids on the bottom
they fall through right through so then now since I want to attract and trap
these small hive beetle I took my pest management board out and what I put in
the bottom of that are the sticky traps that are for mice so you put those in
there and that will trap for oa it will trap you know if there’s ants crawling
through to the bottom underneath your hive they get stuck on the sticky traps
you get a cross-section of what’s going on in the hive what’s being cast off and
what kind of pests your bees might be dealing with when they groom them off
without the sticky boards or something else to hold them under there the
potential of course is that they groom off a row or something else I found to
varroa so I pulled the drawers from two different hives lots of detritus down
there and I went through all of it and allocated to varroa mites now put a
picture of one of those up here today because I took a picture of that so do I
do I collect the pollen that didn’t make it you know you can pull it from your
passport that corrugated board or whatever I scrape out bits bits of wax
and pollen and that’s what I’m going to put the center section of the beetle
jail is where you put your bait so for this one obviously the bait is going to
be little bits of pollen some wax and if there’s some little propolis bits or if
it’s got a little honey on it all the better because the beetles are after
that now inside this you’ve got another level that you open up so the bait
section which opens right here I hope you can see that well the bait section
is where you put everything in you close it off and so the beetles smell it and
they can’t actually access it so the beetles actually go through these top
slats here because your bees are chasing them around they’re trying to hide out
and they’ll go down into this reservoir here now you can put mineral oil in
there you can put vegetable they’re mineral oils gonna last longer
than vegetable oil some people want to put diatomaceous earth in there I don’t
like the idea of putting anything that could harm my bees inside of beehive
even though it’s probably very safe and I would put mineral oil in here and then
I’m going to catch them if I actually am successfully catch some small hive
beetle I’m gonna share that with you now here’s a standard this is a medium deep
frame this is made by a corn and it is heavy waxed all you do is put your
beetle jail on the back edge of it there and then you make sure that this goes up
against the wall the outside wall of your frame so not of the frame but of
the hive box so this will be in the upper boxes because the bees chase the
small hive beetles into two areas on the hive one is going to be in the upper
sections of the hive that’s why you find them near the inner cover so because the
beetles are avoiding the bees and then also on the bottom board often in the
way back and this is just based on what other people are telling me kids keep in
mind I have actually found one in a small height beetle so this is theory
that I’m passing on and this is stuff that other beekeepers are swearing by
and of all the things I looked at methods for catching them I like the
idea of the beetle jail you get a whole box of them they’re very inexpensive
I’ll put a link to that also but I like the way it installs and hangs there a
lot of people think they’re going to visit their hives and pull out their
beetle jails we clean because it’s in the top part of the hive which is where
I’m preferring to put it all I have to do is pull that inner cover you don’t
have to take your whole hive apart you can access this you can pull it right up
and look inside and hopefully if you’ve got them you’ve got in your beetle jail
so that’s what I recommend as a method keep in mind just sharing what I learned
so for run mineral oil pollen droppings and do not scrape off your excess comb
from your hives and toss it in your yards because you are just attracting
them so we don’t want to do that we want to
take away all their extra sources of food eat by the way I had an interesting
issue over the past week or so I had a bucketful of Burke home I used a
stainless steel bucket and it was that my be shed and I put it on the porch and
I forgot it and left it out there overnight either a raccoon or a skunk
came and ate there was like this much like a standard bucket and there were
probably two inches of bits and pieces of wax in the bottom of it
whatever it was raccoon or skunk and I’m gonna catch it with a live catch trap
I’m gonna show a video of that because they have a brand new trap design that I
have to test out coming up so it ate it all
something ate all of that wax I don’t know what that does their digestive
system I don’t know obviously it had a little
honey remnants on it so they like that maybe I expect them to lick the honey
but they didn’t they ate the whole thing so that’s some interesting stuff don’t
leave wax around I meant to put that in the shed of course I wasn’t gonna leave
it out exposed but I have a critter so and I’m also testing a new solar-powered
trail camera so this all ties in together have a new trap I have a new
camera and I have a critter that’s eating wax it’s going to be interesting
to tie all of those product reviews together and share something that should
be fun I hope at least we’ll find out who the culprit is so there’s that I
hope I answered that question beetles okay the other thing is question
came up because when I showed the setup and the install of the package bees
recently we showed that we had wooden frames we had two plastic frames like
these and then I put a wooden frame and I put a plastic frame and a wooden frame
and so on the reason I do that is because these will serve as guides when
you’re setting up a new hive that has a node wrong calm so then on the wooden
frame I put a little wax bead on the underside here there’s a little starter
strip that comes with those wooden frames and that’s to encourage the bees
to start now you know what the bees will to draw a comb whether there’s a starter
strip or not and whether I prime it with wax or not I just primed it really
quickly just a very superficial touch of beeswax on that just to get them going
but the question here was this is by mr. white
does the starter beat of wax place on the inner surface of the top bar adhere
as well as bare wood so because that starter strip is so thin it actually
doesn’t matter because once they start on that thin strip they quickly broaden
it out and the bees will draw wax across the top we’re looking at this frame
upside down they draw it right out right along with the comb extensions so they
actually bond their wax to the entire under surface so they’re not just
clinging their wax so that thin strip of wood they broaden it and they draw it
right down and then as they go down they continue to attach it to the frame
sometimes you’ll see that wax come down and connect fully to the frame ends
about halfway down and then you’ll see them just make a you over here and
sometimes they won’t attach it at all to the bottom but as far as that wax
starter strip as compared to just having bare wood the way they connect to that
it doesn’t make a difference at all strength wise because the bees attach
way more than the little starter strip that you start so I hope that answers
that question here’s another question might level
testing do use kill or no kill methods and here’s the thing about that we know
that or hopefully you know if you’ve watched any of my videos before today
that I have used historically survivor stock hygienic stock verow resistant
stock so I don’t develop my own stock of bees by the way I buy them in and I’ve
been buying them in from the bee Weaver family in Texas because they have
survivor stock that deals with furro and diseases and they do very well untreated
so I am though interested in mites and I did see a mite as I mentioned today and
two mites but if course I’m not doing anything to get the
mites off of the bees I’m letting the bees take care of that themselves
however I am going to test a kid there’s a company that sent me a test kit and it
deals with sugar dusting of the bees to help them groom the mites off and then
you count the mites from that the other of course most popular method that is it
is really getting traction recently is to use the alcohol wash method which you
know you scoop off a bunch of nurse bees from the brood frames and you put them
in that and you put the alcohol wash in there and you shake them around and it
kills all the bees and it kills of course the mites and the mites fall off
and then you have the mites and you can do a mite count so which do I plan to
use well my upcoming method is going to be the sugar rolls and it’s what state
inspectors in my state have done for a long time and they of course have their
count methods for when a hive may require treatment or intervention and
also if you’ve been watching my videos this year for my first time I am going
to if I find a colony that has a presence of mites that they don’t seem
to be dealing too well with in other words if the bees aren’t grooming them
off on their own if they’re showing signs of stress and illness if I get a
high might count does the specific accuracy of the number of mites that are
alive on the bees how accurate does that have to be now keep in mind every
beekeepers got an opinion and a method and some people beekeepers in particular
love to be very concise about exactly if I have seven mites do I treat but if I
have six I don’t have to so in other words I have to kill them all to make
sure that I know exactly how many mites were on those bees and get an exact
count to know for sure that none of the mites were able to survive or get
groomed off or still clung to the bees and didn’t groom off and so on so to me
personally it is not necessary to kill the bees to do that some people even try
to use powdered sugar to treat for my that has been a failed process I mean it
sounds good everybody wants to give their bees a treat sprinkle some you
know powdered sugar down onto those brood frames and that one encouraged the
bees to groom it off and it’s just sugar and then of course we’re grooming off
the mites with the sugar and then of course the mites are supposed to fall
out through his green bottom board or into some kind of integrated pest
management catch basin that you’ve got if you’ve got a nice deep tray like the
one that I showed earlier if you have solid bottom boards for example then if
they groom off mites the mites are not injured they’re just going to groom them
off onto the bottom board and then the mites are going to crawl right back up
and attach themselves to another bee so depending on your bees ability to handle
varroa and how much intervention you’re going to have to do in other words are
you really going to have to kill the varroa mites for your bees so if I get
even four or five mites on Ava robot resistant colony of bees that’s enough
for me to decide to go ahead and treat them and then what would I treat them
with Excel like acid vaporization so would it make a difference to me and the
treatment regimen if I had four mites or if I had twenty mites what if I had
thirty mites it doesn’t matter that I got concise and had ten mites in my test
instead of twenty mites that I might have had if I killed all the bees if I
have a presence of mites varroa like that and a nectar flow is not on yet our
nectar flow here is delayed so even right now if I can get away with testing
for mice and it turns out that I’ve got several mites in my tests I don’t need
to know that I could have had 20 or ten or nine or seven I don’t need that kind
of precision so I don’t need to kill the bees to do it if I get a mic count of
life mites and I will of course show that because I’m going to create a video
just for that and then I will make my decision based on what I see there
whether or not to treat it with likes alec has it vaporization and then we’ll
show the treatment too and then we’ll show the mic count after
the treatment hopefully dead mites at the bottom in my trace so if you don’t
have a method to collect the mites when they die when you do a treatment if
you’ve got solid bottom boards and the mites die and fall to that bottom board
the beads are gonna carry them out and you’re not going to know necessarily
what your treatment did as far as killing the mice aren’t mice mites so
that’s coming up I’m gonna do a video just on that and but as far as killer no
kill I plan to use no kill I see no reason to kill a pile of bees to get a
do I agree though that if you killed the bees would you get more mites from the
bees sure so does the number of mites that I get from powdered sugar roll
being that it’s going to show me fewer mites will that be the difference
between treating and not treating not for me personally so unless I get just
one might if I get just one might I’m not treating so we’re gonna talk about
that at length later but I don’t use the alcohol wash method although those who
do good for you you’re welcome to do it I’m not saying anything against that and
it certainly would account for more of the mites than just the sugar roll by
itself but I think the sugar roll as an indicator is enough for me to cause me
to go into action on treating here’s the next one
Aaron Lou King do bees forage at night this was that he also asked a question
about whether or not they sleep several people has about be sleeping so there
must be something going on that’s got people thinking about that bees do not
forage at night and here’s why they can’t see they can’t see very well at
all so how to Queens how to Queens how to worker bees and foragers navigate
through the air well they find locations based on landmarks that they see and
also direction and position of the Sun so when the sun goes down they lost some
navigation for starters which is also why heavily overcast days stormy days
and things like that are bad for bees because they can’t find their way very
well and low-light conditions impact their ability to see and navigate syb is
fly right up to you and stop and take really close looks at things they have a
highly pixelated kind of view of the world so and they see colors
very well but it’s blotches of colors that’s why flowers attract the bees so
in the absence of light in the absence of daylight they can’t really force very
well now if you want to do something interesting if you do this test don’t
blame you later but take a flashlight and walk out into your bee yard at night
and see what’s going on especially when there bearding and collecting on the
front when there’s a nectar flow on and there’s guard bees and things like that
and it you just might get some bees to fly right at that flashlight so you want
to hold it out away from yourself because they fly at that white light at
night it’s kind of interesting and you can get some attacks because what
happens bears come at night so if the bees are harassed by a bear or some
other animal skunks raccoons I’ve never seen a raccoon raid a beehive skunks try
it all the time and again back to my earlier thing about the traps and stuff
if that’s if that’s a skunk I’m going to show you how to release a skunk it’s
going to be fun but so bees need to be able to defend at night but they do that
in very close range to the hive so when something’s actively you know
manipulating the hive causing vibrations interfering with their entry area which
is being vented at night if there’s a nectar flow on you’re going to pick up a
guard be defensive attack so they can’t navigate in forage though they just
don’t bees that are caught out in a storm and so on latch onto a tree seek
shelter and they wait until sunrise the following day to find their way back to
the colony so interesting question interesting line of questioning – by the
way now this question came up a lot because his past week we have David
hanau ski here and several others asked the same question about swarms now this
has been a really weird year for for bee swarms they’re doing what a lot of
people are calling fire drills they are acting like they’re going to swarm they
have super seizures Queen cells they have swarm cells which are on the edge
of the frames and the bees get all animated and they
fly out I was watching my observation hive I was showing some activity to my
wife in there and what do they do they all got animated and they swarmed out so
that okay that’s alright because that’s what I’m doing I studies foreign
behavior anyway so this is all opportunistic for me so I like to see
the swarm behavior I like to see what they do where they go where they land
what the behavior is and what happens when you catch the Queen so what they
did though is they all flew out and I have Queens piping the opening of my
last video you could hear the P the Queen be piping inside her cell and one
of my viewers pointed out that she heard that there were several Queens in there
and piping so I don’t care when they swarm out they’re gonna replace that
lost queen with a new queen but what they did was within a couple of hours
they all came back so I thought that was interesting they did that in my
observation hive also at a local Nature Center in the county where I live I was
reading an email that said that their bees also swarmed out and they thought
they lost half the bees but then they came right back and swarmed right back
in and then I was walking through the Vee yard and I made a video a couple of
days ago where I just happened to notice a beehive that was swarming and they
were departing so this is great I had video equipment I always have video gear
standing by on the shelf ready to go so that I can catch events like that so I
grabbed a video camera and I ran outside and my plan was to follow the swarm and
to show you how fast they move and where they go
but what did they do they changed our mind and they all went right back in
again so this is a weird year if you’re seeing stuff like that you’re not the
only one but the question is here are relevant – if a colony swarms and comes
back are there two Queen’s what happens well as I mentioned before because we
can see inside the observation hive we know that the Queen cells are not
hatched yet so generally when the Queen flies out and it’s the old Queen the
established Queen that either is driven out by the workers or she just departs
on her own but so there’s super seizure when she’s
not performing well and then there’s just a beehive swarming when it’s
healthy and everything is great and their population is great we’re usually
going into or in the middle of a nice strong nectar flow when they do that and
the old Queen flies out and they look for a new home now if they come back do
you have two queens no you don’t because those Queen cells that are existing in
the colony have not hatched out yet so you could have two queens occupying the
same colony at the same time sometimes one is the laying Queen the other is not
you can tell when you look at them because one is real big and fat the
other one’s kind of little and skinny and just kind of hanging around and
nobody pays attention to that Queen so you can have multiple Queens and I’ve
also collected multiple Queens out of the swarm when it’s hanging on a branch
for example in the Queen emerges and body surfs across the others you get a
chance to grab her now if you grab that Queen and I’ve done that before and you
put her in a queen cage observe the remaining swarm if they
don’t react to that at all there’s another Queen then when you find the
other Queen the main one that they’re following her pheromone that they’re
really depending on surviving with that Queen when you get a hold of her now
you’ll see some chaos now they start to move around and there’s a lot of
animation on the surface of that swarm that’s hanging on a tree branch or
something and then they go in search of her if they can’t find that Queen
because I took her away they all return to the colony that they flew out of so
multiple Queens do exist a lot but is there already a queen when they return
no there isn’t so this leads me to another question
here which is David’s big concern he’s got a lot of swarm cells and he goes
into his hive every week and he’s cutting out those super seizure and
swarm cells so these are Queen cells being developed inside the hive he’s
cutting him out and he’s going into it every week just to make sure and just to
clean this out so here’s again this is my personal philosophy keep in mind I’m
not a commercial beekeeper I don’t depend on my bees for my income I have
bees so I can observe their behavior and see what they do
and I will share with you what I do when they swarm out and there’s four or five
queen cells in the hive that they’ve departed from I let them all sit there
because what happens if you continue to cut out the Queen cells they keep making
more Queen cells if they have decided collectively that they are going to
replace their Queen and they are going to generate new queen cells there isn’t
a lot you’re going to do about that they’re going to continue to try to do
that so each time you cut them out until they become Queen right and they accept
their queen and she’s producing what they want and doing what the workers
want the Queen is not in charge the workers are in charge once the Queen is
doing what they want and they’re satisfied then the bees themselves will
dismantle those developing Queens they’ll pull apart their cells you’ll
just see them uncapped you’ll see them empty and eventually they’ll even chew
them down sometimes level two the rest of the cells on that frame so the worker
bees themselves will take care of her now if you leave them and Queens start
to hatch out you will have Queens trying to kill each other but also this this
gets in a complicated bee behavior so these things do not happen the same with
the same indicators every time in every colony different bee lines have
different behaviors when it comes to swarming how often they swarm
how many Queen cells they’ll produce to me a colony that’s producing a lot of
really big Queen cells that’s a healthy colony they’re actually doing pretty
good and that’s insurance for the colony if one of those Queens hatches out and
she flies out and she doesn’t get successfully mated and she comes back
and she’s not made it but another one comes out and that one flies out that
one gets mated that one comes out and that was fertile they’ll make their pick
and they will kill off the Queen that they don’t care for so the one that is
mated and capable of laying and the one that’s going to look the strongest for
you know the future of that colony they will show a preference for that one they
will feed her they’ll take care of her and they’ll ball up heat up and kill the
Queen and get rid of her they don’t want her so the the bee is decided that if
you get in there and start cutting everything out you’re highly disruptive
to the colony just my opinion you’re also getting into the colony frequently
the bees don’t like that they’re already unstable they’re without a queen Queen
left they’re trying to replace her and they’re developing new Queens so this
hive is in flux it’s in a state of instability that is not a time to be
continually getting into your bees and checking it about my opinion leave them
alone and let them work it out and then check in on them in a couple of weeks
because what happens when there’s been a swarm and now we have to wait for one of
those cells to hatch so let’s say a queen cell hatches and she’s healthy and
she’s walking around inside did she fly out that day and get mated no generally
she doesn’t even do a mating flight for several days and then she doesn’t start
laying eggs for several days after that I’ve had brand new Queens from the time
they hatch so the time I started seeing eggs eight or nine days have passed
before I started seeing eggs so you could panic and think I don’t have a
queen but she could actually be in there doing her thing and she just hasn’t made
it yet now if you have a straight run of terrible weather for two weeks and
you’ve got virgin Queens that have hatched they can miss their prime time
for mating so then you should probably bring in a replacement queen for them
but cutting out the cells is highly disruptive to the interior of the colony
in my opinion and can destabilize them and you can end up with subsequent mini
swarms that just keep going so the more disruptive you are and the more unhappy
they are with where they’re residing the more likely they are to reduce their
numbers to the point where they just can’t survive so you also need to be
aware if there are other issues in that colony if there are health issues and
things if you’ve got a varroa build-up but these are not hygienic varroa
resistant stock there may be other reasons why they’re departing so
frequently they’re just it’s a ditch effort its raw their genetics out into
the world because they’re about to lose what’s going on in that colony so that’s
my opinion about that I would not get in there and cut out all those cells I
would let them take care of it themselves
number seven here Dave gross we put three-quarter inch pipes as hive
supports ants were attracted to and ate the peppermint toothpaste okay so this
goes back Dave obviously wants to make sure that the toothpaste idea was a bad
idea because it’s not working for him so here’s the thing about toothpaste
there’s a lot of different toothpastes out there and the reason this comes up
is because someone asked earlier in another video about how to keep ants out
of your beehive so I haven’t had a lot of ant problems so I don’t have a pile
of experience with that but my suggestion was that you put peppermint
toothpaste the gel type toothpaste around you know I have t-posts on mine
so you can put that around and the ants won’t like it and they won’t cross that
barrier and of course Dave did that he put peppermint toothpaste on there and
the ants went after the toothpaste ate the toothpaste and so actually the
toothpastes attract of the ants so here’s I guess we should have talked
more about that because some toothpaste in order to get kids to use it and
people to use it to like the flavor it’s got a lot of sweeteners in it which is
kind of ironic because toothpaste is supposed to be a cavity fighter it’s a
tooth cleaner but they’re also walking the line if they want their tooth piece
toothpaste to be palatable and they want people to like it and want to use it so
what I’m going to do is in the video description I’m going to put a link of
information about the oils in the toothpastes that do repel ants now he
did say that he used peppermint toothpaste and peppermints actually
listed as one of the things that repels ants so I think that the – you didn’t
mention the toothpaste brand and it’s not necessary – but you need to look for
our toothpastes that are extremely low in sugar I’m also going to give you
information on how to make your own toothpaste but it’s peppermint and
baking soda and that you create a paste with it and you can put that around
these are natural remedies for ants so and you can use the essential oils you
can get essential oils that are peppermint
you can get essential oils these are things that keep ants away lemon oil
peppermint oil unless it’s in this toothpastes that Dave use don’t go with
that eucalyptus oil it says not to use in your cats because cats will get sick
but not dogs lavender oil and cedar oil so peppermint oils on there but if you
want a shotgun it use lemon oil peppermint oil eucalyptus oil lavender
oil cedar oil make a cocktail of essential oils by the way if you’ve ever
put essential oils even honey be healthy or ProHealth or brood boost or any of
that inside your sugar syrup and you’ve carried that in any kind of plastic jug
which I do the scent on that jug is there forever that stuff embeds itself
in the plastic and I use ex empty vinegar gallon jugs because they’re nice
and strong that’s what I use to carry my sugar syrup in and but once you put
essential oil on that it has real staying power so I would say maybe even
bypassed the toothpaste and get some peppermint essential oil and rub that
directly on in his case record inch pipes with other people whatever your
support stands are made out of now I’d be careful too because remember our
honeybees are pheromone based you know I don’t know if we would end up repelling
our own honeybees a lot of people that are advising about how to get rid of
ants these are not beekeepers so you want to make sure that you don’t have
some kind of negative impact on your honeybees as well honeybees an answer
related by the way same family but social insects but I would experiment
with some of the other essential as if I had ants to experiment on that were like
trooping up I’ve had one colony one time in all the years I’ve been keeping bees
that had ants going up into the top cover and they were just there to nest
they weren’t doing anything with the bees it doesn’t mean they can’t do
something to the bees and you may have different types of ants but for those of
you have used essential oils or you found the perfect toothpaste that the
bees don’t eat I found another toothpaste Trader Joe’s pepper
toothpaste which is supposed to be low in sugar and it has essential oils
peppermint and baking soda so I’ll put a link to that down there if somebody
wants to try it out if you’ve got a toothpaste that’s working please share
down in the video comments section you can also put a link to it if you’ve got
if you’re dealing with answer you find these remedies toothpaste whatever again
I don’t like the motes because people forget about them and they just end up
you know full of grass gooey with oil you know they end up with a mass full of
dead bugs and then the bugs walk across the dead bugs to get up so now you just
got a big mess to deal with so if you could find some kind of
essential oil repellent that would be really great right at the ground level
so that’s interesting Dave and I’m sorry if we steered you wrong but let us know
what does work and other people read the comments hopefully other people will
write in and share what they’ve found Carolyn Frank picking up two nukes how
much is the colony setback so it you know there are three ways to get bees if
you don’t have these already you can catch a swarm that will take the
longest to build up you can bring in package bees which is a mated Queen with
a bunch of workers and you have to build up your own frames and they have to draw
their own wax assuming you don’t already have that stuff those are the two
slowest methods the fastest method is to get a nucleus colony which people just
call a nuke sometimes it’s anywhere from three to
five frames of brood you have a queen that’s already been mated she’s already
working those frames and she’s already laying eggs the nucleus colony nuke
frames three five whatever it is are the fastest that is the fastest method for
building up a hive of bees that you can get period so if you’re buying them in
the nuke it’s immediate the queen is laying right now so she’s already laying
eggs you have brood and you have nurse bees that are hatching out so you’ve
actually got the complete cycle going right there there is not a delay if
you’ve got package bees you’re a minimum of 25 to 30 days out before you’re
seeing new bees so the workers that came with a package are running themselves
out of time if you catch a swarm alright you’ve got
an old queen remember it’s the old one that leaves you’ve got a collection of
bees now they can be super prolific by the way you can I’ve had huge swarms of
bees and put them in a box and had them fully draw it all the comb in it in a
ten frame box in less than two weeks and be in full production so but there’s a
delay they’re not going to be replacing themselves again how long does it take
for a bee to go from an egg to an adult be that hatched out and goes to work 21
days so that’s assuming the Queen lays right away so the newt be packaged the
nucleus colony is the fastest so that you’re not set back at all you’re right
on track one thing I do is there are people that use these little nucleus
boxes three frame boxes five frame boxes whatever I don’t do that I go straight
into a full size eight frame deep or a ten frame deep that way I can just let
them build and I don’t have to get in there and just rough them at all and I
don’t have to rehydrate er so I like to put them right into a full sized box
single deep let them fill it out then when they’re near those when they start
to work those outer frames that’s when I put on a medium super and let them start
to expand up and yes put sugar water on them full time until they’ve built
everything out when you use one-to-one sugar water the bees not only use that
for their energy resource but it’s also favored by the bees when they’re
starting to draw out new wax comb so you’re right on track Carolyn that’s
going to be great there’s nothing holding them back and in closing today
those are all the questions that I have I have an interesting saying that came
out today we have a local volunteer beekeeper that takes care of the nature
centers Observation hives and they also have hives out in the environment there
his name is Charlie Shrek and he said something says will you raise good bees
that’s a really cool phrase will you raise good bees what’s it got to do with
you know practical application well this year we know that the Queen’s that we’re
getting that are marked are marked with green dots so will you raise good bees
is the sequencing for each year you have a color associated
with the Queen so you’re gonna know how old your Queens are so we have green
that is good and next year will be bees blue so will you raise good bees the
first letter of each word white yellow red green blue so then you know you’re
not gonna have 1 2 3 4 5 you’re not gonna have a queen bee over 5 years old
and so then they recycle so the color of the dot is indicated by the year what
kind of paint should you use to mark your queen testers model paint enamel
model paint very easy to do make sure it’s completely dry before you put the
Queen back otherwise it will just clean it off of her thorax there but that was
really cool glad to learn something new from Charlie
on that and to pass it on to you well you raise good bees white yellow red
green blue or green this year blue next year white the year after that and so on
so that’s it thanks for watching if you have questions please write them down
below and I hope you’re having great weather and keep watching in the coming
week for a couple of things we’re gonna trap that critter whatever it is going
to demonstrate some new stuff we’re also going to show you how to do sugar rolls
and what I think of that so thanks for watching have a fantastic
weekend and for those of you are commuting thank you for listening to me
like a podcast on your way home and drive safe have a great day

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